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LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1887.
fluenced by chemical preparations. It is a curious fact
that it was accidentally discovered in the secret drawer CONTENT8,-No 101.
of a beautiful cabinet of tortoiseshell, inlaid with bubl,
known to have belonged to Charles I., who inherited it NOTES :-Tercentenary of Mary Stuart, 441-Lord Mayors of from his father, who, in his turn, was doubtless well ac
Foreign Extraction-"The Glorious First of June," 444
quainted with its history." Block, 445-Attendance-Early Fruit Trees-Shelley Family,
This cabinet was lent by Her Majesty to the Ter446—Wezand, 447.
centenary Exhibition at Peterborough, and, from QUERIES :-Early Churchwardens' Accounts-Cardinal Bea | its size and beauty, naturally attracted much interest
ton-'Whitehall Evening Post-Yorkshire Proverb-St. Enoch-Danish Kings of Dublin-Peel Castle, 447-Riddle - Belmont"_' Windsor Drollery'-'God and the King' from France by Mary Stuart, and given by her to Monogram - Major Denham - St. Dachiarog - Newell Berkeley-Demon ringing a Bell-Pesock, 448– Beautiful
the Regent, Lord Mar, from whom, through the Snow-Charade in Latin-Christians in England-Car marriage of his great-granddaughter, Mary Erskine, Tooley Street Tailors-Vismes Family-War Medals-The
with William Hamilton of Wisham it passed into Yew-R, Webb-Emerson-Carried, 449-Authors Wanted, 450.
the possession of the Belhaven family. It was be
queathed to the Queen by Robert, eighth Lord REPLIES :-London M.P.s in 1568-7. 450-Maslin Pans, 45
-Military Events in Piedmont-"To stoke the Dutchman" -English Quotation by Bismarck-Where was the Revolution of 1688 concerted ? - Ela Family - Poole Family
baal (also exhibited at Peterborough), with the request Literator, 452-Charms-Edinburgh University-Descendants of English Kings-Claiborne-Bishop Ken's Appeal, 453 -Civet Cat Crest- Roi des Français"-'Greater London' | Windsor. It is kept at Windsor. The "Lock of Tarantelle-" Candid friend"-Canoe-"Signor Puppy, "454 -Epitaph-Peel Castle-Irish House of Commons-Campapile, 455-Fairies-Wordsworth's Lines-De Sancy DiaCoorusworlas Lines De Sancy Día- should rather be described as a large tress of hair :
and it excited as much interest as the rosary, veil, 457-Etienne Perlin-Authors Wanted, 458.
and the chief portraits. It is preserved in a glass NOTES ON BOOKS.-Ashton's Voiage and Travayle of Sir
case, but I had the satisfaction to hold the tress in John Maundeville'-' Bryan's Dictionary of Painters' Gomme's • Romano-British Remains' - Munk's 'Eutha my hand, and to feel its soft silkiness. A ring was
nasia'-Fletcher's 'Co-operative Index to Periodicals.' exbibited by Mr. A. Forbes Irvine, containing a Notices to Correspondents, &c.
single hair of Mary Stuart. It formed a fine thin line round the edge of the crystal. A small brooch
containing hair of Mary Stuart was also lent by Notes.
Mrs. H. C. Erskine ; but the tregs sent by Her THE TERCENTENARY OF MARY, QUEEN OF
| Majesty was the only hair in the exhibition from SCOTS : HER HAIR AND PERUKES.
which it was possible to form a true judgment of (See 7th S. iv. 81, 121, 281, 361, 381.)
the colour. It determines that point beyond all
controversy: I had sent my notes to the Editor before the ap.
the ap: In describing the portraits at Peterborough the pearance of the Saturday Review, October 22, or I
writer in the Saturday Review says: would have incorporated in them some reference to
" Rev. E. Bradley's celebrated miniature represents the the most interesting article in the journal just named lo
Agarice in the journal just named Queen as still in mourning for Francis II. She is a very on The Portraits of Mary Stuart' in the recent | beautiful young woman; but it is the only portrait in Peterborough Exhibition, which the writer justly which her hair is painted, as Scott describes it, dark terms & "singularly interesting series of portraits brown.' All the other portraits are at one on this point, of all kinds." in which Sir Walter Scott would have proving thereby the authenticity of the lock preserved by
the Queen, and also that, since she possessed naturally delighted ; adding that “perhaps never before
the fashionable colour of the day, there was no need for have so many portraits of a single individual been
her to use any of the dyes then, as now, 80 greatly in gathered together in one small room." Their vogue," * number and variety is simply, as Dominie Samp- A photograph from the miniature forms the frontisson would have remarked, 'prodigious !!!
piece to my 'Fotheringhay and Mary, Queen of The chief point on which I wish to touch is the Scots. The miniature is also copied, with a repredisputed question as to the colour of Mary Stuart's sentation of the large cabinet, in the two pages of bair. The writer, speaking of the beautiful por-, illustrations of the portraits and relics given in the trait of Mary painted by Juan de Medina (lent by Queen newspaper. August 27. A replica of the Mr. John Ferrier to the Peterborough Exhibition), miniature was at Blenheim, and was sold by the representing her as Dauphiness at the age of fifteen, Duke of Marlborough at Christie's, August, 1886. says :
The Blenheim and Mr. Bradley's miniatures were " The hair is precisely of the colour of the famous lock then examined by several experts, and both of them which the Queen treasures, but, after some reluctance, were judged to be original contemporary portraits. traciously allowed to be included among the Peterborough
They were presumed to be painted by Jehan de Felice. It is of the loveliest golden hue, and very fine...... of the fairest auburn, and the lock of it sent by the Queen Court about the date 1563, when Mary Stuart bears no trace whatever of having at any time been in would be twenty-one years of age. A copy of the
| warA probably the chief cause of her hair turning crer.
miniature by a contemporary artist, Catharine da (7th S. iv. 362); and that when her head was cat Costa, is in the Earl of Dysart's collection at Ham off and the executioner" lifted it up”-it does not House. We applied for the loan of it, but in vain. say that he did so by the hair-it “ appeared sa Miss Agnes Strickland gives a very full description grey as if she had been three-score-and-ten years of it in the thirteenth chapter of her ‘Mary Stuart,' old, poled very short." So that it appears froe speaking of the hideousness of the widow's head- this that over her real hair, which had turned grey dress, &c. This miniature must have been a great and was closely cut, she wore an auburn peruke. favourite, for no fewer than four copies of it were In Amyas Cawood's picture (at Abbotsford) of the exhibited at Peterborougb, all smaller than the severed head, “one pearl appears among the dark original, and one, the property of the Duke of locks which have been replaced by the artist," sayı Buccleuch, with the oval turned upwards instead Miss Agnos Strickland. In my 'Fotheringhay! of horizontally, and without the lettering “Maria (p. 142) I said :Regina Scotorum.” It was copied by Bernard “With referenco to Mary's hair, close cut and grey, Lens, and bears his signature, with the date the Earl of Shrewsbury said that it had been so cat in “1720.” Another of the copies, lent by Miss his house for the convenience of applying cataclass to Petit, was signed with his monogram, “B. L.” A relieve her severe headaches. These were neuralgic, and similar portrait is at Windsor Castle, at the back :
Lord Byron, however, thought otherwise ; for, in bu of which is written (supposed to be in Bernard note to . Manfred,' where he complains that he is "gresLons's own manuscript) “Mary Queen of Scotland, haired with anguish,' he mentions as instances Mary by leave of his grace Duke Hambleton in whose Antoinette and Mary, Queen of Scots, turning rapidly bands ye originall is taken out of her Strong Box grey, 'with cares and sorrows '; and that the hair of after she was beheaded after an originall. Bernard
Mary's grandson, Charles I., turned quite grey in like Lens, London fecit Oct. 1747." He not only made
manner during his stay at Carisbrook." many copies of the miniature, but he also painted | Mr. Froude says, “The coif fell off and the false many portraits in the costume of Mary, Queen of plaits." Dr. William Robertson says, “Her hair Scots; and it is recorded by Vertue, who was his was black, though, according to the fashion of that pupil, that a certain lady whose portrait he had age she frequently wore borrowed locks and of difpainted complained to him that he had not made | ferent colours.” But he is wrong in saying “black", her like Mary Stuart.
as is proved by the tress of golden hair in the posThe critic says that the hair of Mary Stuart in
aritie save that the hair of Mary Stuart in session of Her Majesty, Mr. Bradley's miniature is "dark brown." I should The Dean of Peterborough, Dr. Perowne, in his have called it auburn, as there is a decided ruddy address at the opening of the Peterborough Exhibitint to be seen in it. But "all the other por- tion of portraits and relics, said :traits" were not "at one on this point," and did “When I was at Windsor I saw two miniatures of not represent the hair of the Queen of Scots of the Mary Stuart, one as a beautiful woman with dark hair. same golden colour as that of the tress in the
and the other with light hair and not as a beautiful
woman. The latter belonged to Charles I., and was possession of Her Majesty. I believe that I am
said to be an authentic likeness; but I confess I do correct in saying that almost all shades and hues of
not think so. As regards the colour of her hair, I underhair were represented, and that in some of the por stand that it was peculiar to that age, and not perbape traits the hair was very dark. It is dark auburn in to that age alone, for ladies to sometimes wear light bsir the profile by Paris Bordone, lent by Miss Fletcher. and at other times dark hair; and this would account Nor do I think that there is any question as to her
for the difference in the portraits. The lock of hair
which has been sent by the Queen is of a light colour, dyeing her hair. Her real golden tresses probably
resses probably contrary to the general belief that Mary's bair never altered in colour until neuralgic pains, coupled dark." with the long term of her rigorous imprisonment,
M. de Marlès, in his 'Histoire de Marie Stuart, blanched them. Miss Agnes Strickland, in writing Reine d'Écosse' (Tours, vingt-deuxième édition, of the world-wide popularity of Mary Stuart, says, 11886), Sara “Tresses of every shade of golden, auburn, and chestnut are preserved and fondly exhibited as
“Les historiens n'ont pas moins disserté sur la couleu
des cheveux de Marie Stuart, que tous néanmoins raptent well-attested portions of her hair.”
comme fort beaux. Walter Scott prétend qu'ils étaient The Saturday reviewer says :
noirs; Mignet, d'après les contemporains, les fait bloods; “There 18 no reason to believe that Mary Stuart in. M. Dargaud les comparé à un rayon de soleil, et Micbelet dulged in wigs. Her hair was of the colour then most les veut roux. Sur ce point, comme sur tant d'autres i in vogue, and she had no reason to interfere with it by faut encore recourir au témoinage de Brantôme et des any artificial means. That it was exceptionally abundant poètes de la Pléiade : tous s'accordent à dire que Marie is proved by the fact that, after her head was cut off, the était blonde, et ne différent entre eux qu'au sujet de la executioner held it up to her enemies and the friends of nuance. Brantôme parle de ses cheveux si beau, si Elizabeth by the hair."
blonds et si cendrés'; Ronsard, de «l'or de ses ebereus But R. Wingfield, the eye-witness of the execu
annelés et tressés '; et Renaud de Beaune, qui prononca
l'oraison funèbre de Marie Stuart, parle également de tion, distinctly says that she came forth for her ses cheveux si blonds et forts derebus towe blanes à execution with “her borrowed hair awborne" cause de sa lopguo prison'" (p. 277).