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Keltic, and French languages contain thirty words bership is that a man must have creamed to the for “water” corrupted from aqua. I can give top by prosperity and success, such eligibility will them if required.

R. S. CHARNOCK. soon put an end to the clubableness of any gatherAt the above cited reference MR. Addy is | "

ing.

C. A. WARD.

Haverstock Hill. making an error in syllabication by suggesting that -ney is a suffix in such place-Dames as Rodney,

A good many later particulars, and names of Wastney, and Oakney. The suffix is not -ney,

members of the club, are given in Boswell's 'Life but .ey, Icelandic, “island." The n preceding the of

ding the of Johnson' (Bell's ed., vol. ii.), in an appendix. -Ey is the terminal letter of the prefix, or in some

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. names all that remains of a medial syllable.

Hastings. FREDERICK Davis, F.S.A. | Maslin Pans : YETLIN Pots (6th S. vi. 47, Palace Chambers, St. Stephen's, N.W.

158 ; x. 289 ; xii. 471; 7th S. iii. 385, 485).-Í

will be brief. Mechlin pans were well known in LITERARY CLUB (7th S. iii. 476).—MR. NELSON

| Flanders. The guild of Mechlin pan-makers was will find a full account of this club in Timbs's Club Life,' i. 204, and at p. 216 he will see that

ancient and important. Mechlin pans were imthe club changed its name very improperly to the

ported into England ; but after 1610 were made “ Jobpson Club ” when the “ Thatched House

in England, first at Wandsworth, then at Col

brookdale, and other towns in the Black Country, Tavern" was pulled down and the society migrated to the “ Clarendon Hotel,” which celebrated its

by the family of Hallen, whose ancestor, Cornelius centenary September, 1864. Mr. Walford points

Hallen, of Wandsworth, was born in Mechlin. The out in Old London,'iii. 178, some inaccuracies in

making of brass pans in England prior to 1610 was Timbs. For instance, the club first went to “Gril.

exceptional. Bell-founders may have made belllion's Hotel," and as Grillion went to the “ Claren

metal pots, but they were not pan-makers. John

Brode, of Isleworth, in 1585, was the first Englishdon" it went with him. But, that is not very material ; and now the "Clarendon " itself has

man who made brass pans as a trade. His were

beaten out, not cast. "He called them brass pans, disappeared, and perhaps the club too, for there is

not Maslin pans. His works were ruined when no such club known to the ‘London Directory.'

| the Wandsworth foundry was started. Maslin as Hallam and Macaulay both belonged to it, and

a Saxon word is tolerably common as applied to Dean Milman was the secretary, Timbs brings

mixed corn. The word, be it Dutch or Saxon, together the two cleverly sketched pictures from the band of Macaulay of the room they met in, and

was exceedingly rare as applied to metal goods

other than pans. I know of only one instance, of Johnson's predominancy there even over the

“Two great Candlesticks of Mastlin” (Wolvervoluminously worded Burke, who notoriously was

hampton will, 1541). I have searched for the a bad listener. MR. NELSON will be amused if he

word in all likely places for years. The usual name compares the bullying fashion of Johnson's con

for brass ware was laten or latton (Dutch), or less versation, with its“Why, sir ?” “What then, sir ? " “ You do not see your way through this question,

frequently cullen, i. e., from Cologne. It is incon

ceivable to me that an obsolete Saxon word should sir," and the like amenities, with Judge Jeffreys's

have been revived in favour of a Flemish pan and language to Counsellor Ward in the case of Prit

of nothing else, the more that the said pan was chard v. Papillop, Nov. 6, 1684, “You have made

already well-known as a “Mechlin pan," of which a long speech here, and nothing at all to the pur

I have already shown that Maslin was an English pose," "I perceive you do not understand the question," " I see you do not understand what you

form.

As to Etlyn, my authority is Cosmo Innes ; but are about," and much more in the same vein, till

| I do not know where Etlyn is or was. Etlingen, a hiss was heard in court, followed by a savage in SA

ge in Suabia, is too far up the Rhine for a Zealand roar from the scarlet pustuled face, “I would fain know that fellow that would dare to hum or hiss

trading ship to have gone up, and Andrew Haly. while I sit here," and so on. In manners there (Camovere) that passed to Etlyn." Can any of

burton's words (1499) are, “In a schip of the Feir was nothing to choose between the men except ribaldry, which Johnson never fell into; but they

your readers throw light on this?

A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN. both, if vexed, bellowed like Polyphemus. In the

Alloa, N.B. appendix to Croker's 'Boswell' (i. 533, ed. 1841) there is a very complete list of the club from its CURIOUS WORDS AND PHRASES IN QUARLES'S formation down to 1829, furnished by C. Hatchett, VIRGIN WIDOW '(7th S. iii. 246, 484).—My obja st the treasurer. Scott, Macintosh, Hallet, Chantrey, in recording any curious words or phrases that I Backland, and Butler were of it. When it outgrew meet with is not with a view to the augmentation the first dozen members Johnson lost interest in of the New English Dictionary,' of which some of it. The socially eminent rather swamped the us may not live to see the completion, but for the literary men in it. When the pre-requisite of mem- benefit of persons who, like myself, read old

) the great demo

English literature and wish to understand what the fyste, writhinge her trayne, muche gapinge they read. I confess I do not quite understand upward, or champpinge w' her beake, offeringe her the drift of DR. NICHOLSON's contribution ; but beake ofte to the panell(p. 26). The latter pasthe references as to snout fair given by him and sage seems to show that Dr. NICHOLSON's defini. your other correspondents are very useful. tion is right, if, as I suppose, by "lowest gut" be

Qualcoms.—This word, I think, cannot possibly means the rectum. mean what Dr. NicHOLSON suggests. The follow- Dr. Grosart's edition of Quarles's works I have ing is the passage :-

not seen. All that gentleman's editions of old “ Be it known to all men by these presents, that I, English authors are very valuable to students, but Jeffery Quibble, am the trusty and right well be the price he puts upon them is so prohibitive that Joved servant and Kinsman to the renouned, famous, | I am sorry to say my purse is not long enough to skilfull, learned, able, admirable, incomparable Master of Phisgigge, Cornelius Quack, a man of rare Qual.

enable me to indulge in their possession. coms, and singular imperfections, who by his studies

F. A. MARSHALL, abroad, and travells at home, through France......bath 8, Bloomsbury Square, W.C. marvelously unbefitted himself with all manner of Oyles ...... bountifully unstor'd with all sorts of Preservatives NORDEN'S LONDON BRIDGE (7th S. i. 444).-I ......Richly unfurnisht with all kind of Prescripts, De have long had a doubt as to the picture of London ceits, and all other rare impediments belonging to a man | Bridge in the Pepysian Library at Cambridge of his Defunction.

shment of this Town, and benefice of this Incorruption, hath re

| being what it professes to be. The Norden of dressed himself to you, and here sets up bis Banck, , offering health to the imperfermity of your bodies; True, the Norden eastern aspect and the Pepysian Soundnesse to the impudencio of your limbs, and present western make comparison difficult. It certainly your outward Malanda

a inward exturb

to me

o ances. And for your further satisfaction of his deficiencie in this kind,” &c.

up a little by the artist ; it appears altogether DR. NICHOLSON says of qualcoms, “From the

too pictorially finished. The practice was at least farcical nonsense of the whole speech, and from

probably in use. Thomson, London Bridge,'p. 366, the very next phrase, 'singular imperfections,'

says, as to the view represented as of the bridge in this cannot = qualities. Not improbably it is

1599,“ I am half inclined to believe, however, that

this prospect is made up from Hollar's view pubQuarles's variant of qualms, and used in the sense-the worst in a physician's character-of

lished in 1657." There is in the Print Room,

British Museum, a rare, if not unique, view signed indecision of judgment." I know that Dr. Nicholson has a pretty turn of sly humour; but I scarcely

“Rombout Vanden Hoey.” This, as well as the tbink that he can be serious in expecting one to

circumstances of the fire which burnt down the accept this interpretation. Perhaps he would like

north end of the bridge in 1632-3, would, I think, to read “studies at home and travells abroad

require a little study before deciding. I should for “studies abroad and travells at home," and

like to know the opinion of any reader of 'N. & Q.,' for “unbefitted himself,” “ befittedor “fitted him

especially of DR. FURNIVALL, upon this matter. self.” If so, I will admit his consistency at the

The librarian of the Pepysian Collection at expense of his common sense.

| Magdalen sends me, in answer to my question as

I should like to hear his comments on Dogberry's speeches. If I

to the drawing of the bridge here referred to, “ It could find any instance of the use of “qualifica

is entered in the index to vol. i.,' Views of London tion” in its modern sense I would suggest that

and Westminster,' as 'London Bridge on fire, an

old drawing.' These views were put together' qualcoms was a blunder for “ qualifications"; but in all the passages that I can find in the literature

A.D. 1700. The index was no doubt compiled by

S. P. himself, or under his superintendence. — of the seventeenth century,“ qualification " is used more in the sense of " modification."

A. G. P.” This still further confuses the identifiCurtain-lectures.- I hope Dr. Nicholson will

cation and date..

WILLIAM RENDLE. find his references as to the earlier occurrence of

EARTHQUAKES, &c. (7th S. iii. 409, 484; iv. 14). this expression, for it is one the history of which

-May I be allowed a line to thank those who is most interesting ; but to have this history exact have kindly assisted me with the names of books accurate references are absolutely necessary.

on earthquakes, &c., two of whom were good Panel.-Dr. NICHOLSON says this “is not the stomach of a hawk, but the lowest gut."

de enough to write direct to myself?
In

CHARLOTTE G. BOGER, Harting's reprint, 'A Perfect Booke for Kepinge

St. Saviour's, Southwark. of Sparhawkes or Goshawkes' (Quaritch, 1886), the word is given in the glossary as “the stomach St. WILFRED'S NEEDLE (7th S. iii. 449).—My of a hawk”; it occurs in two passages, “Meates friend and your learned contributor W. C. B. bas wch endew sonest and maketh the hardest panelllately referred me to the Topographer and Genea(p. 7); and amongst the “ Tokens of Worms" such logist, vol. ii., 1853, for an account (c. 1600) of a symptoms are noticed as “ Strayning sodaynly on cleft in a rock in Cleveland called St. Winifred's

Needle, which some editors have called St. Wil a separate treatment of their own, which I hope to be fred's, and thereupon connected it with the crypt

able to give them before long." The volume opens with

Eadmer's life of St. Oswald the Archbishop. The life at Ripon (p. 410). This is doubtless the one at

itself has been printed at least twice before, but the Rosebery Topping referred to by St. SWITHIN,

second part, containing the miracles which were beand I suspect that “ Winifred” is a mistake, and lieved to have been wrought through the intercession of that all the openings referred to have been named the saint, now sees the light for the first time. In after the famous “Seyotwilfrydenedyll” at Ripon,

former days it was the custom of editors very frequently

to omit, when editing mediæval biographies, the wonders well known eo nomine in mediæval times.

with which almost all the literature of that kind abounds. J. T. F.

Protestant editors are not alone to blame in this matter. Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

The great Jesuit collection of saints' lives—the Bol

landist . Acta Sanctorum'-is sometimes to be repreThe cleft in the rock on Rosebery Topping is

hended on this account. It was not unnatural that called “St. Winifryd's Needle" in the descrip editors of former days should not care to print stories to tion of Cleveland of the time of James I. printed which they did not give even provisional credit. They in the Topographer and Genealogist, vol. ii.(1853), could not be expected to comprehend what we see now, p. 410, where see the note.

W. C. B. that even the wildest legend has a value, as showing the

state of mind when the beliefs to which it gives an LIEUT. W. DIGBY (7th S. iii. 368).-Entered embodiment were part of the ordinary mind furniture.

In Eadmer's collection there is little that is curious. the service as ensign in the ord foot on 100 in those attributed to St. William, which form a little ruary 10, 1770, and became lieutenant on April 1, tract near the end of the volume, tbere are several 1773. He remained in the list of lieutenants until wbich must have taxed the credulity of the least scephe was second senior, but in 1787 his name dis- tical at the time wben they are said to have happened. appears, and I cannot ascertain what became of A woman from Murton, near York, was believed to have

swallowed a frog, and to have suffered much sickness him, as I have not an Army List of the year 1786.

therefrom, but was cured after visiting the saint's tomb; He probably belonged to the right flank or Grena- and a citizen of York who took some lime away from dier Company of the 53rd ; but there was never the same holy place, as he was crossing the bridge over such a corps as the 53rd Regiment of Grenadiers. the Ouse found it turned into bread. Perhaps the most Another William Digby was appointed ensign in was appointed ension invaluable portion of these miscellanies is the chronicle

which goes by the name of Thomas Stubbs. That he the 17th or Leicester Regiment on April 8, 1786.

was the author of only one portion of it Dr. Raine bas R. STEWART PATTERSON, proved beyond doubt. Whoever were the authors of

Chaplain H.M. Forces. the beginning and the end, it is convenient to look upon Hale Crescent, Farnham,

the whole as a complete series of annals, a work which must ever be of value to those interested in the history

of the northern province. Miscellaneous.

The documents given concerning the murdered Arch

bishop Scrope have a melancholy interest. Though NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.

honoured as a saint throughout the North of England, The Hislorians of the Church of York and its Arch he was never canonized; and therefore we have no bishops. Vol. II. Edited by James Raine, M.A., biography of him. Much exists which would throw D.C.L. Rolle Series. (Longmans & Co.)

light on his career and sad end. We trust that a time Tsu city of York was in former days exceptionally may come when they will be woven into & biography, fortunate in its church historians. It has been equally In the preface Dr. Raine has occasion to mention a favoured at the present in having a scholar of the certain suffragan bishop whose titular see was “ Bisaquality of Dr. Raine to edit them. There are one or | cienc." Can any of our readers identify this place ? two painful exceptions, but as a whole the long series of " Chronicles and Memorials” published under the Remains of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin, 1886. (Dublin, direction of the Master of the Rolls have been excep-| Forster & Co.) tionally well edited. We are not ignorant of the great THERE is probably not a race on earth which has shown collections which have issued by authority from the itself more deeply attached to the relics of its past history presses of Germany, Belgium, and France in recent than the Irish. Unfortunate political complications, deyo. We are sure, however, that we are well witbin lasting not for decades, but for centuries, have, however, the limits of truth when we say that no continental wasted the land so thoroughly, that few remains of its collection shows greater or more reverend care on the architectural glories have escaped the storms. So little, part of the editors tban does the series of books one indeed, now exists that there have not been wanting volume of which is before us, Dr. Raine's knowledge of antiquaries—who on other matters were worthy of rethe history of the North of England is so great and so spectful attention-who have maintained that the mediaccurate that we cannot belp being sorry, in his par- æval styles of architecture never flourished in Ireland ticular case, for the existence of the most wholesome except as exotice. How untrue this is every one now rule wbich prohibits the editors in this series from knows who has studied wbat remains to us either by adding notes of their own to the text. This is to be personal inspection or from careful drawings, St. Mary's regretted, because in the present volume, for the sake of Abbey, the great Cistercian house which once had estates economizing space, the editor has not continued in bis in half the counties of Ireland, has been so entirely preface the lucid commentary on the history of the blotted out that hardly a vestige remains. We do not Church of York which he began in the first volume. think that we are confessing to any abnormal amount We are glad, however, to be assured that we are not to of ignorance when we own that until we read the pages be deprived for ever of his account of the period which before us we were under the impression that every frage these chronicles cover. These times, he says, “ deserve ment had been swept away. The chapter-house, we are glad to find, yet exists, and, though degradod to secular been a town well inhabited, and the King's subjects inuses, is, we gather, in structurally good order. We trust habitants of the same town well set awork in making that it may soon be found possible to restore it once more cloths as well of linen as of woollen,” Mr. Saintsbury is to public use, and to relieve it from the surrounding unable to tell us when it first became a manufacturing modern buildings which at present clog it on every side. town. Practically, the history of Manchester commences The book before us is not a history of the abbey, but a with the beginning of the Civil War. In order, there. series of short papers, most of which, we gather, have fore to fill up the regulation number of pages, Mr. been printed elsewhere. Such a miscellany cannot in Saintsbury descants somewhat at length on such subjects any way supply the place of a history, but it has its own as the rise of the modern cotton trade, the anti-corn law uses. Any future historian will be glad to possess the league, and the principles of the Manchester school of information which it enshrines. Many plates of ancient politics. We venture to think that he has committed & floor-tiles are given. One of them gives a rude repre- grave error in judgment in going out of his way to attack sentation of the west front of a church, with a central the principles and leaders of the Manchester school in and two western towers. It was found on the site of the vehement manner he does. Such polemical disqui. the abbey, and may be a representation of the church sitions as Mr. Saintsbury indulges in are as much out of before its desecration. Twenty-two other tiles are place in a book of this character as they would be in the figured, all of which have been turned up during pages of N. & Q.' recent excavations within the abbey precincts. Many Both books are illustrated with a couple of plans. of them are of types which are not uncommon in Eng. Each is furnished with an index, but even here the disland, but some seem new in treatment. No. i., four similarity of these books is curiously illustrated, for lions' heads crowned within a circle, is quite new to the while Mr. Boase's copious index occupies nearly twelve present writer. Nos. V., vii., xiii., and xiv., all extremely pages, Mr. Saintsbury's apology for one does not fill four, beautiful patterns, are of unfamiliar types. No. xxii. is very curious. It is quite plain, consisting only of the

Miscellanea Genealogica el Heraldica comes out with letter V four times repeated. What the symbolism of a double part for June and July, containing, among this may be it is, perhaps, vain to speculate. These

other features of interest, a very good specimen of sixtiles suggest an interesting inquiry. Are they of native

teenth century heraldic writing and illumination, in the

ndz shape of a grant of arms by Hawley, Clarencieux manufacture, or have they been imported from England ? Our impression is that some of them (and if some, pro

Thomas Filetewood, of London, gentleman, Auditor of bably all) are Irish; but before any definite conclusion

our Lord the King's County Palatine of Chester and can be arrived at it will be necessary to examine and com

Flint. In the same number the Dalison notes are pare other examples discovered in Ireland, and to learn,

illustrated by a couple of facsimiles of letters of Roger if it be possible, if any manufactory of ornamental

Dalyson, 1601 and 1602, while an elaborate pedigree of paving tiles existed in Ireland. It was the opinion of

I Thorold of Marston is communicated by Mr. H. Farn. the late Mr. Walbran, the learned Yorkshire antiquary,

bam Burke, Somerset, and there is a valuable note on that tiles of this sort were commonly made on or near

the arms of Bartlett of Marldon, in Devonshire, and of the spot where they were to be used. It is therefore

other Bartletts and Bartelotts. We remark that the possible that the monks of St. Mary's may have imported

College of Arms is several times referred to in the English makers to design and bake their flooring tiles.

current number under the unfamiliar designation of the

“ College of Heralds," which, so far as our memory serves Historic Torons. Edited by E, A, Freeman and W. Hunt. us, is not the style used in official documents when Oxford. By Charles W. Boase. (Longmans & Co.)

| drawn up in English. In Latin the style used may Manchester. By George Saintsbury. (Same publishers.) possibly bę "Collegium Fecialium," though the King of THESE two books are strangely dissimilar, both in matter

Arms is described as “ Rex Armorum,” and not as and style. Oxford, as Mr. Green has told us, was among I

"Fecialis,” in the very grant printed in the June and the first of English municipalities, and “had already

July Misc. Gen. et Her. seen five centuries of borough life before a student ap. peared within its streets.” The materials for the history of Oxford are consequently large ; and Mr. Boase's great

Notices to Correspondents. difficulty has been to compress his account within the prescribed limits. Some querulous persons may, perhaps,

We must call special attention to the following notices : complain that some particular incident, in which they On all communications must be written the name and are specially interested, has been inadequately treated. address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but But in series of this kind no reasonable being can expect as a guarantee of good faith, to find more than a general historical sketch of a town We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. possessing such a lengthy record as Oxford' boasts of. To secure insertion of communications correspondente

To secure insertion of communicatione no We can congratulate Mr. Boase on the bappy manner in must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, which he has accomplished a task far from easy, for or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the though the mass of information which he gives us is signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to necessarily condensed, it would be difficult to find a dull appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested page in his book.

to head the second communication “Duplicate." Although originally written for the series of " Historic

SCRUTATOR (“Oh, for the touch of a vanished hand ''). Towns," Mr. Saintsbury's book is published indepen.

-Tennyson, “Break, break, break.” dently, in consequence of differences of opinion having arisen between Mr. Freeman and the author, Unlike

NOTICE. Oxford, Manchester bas no early history. It is true Editorial Communications sbould be addressed to " The that it is mentioned in the Domesday Book, and that Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and Thomas Gresley, in May, 1301, granted a charter to the Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, town, under which it was governed for some five hun Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. dred years. But though we learn incidentally, from an We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. Act passed in the thirty-third year of the reign of munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and Henry VIII., that Manchester" is, and bath of long time to this rulo we can make no excoption.

WANTED, COPIES of NOTES AND QUERIES, ACCIDENTS AT HOME AND ABROAD. No. 51, BIXTH SERIES, for which 21. 6d, each will be given.

RAILWAY ACCIDENTS, EMPLOYER'S LIABILITY, -Address JOIN O. PRANOIS, Notes and Queries Office, 22, Took's court, Cursitor-street, Chancery-lane, E.C.

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