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investigators I have long meditated rendering,
namely, to point out two, what I will not call inCONTENTS.-No 82.
accuracies, but rather misleading inadvertencies, NOTES:-Sir John Shorter, 61-Walsh Family, 64–Nepos in a couple of works of ordinary every-day referGable, 65-Deaths of English King8-Shakspeare and Pallas Athene -Michael Richards-Disused Burial-grounds, 66–
ence—one purely typographical, in Strype's .Con*The House that Jack Built'-A Silly Superstition, 67. tinuation of Stow's Survey,' the other-attributQUERIES :-Calaber - Anti-Gallican Society - Chamonni - able probably to casual carelessness of composition Royal Stuarts-Folk-lore-'Cara Mia'-Customs of French Ladies--John Lamb, 67-Cunningham-Hugh Potter-Mr.
| wide repute-Evelyn's 'Diary.' Stodart on Scottish Family History - Sebastian Cabot Spinning-wheel Alley-Arms of the City of London-Manual for composing Themes-Genealogical Society, 68 - Memoirs
resent my presumption in setting right the two of the Little Man'_ Ingoldsby Legends '-Rebuilding of St. Paul's - Sir Charles Flower - Napoleon Literature - trivial errors occurring in his paper-neither of Samuel Astley Dunham-Le Fevre-Numismatic, 69. which, I repeat, is at all of the essence of his subREPLIES :-Scotch Periodicals, 69–First Principles of Philo ject-I seek to deprecate his censure on two logy, 70-Siege of Bolton - Cape Charlotte - Dubordieu Family - Name of Ruskin, 71-Holy Thursday-Blazer
grounds, one the imperativo necessity he will, I Lease of 999 Years-“Gale's Rent"-Keys to Novels am sure, admit, of the most strict-strict even to Female Heresiarchs-Convicts shipped to the Colonies, 72
minuteness—accuracy in all historical details ap-'Golden Legend' - Crownation - Maypole Custom Female Poets, 73 - Sykeside - Paris Garden and Christ Church-Military, 74-Bastinado-Sir Abraham Yarner, 75 -Dulcardon-Authorship of Songs Doctors of the Church
the incidental matter I propose to introduce that - Montaigne-Densyll-Charles Mordaunt, 76-"A miss is u good as & mile"-Avalon-Ale-Tasterg-Bromflat-Poems Falstaff's bread did to his sack in the very memoattributed to Byron-" Daughter" and "Dafter"-Butler's
rable tavern score-will enable me to impart to *Audibras,' 77—-Regimental Histories-A Wallet--MorueRoyal Salutes, 78-Relic of Mary Stuart, 79.
your readers a few particulars about the connexion NOTES ON BOOKS:- Dictionary of National Biography,
of certain civic magnates with the movements which Vol. XI.-Macray's Chronicron Abbatiæ Rameseiensis' led to the great Revolution of 1688, in details which Hart and Lyons's Cartularium Monasterii de Rameseia
have either escaped the notice of ordinary annalists Nicholson's Beacons of East Yorkshire'-Neilson's 'Annandale under the Bruces.'
altogether or, when adduced, have not infrequently Notices to Correspondents, &c.
been misunderstood, or at least misrepresented.
It will perhaps be convenient to deal in the first
place with the typographical error occurring in the Notes.
edition of Stow most frequently consulted by my LORD MAYOR SIR JOHN SHORTER AND JOHN
fellow students, viz., the folio of 1720. As this BUNYAN.
essentially misleading mistake occurs in the second (See also Sir John Shorter, Lord Mayor,' 2na S. xi.
volume, in the chapter devoted to a history and 162. 217. 455: xii. 14 : Paris Garden and Christ description of the temporal government of the Church, Blackfriars,' 7th 8, iii. 442, 443, 444, more
City, and in an account of the mayors and sheriffs, particularly 444.)
rulers long after the death of the designer of the One of the chief uses of 'N. & Qi' is to be found 'Survey,' of course the old tailor-antiquary is not in the opportunities from time to time afforded responsible for it: neither, as it will be seen, do by the incidental comments appearing in its pages I charge his continuator and editor, the erudite of correcting errors and elucidating obscure details Rev. John Strype, with any but the most insigin our social history not directly relative to the nificant amount of negligence. The mistake was heading of the subject immediately under con- obviously the result originally of a simple typosideration.
graphical accident. It consists in this. A list is I am quite confident of giving no offence to so given of all the mayors of London, professing to indefatigable an antiquary as MR. RENDLE if I ascribe to each one the company of which he was avail myself of this valuable feature of your serial a member as qualifying him for the office, and to make two trivial corrections in that accom- adding the names of the sheriffs serving during plished chronicler's allusion to London's noted each mayoralty. Under the date 1688, which must Presbyterian Lord Mayor. Sir John Shorter, of be read 1687-8, against the name of Sir John Bankside, Southwark, and his contemporary, the Shorter an asterisk referring to a marginal note is much better known John, who left the English placed. This asterisk should, for reasons which I religious world priceless legacies in The Pilgrim's will presently adduce, indicate Shorter's successor, Progress' and 'Grace Abounding.'
Sir John Eyles.* A reference to Mr. Benjamin Were my comments restricted to MR. RENDLE'S Brogden Orridge's work on 'Distinguished Citiincidental remarks (substantially accurate as they zens, pp. 239, 240-nay, a simple turning the leaf are), I might lay myself open to a charge of hyper on which the marginal note appears back and a criticism ; but I take the opportunity of very respectfally correcting that gentleman's insignifi-| * Strype's 'Stow's Survey,' edition of 1720, p. 150 cant lapses to perform a service to my brother (second column) book v, chap. vi.
glance at the second line of the first column of the note should properly apply to Eyles, and not to preceding page—will amply justify me in the eyes Shorter. of students of our civic history for making this, To urge the principle de minimis is, I submit, as I submit, very vital correction of a misprint no answer to this essay at correction, inasmuch which entails a direct inversion of the facts upon as I shall shortly proceed to demonstrate, directly, which I shall have to comment in a subsequent and by implication not too remote, that the error part of this paper.
has been adopted without examination by some Perhaps, after all, we have not very far to seek few, but eminent, subsequent writers on the to find a plausible reason for the reverend editor's annals of the great City. The most recent, as misapprehension. On subsequent pages of the well as the most conspicuous instance is afforded same volume, in dealing with the respective in the sumptuous folio tome published last year histories of the various City companies, lists are by the Corporation (editio de luxe), The History furnished of the occupants of the mayoral chair of the Guildhall,'* where, on p. 202, Eyles's from time to time elected or appointed as members obvious disqualifications are (clearly on the sole of one of the first twelve guilds. Our investigation authority of Strype's 'Stow ') again attributed to need not travel beyond this dozen of great incor- Shorter by the able and accomplished compiler, porations, because, down to 1742, as I shall have Mr. John E. Price, F.S.A., F.R.S.L. Quis cusoccasion to point out further on, it was erro- todiet ipsos custodes ?-an inquiry anent the preneously assumed to be matter of legal obligation servers of our civic chronicles I shall have to that the alderman chosen for the civic presidency repeat, with a Transatlantic contemporary, t when must have“ hailed from " one of these leading com in the course of these papers I again have occasion panies. Strype has continued these lists down to to refer to this elegant, but not wholly accurate the date of publication of his two volumes (1720), / volume. but in the catalogue of mayors furnished under the But to return to MR. RENDLE. Slip the first : title of “The Goldsmiths' Company " the name of Sir John Shorter was Lord Mayor nominallySir John Shorter, 1687-8, is not to be seen. This, custos in fact, for he was one of the custodes apthen, may have appeared to the editor to have pointed directly by letters patent from the Crown justified the statement in the marginal note that during the humiliating time of the suspension of the Shorter was never free of the City; and, indeed, City's liberties under the notorious and iniquitous the blank after his name as mayor on p. 150, in judgment in the Quo Warranto case--for the year in the space usually appropriated to indicating the 1687-8, and not, as MR. RENDLE, writing no doubt guild of the chief officer, seems also to show from memory, asserts, in 1686 (p. 444). Sir John's that Strype was not aware that Sir John was patent bears date September 23, 1687, empowering affiliated to the Goldsmiths' Company. But it him to hold his appointment as the king's officer, must be remarked that, in the face of the statement under the title of Lord Mayor, subject to His on the second line of the preceding page, 149, Majesty's pleasure, for one year from the morrow where again, be it conceded, a similar blank for of the feast of St. Simon and St. Jude (October 29) the guild appears after the name, this hypothesis then ensuing (see the London Gazette of that date). does not excuse the carelessness of such a gross His Majesty's nominee did not, however, complete misstatement as that Sir John never served sheriff. his year of office, for a tragic reason which has
Besides, on p. 150, after the name of Sir John been twice already recorded in your columns (2nd Eyles, there is, ex necessitate rei, a corresponding S. xi. 152; 6th S. xi. 465), and which I propose blank, and as sheriff this interloper's name does hereafter to describe in somewhat more detail than not occur at all anywhere in the volume, inasmuch when I contributed the last note I have just cited. as it is certain that he never served the office. The second error MR. RENDLE makes is so very
Of course, such a record as Herbert's ' History trivial that I am almost ashamed to notice it, and of the Twelve Great Companies,' where Shorter's I do so, repeating my apologies to him, only for name is found under the head of Goldsmiths,” in the severely constraining reason I have above inits proper place, and under the right mayoraldicated. Sir John Shorter died four, and not three, date (see that useful work, vol. ii. p. 200), was not days after John Bunyan, whose death occurred on available to the reverend editor ; but he should Friday, August 31, 1688 (see, sub tit. “Bunyan," have been aware that in the very volume of the National Biography,' vol. vii. p. 281), whereas the 'Survey' upon which he was engaged the name of Lord Mayor died from the effects of an accident Sir John Eyles did not appear in the mayoral on the following Tuesday, September 4 (see former list of any of the companies (as, indeed, it could references to ‘N. & Q.'). not, he not being a freeman), nor, as I have said, I am strongly of MR. RENDLE's opinion that it in the catalogue of the names of those who had is an error to say that Bunyan was over Sir John served sheriffs. This examination, which Strype
w might have made, I now propose as the test of direction of the Library Committee by the Corporation.
ype! * London, 1886. Prepared and published under the the accuracy of my statement that the marginal + New York Nation, early numbers in July, 1887.