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a book “about 'Humanity,'” published by one Wil- sion that Venice was his birthplace, but afterwards son. Is anything further known about this work ? fixed on Bristol. It would, I think, if possible, be If a copy is known to exist, I should be grateful | interesting to discover which city is the proud pos. to the possessor for permission to inspect it. sessor. There are not in this case (as with Homer)

ALFRED AINGER, seven competitors in the field. Were registrations EDWARD FRANCIS CUNNINGHAM, OR CALZE.

of births, &c., kept so early as 1472 at Venice? Edward (or Edmund) Francis Cunningham is said

EDWARD R. VYVYAN. to have been born of good family about 1742, at SPINNING-WHEEL ALLEY, OLD BEDLAM. — Kelso. In 1745 his father fled from Scotland to Ludovick Muggleton was buried in the churchItaly. Cunningham became an artist, and adopted yard there, I see by Brayley's 'London,' iii. 339, the surname of “Calze," doubtless from Kelso, his What churchyard would that be? In Boyle's native place. He had some success as a portrait- View,' 1799, this alley is not named. Both alley painter at Berlin and elsewhere, and died in Lon- and churchyard have, i presume, disappeared now. don in 1795. Can any one help me to discover

C. A. WARD. who his parents were, and to what family they Haverstock Hill, belonged 3

LIONEL Cust, F.S.A. British Museum,

THE ARMS OF THE CITY OF LONDON.-It has

been pretty conclusively proved that the adoption Hugh POTTER, M.P. IN THE LONG PARLIA- of the dagger in the first quarter of the arms of MENT. -He was elected for Berwick-upon-Tweed this corporation is not attributable to the boldly in the Short Parliament of April, 1640, and for successful action of Sir William Walworth-was, Plympton, November 20, 1640 (vice Slanning, in fact, adopted by the Common Council some few who preferred Penryn). After the Restoration he months previously. But I am ignorant whether sat for Cockermouth in 1661 till his decease in the following description of the earlier and, per1662. How long was he a member of the Long haps, original arms is familiar to many. The inParliament; and what side did he take in the Civil sinuation that to Stow we are indebted for the War? He is invariably described as a Royalist, popular version of the story may be taken cum and said as such to have sat in the “Mongrel Par- 1 grano, since it was written by a contemporary and, liament” at Oxford. But the list of that assem- probably, not too friendly hand. The extract is bly does not contain his name. If ever he joined from Harl. MS. 1349, Plut. iv. H. It would be the king he must have returned to Westminster, interesting to know if “our Ladye Church” has inasmuch as he was certainly there in 1648, and preserved this, perhaps, only specimen of the is included by Pryone among the “secluded ” original design :members of that year. On the other hand, the "The ancient arms of London, as they stand in our valuable list of ‘Parliamentary Champions' printed Ladye Church at Antwerp, in which church-window by Francis Leach in July, 1646, does not include stand the effigies of King Edward III, and all his cbilhim among the members then sitting at West

dren, with most of the arms of the corporate towns of

England at that time, and this standeth first, and hath minster. The inference would seem to be that he an old Roman L in the first quarter. Which John Stowe was changeable in his political tendencies. I shall took, in an old seale which he had seen, for a sword, be glad of proof of his Royalism or of any informa affirming thereby that it was the sword of St. Paul, tion respecting him or his family.

Patron of the said City."

W. D. Pink Is anything known of this window; or is the whole Leigh.

an invention of a libellous contemporary ? MR, STODART ON SCOTTISH FAMILY HISTORY.

JOHN J. STOCKEN.

3. Heathfield Road, Acton, W. -Writing to me in March, 1884, the late Mr. R. R. Stodart, Lyon Clerk Deputé, refers to Wa MANUAL FOR COMPOSING THEMES OR ESSAYS. list I have been long preparing of all works on - I remember to have seen and used as a boy local and family history, biography, &c., relating a small 12mo elementary school-book of this to Scotland.” Is there any probability of this kind. Can any reader of N. & Q. help me to work being published ? P. J. ANDERSON. its title and to the name of its author ? There Aberdeen.

seems to be no such work in existence now? SEBASTIAN CABOT,—Was this great discoverer I think that it would be found to “supply a want."

Can no "enterprising” publisher bring one out ! born in Venice or Bristol ? When getting materials

E. WALFORD, M.A. together for the 'Lives of the Celebrities of Glou 17, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. cestershire' I certainly, so far as I could ascertain, imagined him to have been born at the latter city: GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF but Mr. W. Hunt, in his recently published work GREAT BRITAIN.-Some thirty odd years ago this ' Bristol,' seems to throw some doubt on the society was established, and I have just come across matter. Cabot, it also appears, said on one occa- the prospectus, as well as the report for the year 1854. The address was 18, Charles Street, St. James's. Ithat “the author enjoyed the advantage of a long dare say I should have heard of it if it still existed. and intimate acquaintance with Spain." Where The prospectus was admirable, and the society can I find information about Dr. Dunham's deserved support. I should be glad to hear about parentage, birthplace and date, and his career ? it, and the valuable collections it made.

There is nothing in the Times beyond an anY. S. M.

nouncement that he died suddenly of paralysis. AUTHENTIC MEMOIRS OF THE LITTLE MAN

Even the place of death is omitted. AND THE LITTLE Maid.'—Is it known who illus

CHARLES W. SUTTON. trated (in the style of Rowlandson) this child's LE FEVRE.— I would feel much obliged if any book, published by Tabart & Co., of New Bond correspondent could inform me of the original or Street, in 1808? Where can a list of Tabart's correct way of spelling the names variously written publications be found ? J. E. BURNETT. Le Feuvre, Lefevre, Le Fevre, Lefebvre, Lefebure,

| &c. I find in the parish books it is spelt several INGOLDSBY LEGENDS.'- In Barney Maguire's

ways. We now spell it Le Feyre. Is there any Account of the Coronation' ('Ingoldsby Legends') I crest attached to the name of Le Fevre ? There is there is the following expression :

to Lefevre, I know.

FABER. The Prince of Potboys, and great haythen Jews. I should be very glad to receive some explanation

| NUMISMATIC.—“Ecclesia perversa faciem habet of the allusion.

W. G. diaboli." The above legend I am positive I have

read on some medal. What was the piece; and REBUILDING OF St. Paul's CATHEDRAL.-Can when and where stamped ? JAMES D. BUTLER. aby one tell me where Sir Christopher Wren's plans

Madison, Wis., U.S. and models for St. Paul's Cathedral were shown to Charles II. ? Was it at Whitehall ; and, if so, who was present on these occasions ? Any other

Replies. particulars would be gratefully received by

ALLAN FEA.

SCOTCH ACADEMIC PERIODICALS. Dartmouth Park Road, Highgate.

(7th S. iii. 516.) SIR CHARLES FLOWER.—Who was he ? Refer

Replying to J. M. G., I am sorry that I cannot ences to biographical notices will oblige.

refer him to any published account of such

He Hourished about the commencement of the cen

periodicals as have been conducted by the students E. T. EVANS.

of the Scotch universities. I happen to have Hampstead, N.W.

by me, however, a few notes on the sub

ject, which may serve his purpose and may NAPOLEON LITERATURE.-I have lately met have some general interest. Except so far as with a curious book, concerning which I should they relate to my own Alma Mater, these notes be glad to receive some information, particularly do not approach completeness, and I shall be grate28 to authorship. Its title is “Napoleon in the ful for additions to or corrections of my list from other World. Á Narrative written by Himself: any correspondent who has been more intimately and found near his Tomb in the Island of St. connected with St. Andrews, Glasgow, or EdinHelena. By Xongo-tee-foh-tchi, Mandarin of the burgh. Third Class. London, Henry Colburn, 1827." I

University of St. Andrews (1411). refrain from commenting on the work, as I have

1825-26. The St. Andrews University Magazine.

Eight numbers, December 3 to March 18. no doubt many of your readers are well acquainted 1863–64. The St. Andrews University Magazine. with it; but in the interests of bibliography I am Twelve numbers, February to January anxious to obtain the name of the writer.

186 (?). Thó St. Andrews University Magazine, W. H. K. WRIGHT. ? numbers. Plymouth,

186 (?). The Comet. ? numbers.

1879. Kate Kennedy's Annual. ? in former years also. SAMUEL ASTLEY DUNHAM, LL.D.-I should , 1886. The University News Sheet. Fourteen numbers, be glad of any biographical particulars of this

January 8 to April 7. gentleman, who was the author of a learned and ex

University of Glasgow (1450). cellent History of Spain and Portugal,' and other

1826. The Academic.

1828. The Alma Mater. works published in Lardner's “Cabinet Cyclo 1830, The Atheneum. padia." His death, on July 17, 1858, is recorded 1830. The College (or University) Album. This also in the Athendum, where it is stated that "there appeared in the following years: 1832, 1834, 1836, 1838, was always a mystery about this unfortunate 1840, 1843, 1845, 1847, 1851, 1854, 1859, 1869, 1874, gentleman.” “Dr. Southey spoke [where ?] of

? in other years. bis knowledge as marvellons." Dr. C. K. Adams,

1834, The University Souvenir.

1837. Proceedings of the Peel Club. in his 'Manual of Historical Literature,' 1882, says 1840. Peel Club Papers,

tury.

1863. The College Miscellany. ? numbers. Nos. 6 1835. The University Maga. Twelve numbers. and 7 are dated April 10 and 17.

January 8 to March 26. 1878. The Glasgow University Magazine. Four num. 1835. "Two rivals of Maga, not lasting to end of berg, January to April.

winter session." I 1882–83. The Glasyow University Magazine. Three 1835, The Edinburgh University Souvenir. An“ annumbers, November to January.

nual." 1884. The Glasgow University Review. Four numbers, | 1837-38. The University Maga, vol. ii. ? numbers. March to December.

No. 4 on January 12.
Universities of Aberdeen (1494 and 1593).

1838. The University Snowdrop. 1831. The Aberdeen Lancet. Three numbers, April,

1839. The Edinburgh University Magazine. ? numJune, November,

bers; at least three. 1834-35. The Aberdeen Medical Magazine. Five

1840. The Edinburgh Academic Annual. numbers, December to April.

1841-70. ? 1836. The Aberdeen University Magazine. Sixteen

1871. The Edinburgh University Magazine, Four numbers, January 13 to August 28. With title-page.

numbers, January to April. 1838. The Aberdeen Universities Magazine. One num.

| 1881-82. The Edinburgh University Quarterly. Tbree ber, November.

numbers, January and May, 1881, and December, 1882. 1846-47. The King's College Miscellany. Eight num.

1887. College Echoes : a Studenls' Journal. Three bers, December 12 to March 20.

numbers, not dated. 1849-50. The Aberdeen Universities Magazine, Five

P. J. ANDERSON. numbers, December to April. With title-page.

2, East Craibstone Street, Aberdeen. 1854. The Aberdeen University Magazine, Four num. bers, April to July.

An, article appeared on Aberdeen University 1854–55. The Aberdeen Magazine (largely academic).

magazines in Alma Mater, Aberdeen University Four numbers, October to January.

Magazine, No. 14, vol. ii., Wednesday, February 1857–58. The Student. Ten numbers, November 14 to 25, 1885, and another in the same periodical, March 20. With title-page.

No. 13, vol. iii., Wednesday, February 23, 1887. 1872. The Medical Students' Shaver. One number, January.

r, More will appear by-and-by in Scottish Notes and 1872-73. The Aberdeen Medical Student. Twenty

Queries in ‘A Bibliography of Aberdeen Periodical numbers, November 6 to August 1. With a "Rectorial Literature,' by me. J. MALCOLM BULLOCH, Edition " of December 4.

Aberdeen. 1873-74. The Aberdeen University Gazette. Nine numbers, November 28 to March 20. With a “ Rectorial THE FIRST PRINCIPLES OF PAILOLOGY (7th S. ii. Edition" of 1875.

445; iii, 161, 277,315,411; iv. 18).-I ought to have 1877. The Academic. Seven numbers, January 12 to February 23.

foreseen that it would be wasting words to reply 1877-78. The Academic, new series. Eight numbers, to a writer who maintains the paradox that the December 7 to February 8. With title-page.

fundamental principle of modern philology is only 1883-84, Alma Mater. Thirteen numbers and extra “a scientific craze," "one of the most gigantic New Year number, November 28 to March 5. With popular delusions that human ingenuity ever title-page. 1884-85. Alma Mater, vol. ii. Fifteen numbers,

expended itself fruitlessly upon." November 12 to April 3.

MR. Hall's qualifications for the task of com1885–86. Alma Mater, vol. iii. Sixteen numbers, bating, single-handed, a conclusion which has November 11 to April 2. With title-page for vols. ii. been accepted, as Pror. SKEAT says, by every and iii.

advanced philologist, can easily be tested. He 1886–87. Alma Mater, vol, iv.* Fourteen numbers, November 17 to March 2.

imagines that the Baikal, to which I referred as University of Edinburgh (1582).

the extreme eastern limit of the region in which 1823. The Edinburgh University Journal and Critical

the Aryan race may possibly have originated, is Review. Twelve numbers, January 1 to ?.

| not, as geographers have hitherto supposed, an 1824. Lapsus Linguce; or, the College Tatler. Thirty inland sea, but a tribe of “migratory nomads." eight bi-weekly numbers, January 7 to April 2. 1831, The Edinburgh University Magazine. Four

The blunder is as amusing as that of the Tyrolese numbers, January to April.

tourist who thought that the Dolomites were a sect 1832. Nimmo; or, Alma's Tause. ? numbers.

of Syrian heretics. Not content with having turned 1832. Ante Nemo. Two numbers, November 30 and the great lake of Central Asia into “the Scythians December 6.

of Herodotus," MR, Hall informs us that their 1832. University John the Giant Killer. ? numbers.

language was “an agglutinative or monosyllabic 1834. The University Journal. ? numbers. No. 1 in January.

form of speech." Mr. Hall has misplaced the 1834-35, The University Medical and Quizzical Jour.

Scythians of Herodotus by a trifle of about two nal. ? pumbers.

thousand miles, and is also ignorant of the fact 1835 (prior to). The Heliconian Gazette, the College | that the language of these Scythians has been Observer, the Squib.t.

shown by Jacob Grimm to belong to the Indo* It will be seen that Alma Mater bas already at

European family. tained a more mature age than any other Scotch aca. It would require too much space to examine in demic magazine. There is every reason to expect that detail MR. HALL's numerous delusions. I will a fifth volume will begin when next winter session opens. + See the University Maga for February 19, 1835.

See Memoir of Edward Forbes, F.R.S.,' p. 191, note. therefore refrain from dissecting his lucid state- May 24 to become June 4 the year after George ment that the aborigines of the Baltic is an ethno- was made Prince of Wales on his father's death. logical locality, or the still more remarkable dis | The lapsus plumce or misprint (whichever it was) covery that a primitive German prefix is “taken in my query, in giving 1774 instead of 1744 as the directly" from a Latin verb.

year of the birth of Queen Charlotte, was marked I would recommend Mr. Hall, before he writes | by me as a corrigendum in the next number of again, to study a few of the standard works on the l' N. & Q.' (p. 340). subject, such as Pictet's Origines Indo-Euro- It is to be hoped that Dr, Egli is a reader of péennes,' Penka's 'Herkunft der Arier' and his ‘N. & Q.,' and will see the reason why Capt. Cook

Origines Ariacæ,' Spiegel's 'Arische Periode,' associated January 18 with Queen Charlotte, Fick's 'Ehemalige Spracheinheit der Indo-Ger- although her real birthday was, as he rightly remanen Europas,' as well as the immortal works of marks in his ' Etymologisch-geographisches Lexi. Bopp and Jacob Grimm. When he has mastered kop,' May 19.

W. T. Lynn. these books it will be possible profitably to discuss Blackheath. the subject with him, though I suspect that he will tben find that there is nothing to discuss.

DUBORDIEU FAMILY (6th S. iii. 336 ; 7th S. iii. ISAAC TAYLOR. 329, 458).-In Smiles's Huguenots in England

and Ireland'references to this family will be found SIEGE OF BOLTON (7th S. iv. 8).-Your corre- at pp. 310-12, also notes to pp. 312, 317–18, and spondent should consult Dr. Ormerod’s ‘Memo- 365.* The two following references to descendants rials of the Civil War in Lancashire,' issued by of Pastor Du Bourdieu are interesting :the Chetham Society. Horridge is still the local "A great-grandson of Du Bourdieu, Capt. Saumarez pronunciation of Horwich, near Bolton.

Dubourdieu, was an officer in the British Army at the WILLIAM E. A. Axon. capture of Martinique from the French in 1762, and

received the sword of the French commandant, who said CAPE CHARLOTTE (7th S. iii. 309, 480).-I must on presenting it, ‘My misfortune is the lighter, as I am confess that when I read MR. MARSHALL'S reply conquered by a Dubourdieu, a beloved relative. My name to my query at the first of these references, it

is Dubourdieu !'"-Note, p. 312, seemed to me to substitute one difficulty for

From this it may be inferred that a branch of the another; for if the queen's birthday was kept | family flourished in France after the Revocation. as & movable feast with a range over several | The second story is as follows :months, how could Capt. Cook, who, in 1776, “The Rev. Saumarez Dubourdieu, grandson of the was returning from a long cruise in the celebrated French pastor of the Savoy Church in London, South Pacific, know that it would be observed

was minister of the French church at Lisburn for fortythat year in England on Jaduary 18, when he dis

five years, and was so beloved in the neighbourhood that

at the insurrection of 1798 he was the only person in covered Cape Charlotte in New Georgia ? But on Lisburn whom the insurgents agreed to spare. The consulting different volumes of the Annual Re French congregation baving become greatly decreased, gister I find that it had been usual for several by deaths as well as intermarriages with Irish families, years to keep the queen's birthday on that day.

the chapel was at length closed-it is now used as the Under that date for 1763 we read that it " was

court-house of Lisburnt-and the pastor Dubourdieu

having joined the Established Church, he was presented celebrated at court as her majesty's birthday, in with the living of Lambeg. His son, rector of Annahelt, order to give people in trade the better opportu- county Down, was the author of 'A Statistical Survey of Dity of benefiting by the great expense usual on the County Antrim,' published in 1812."I-Note, p. 365. these occasions.” In 1765 it is stated that

ROBERT F. GARDINER, January 18 " was observed as usual as her majesty's birthday, for the encouragement of

NAME OF RUSKIN (6th S. xii. 145, 191, 438).trade." Similar notes of its observance on that

That the two syllables in this name should be day occur in 1771 and 1772, the latter of which

divided thus, Rusk.in rather than Ru-skin, is Cook would doubtless remember, as he did not

| pretty certain, for various reasons, otherwise Ruskin set sail from England on bis second voyage until

* The above pagination is that of the first edition, June 13 in that year.

published by Murray, London, 1867. The king's birthday was, I believe, always kept † This was written in, or before, 1867. For the benefit during the reign of George III, on the right day, of future readers of. N. & Qi'I would like to know if Jupe 4. But it may interest some of your readers

any correspondent can answer the following queries :

(1) Is this building still in existence? If not, when was to remind them that the actual day of his birth,

it removed, and what occupies its site at present? (2) If as announced when it took place in 1738, was in existence, is it still used as the court-house? If not, stated to be May 24, which is the birthday of our when did it cease to be so, and for what purpose is it now present gracious sovereigo, and has been the real

used ? royal birthday during the last fifty years. The

I The name of the celebrated Savoy pastor should bo change of style in England in 1752, advanc

Jean Armand du Bourdieu, not Dubordiou as JAPAET

writes it. The second u is also retained in the names of ing the count of time by eleven days, caused the various members of the family mentioned by Smiles. might have meant "red-skin” or “rough-skin.” LEASE OF 999 YEARS (7th S. iii. 450).-ProThe place-name Ruskington, in Lincolnshire, sobably the information could be obtained at the called from the Ruscingas or Hryscingas according office of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for Engto Kemble (Saxons in England,' i. 471-2), settles land, or from their solicitors. E. T. EVANS. the matter. The personal name Ruschil or Roschil

That leases for this period may have been granted (Rosketyl) occurs in Domesday Book. The surname

for trust purposes is very likely; but that such of Ruskin is very seldom met with. One William

leases ever “ fell in ” to the Church of England or Ruskyn or Roskyn, of Melton Mowbray, married

to any one else, as affirmed by your correspondent Eleanor, sister and coheir of John Beler, Esq., of

to be alleged by the American press, is not so Kirkby, who died, 8. p., 1475, and a share of the

evident, when we consider that neither leases nor estates of that family fell to her son, Jasper Ruskyp, the Church of England existed 999 years ago. Esq. He died April 10, 1485, and a copy of the

J. S. UDAL inscription on his tomb in Melton Mowbray

Symondsbusy, Bridport. Church 1583 may be found in Harl. MS. 2017, p. 84, and Nichols's 'Leicestershire' (ii. p. 262**). |

969**) “GALE'S RENT" (7th S. iii. 429).—This question Jasper left four daughters, one of whom. Margaret. has already been asked in ‘N. & Q.' See 6th S. married Richard Lacy, of Halifax, and had issue. | ii. 489 ; iii, 174. F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Jasper, however, might have had younger brothers

ers KEYS TO NOVELS (7th S. iii. 451).—N. S. will who left descendants. These Ruskyns bore, Sable, I find many hints scattered throughout Lockhart's a chevron between three spear-heads argent. One Life of Scott' as to whose portraits were utilized William Ruskyn had a rent-charge of 188. per for the principal characters of the famous “Waverapnum on some lands in Howdenshire, part of the ley Novels."

ROBERT F. GARDINER. endowment of the chantry of Laxton in that district 1535 (* Valor. Eccl.,' v. 138).

FEMALE HERESIARCHS (7th S. iii. 308, 412,

A. S. ELLIS. 521).-It would be interesting to know who really Westminster.

founded Shakerism, if, as MR. MARSHALL tells us, James Hannay's suggestion that Ruskin is a cor

Ann Lee did not. The communities all now seem ruption of the family name Erskine (found Ariskine

to regard her not only as general Mother, but the and Areskin) is the most probable. Erskine is the

object of a “hyperdulia" more meriting to be appellation of a parish, co. Renfrew, which is said

called “latria" than any the Deipara receives from to have had its name from the castle on the margin

other churches. “Saviour Christ” and “Mother of the Clyde. Rev. R. W. Stewart (Statistical

Ann Christ” are coupled as co-equal. Whether Account of Scotland ') seems to think the castle

the Trinity has been made a Quaternity” (as the may have been named from the surname, from

Jew Salvador seriously advises Christians to do), Eris-skyne, on the knife," which he supports by

I cannot find evidence. This query was only sent an anecdote. As a place-name Erskine, ancient

since Mrs. Girling's death was understood to have Irskyn, might translate “ upon the fair or white |

broken up her sect, and the Southcottians were water."

R. S. CHARNOCK.

| believed extinct ; and as Lady Huntingdon's

churches never claimed any doctrinal peculiarity HOLY THURSDAY: WELL-DRESSING AT TISSING.

(nor, indeed, could Methodism as a whole be more TON (7th S. iii. 189, 274, 357, 456).- For an account

| called a sect than any Roman monastic order), it of this curious old Derbyshire custom, locally known does not

does not yet appear that any female (if not Ann as tap-dressing, your readers may be glad to be re

Lee) ever founded a growing sect. E. L. G. ferred to an article in Once a Week, vol. iii. p. 188. If EstE possesses the pamphlet on Joanna

E. WALFORD, M.A. Southcott which he mentions, would be kindly Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

allow me to borrow it for a short time? It shall BLAZER (7th S. iii. 408, 436).-PROF. SKEat may

be carefully read and returned at once.

O. F. S. WARREN, M.A. like to be reminded that the “ Jobnian blazer" is

The Cottage, Fulbourn, Cambridge, not the first of the family. It has a collateral ancestor in “Blazes," the familiar appellative for! ConvictS SHIPPED TO THE COLONIES (7th S. ii. footmen arrayed in breeches of scarlet or crimson 162, 476 ; iii. 58, 114, 193).-The reference of plush, when such breeches were. So Sam Weller R. H. H. to Cornet Blackburn I cannot find in addressed Mr. Tuckle at the "gwarry." I have Carlyle's Cromwell. Will he kindly make it no evidence, but I have a strong impression that more definite ? Elizabeth Canning also, however the title was earlier than Dickens, not invented “notorious" in the view of J. J. S., is to me a by him. I should think that other examples of it great unknown. What was ber crime? I have may be found in the light literature of half a century searched in vain for any notice concerning her in back, but it has missed a place in the 'Now Dic. our histories of the town of Wethersfield. MAJOR tionary

C. B. Mount. Nash deseryes, and has, my thanks for his refer

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