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note this ; and this is as it should be, so it appears Abstract. First in use as p. prt, and adj. since 1387; a to me, though I am very far from being the advo subst, since 1528; as verb since 1542. Cf, D.M., 1..

Absurd. This is a troublesome word. cate of fasting or of the strict observance of Lent;

Dr. Murray

(D.M., 1.v.) adopts, seemingly without any doubt, the for surely no religious observance should be ushered

derivation “ab, off, here intensive, and surdus, deaf, in by those who believe in it, and intend to keep it, inaudible, insufferable to the ear." ' Prof. Skeat admits by scenes of degrading dissipation !

that ab may possibly have an intensive force beF. CHANCE. fore surdus=barsh-sounding; but prefers to take it as

derived from ab, away, and surdus, “indistinct, barsh

Bounding; also deaf.” It seems scarcely possible to doubt SOME NOTES AND ADDENDA TO PROF. SKEAT'S that surdus is a derivative from the root swar, to sound, • ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY.'

whence Sanscrit svara, a tone, & sound, accent, vowel.

If so, the first meaning would more likely be that of Gradually, as more Anglo-Saxon texts are pub- sounding, whence, through noisy, we come to disagreeably lished, new words are added to our dictionaries and sounding on the one hand, and to indistinctly sounding. quotations are found for those until now known difficult to be distinguished, on the other. This latter only from vocabularies or glosses. In a few cases

meaning allows of deriving surdus=dark, dim (surdas

color=dim colour), sordes=dirt, &c., from the same where Prof. Skeat, in his ‘Etym. Dict.,' says "the

root, without imposing the necessity of adopting a root Anglo-Saxon” word is not found, we are able to svar=to be dirty (cf. Skeat, in v."Swart"), or a separate indicate it, thus rendering his etymologies more cer stem svarda (cf. Vaniçek, p. 348). Is this combination tain or proving the trustworthiness of his sources. correct-then we must, with Van., hold deaf to be a It is worth mentioning on the maxim of honour

comparatively late and metaphorical meaning, developed

out of the notion dim, indistinct, and-though in Latin to whom honour is due-how frequently the

dictionaries justly put first, as being the most commonpublication of a hitherto unpublished text proves for etymological purposes it should stand last. As to the the carefulness and trustworthiness of Somner's force it has in our word here, I would suggest that it work, which, experience shows it more and more, stands=sounding, with the prefix ab=mis, as in abuse,

It is then a perfect parallel to absonus, which is used in has been undeservedly doubted.

combination with it and has the same meaning of soundIn the following Í give a few notes which I

ing disagreably, If we want to accept Prof. Skeat's notion hope Prof. Skeat will allow a place among the that it bas the force of harsh sounding, we shall have to fresh evidence which he says is constantly being admit that ab has here intensive force. Prof. Skeat's adduced, and perhaps also, here and there among explanation away is to me unintelligible-away=indig. the additions or corrections which are needed, but

en buitinct ? away=harsh-sounding? Ab in Latin with inten

| sive force is not unknown; abamila, abavia, absocer, have as yet escaped his notice. I aim at supple

abhiemare are instances, menting the information given by Prof. Skeat.

WILLEM S. LOGEMAN, Three parts of the great Dictionary of the Philo. Newton School, Rock Ferry. logical Society having now been published, I

(To be continued.) shall, for completeness sake, insert in their proper places the words where this large work gives

JOAN DE COBAAM, THIRD LORD COBHAM.—A matter of importance for the etymology, but this by reference only, to avoid unnecessary extension.

few facts and dates are omitted from the biography

of this great Kentish warrior and statesman in This work I indicate with the letters Dict.).

the lately published volume of the 'Dictionary of M(urray).

National Biography.' The writer seems not to bave A. Add. explanation of a in“ go a-begging," &c., cf.

met with an admirable and trustworthy paper D.M., 2, col. 3.

Abasé. Regular mod, repreg. of 0.Tr. would be abease, published ten years ago in vol. xi. of Archaeologia v. and g. On influence of base, cf, D.M., 2.v., 8, a. Cantiana by Mr. J. G. Waller on "The Lords of

Abash. The parall, “ Du verbazen " should be ac- Cobham and their Monuments.' Here many difficepted with caution. Cf. Franck, 'Etymol. Woorden

culties, such as the confusion made by Dugdale boek d. Nederl. Taal.,' 1.v.“ Bazelen."

between John the second and John the third Lord Abate (2). Leg, term=to intrude forcibly. Cf. D.M., 9, 3.

Cobham, are satisfactorily cleared up, and the dates Abdomen. Known since 1541. Cf. D.M., 10.

of the deaths of the two lords are given from their Abduct. D.M., 1.v.

well-known beautiful and interesting brasses in Abet. Known as verb since 1380. Cf, D.M., 2.v.

Cobham Church. It may be useful to give here Abroad. D.M., 1.v., compares as to idiom a-long and

(from Mr. Waller's paper) some of the dates at large.

Absent. Ens is short for sens." Ens is rather a omitted. Henry de Cobham, the first Lord Cob(philologically speaking) modern formation direct from ham, died August 25, 1339, and was succeeded by esse, under influence of the other pres. part, in ens. I his eldest son John, the second lord, who died do not know in Latin any other instances of initial | February 25, 1354/5. His eldest son (by his first before vowels being dropped. Greek Wv ( = łóv=éoúv)

wife Joan, the daughter of Sir John Beauchamp is of course no parall. for ens.

of Stoke-under-Hamden) John succeeded him as vamen would be more accurate (cf. carniprivium, carni

third Lord Cobham, and was first summoned to capium, and carniprinium) than the ordinary spelling

Parliament September 20, 1355. In 1359 he went carnelevarium and carnelevamen.

with Edward III. to France, and was made a ban.

neret in 1370. In 1380/1 (not 1370/1) he had a ways of doing it. The trees are given by farmers licence to crenellate and fortify his castle of Cowl and other friends of the children and teachers ing; and here it may be observed that it was sometimes the children make an expedition to the scarcely necessary to give Hasted as an authority nearest wood and bring back for the school grounds for the enamelled copper inscription with the arms saplings of elm, maple, and other furest trees. of Joba de Cobham over the eastern entrance of Might not a custom of this kind be introduced the castle, as it may be seen there any day, in with advantage among the rural schools of Great nearly as perfect a condition as when first put up, Britain and Ireland ? W. H. PATTERSON, more than five hundred years ago. (An account Belfast. of Cowling Castle and a plate of this inscription

SLIPSHOD ENGLISH.-I am sorry to see that the may also be found in vol. xi. of Archæologia Can

use of slipshod English is on the increase, and that tiara, p. 134.)

it finds its way even into 'N. & Q. What can be Joho, Lord Cobham, died January 10, 1407/8.

said in defence of the following paragraph in a His wife, Margaret Courtenay, whose brass is at

communication anent the Old Records of Ulster Cobham, had died in 1395, and their only daughter

Office,' 7th S. ii. 414?_“Information upon Irish Joan, who was married in 1362 to Sir John de la

visitations......will be found ten to twenty years Pole, had died in her parents' lifetime, about 1388,

ago in N. & Q.'" What J. McC. B. means to leaving an only daughter Joan, who succeeded her grandfather, and whose five husbands were (1) Sir

say, no doubt, is that such information will be

found by referring to 'N. & Q.’of a date between Robert Hemenhale, who died in 1391, and was

ten and twenty years since. I do hope that the buried in Westminster Abbey; (2) Sir Reginald

Editor of 'N. & Q.' will try and help us all to Braybroke (not Gerard, as stated in the biography), who died in 1405, and who was the

improve our English style. For myself, I will father of Joan, the only child who survived his

I promise to be a docile scholar.

E. WALFORD, M.A. wife : (3) Sir Nicholas Hawberk, who died at

7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. Cowling Castle October 9, 1407, and whose fine brass, together with that of Sir Reginald Bray

CROMWELL'S PASTIMES.-In Mr. H. B. Wheatbroke, are side by side in Cobham Church ; (4) ley's ‘Round about Piccadilly' there is an amusing Sir John Oldcastle, executed as a Lollard in 1417; account (p. 225) of Cromwell, as follows :(5) Sir John Harpeden, who survived his wife for "After dining at the Lodge he on his return put the twenty-four years, and was buried in Westminster Secretary inside and took a fancy to drive the coach home Abbey in 1458. Joan. Lady Cobham, according himself. Henry Oldenburg, agent to England from Lower to her brass in Cobham Church, died herself

Saxony, had presented Cromwell six German horses,

self which on this occasion the Protector tried to drive ; but, January 13, 1433/4.

E. C. C. using the whip too freely, he irritated the spirited horses,

and they ran away. He was soon dashed to the groun ARBOR DAY IN CANADA._' N. & 0.' has traced and, to add to his danger, a pistol went off in his pocket the history of many old-fashioned institutions, and

as he fell." times and days set apart for something special ;

| In the forty-third Annual Report of the Deputybat here is something quite new, which perhaps

Keeper of Public Records, Appendix, p. 50, there in time may be an old institution also. The Edu

occurs the following extract from a diary of the cation Department of Ontario has appointed a day,

Swedish minister, which presents Cromwell and to be called Arbor Day. The following extract

his court in what to many will be a new light :from the official regulations will clearly explain

“August 11. Went with Fleetword to Hampton Court, the objects of Arbor Day:

picking up Whitelock in Chelsea; eat oysters at Hamp

I ton and dined with Cromwell, Fleetwood, Whitelock, "The first Friday in May should be set apart by the Lawrence, President of the Council, Claypole, Master of trustees of every rural school and incorporated village the Horse; went to the gallery to see old pictures ; for the purpose of planting sbade trees, making flower heard music; went into the park; killed a stag; then beds, and otherwise improving and beautifying the school to bowling green and played bowls; then kissed the grounds

hand of Cromwell's wife and his daughter's face; then "Xow that Arbor Day apr... Limahla that the Both in going and returning an axle Dron

"Now that Arbor Day in apring is one of the school drank a glass of Spanish wine and returned to London, institations of the province, it is desirable that the Both i school grounds, and the outside strip in front of the

1 I send you the extract, as it may interest some school house and on the street, or road side, should be judiciously planted. Care should be taken to select the of your readers.

Scott SURTEES. most suitable trees and shrubs for that purpose, consider. ing the nature of the soil and the size of the school lot,

| POET VERSUS POET.-It is sometimes too readily &c. Flowers, too, should be provided for the beds in assumed that where two poets have expressed the front of the buildings, and, if practicable, at the sides of same thought, in terms which bear a general the walks leading to the school entrances.”

resemblance, one must infallibly have borrowed These regulations are accompanied by very full from the other, either of design or unconsciously; instructions as to the kinds of trees and shrubs most and yet it may have happened that the later writer suitable for transplanting, and the best times and has in perfect good faith set forth that which to

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him was an original idea, the likeness to something Love in absence : already expressed being merely accidental.

Absence makes the heart grow fonder. But if the wits of poets have occasionally jumped

Bayly, 'Isle of Beauty.' together in accord, they have also (as the following

And out of mind as soon as out of sight. extracts will show) justled at other times in opposi

Lord Brooke, Sonnet lvi. tion. Here then, at any rate, no suspicion of

WM. UNDERHILL. unfair agreement can exist, as the writers, so far 57, Hollydale Road, S.E. from shedding their ink in the same cause, have tilted with their pens to maintain conflicting

WAX TAPERS USED AS OFFENSIVE WEAPONS. theories.

-In an article on Oliver Cromwell and the Solitude :

Cathedrals,' by CUTHBERT BEDE, Oct. 12, 1872

(4th S. X. 297), the writer incidentally mentioned 0, for a lodge in some vast wilderness, Some boundless contiguity of shade,

a scene at St. Cuthbert's shrine, in Durbam Where rumour of oppression and deceit,

Cathedral, when the ministrant monks, being Of unsuccessful or successful war

attacked at the altar by the retainers of Neville of Might never reach me more.

Raby, were compelled to defend themselves with Cowper, 'Task,' ii, 1,

large wax tapers, with which they laid about them To view alone

so effectually that they compelled their assailants The fairest scenes of land and deep, With none to listen and reply

to beat a retreat. History repeats itself. Here is To thoughts with which my heart beat high

a scene that occurred on June 9, 1887:-Were irksome-for, whate'er my mood,

"A strange scene was witnessed yesterday morning in In sooth I love not solitude.

the parish church of Clignancourt, one of tbe suburbs of Byron, Bride of Abydos,' i. 3. Paris. Several little girls were kneeling near the altar, Ignorance :

preparing to make their first communion, which was From ignorance our comfort flows,

being administered by the parish priest. As the cele. The only wretched are the wise.

brant came up to one of the children he suddenly stopped, Prior, . To the Hon. C. Montague.'

and, regarding her attentively for a few seconds, passed

on without giving her the sacrament. The girl's mother The truest characters of ignorance

and aunt, two powerful fish wives of Clignancourt, seeing Are vanity, and pride, and arrogance ;

what had taken place, instantly left their seats, and As blind men use to bear their noses higher

going up to the curé belaboured him most unmercifully Than those that have their eyes and sight entire. with their umbrellas. The priest, taken aback by the

Butler.

violence and suddenness of the assault, fled for safety to The sea :

the sacristy, followed by the beadle of the church, who I'm on the sea ! I'm on the sea !

tried to keep back the excited women. But his interI am where I would ever be ;

position was vain, for, pushing him aside, the women With the blue above and the blue below,

dashed into the vostry and renewed their chastisement And silence wberesoo'er I go.

of the priest. They were joined by other women, Bryan W. Procter, 'The Sea.'

who, having nothing about them which could be con. Ocean ! thou dreadful and tumultuous home

verted into weapons, actually seized the long wax

candles on the altar and struck the priest with them. In Of dangers, at eternal war with man,

the mean time there was a stampede among the congreWide opening, and loud roaring still for more !

cation. The children were screaming with fear, and a Too faithful mirror ! how dost thou reflect

cry of Fire !' was raised, which caused a general rush The melancholy face of human life!

to the door. Sonne of the children were hurt in trying Young, 'Night Thoughts.'

to get out." Country life :

This is a curious coincidence.
Mine be a cot beside the hill;

JONATHAN BOUCHIER.
A bee-hive's hum shall soothe my ear;
A willowy brook that turns a mill,

Ropley, Alresford,
With many a fall, shall linger near.
Samuel Rogers, 'A Wish.'

S.W.S.-In Mr. Louis Fagan's account of the
Your love in a cottage is hungry,

Reform Club, I observe that the monogram S.W.S., Your vine is a nest for flieg

at one corner of the grand tessellated pavement of Your milkmaid shocks the graces,

the hall, is assigned, at a wild guess, to William And simplicity talks of pies !

Spottiswoode! It comprises the initials of the You lie down to your shady slumber,

father of Alfred Singer, Esq., whose monogram in And wake with a bug in your ear ; And your damsel tbat walks in the morning

another corner is correctly explained. This monoIs shod like a mountainer.

gram of Samuel Weller Singer is familiar to the

Willis. possessors of his numerous valuable reprints and Silence in woe:

editions.

W. WATKISS LLOYD.
In all the silent manliness of grief.
Goldsmith, Deserted Village.'

DOUBLE ENTENDRE.” – A scholarly correGive sorrow words: the grief that does not speak

spondent, SIR JAMES A. Picton, recently used in Whispers the o'er-fraught heart, and bids it break. your columns the ill-constructed phrase double

Shakespeare, ‘Macbeth,' entendre. On my pointing out what I took to be

a very pardonable slip, he said (I am violating no Adam de Chernoc, the first lord bearing the terriconfidence) : " Double entendre, whether right or torial name, appears to have been joint lord of wrong, has been naturalized in English, and will be Astley with Sir Henry Lee, Knt., and was the found in many of tbe best dictionaries. Had I progenitor of a long line of feudal lords of Charbeen writing in French I should have used double nock, Astley, and many neighbouring lands." entente." Here, then, is the paradoxical proposi. Astley Hall came into the Brooke family by the tion : Can a phrase known to be incorrect be marriage of Sir Peter's son Richard with the correctly used simply because it is given in the Charnock heiress. dictionaries?

ANDREW W. TUER. I The pedigree in the 'Landed Gentry' is thus The Leadenhall Press, E.C.

stated : BELLINGHAM.-It is great pity that Mr. Leslie of Sir Peter Brooke of Mere, co, Chester, Kot., by whom

“Margaret Charnock, m. Richard Brooke, second son Stephen's grand effort at giving us an account of she had five sons. four of whom died s.p. The other, our famous men should not even mention a map Thomas Brooke, Esq.. of Astley, m. 1716, Margaret, celebrated by his infamy, i. e., Bellingham, the daughter of Thomas Wbarton, of London, and by her murderer of Spencer Perceval. At the same time,

had two sons, Richard Wharton Brooke, Esq., of Astley when one takes up the first volume, one reads

and Charnock, who died s.p., and Peter Brooke, pos

sessed of Astley and Charnock, 1749, who m. Susanna, about “ Abbadie,” who was a Frenchman.

dau, of James Crookhall, and by her had Susanna." EDWARD R. VYVYAN. | This last-mentioned Susanna was her father's

heiress, and married, first, Thomas Townley

Parker, Esq., and, secondly, Sir Henry Philip Queries.

Hoghton, Bart. We must request correspondents desiring information

It will be observed that the ‘Peorage and on family matters of only private interest, to affix their

Baronetage' makes Peter Brooke (the ancestor of names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct,

the Townley-Parkers) eldest son of Richard Brooke

and Margaret Charnock, while the ‘Landed BROOKE OF ASTLEY, co. LANCASTER.--I sball |

I shall Gentry' states that the only son of this marriage be much obliged if any of the readers of (N. & 0' who left issue was Thomas Brooke, all the other can supply me with the Christian names, dates of birth, marriage, and death of the children of

Who was Thomas Brooke of Gray's Inn and Richard, second son of Sir Peter Brooke of Mere,

Wilmslow? If identical with the Thomas Brooke by his marriage with Margaret, dau, and heiress

of Astley who married Margaret Wharton, this of Robert Charnock of Charnock; and also of the

Thomas must have had another son besides children of Thomas Brooke of Astley, co. Lancaster

Richard Wharton and Peter, otherwise he could (eldest son of the above-mentioned Richard Brooke

not have been ancestor of Mr. Edward Brooke, for and Margaret Charnock), and Margaret Wharton,

| Richard Wharton died s.p., and Peter apparently his wife.

left an only daughter Susanna. In the last edition The pedigree of this family in Burke's 'Peerage

of the ‘Landed Gentry' Mr. Edward Brooke is, and Baronetage,'under“Brooke of Norton," differs

under “Brooke of Wexham," stated to be dein several important particulars from that contained

scended from “Sir Peter Brooke of Astley Hall in the 'Landed Gentry' (edition 1850) under

and Mere," but the pedigree commences with Ben“Charnock of Charnock.” The following is from

jamin Brooke of Eaton Mersey, who died 1809. the 'Peerage and Baronetage':

My interest in this matter arises from the fact “Sir Peter Brooke of Astley Hall and Mere, M.P. for

that I am descended from Thomas Brooke and Cheshire, 1567 (sic), who died in 1685, leaving two song,

Margaret Wharton through their daughter Eliza1. Thomas of Mere, ancestor of the Brookes of Mere ; beth, who on June 15, 1749, m. Henry Pennee of 2. Richard of Astley Hall, m. Margaret, dau. and heir Knutsford, Cheshire, who was himself related to of Robert Charnock of Charnock, Lancashire, and had the Brookes of Mere. with other issue-1. Peter of Astley Hall, now repre

H. W. FORSYTH HARWOOD. sented by the Townley Parkers of Cuerden Hall: 2. Thomas of Gray's Inn and Wilmslow, ancestor of Edward

12, Onslow Gardens, S.W. Brooke, Esq.”

OLDYS.- Are any of the manuscripts of this In this pedigree there are two clear mistakes. " thirsty fly” of literature still unpublished ? His If Sir Peter Brooke represented Cheshire in Par-copy of Langbaine, now, I believe, in the British liament in 1567 and died in 1685, he must have Museum, was elaborately annotated, and must be lived to a patriarchal age. This is merely a mis- of priceless value. Have the notes ever been print, but it has appeared in several successive transcribed and printed, or any part of them ? editions of the ‘Peerage and Baronetage. Secondly, From Oldys to Coxeter is a natural transition. Sir Peter Brooke is wrongly described as “ of Astley The latter obtained possession of Oldys's first and Hall," for in Baines's 'History of Lancashire,' vol. ii., partially annotated edition of Langbaine, and in We find that " in the reigns of John and Henry III. all probability transferred many of the notes to his

own interleaved copy of Gildon's 'Lives.' Is this W. RIDER, M.A., is author of "The Twins,' a Gildon still in existence and accessible? Can any tragi-comedy, acted at the private house, Salisbury of your readers refer me to any MS. sources of in- Court, 4to., 1655. The Biographica Dramatica' formation touching the late dramatic poets of the says the play was acted in 1613. Was Mr. Rider seventeenth century, from 1670, say, to 1690 ? an M.A. of the University of Cambridge ? Contributions thankfully received. W. A.

R. INGLIS. Trin. Coll., Camb.

QUOTATIONS.—Where does Wycherley describe CAPT. CARTWRIGHT.--Is anything known re- a coxcomb as “ugly all over, with the affectation specting Capt. Cartwright, Comptroller of the of the fine gentleman? Navy in 1641, beyond what is mentioned in the “Munera ista Fortunæ putatis? Insidiæ sunt." fifteenth chapter of Campbell's 'British Admirals'? | These words are said to be Seneca's. Where did he die? Who were his parents; to Where does Locke say that “upon asking & what family did he belong; and did he leave any blind man what he thought scarlet was, he an. descendants ? Is it known what his Christian swered that he believed it was like the sound of name was?

H. L. G. a trumpet”? Devon and Exeter Institution.

“The best critic that ever wrote, speaking of PEPPER ALLEY.—Johnson says, in ‘Boswell,' lor frivolous, says, indeed, that they are dreams,

some passages in Homer which appear extravagant “ People live as long in Pepper Alley as on Salisbury Plain.” Can anybody suggest which of the

but the dreams of Jupiter.” Who was the critic ?

R. S. three Pepper Alleys was likely to have been in the Doctor's mind ? One was near Piccadilly, one in A SINGULAR CREST.-In the Heralds' VisitaGoswell Street, and another in Southwark. Pertion of Northamptonshire, in 1682, the arms and haps Southwark is the most likely, as he might crest of William Randolph of Tocester (Towcester) have landed at Pepper Stairs, which adjoined, in are described. The latter is said to be “an antegoing from time to time by boat to Thrale's lope's head (heraldic) or, holding in his mouth a brewery.

C. A. WARD.

pillar argent, the base resting on the wreath."

Can any one conjecture the origin of such a sinLYLY'S 'EOPHUES AND HIS ENGLAND.'-Cangular device? This crest is borne by the Ameriany of your readers explain the italicized words can branch of the family, but the pillar bas lost and allusions in the following ?

the form of a pillar, and looks more like a bone, 1. “But whether Euphues lympe with Vulcan, as or a horn, or the leafless branch of a tree ; but borne lame, or go on stilts with Amphionax, for lack there can be no doubt it is the pillar degenerated, of lege, I trust I may say, that his feet sholde have ben, olde Helena" (p. 217, 1. 26).

as these Randolphs are of the same stock as 2. “Making a sta(c)ke of what they should use for a

William Randolph of Towcester. I have the im. stomacher" (p. 288, 1, 18).

pression of a very good seal, which probably be3. “A leano Cofer” (p. 324, 1, 1).

longed to Sir John Randolph of Williamsburgh, 4. “ For as the Phrygian Harmonie being moued to Virginia (died 1736), in which the thing in the he Calenes maketh a great noyse” (p. 336, 1.35, in some editions p. 337, 1. 35).

antelope's mouth resembles a thigh-bone. The 5. “The eyes of' Caithritiuss (Catherismes) (p. 439,

other branches of the family bear simply the ante. 34).

lope's head, formerly heraldic, later natural. N.B.—The references are to Arber's reprint.

EDMUND RANDOLPR. PHILAUTUS. Ryde, I.W. SEVENTEENTH CENTURY TOKENS.-In Boyne's! BUCKDEN, Hunts.-In December, 1837, Spencer work on seventeenth century trade tokens, p. 110, Thornton, Vicar of Wendover, Bucks, for twelve I observe the following description of a token years subsequently, was ordained priest by the issued from Bishop Stortford : obv., EDWARD Bishop of Lincoln at the above place. Was this AYNSWORTH., a stag; rev., IN. BISHOP. STARFORD-| Bishop Maltby; and was this the date of the last HIS, HALFPENY. An illustration is also given ordination there? The bishop preached in the (plate xiii. No. 8). On examining the latter, one evening in his private chapel. Is this still standcan see that the animal represented is not a stag, ing? It was not show me when I visited the but a reindeer. An entry in Pepys's 'Diary' palace many years ago.

M.A.Oxon. (Mynors Bright edition) confirms this opinion :• Oct. 7, 1667. Before night come to Bishop Stafford,

| Fictitious IMPRINTS.—Would it pot be a good when Lowther and his friend did meet us again and thing for the Incorporated Society of Authors to carried us to the Raynedeer, where Mrs. Aynsworth, expose the frauds of those publishers who put who lived heretofore at Cambridge, and whom I knew fictitious imprints on the books which they issue better than they think, do live."

to their customers ? I have such a book, published In the text and in a note further particulars by Messrs. A , which professes to be also about this woman appear.

P. N. printed by Messrs. A--, but which I happen to

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