Imagens das páginas

know whether either MS. is dated, but the period beaver, lined with black velvet, powdered with may probably be assumed as subsequent to Sir golden leaves ; a black hat lined with red velvet, George Mackenzie's appointment as Lord Advo- powdered with butterflies and divers beasts, cate in 1677. There would appear to be a tran- covered with white lilies [sic]; two bats of white script of the “ Collection” in the Lyon Office. beaver ; one hat of green and white velvet, furred

C. H. E. CARMICHAEL. with black budge” (Wardrobe Accounts, 20 Edw. New University Club, S.W.

II., 26/9, compared with its duplicate, 26/10).

“Two hats of beaver, furred with black budge, COLD HARBOUR (7th S. iii. 476).-In the Wilt

and broidered with gold thread,” were bought for shire Archæological Magazine, vol. xiii. p. 335,

the same monarch in 1326, at the price of 138. 4d. Canon Jackson says :

each (ibid., 20 Edw. II., 26/3). " In England there are no less than 150 Cold Harbours. I t The meaning of the name has been much disputed. Harbour is probably only a corruption of the Saxon Herr.

to Edward III. in 1329 (ibid., 3 Edw. III., 34/3). burg, a station. If cold may be supposed to mean .cool,'

HERMENTRUDE. then the whole 'cool retreat' may perhaps have been

1 MR. BULLEN will find a slight reference to merely a favourite name in former days for villas and

batters, with an illustration of their supposed country houses, something like the Mount Pleasant' and Belle View' of our own day.”

arms, in my notice of 'The Ancient Companies of Thomas H. BAKER.

the City of Exeter' (Western Antiquary, vol. iy. Mere Down, Mere, Wilts.

p. 187).


187, High Street, Exeter, See Archeologia, Jan. 11, 1849, and Gent. Mag., December, 1844, and May, July, and November,

References to magazine and newspaper articles 1849.

R. S. CHARNOCK, Tappeared

appeared in the Oracle (now silent), Feb. 28, 1885;

April 4, 1885 ; and Nov. 15, 1884. ESTE. MR. J. A. FROUDE AND IRELAND (7th S. iii. 247, 480).-In thanking Mr. BIRKBECK TERRY

MARGARET, LADY BOURCHIER (6th S. i. 395). — for the courtesy of his reply to my query, allow

At the above reference HERMENTRUDE asks for the me to avail myself of the opportunity of giving

family name of Margaret, widow of John, Lord the result of further investigation made by myself

Dudley, first wife of Bartholomew, third Lord -an insignificant addition, perhaps, but tending

Bourchier. No reply has, as yet, been made to to the completeness of the elucidation. In the

this query; and I wish to ask if it is a fact that * Life of Hoche,' or Hoch (the famous Republican

Lord Bourchier married the widow of a John, general, I am unable to give & closer reference),

Lord Dudley.

H. S. G. what is there styled a well-known phrase is quoted thus:-“Mais il ne considère l'Irlande que comme

CORNISH TOKENS (7th S. iii. 496).- A reference le chemin de Londres."

to the Western Antiquary for January last (p. 190)

NEMO. Temple.

shows that the name should be Bonython-a name

which has been more than once alluded to in the BARONESS BELLASIS OF OSGODBY, LINCOLN- earlier numbers of the Western Antiquary, as well SHIRE (6th S. xi. 188; 7th S. iii. 418, 477 ; iv. 17). as in ‘N. & Q. itself. The initials B. I. M., -Your correspondent MR. ALFRED Scott Garty which Miss COLE asks about, are intended, no says that if I and others interested on this point doubt, for the initials of the issuer of the token “had taken the trouble" to consult the Genealogist and that of his wife-only Miss COLE bas not we should have found the date of death and place given them in the correct order, the initial of of burial of the above. If he had taken the trouble the surname almost invariably being placed on the to copy it for us he would have conferred a favour. token over that of the initials of the Christian He does not tell us in what number of the Genea- dames of the husband and wife. They would, logist the reference can be found, nor have I access therefore, to the initiated read as I. and M. B. to the work. May I, then, repeat my request I may add that the token mentioned in the that some correspondent will kindly trouble him- | Western Antiquary is not mentioned in Boyne's self to give me (and others) the date of death and Seventeenth Century Tokens,' and that the pubplace of burial of Lady Bellasis.

licity now given to it will no doubt be the means CUT BERT BEDE. of its being included in the new edition of that

work, which has for some time been looked for, HATTERS (7th S. iii. 497).- If MR. BULLEN be in search of minute descriptions of mediæval hats,

and which is now in preparation under the editorthe following may have some interest for him :

"ship of Mr. Williamson of Guildford, assisted by )

a large staff of local collectors. J. S. UDAL. King Edward II. left at Caerphilly Castle, at his departure, Nov. 2, 1326, all the property

| Symondsbury, Bridport. which he could carry no further in his fight. If Miss COLE will refer to the first volume of Among these articles were “one hat of white the Western Antiquary she will find a great deal of information about the Bonython family. In an along the river bank (musam meditatur avend). extract from the registers of Mevagissey the baptism He arrives in the most sultry time of the day at of a daughter of James Bonython is mentioned under a resting-place, and invites himself to repose for a date 1644. Probably the letters mentioned are so wbile, because without it he will be without placed on the token as to read I. B. M., and strength to “solace" himself further with his would then be simply the initials of James Bony- "vagrant reed” (i. e., his wandering song), “reed" thon, Mevagissey.

W. S. B. H. | being used in its secondary sense of musical pipe,

or rather in its tertiary sense of pastoral poem. Bow STREET RUNNERS (7th S. iii. 368, 465).

J. T. B. Interesting notices and anecdotes of these are given in the late Prof. Pryme's 'Autobiographic Recol

“Pipe," " reed," &c., stand for song in pastoral lections,' 1870, pp. 271-3.

W. C. B.

poetry, and “vagrant reed " should be accepted in poetry, dua vagrant reea " 81

à similar sense. The “solace” of Wordsworth's NATIONAL SUBSCRIPTION (7th S. iii. 497).-It ramble lay in the accompanying music of his may interest L, T. C. to learn that the intimate verse, which bodily fatigue would dull or silence friend of the unbappy James, Duke of Monmouth, altogether.

W. H. Thomas Thynne, Esq., of Loogleat Hall, an early member of the present noble family of the Mar

LADY BOUNTIFUL (7th S. iv. 48).- The New quis of Bath, was known “from his great wealth”

English Dictionary,' which ALNWICK does not as “ Tom of ten thousand” (Sir Walter Scott's

appear to have consulted, says (8. v. “Bountiful”). Dryden,' vol. ix. p. 292, note xxx.). In reality

Lady Bountiful, a character in Farquhar's 'Beaux' he only possessed nine thousand pounds per annum.

Stratagem' (1707), since used for the great (or His tragical fate in Pall Mall on the evening of

beneficient) lady in a neighbourhood.” E. D. February 12, 1681/2, at the bands of Count Conigg (Very many contributors are thanked for the referonco mark and his myrmidons, is well known, as is also

to Farquhar]. the tablet commemorating the event representing CUSTOMS OF THE FRENCH LADIES IN 1810 (7th the scene in relief in Westminter Abbey. In the s. iv. 67).-It is still the custom for French preceding autumn he had magnificently entertained

peasant women in parts of Dauphiné to ride astride. the duke during his triumphal progress through

D. the western counties. See the lines in `Absolom and Achitophel,' Dryden's great poem, published

BOND FAMILY (7th S. iii. 477).-In “A note of in November of that year, where, in accordance

alliens strangers using and exercisinge the art of with the scheme of the satire, Mr. Thyone is

| Cutlarie in London, Westminster, Stroud, Sowthalladed to under the name of Issachar :

warcke, and East Smythfeild, this xjth of Marche,

1621," I find the following entry: “ Anthoney But hospitable treats did most commend Wise Issachar, his wealthy western friend.

Bone, alias Gilbertson, no denizeine, a servaunt." • Dryden' (Scott), vol, ix. p. 239, lines 22 et Bone and Lebon seem to have been common names seg. from top.

among the French refugees, and, taking other ex

Nevo. amples of the cbanges names underwent into acTemple.

count, may easily have passed into Bond. WORDSWORTH : “VAGRANT Reed(7th S. iii.

In the return of strangers resident within the 449 ; iv. 16).—May not this have a metaphorical

City of London, “bearing date the vjth of Septemmeaning, and refer to the poet's verses, which we

ber, 1618," appears the name of “Charles Lebon, may suppose he composed as he travelled along,

preacher; born in Sandwich"; and “Jehan Delbone, and which were his " solace"? The reed is a very

silk-weaver, born in Flaunders ; and Julet his wife,

born in Léige," both being inhabitants of the common metaphor for poetry, even when there is is no question of a literal pipe, e. g., "mine oaten

“ Bishopsgate Warde” (see the ' List of Foreigners reeds," in the first stanza of 'The Faery Queene,'

Resident in England, 1618-1688, published by and "the oaten flute," in 'Lycidas,' 1.33. I think

the Camden Society). Dr. Smiles makes no mentbe first line of the twelfth sonnet of the Duddon

tion of any family bearing this name in his work series favours this interpretation,

on The Huguenots. Robert F. GARDINER. On, loitering Muse—the swift Stream chides us—on. EPITAPA ON A TOMB AT ARLINGTON (7th S.

I throw the above out only as a suggestion. It iii. 474).—The solution of this venerable puzzle is, at any rate, a much more poetical interpretation bas doubtless often been given before ; but as tban the “ walking-stick" one. If the latter is H. A. W. does not know it, I copy it from the correct, it seems a very dull and uninteresting ‘N. & Q. column of the Kendal Mercury, allusion on the poet's part

March 27, 1885:JONATHAN BOUCHIER. “Two widows that were sisters-in-law had each a son The meaning is quite plain. The poet is under- ' a daughter. Suppose one widow's name Mary, and her

who married each other's mother, and by them bad each stood to be composing his sonnets as he wanders son's John, and the other widow's name Sarah, and her

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son's James : this answers the fourth line. Then sup | English people do not; and it seems a natural pose John married Sarah and had a daughter by her,

guess that it arose from their mixing with persons and James married Mary and had a daughter by her : these marriages answer the first, second, third, fifth, and

in whose language the word has no c, and the sixth lines of the epitaph.”

dulled f throws back the accent. J. T. F. only Q. V. speaks of what might happen after the accent had

been thrown back, as he expresses it. EDWARD Easton (7th S. iii. 518).—Timperley,

R. H. Busk. under the date of February 7, 1795, says :

“ Died, Edward Easton, many years an eminent and ENDORSATION (7th S. iii. 517).-Indorsation is respectable bookseller in the city of Salisbury, and an given in Cassell's “Encyclopædic Dictionary' and alderman of that corporation. In 1780 he was elected in the library edition of Stormonth's 'Dictionary' to the office of chief magistrate of the city, which he (Edinburgh and London. 1884) as equivalent to filled with great credit, and presented a very loyal address to His Majesty on the subject of the memorable

indorsement. One or two other dictionaries in riots of London in that year. Having attained the age

which I have looked do not give the word at all, of seventy-five years, and retired only three months from though it is of frequent use in our courts and the fatigues of business to Bradford, Wilts, he died law-books. It is, perhaps, not superfluous to point suddenly."

out the distinction which your correspondent seems His brother, James Easton, was an alderman to have missed along with the editors of the dicof Salisbury, and published a work on 'Human tionaries named-endorsation means the act of enLongevity. The catalogue of the Hoare Library, dorsing, endorsement the result of that act. in the Local Topography case in the British Museum, would probably give Easton as the pub

MR. YORK will find the word indorsation in lisher of some of the Wiltshire books possessed by le

y Ogilvie's 'Imperial Dictionary' (1850) and in the Sir R. C. Hoare, Bart. A. L. HUMPHREYS.

· Library Dictionary'(1870). It is a good rule to 2, Kirchen Road, Ealing Dean.

look for words beginning in em or en under im An eminent bookseller, and for many years an and in, when they cannot be found, and vice versa. alderman of the city of Salisbury. He served the

ROBERT F. GARDINER. office of chief magistrate in 1780, when he pre

Indorsation is given in Annandale's edition of sented an address to King George III. on the sub

Ogilvie's 'Imperial Dictionary' (1883). Mahn's ject of the memorable riots of London in that year.

edition of Webster's ' Dictionary'(1880), also has He died suddenly at Bradford, Wilts, on Feb

the word; it is marked obsolete. ruary 7, 1795, aged seventy-five years, within three

F. C. BIRKBECK Terry. months after his retirement from business. His brother James, who was also an alderman of Salis- Webster-Mahn’s ‘Dictionary' has “Indorsation. bury, died there on December 21, 1799, aged The same as indorsement (obs.).” No example seventy-seven. Just before his death he published given.

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. 'Human Longevity, recording the Name, Age, and | Hastings. Place of Residence and Year of the Decease of STRANGE MARRIAGE Custom (7th S. iii. 516). 1,712 Persons who attained a Century and up

-See Dyer's 'Domestic Folk-lore' (Cassell & Co.), wards, from A.D. 66 to 1799, comprising a Period

p. 42 :of upwards of 1733 Years, with Anecdotes of the

“ The old Roman practice of lifting the bride over the most Remarkable.'

threshold of her husband's home had its counterpart in EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. Scotland within the present century, it being customary 71, Brecknock Road.

to lift the young wife over the doorstep, lest any witch

craft or evil eye should be cast upon and influence her. OVERLAIN AND OVERLAID (7th S. iii. 512). Indeed, we are informed that the same practice preOverlain is not a participle of the transitive verb | vailed in the North of England some years ago." overlay, which takes only the form overlaid. Over

A. L. HUMPHREYS. lie is an entirely different word.

G. N.

2, Kirchen Road, Ealing Dean. Glasgow.

See Brand's 'Antiquities' (Bohn's ed.), vol. ii. REFECTORY (7th S. iii. 386, 521).-I find that?:

p. 169, and Sir J. Lubbock’s Origin of CivilizaGermans have allowed themselves the luxury of

tion,' chap. iii. EDWARD H, MARSHALL, M.A. at least fourteen varieties in their rendering of this

Hastings. word: Refectorium, Refender, Refat, Referend, ARQUEBUS (7th S. iii. 514).—MR. TERRY, corRevent, Reventer, Rebenter, Rebbinter, Rebedir, roborating Prof. Skeat, makes this word a variant Rebenthal, Remterei, Remtorei, Remter, Robenter, I of haakbus. The latter word became English as &c. We may well have two or three, therefore. hackbut, and is distinct from arquebus. The stock

I do not perceive the point of J. T. F.'s re- of the early firearm had & trigger arrangement mark. The question was why Catholics generally resembling a crossbow, hence the Italian Dame throw back the accent and omit the c, while other applied to it of arca bouza, said to be a corrup

Behold her streets & blaze

tion of arca bocca, a bow with a mouth. The

Midnight, and yet no eye weapon in its primitive form was not well fitted

Through all the Imperial City closed in sleep ! for taking aim with, as the eye could not be

With light that seems to kindle the red sky, brought near enough to the barrel. This defect Her myriads swarming through the crowded ways ! was remedied by a German invention, giving the Master and slave, old age and infancy, butt a hooked form, whence the name hackbut, or

All, all abroad to gaze; haakbus. Such is the explanation given in a very

House-top and balcony

Clustered with women, who throw back their veils, learned paper, dated February, 1827, by Dr. S. R. 1°

With unimpeded and insatiate sight Meyrick, a great authority on ancient arms, pub To view the funeral pomp which passes by, lisbed in Archeologia, vol. xxii. An inventory of

As if the mournful rito armour quoted in the paper makes it perfectly Were but to them a scene of joyance and delight. clear that the backbut and the arquebus are

THE REBUILDING. different weapons.

G. N.

[Spoken by a Glendoveer.] Glasgow.

I am a blessed Glendoveer;

'Tis mine to speak, and yours to hear. King's End CAR (7th S. iv. 10).-There is no

Midnight, yet not a noge sach thing in Ireland. It is evidently an error in From Tower Hill to Piccadilly snored ! the manuscript, or else Ring's End is what is meant.

Midnight, yet not a nose Ring's End being a fishing village near Dublin, to

From Indra drew the essence of repose !

See with what crimson fury, and from which cars ply, it occupies pretty much the same relation to Dublin as Newhaven does to

By Indra fann'd, the god of fire ascends the walls of

Drury ! Edinburgh. C. R. LESLIE, F.R.S., F.S.A.

But such passages as these are the exceptions ; Cranley Gardens.

the rule is proved by noting that the brothers [Other correspondents write to the same effect.]

Smith attempted no actually complete parody Fonts (7th S. iii. 428, 464).-MR. STEVENSON

of any special poem, in the names of either Byron, will find some interesting notes on fonts in recent

Wordsworth, Tom Moore, Crabbe, or Lewis. Yet volumes of the Reliquary. The first article of the so admirable are the imitations of style, thought, series will be found at pp. 209-216 of vol. xxiv.

and diction, that no one can for a moment doubt ROBERT F. GARDINER.

the likeness.

After the commendation bestowed on the 'ReWORDSWORTH ON BURNS (7th S. iii. 427).-In

127); Injected Addresses' by Lord Jeffrey, Lord Byron, Wordsworth's 'Letter to a Friend of Robert

Robert and Sir Walter Scott, it would be impertinent for Burns' (London, 1816) there is no sentence pre

me to sound their praises ; but I may express my cisely as MR. BOUchier gives it. The following

ing opinion that there is far more literary merit in the is the nearest approach to it, so far as I have ob

humorous reproductions of a grave author's lanserved : “ Who but some impenerable dunce, or

guage and mode of thought (as in Rejected narrow-minded puritan in works of art, ever read

Addresses ') than in that mere vulgarization of some without delight the picture which he [Burns) bas

popular poem which constitutes the essence of the drawn of the convivial exaltation of the rustic

majority of modern parodies. adventurer, Tam o' Shanter.” Wordsworth after.

Let me mention two examples,--the first from wards adds: “I pity him who cannot perceive

the 'Bon Gaultier Ballads, The Biter Bit,' that in all tbis, though there was no moral pur

which is but a tricky parody of Tennyson's 'May pose, there is a moral effect.”

J. T. B.

Queen,' requiring little skill in its composition ; the PARODY AND BURLESQUE (7th S. üi. 509).- second 'The Queen in France' (glorious in its I always look in my ‘N. & Qi' with particular

quaint humour and domestic simplicity), which is interest for any contributions over the name of

perhaps the finest burlesque ballad ever written. SIR J. A, PICTON, and hasten to disclaim any

This is an imitation, but not a parody, of the intention of administering a rebuke, however

"auld Scots ballad," "Sir Patrick Spence':courteously; to him anent the question whether

It fell upon the August month, parody or imitation is the predominant feature in

When landsmen bide at hame, the 'Rejected Addresses.'

Tbat our gude Queen went out to sail

Upon the saut-sea faem. The difference in opinion between us is small, but not unimportant; for I maintain that the bulk

And she has ta'en the silk and gowd,

The like was never seen; of the poems in the 'Rejected Addresses' are

And she has ta'en the Prince Albert, imitations, not parodies, whilst readily admitting

And the bauld Lord Aberdeen. that the passages quoted by Sir J. A. PICTON are

Ye 'se bide at hame, Lord Wellington ; indeed admirable as parodies of detached portions of

Ye daurna gang wi' me : Scott's poemg. I may add that the commencement

For ye hae been ance in the land o' France, of 'The Rebuilding' is an equally clever parody of

And that 's eneuch for ye. Southey's 'Curse of Kehama ':

Surely this must have been written by Aytoun !

But, unfortunately, there is nothing in the 'Bon in 1835. The following is an extract from the preGaultier Ballads' to indicate which of them were by face to my 'Shilling Knightage,' written by the Aytoun and which by Sir Theodore Martin. late Sir Richard Brown :This is a point which could be settled now; for “The eldest sons of baronets are knights; by the although Prof. Aytoun went over to the majority patents erecting the baronetage, they are privileged to twenty years ago, Sir Theodore is alive, and, I demand of the reigning sovereiga inauguration as knights

on attaining the age of twenty-one; but the privilege in hope, well. He would confer a boon on many

rarely claimed, and, in fact, is nearly obsolete." readers by giving some details about the inception

E. WALFORD, M.A. and composition of this famous book of ballads.

Hyde Park Mansione, N.W

“Until 1827 they could claim, for themselves and the

heirs male of their bodies, the honour of knighthood."SYMBOLIC USE OF CANDLES (7th S. iv. 27).—| • Encyclopædia Britannica,' s. v. “ Baronet.” The following notes may be of interest to MR. Why “until 1827"? PEACOCK :

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. 1243, Nov. 30. Order to provide, against the Hastinge. Christmas jousts, four square candles of 100 lb., of wax, and fifteen measures of the King, to burn day

CALVERT, LORD BALTIMORE (7th S. iii. 7, 133, and night at St. Edward's shrine (Rot. Claus.,

436). The question is not, What arms was Cecilius 28 Hen. III.).

Calvert entitled to bear as Baron of Baltimore ?1246, Sept. 5. Order to provide ten candles

but, What heraldic cognizance was he entitled to for the blessed Edward, nine of 100 lb., and one of

select for the province (and palatinate) of Maryof 200 (ib., 30 Hen. III.).

land ? This is a very different matter, and falls 1253. Order to Philip Lovel (Treasurer) to send

under other rules than those relating to descent, 12 oboli of musk, and 20 measures of wax, to St.

The great seal of Maryland was adopted in 1649, Edmund, for an offering at his shrine on the day

and is minutely described in a letter of Baltimore's of the translation, on account of the illness of the

(Aug. 12), in which he says, “our paternal coat of King and of Edmund his son (ib., 37 Hen. III.).

arms” is “quartered with another coat of arms 1358. John de Pasy (varlet of the Queen's

his belonging to our family." chandlery) sent to London, to the Friars' Minors,

The Maryland Historical Society did not adopt with one round candle containing 50 lb. of wax,

Lord Baltimore's individual armorial bearings, but of the Queen's alms (Household Book of Queen

the heraldic symbol of the province and state. Isabel, wife of Edward II., Cott. MS. Galba, E.



Baltimore BROUGHAM (7th S. iii. 407, 462 ; iv. 15). —Your 494).-With reference to this query, though not in

Bishops in PARTIBUS INFIDELIUM (7th S. iii. correspondent PRECENTOR VENABLES must excuse

reply to it, it seems to me worth while to note the me, but be bas spoilt a very good thing. Wben

recent authoritative discontinuance of the expresEarl Grey was forming his Reform Ministry, he

Y, be sion“ in partibus infidelium." The annual Catholic had great difficulty in filling up the chancellorship.

Directory (London, Burns & Oates), from at least He tried various combinations, but the impracticable Henry Brougham always stood in the way; and at formerly

1884 to 1887, has used the words, " Titular Sees,

called Sees in partibus in fidelium” last, though there were many objections, after a

(p. 41); and again, in speaking of the years 1869– long delay the Premier raised Brougham to the

1870, "Archbishops or Bishops of Sees in partibus woolsack. There had been much joking as to his claiming the title of an extinct peerage. Without

infidelium (that is, of Titular Sees,' as they would

Dow (1884–87] bé designated”) (p. 55). Since tbis explanation, half the wit of the skit is not

poticing this I have sought for and found the folvisible. I well remember its coming out. It was in the shape of a conundrum, and ran as follows :

lowing explanation of it:

Titular Bishops.-The political condition of the Vy is Lord Grey like a sveeping man

eastern and southern shores of the Mediterranean has Whot close to the crossing stalks?

for some time been such as to allow of the existence of Because, ven he's made the best sveep as he can,

flourishing Christian communities in many places where He takes up his broom and valks (Brougham and Vaux). formerly Mugsulman bigotry would have rendered it im.

M. H. R. poesible. These countries are no longer partes infidelium KNIGHTING ELDEST Sons of BARONETS (7th S.

in the full sense of the words. His Holiness Leo XIII.

has, therefore, by a recent decision, substituted the iv. 28). — My old friend, the late Sir Richard Brown, phrase Titular Bishop' for ‘Bishop in partibus inBart., claimed and received this honour in the life I fidelium.'"-'A Catholic Dictionary,' by Addis and time of his father, Sir James, the seventh baronet. Arnold, London, Kegan Paul & Co., 1884. I know of only one other example of the practice Previous to this change a bishop in partibus in. during the present reign. Sir William O'Mally, fidelium might, I believe, be also correctly called a now a baronet, was knighted in his father's lifetime titular bishop. The point of the present statement

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