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NOTE TO THE READER.

This edition of the school code is made necessary not only in con-
sequence of the changes made in the school laws by the legislature
of 1911, but also' by the fact that all former editions are completely
exhausted. This edition contains the laws relating to all classes of
schools maintained in whole or in part by taxes levied upon the real
and personal property in the state and the income from special state
funds. Reference is also made in certain sections to reports required
by law from independent incorporated educational institutions.

It will be quickly noted by you if you are at all familiar with the
arrangement of chapters, etc., etc., in former editions that the ar-
rangement of topics and sections in this edition are entirely differ-
ent. The reason for this is that a revision of the Wisconsin statutes
is now under way and the plan determined upon for the revision of
the state code has as far as practical at this time been followed in
this volume. The sections generally follow in numerical order and
by use of the index any particular subject can be readily found by the
section number as well as by the page number. Long sections have
been broken up into paragraphs quite freely and appropriate black
letter headings introduced. Comments or explanatory notes as found
under certain of the more commonly referred to statutes in former
editions have been retained in their proper relation in this edition
and some new ones added. Suggestive forms of notices, etc., etc., for
the convenience of officers and teachers will be found in the latter
part of this code. Suggestions and instructions follow many of these
forms and this part of the book, if freely consulted and followed, will
enable officers and teachers to avoid many commonly made mistakes
and the subsequent troubles and annoyances created thereby.

An effort has been made to reduce the size and shipping and mail-
ing weight of this volume by the use of a smaller type than that used
in former editions and the plan of setting the comments and explan-
atory notes solid. The latter are also indented in order that the
reader may readily distinguish between what is statute and what is
comment,

SCHOOL LAWS OF WISCONSIN

CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS.

(Article 10 of the State Constitution.)

Superintendent of instruction, how chosen, powers and compensation. Section 1. The supervision of public instruction shall be vested in a state superintendent and such other officers as the legislature shall direct; and their qualifications, powers, duties and compensation shall be prescribed by law. The state superintendent shall be chosen by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and in the same manner as members of the supreme court, and shall hold his office for four years from the succeeding first Monday in July. The state superintendent chosen at the general election in November, 1902, shall hold and continue in his office until the first Monday in July, 1905, and his successor shall be chosen at the time of the judi. cial election in April, 1905. The term of office, time and manner of electing or appointing all other officers of supervision of public instruction shall be fixed by law. (Constitutional amendment, Nov. 1902.)

School fund, what is; interest of, how applied. Section 2. The proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted by the United States to this state for educational purposes (except the lands heretofore granted for the purposes of a university), and all moneys, and the clear proceeds of all property that may accrue to the state by forfeiture or escheat, and all moneys which may be paid as an equivalent for exemption from military duty; and the clear proceeds of all fines collected, in the several counties, for any breach of the penal laws, and all moneys arising from any grant to the state where the purposes of such grant are not specified, and the five hundred thousand acres of land, to which the state is entitled by the provisions of an act of congress, entitled, “An act to appropriate the

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proceeds of the sales of the public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights," approved the fourth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one; . and also the five per centum of the net proceeds of the public lands to which the state shall become entitled on her admission into the Union (if Congress shall consent to such appropriation of the two grants last mentioned) shall be set apart as a separate fund, to be called the "school fund,” the interest of which, and all other revenues derived from the school lands, shall be exclusively applied to the following objects, to-wit:

1. To the support and maintenance of common schools, in each school district, and the purchase of suitable libraries and apparatus therefor.

2. The residue shall be appropriated to the support and maintenance of academies and normal schools, and suitable libraries and apparatus therefor.

District schools; tuition; sectarian instruction. Section 3. The legislature shall provide by law for the establishment of district schools, which shall be as nearly uniform as practicable; and such schools shall be free and without charge for tuition, to all children between the ages of four and twenty years; and no sectarian instruction shall be allowed therein.

Annual school tax. Section 4. Each town and city shall be required to raise, by tax, annually, for the support of common schools therein, a sum not less than one-half the amount received by such town or city respectively for school purposes from the income of the school fund.

Income of school fund, how distributed. Section 5. Provision shall be made by law, for the distribution of the income of the school fund among the several towns and cities of the state, for the support of common schools therein, in some just proportion to the number of children and youth resident therein, between the ages of four and twenty years, and no appropriation shall be made from the school fund to any city, or town, for the year in which said city or town shall fail to raise such tax; nor to any school district for the year in which a school shall not be maintained at least three months.

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Non Partisan school election. Section 31. No candidate for any judicial or school office shall be nominated or elected upon any party ticket, nor shall any designation of party or principles represented be used in the nomination or election of any such candidate. (1911 C. 333)

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