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PREFACE.

xi him into the peculiarities of national manners, and the mysteries of domestic life. They instruct without the form of instruction. You may give them to your friends ;—but it is an unpardonable indelicacy to make a public exhibition of those who have opened their doors to you, and shewn you kindness.

At the same time that personalities were struck out, the traveller was tempted to extend those occasional remarks he had introduced in his original Journal, on the constitution, the commerce, the finances, and the politics of Great Britain,on its geology and its literature. He perceived at last that he had made essays instead of remarks, and that the events and objects out of which the latter grew naturally, did not so well account for the former. His friends found also, that he digressed too abruptly from one subject to another totally unconnected, and he has been advised to class and arrange his materials under different heads or chapters. It would have been recasting his work altogether,-an undertaking above his strength or patience, and the advantage of which did not appear to him adequate to the labour. There is a certain charm in the journalform, and a peculiar interest, which it was not worth while to sacrifice to greater order. Had he made separate chapters on the government, on political economy, &c. few readers would have taken the trouble of cutting the leaves of such chapters. They may just as easily skip digressions as chapters, and, glancing over the margin, read only where dates shew them that the traveller is again on the road, and tells of what he saw,

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and not of what he thought-as in novels, reflections are passed over, to come to the story and adventures.

He had collected some information respecting Ireland, which he thought might be interesting to foreign readers; but as he did not see that part of the British empire, and had no opportunities of personal observation, he has introduced his remarks in an Appendix.

There are so few French travels, that the publication of this Journal might require an apology in France; in England it cannot be deemed necessary. Nothing is more usual for an Englishman, who has crossed the channel, spent his month or six weeks at Paris, (when such a thing could be done,) and pushed as far as the Lake of Geneva, than to publish on his return a Tour through France and Switzerland. The public, indeed, was not always grateful for such favours, and was apt sometimes to laugh at the traveller and his book. Yet this multiplicity of accounts of foreign countries, from real observation, furnished new facts, spread general information, and tended to dissipate prejudices. There are, accordingly, fewer prejudices in England than in France-although the French are unconscious of their's.

Should this work be favourably received, the success would be the more flattering, from the author's having done little to please. He has spoken with freedom, à charge and à décharge, but always with perfect sincerity, and, he believes, with 'strict impartiality. This might not prove a

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recommendation every where,—but he really hopes it may in England.

The author has not spoken of Bonaparte ! This silence in the times in which we live may appear singular, and deserves some notice or explanation. He knows, in fact, his Imperial and Royal Majesty only through the medium of the newspapers, and has no new facts to communicate. As to what he may think of him, the opinions expressed in the work on matters of government will inform his readers sufficiently.

JOURNAL

OF A

TOUR AND RESIDENCE

IN

GREAT BRITAIN.

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