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Preparations for the new Parliament. · The King and the Under-

takers. - Letter to the King. — Propositions for the coming Par-
liament, referred to the Chief Justices and Law Officers. — Char-
acter of Bills to be offered to Parliament. - Policy and Intentions
of the Government. — Difficulties in the Way. - General Election.

- Sir Ralph Winwood appointed Secretary of State. - Bacon's

Idea of the Style in which the King ought to meet his Parliament.

- Bacon returned for Cambridge University. — Question raised in

the House whether an Attorney General could serve. — Resolution

to allow it this time, but not hereafter. — The King's second Speech

announcing the Bills of Grace, reported to the House by the Solici-

tor General. – Motion for Supply made by Winwood. — Supported

by Bacon. - Question postponed. Committee appointed to consider

of Message to the King about Undertakers. — Bill against Imposi-

tions on Merchandise read a second time, passed without a Divi-

sion, and ordered to be committed on the 3d of May. - Question of

Supply not to be meddled with till the 5th. — Adjournment for

Easter. - Four Bills of Grace brought in by Bacon. — Report of

Committee on Undertakers. — Motion to enlarge the Powers of the

Committee opposed by Bacon. — Motion carried. — Result of it.

Question of Impositions. — Speech of the King. — Unanimity of the

House. The Lords to be invited to confer. - Unsuccessful At-

tempt to force the Question of Supply. - Unlawful Interference in

Election. — Preparation for the Conference with the Lords concern-

ing Imposition. -Distribution of the Argument. — Part assigned to

Bacon. — Refusal of the Lords to confer. - Rumor that Words had

been uttered by a Bishop in Derogation of the Lower House. — Pro-

ceedings of the Commons with regard to the Bishop's Speech. — Ex-

planations and Apologies offered in vain. — Disorderly Debates and

abrupt Dissolution. - Supposed Conspiracy to upset the Parliament.

– How Bacon's Silence during the late Debates is to be accounted


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Impolicy of the Dissolution. — Importance of the Matter in Dispute ;

Intemperance on both Sides. - Condition in wbich the Breach left

the Government and the Country. — Voluntary Subscription for

the Relief of the Exchequer begun at Court; the Country to be in-

vited to follow the Example. — Bacon's Advice. — Prosecution of

Edmond Peacham for Treason, contained in a Sermon prepared for

Preaching. — Examination by the Council. — Warrant to use the

Manacles, if necessary. - Bacon's Part in the Examination. — Res-

olution to indict Peacham for Treason. — The Judges to be con-

sulted. — Bacon's Apprehensions. — Consultation with the Judges

in Peacham's Case. — The King's Device. — Nature and Object of

the proposed Innovation. — Coke's written Opinion on Peacham's

Case. — Resolution that the Case should be proceeded with. – New

Statement made by Peacham. — Further Examination of him by the

Bishop of Bath and Wells. - Arraignment and Conviction for Trea-

- Sentence not executed. — Further Examination. - Death in

Jail. - Prosecution of Oliver St. John in the Star Chamber, for a

seditious Libel contained in a Letter to the Mayor of Marlborough,

concerning the Benevolence. — General Result of the Benevolence.

Question of calling another Parliament formally referred to the

Council. - Bacon's Idea of the Policy to be pursued. — Difficulties

in the way. — The Spanish Match and the rival Factions at Court.

- Preparations for another Parliament commenced


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A. D. 1615-1616. ATAT. 55-56.

Discovery of the Murder of Sir Thomas (verbury. — Proceedings of

the Trial of Weston.— Committal of the Earl and Countess of Som-
erset. — Execution of Weston. - Scene at the Scaffold - Proceed-
ing in the Star Chamber. - Commencement of Bacon's Acquaint-
ance with George Villiers. —- Indictment of the Earl and Countess
of Somerset, as Accessories before the Fact to the Murder of Over-
bury. - State of the Case against them. — Postponement of the
Prosecution. — The Lord Chancellor dangerously ill. — First and
second Copy of Bacon's Letter to the King on the Subject. — Ques-
tion whom to choose for Chancellor in case Ellesmere should die.
Bacon's Recommendation of himself. - A Letter to Sir George
Villiers. — Recovery of Ellesmere. — Indictment of Præmunire pre-
ferred against his Court in the King's Bench, with the approbation
of Coke. – Bacon desires to be made a Privy Councillor. — A letter
to Sir George Villiers touching a Motion to swear him Councillor.
-Esteem in which his Services were held at this time. — Inquiring



into the Earl of Somerset's Dealings with Spain. - Reëxamination
of Lady Somerset. — Result of Enquiry into Somerset's Relations
with Spain. - Conditions of the Case of Somerset as it came out of
Coke's Hands into Bacon's. — Expediency of inducing Somerset, if
guilty, to make a Confession. — Hope of Pardon to be suggested to
him as the probable Consequence of a voluntary Confession. -
Bacon's Conference with the Judges concerning the Evidence
against Somerset. — Object of such Consultations. — Somerset's
Threat to bring some Charge against the King. — Trial of the
Countess, who pleads guilty. – Her Behavior at the Trial. — Her
Sentence. — Weldon's Story of the midnight Visit. — Somerset's
Fit. — The King's Direction to Sir George More. — Trial of Somer-
set. — Abstract of Evidence adduced in Support of the Charge
made by Bacon. – Somerset's Answer. — The weak Points in it. -
Impression of the Court. — Verdict and Sentence. — Impressions of
the By-standers. — Question as to the Justice of the Verdict. –
Origin of the popular Belief that there was some Secret behind,
which had been hushed up. — No Reason for thinking so. — Differ-
ences between the Courts of Law. - Bacon's Suit to be made a
Privy Councillor. — Two Letters to Sir George Villiers on the Sub-
ject. — Council held at Whitehall, all the Judges attending, to hear
and decide the Question raised in the Judges' Letter on the Com-

mendam Case. — Behavior of the Judges. — Coke's evasive Answer.

– The Question practically settled. — Pardon of the Countess of

Somerset. - Bacon's Part in it. — Case of the Præmunire against

the Chancery. — The King's Position. — Jurisdiction of the several

Courts. — The Prohibition acquiesceil in by Coke and the Judges of

the King's Bench, and entered as an Order of the Cunrt. — Coke's

subsequent Censure of the Decree in the third Part of his “Insti-

tutes." — Vindication of it printed in the “ Collectanea Juridica.”.

He is heard before the Council in Answer to certain Charges, sus-

pended from his Office, and enjoined to review and correct his Re-



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A. D. 1616.


ÆTAT. 56.

Villiers raised to the Peerage. — Established as Favorite. Asks Ba-

con for Advice. - A Letter of Advice written by Sir Francis Bacon

to the Duke of Buckingham when he became Favorite to King

James. — Amendment of the Laws. — Bacon's Views. — Beginning

of a Letter to the King, of uncertain Date. — Appointment of Com-

missioners. — A Proposition to the King touching the Compiling

and Amendment of the Laws of England. — Sir Edward Coke

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