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i ; ; ROMANS v. 19. * As by one mans disobedience many were made fin
ners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
T H E origin of moral evil, or sin's entrance
I into the world, we firmly believe, as it is revealed and testified in the word of God: No account concerning it can be more just, and rational; than that which is recorded in the holy Scriptures.
All the attempts of heathens, and Infidels to account for it some other way, have only ferved to discover their ignorance of God; and that the carnal mind is enmity, both, against bim and his lawe.
Man, as hath been already shewn, was created in the Image of God; he made himn upright, and set bim over the works of his hands.
The seat of whose government was EDEN, a Garden of delights, which the LORD God had planted, and richly furnished for him ; having caused to grow therein every tree that is pleafant to the eye or good for food *: In the midst of the garden was the Tree of Life, and hard by it the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, of which man was forbidden to eat' on pain of death; whose very name imported that it was infinitely good in the Gght of God, and for his creature man to obey, and be dependent on him; as on the contrary that it was infinitely evil in his fight, and for man to be disobedient, and rebellious : Thus God set before him life and death t, good and evil: that by chusing life, and doing good, glory and life eternal might have been his portion, and of all bis children with him for ever ; whereof, in cafe of obedience, God that cannot lie, had given him ‘an assured lign by the true life, the sacred symbol and earnest of it.
But notwithstanding man had free liberty and full power granted him to eat of every tree in Paradise, except the tree of knowledge of good and evil only; (be aftonifa'd 0 Heavens, and trem
ble * Gen. ii. 9.
Deut, xxx. 19:
ble O Earth!). In the hour of trial he staggered, he sinned, he fell—By harkening to the voice of his wife more than unto God he transgressed the law of his maker, forfeited the promised reward and incurred the dreadful penalty : Thus fin entered into the World.
Neither did his transgression affect himself alone, but all mankind; by that one offence he involved his whole family in guilt and ruin with himself; which in this chapter the Apostle thews at large, and testifies ; to which also he opposes as å glorious antithesis, the free and super-abounding grace of God to man, thro' Jesus CHRIST, the second Adam; which as a Light shining out of the midst of darkness, or as Life from the dead ; adds the brightest lustre to the Heavenly pi&ture ; whereby the wonderful works of God are set forth, and presented to our view as one complete design, and finished piece of infinite wisdom, justice, goodness, and power..
God's love to man could not have appeared with that brightness, energy and glory, as it now does, if man had not fallen, and made way for its ap
pearing: but what we loft by the firft Adam is : more then restored to us by the second, according to GOD's eternal purpose which he purposed in CHRIST Jesus our Lord: for as by one mian's disobedience mang
made finners, fo by the obedience of one fall many be made righteous.
Our text evidently contains two diftin&t propefitions, which for mutual illustration are set in opposition to each other.
In the first, is shewn the transgression of the first Adam, and its destructive infuence on his posterity-By one man's disobedience many were made finners.
, . * In the second, is shewed the righteousness of the Second Adam, and its saving influence on his people : by the obedience of one mell many be made righteous.
: My design at present is to consider only the
former of these propositions, viz. that by one • man's disobedience many were made finners ;
wherein I shall observe the following method.
First, I shall consider the person offending, and the nature of his offence.
· SECONDLY, who are the many spoken of in the text, that were made sinners by his disobedience.
THIRDLY, I shall endeavour to fhew how they came to be so affected by another's transgression, as to be made finners by it. -- .
FOURTHLY, : FourthLY, By whom or by what power and authority they were made, or determined, sinners. '
FIFTHLY, Tes universal and destructive influence.
SIXTHLY, How the curse of God attends it, and
First, By the person is undoubtedly meant Adam, the first man that God created, whose very name is mentioned, verse 14. by whom sin, and death, the wages of sin entered into the world, and reigns, verse 12. which agrees with the account that Moses hath given us of this awful affair in Gen. chap. iii. where we read that Adam having transgressed the law of his maker, incurred thereby his highest displeasure, and had the sentence of death passed upon him.
It is observable, that this sentence was not pronounced on the woman, although she was the first that finned, and the occasion also of her husband's transgressing ; nor doth it appear that she had any sense of shame or nakedness, untill Adam also had eaten the forbidden fruit; for then, and not before, he faith, the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; whereby is signified, that the covenant of life and death was not made with the