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ses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, thus ; the man that datb those things fball live by them*. These, and these only, are the terms, or condition of life, propounded to us in the first covenant: He that doth it, shall live by his own works and doings; but he that at any time, in any manner or measure, transgreffes it, shall surely die. For, as by this covenant a man's personal obedi. ence is the condition of life ; so, on the contrary, it curses every transgressor, and death inevitably and necessarily follows upon the breach of it. There is no mercy promised, nor any grace given to sinners by the law; for by it not che mercy, bụt the juftice of God is set before us : For to him that worketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt t.
This law, or covenant of works, God gave to Adam, at his first creation ; and it was the same covenant which he afterwards clearly revealed, and gave to Israel upon Mount Sinai ; only with this difference; when God first gave it to Adam, as the condition of life, he was not a sinner, but perfect, upright, and able also to keep and perform it; but when it was delivered to the Israelites, it was a broken law; neither could any man live by it; and therefore it was given to them,
that * Rom. x, 5.
+ Rom. iv. 4.
that they might know themselves to be tranfgreffors of it, and guilty before God; and that sin, by the commandment, might become exceeding sinfult; for by the law is the knowledge of sin I.
Moreover, to all the facrifices which from the time of Adam's transgression God had appointed to be offered unto him by fallen man, as an acknowledgment of their having broken the moral law, and fallen under its curse, as well as a figure of the true sacrifice of Christ, the Lamb of God, that was to come after ; he added, at the giving of the law to the Israel, divers other ordinances, which he commanded them to observe, until their great and glorious antitype should be made manifest. Thus the law was added because of transgreffons II, thar fin might abound.
But every one of these ordinances and oblations had a twofold meaning ; for all of them, fome way or other, pointed out, and signified the perfonal guilt, uncleanness, poverty, and wretchedness of him that offered it; who had not only broken God's covenant with man in Adam, but had also in his own per. fon tranigressed the moral law; and, on the other hand, they plainly pointed out the vicarious atonement or satisfaction of Christ, together with the ai.
. puri+ Rom. vii. 13. + Rom. iii. 20. g Gal. ii. 19.
purification and fanctifying influences of the Spirit, thro' faith in Christ's blood : Thus the law bad ą padow of good things to come t; which shadow of burnt offerings, &c. was also a hand-writing of ordinances that was against us I. because it held the offerer guilty before God, and subject to the curse of the moral law; from which Christ only hath delivered his people, by being made a curse for
Therefore the moral law which God gave to Israel upon mount Sinai, was a covenant of works, promi. sing life to none but the doers of it: In like manner, when a certain man said unto Christ, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? He said unto him, what is written in the law ? how readest thou ? And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. Jesus said unto him, thou hast answered right : THIS DO, AND THOU SHALT LIVE||--Bue when the Ifraelites heard the voice which spake the words of this law, out of the midst of the fire and thick darkness where God was $, being conscious in themselves that they had broken it, and finding that they were not justified Cc 3
buc + Heb. x. 1. Col. ii. 14, Il Luke x. 28. s Exod. xx, 18, 19.
but condemned by it, they trembled greatly, and defired a Mediator.
Moreover, as this covenant was racine and confirmed by the blood of Nain beasts, part of which was sprinkled upon the book of the law
fore it was called a Ty?ument, wherein God, as he had promised to Abraham their father, begurar, to them the land Canaan, with divers terrpora! bleffings and privileges, above the rest of the rations of the earth. But these tempral pron'', were not abfolute to ail the lines, whether they kepe God's covenant or not; tur conloor: 1.3 perforired to the cbedient only: Theilerine de mili's laer died uriinimet.y, un'er two or three witnelies, and hence also to the rebe.cus among them he said, se fill breer m end of fremri ti which pronile was temporal, did rcfpected their entering into the land of Crit, ard
rg its bleflings; for this fromise was given to nine of them, but on cond.con of their ixing circuriciod, and heefirg tale comu ner's a: furutes which God gave them.
Vather was it in this coverane crned or ins. glich!hat they were to be jul.icd in God's fighting
or obtain eternal life, by their own personal ober dience; but quite the contrary : The moral law revealed their sin, and filled them with terror ; and the ceremonial held them obnoxious to the curse of it, and made it manifest that God would not pardon the guilty, without receiving satisfaction for the breach of it; altho', at the same time, it prefigured Christ crucified, and preached unto them redemption thro' his blood, even the forgive. ness of sins: Moses therefore assured them that God gave them the good land of Canaan, not for their own righteousness, nor for the uprightness of their hearts t; but, of his mere good pleasure, and because he would perform the promise which he made to their fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
But the New Testament is a covenant not of works, but of grace : Herein God gives all blesings to his people freely, without their working for it, or doing any thing to deserve it ; for Christ is the head of this covenant. With him it was made for his feed; and afterwards it is made with them in Christ only, as their Bondsman and Mediator, who stood engaged unto God for them, to perform every condition of this covenant : and that which by himself he was called to do for them was, to fulfil all righteousness, and satisfy unto the Cc4
uttermost + Deut. ix. 9.