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Atances of wrath and indignation against fin and finners : And whereas God, after Adam's fall, had promised a Saviour and Deliverer to his people; he added significative shadows and types of the promised feed, that should deliver them from sin and the wrath to come. But this covenant Ifrael broke : They not only transgressed the moral law, but also its ceremonial ordinances, which were fhadows of a new and better covenant; even these they perverted, and abused. As it is written ; To what purpose is the multitude of your facrifices unto me, faith the Lord? I am full of the burntofferings of rams; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats; they are a trouble unto me, I am weary to hear them : yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations. Wherefore, be. hold the days come, faith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and the house of Judah ; not according to the covenant which I made with them wben I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, for they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, faith the Lord: But this is the covenant which I will make with the bouse of Israel and the house of Judah after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their minds, and in their hearts I will write them; and I will be to them a God, and they mall be to me

a people : a people: and Ibey ball teach no more eamy one los neigbbour, and every one bis broiler, farverz ázev ire Lord; for i bey fall all knotu me, from its i :: 19 tre greateft ; for I will be merciful 10 rbumriz 1. ness, and their fins and ibeir imitaties :] XIVINBER NO MORE

Here we plainly see that the process of the covenant which God made with it in the derness were condicional, and nx to be this..! without their performance of the crisi! Nici venant: But the promics of the Vi. Tilannen, which he here mentions, are alluts and lure, be. causc God bronzej 19 aurko Tos us and for us. The former depended upon our doings, and personal obedience; but de lar:-: de pends only upen the grace, and ponct, and faith. fulnes of God, towards his chefen in Christ. Here he faith not, I will do this part of the covenart, and they shull do that part, but he takes the whole of it into his own hans : For I, Lith God, will put my Lins into th:-ir nr:ni's, and write them in their hearts; not let them bxciure t.er cyes, and write them on tab.es of line, as in de brft covenant; but I wil write then in their hearis : Ths is a sure and intense way to make them understand the word of Goo, and keep it.--

loace • Jer, xxxi, 31-35- llek ru, Bi.

Hence he further faith ; they shall all know me, from the least to the greatest ; for they shall not only be taught of man, but they shall all be taught of God: He adds, I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their fins no more.

Therefore God, who cannot lie, nor deny him. felf, will do it, and also perfect it, for his great name's fake, in every one of his eleći for whom CHRIst died, because he hath said it: And this I shall endeavour to thew further, from the following considerations.

1. This covenant of grace, and promise of eternal life to God's chosen, was made before the foundation of the world, altho' it was not revealed to man till after the fall : Nor was there any occafion nor place for it, until, by Adam's transgression of the first covenant, fin bad entered into the world*. This truth is plainly set forth, and exprefly declared to us in Scripture : For Paul, speaking of the faith of God's elect, and acknowledging the truth according to godliness, adds; in hope of eternal life, which God that cannot lie promised before the world began t. And as this promise of God was made before the world began, when man had no actual existence; it must be an absolute promise, requiring no condition of works on man's part: but it was an act of mere grace towards God's chosen in Christ: And he that affirms it may be changed, or broken, by any after acts of the creature, makes God a liar. Therefore,

mise, . Rom. v. 12.

+ Tit, i. 2.

2. There must be some one to whom this promise was made on behalf of God's elect, before he created man; and this also the Scripture expresly tell us was Christ, The WORD that was with God, and was God, who is also the only begotten Son which is in the bolom of the Father, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also be made the worlds, was made fesh:And thus CHRIST was before Abraham, who rejoiced to see his day; and he saw it, and was glad.

- Indeed as the son of man, according to the fesh, he was the feed of Abraham and of David; but as the Son of God, who should come into the world to save finners, he was before them both.

Therefore the promise of life to Abraham and his feed, thro’ the righteousness of faith, was made and confirmed of God in Christ, to whom the promise was made +: Yea, all the blessings which

GOD

+ Gal. iii. 16, 19.

God eternally purposed to give unto his people, were given into the hand of Christ. Who therefore may be considered as a Trustee for every one of them : Thus God hath blessed hiselect with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ. And of this the Apostle speaks exprefly; God, saith he, bath saved us, and called us with an holy calling; not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Chrift, before the world began.'. Therefore Christ must have covenanted with God for us before all time, and to him the promise of eternal life was given on our behalf, before the world was; and to us, thro faith, it is also now given in Christ : For which cause the life of believers is said to be hid with Christ in God.-Thus the promise of God to Christ for his elect, was in consequence of Christ's being taken into covenant with God for us; and hence the blood of CHRIST is called, the blood of the everlasting covenant * - In consequence therefore of this eternal engagement, or covenant of peace betwixt the Father and the Son, for his chosen among men; CHRIST came into the world, to fulfil all righteousness, and give his life a ran." som for them : For which cause the promise of eternal life is sure to all the feed. Christ's obedience is divinely full and perfect, and his blood [ Ꭰ d .

and * Heb, xiii. 20. .

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