Imagens das páginas

males of his family. Their own religion allows sons from all parts of Syria are in the constant practhem to take their sisters in marriage; but they tice of taking refuge in the mountain, where they are restrained from indulging in this connexion, are in perfect security from the moment they on account of its repugnance to the Mahomme- enter upon the emir's territory: should the prince dan laws. A Druse seldom has more than one ever be tempted by large offers to consent to give wife, but he divorces her under the slightest up a refugee, the whole country would rise to pre pretext; and it is a custom among them, that if vent such a stain upon their national reputation. a wife asks her husband's permission to go out, The mighty Djezzar, who had invested his own and he says to her "Go;' without adding and creatures with the government of the mountain, come back,' she is thereby divorced; nor can never could force them to give up a single indiher husband recover her, even though it should vidual of all those who fled thither from his tybe their mutual wish, till she is married again ranny. Whenever he became very urgent in his according to the Turkish forms, and divorced demands, the emir informed the fugitive of his from her second husband. It is known that the danger, and advised him to conceal himself for Druses, like all Levantines, are very jealous of a time in some more distant part of his territory; their wives; adultery, however, is rarely punished an answer was then returned to Djezzar, that the with death: if a wife is detected in it, she is di- object of his resentment had fled. The asylum vorced; but the husband is afraid to kill her which is thus afforded by the mountain is one of seducer, because his death would be revenged, the greatest advantages that the inhabitants of for the Druses are inexorable with respect to the Syria enjoy over those of the other parts of the law of retaliation of blood; they know too that Turkish dominions. if the affair were to become public, the governor * The Druses are extremely fond of raw meat; would ruin both parties by his extortions. Un- whenever a sheep is killed, the raw liver, heart, natural propensities are very common amongst &c., are considered dainties; the Christians follow them.

their example, but with the addition of a glass “The Akal are those who are supposed to know of brandy' to every slice of meat. In many the doctrines of the Druse religion; they super- parts of Syria I have seen the common people 'intend divine worship in the chapels, or, as they eat raw meat in their favorite dish the Kobbes; are called, Khaloue, and they instruct the chil- the women especially indulge in this luxury. dren in a kind of catechism. They are obliged * Mr. Barker told me that during his two to abstain from swearing, and all abusive lan- years' resideace at Harissa and in the mountain, guage, and dare not wear any article of gold or he never heard any kind of music. The Chrissilk in their dress. Many of thein make it a rule tians are too devout to occupy themselves with never to eat of any food, nor to receive any such worldly pleasures, and the Druses have no money, which they suspect to have been impro- sort of musical instruments. perly acquired. For this reason, whenever they "The Druses have a few historical books which have to receive considerable sums of money, they mention their nation ; Ibn Shebat, for instance, as take care that it shall be first exchanged for other I was told, gives in his history of the Califes, coin. The sheik El Nedjem, who generally that of the Druses also, and of the family of accompanies the sheik Beshir, in his visits to Shehab. Emir Haidar a relation of the emir the emir, never tastes food in the palace of the Eeshir, has lately begun to compile a history of latter, nor even smokes a pipe there, always as the Shehabs, which already forms a thick quarto serting that whatever the emir possesses has volume. been unlawfully obtained. There are different I believe that the greatest amount of the midegrees of Akal, and women are also admitted litary forces of the Druses is between 10,000 into the order, a privilege which many avail and 15,000 firelocks; the Christians of the mounthemselves of, from parsimony, as they are thus tain may, perhaps, he double that number; but I exempted from wearing the expensive head-dress conceive that the most potent pacha or emir and rich silks fashionable among them.

would never be able to collect more than 20,000 *A father cannot entirely disinherit his son; men from the mountain.' Travels, p. 200—204. in that case his will would be set aside; but he DRUSIUS (John), a protestant writer of may leave him a single mulberry-tree for his great learning, born at Oudenarde in Flanders, portion. There is a Druse Kadhi at Daer-el in 1555. He was designed for the study of Kamar, who judges according to the Turkish divinity, but his father being outlawed, and delaws, and the customs of the Druses; his office is prived of his estate, they both retired to England, hereditary in a Druse family; but he is held in where the son became professor of the oriental little repute, as all causes of importance are languages at Oxford: upon the pacification of carried before the emir or the sheik Beshir. Ghent, they returned to their own country,

“The Druses do not circumcise their children; where also Drusius was appointed professor of circumcision is practised only in the mountain oriental larguages. From thence he removed to by those members of the Shehab family who Friesland, where he was admitted Hebrew procontinue to be Mahommedans.

fessor in the university of Franeker; the functions “The best feature in the Druse character is of which he discharged with great honor till his that peculiar law of hospitality, which forbiu's death in 1616. His works show him to have been them ever to betray a guest. I made particular well skilled in Hebrew; and the States General enquiries on this subject, and I am satisfied that employed him in 1600 to write notes on the no consideration of interest or dread of power most difficult passages in the Old Testament, will induce a Druse to give up a person who has with a pension of 400 forins a-year : but, being once placed himself under his protection. Per- frequently disturbed in this undertaking, it was

not published till' after his death. He held a winding or wanton with far-fetched descriptions : large correspondence with the learned ; among either is a vice.

Ben Jonson. his papers there were found 2300 Latin letters. Their new flowers and sweetness do as much corrupt

Drusius (John), the son of the preceding, as others dryness and squalor, if they chuse not carewas born at Franeker in 1588; and began to fully.

1. learn Latin and Hebrew at five years old; at

It remaineth to treat concerning ornaments within nine he could read that language without points, or without the fabrick; a piece not so dry as the meer and add them where wanted. He spoke Latin contemplation of proportions: and therefore I hope as readily as his native tongue, and could make therein somewhat to refresh both the reader and my.


Wotton's Architecture. himself understood in English. At twelve he

When they have flesh, yet they must stay a time wrote in Hebrew extempore; at seventeen heere they can have a full meal ; unless they would eat made a speech in Latin to king James I. in the

their meat breadless, and their bread dry. aidst of his court, and was admired by all

Bp. Hall, Contemplations. present. He died of the stone, in 1609, aged I find that an evil fountain is not soon drawn dry. wenty-one, at the house of Dr. W. Thomas,

Bp. Taylor. lean of Chichester, who gave him a considerable It may be, that by this dryness of spirit, God intends alary. He left several works; as, Letters ard to make us the more fervent and resigned in our diVerses in Hebrew; Notes on Solomon's Proverbs; rect and solemn devotions, by the perceiving of our

Id. &c. And digested into alphabetical order Eliás weakness. Levita's Nomenclator; to which he added the

That the fire burns by heat, is an empty dry reGreek words.

turn to the question, and leaves us still ignorant.

Glanville. DRY, adj. v. a. & v. n. ) Goth thur; Sax.

When God said, Dry'er, n. s.

drig; Teut. treig;

Be gathered now, ye waters under heaven, Dry'eyed, adj.

Belg. droog, from

Into one place, and let dry land appear!
DRY’ly, adv.
Gr. tpvyn, dryness.

Milton. Dre’NESS, n. s.

Arid; free from Sight so deform what heart of rock could long DRY'NURSE, d. 4. & n. s. moisture : hence Dryeyed behold? Adam could not, but wept. Id. DRY'SHOD, adj. barren, and, figu

I rather hoped I should no more ratively, jejune, deficient; hard ; severe; sneer Hear from you o'th'gallanting score ; ing. The verbs seem to have been formed from For hard dry bastings used to prove the adjective

The readiest remedies of love;

Hudibras. And he seide to it, nevere fruyt come forth of thee

Next a dry diet.

As Romulus a wolf did rear, into withouten ende; and anoon the fige-tree was

Id. dried up: and disciplis sighen wondriden and seiden,

So he was drynursed by a bear. hout anoon it driede.

Włclif. Matt. xxi. The Africans are conceived to be peculiarly scorched

and torrified by the sun, by dryness of the soil, from Their honourable men are famished, and their mul

want and defect of water. titude dried up with thirst. Isaiah v. 13.

Broune's Vulgar Errours. Dryshod to pass, she parts the foods in tway;

The ill effects of drinking are relieved by this plant, And eke huge mountains from their native seat

which is a great dryer and opener, especially by perShe would command themselves to bear away.


Faerie Queene. It is a dry fable, with little or nothing in it.
I will drain him dry as hay;

Sleep shall neither night nor day

'Twas grief no more, or grief and rage were one Hang upon his penthouse lid :

Within her soul : at last 'twas rage alone ;
He shall live a man forbid.

Which, burning upwards in succession, dries
Shakspeare. Macbeth.

The tears that stood considering in her eyes.
The meat was well, if you were so contented.

Dryden. -I tell thee, Kate, 't was burnt and dried away. Has honour's fountain then sucked back the stream!

Shakspeare. He has : and hooting boys may dryshod pass,
If he filled

And gather pebbles from the naked ford. Id.
His vacancy with his voluptuousness,
Full surfeits, and the dryness of his bones,

Wouldst thou to honour and preferments climb, Call on him for 't. Id. Antony and Cleopatra.

Be bold in mischief, dare some mighty crime, Mrs. Quickly is bis nurse, or his drynurse, or his Which dungeons, death, or banishment deserves ; cook, or his laundry, his washer, and his wringer.

For virtue is but dryly praised, and starves.

Id. Juvenal. Shakspeare.

He had embarked us in such disadvantage, as we A dry March and a dry May portend a wholesome

conld not return dryshod.

Sidney. summer, if there be a showering April between.

Bacon. A palsy may as well shake an oak, or a fever dry Of two noblemen, the one was given to scoff, but up a fountain, as either of them shake, dry up, or kept every royal cheer in his house, the other would impair the delight of conscience.

South. ask of those that had been at his table, was there The marrow supplies an oil for the inunction of the never a fout or dry blow given ?

Id. bones and ligaments in the articulations, and particu. There is a tale, that boiling of daisy roots in milk, larly of the ligaments, preserving them from drynais which it is certain are great driers, will make dogs and rigidity, and keeps them supple and flexible. liitle.


Ray on the Creation. The arrhduke, conscious to himself how dryly the

To clear up this theory, I was willing to lay aside king bad been used by his council, did strive to re dry subtilties with which the schools are filled. cover the king's affection. Id. Henry VII.

Burnet's Theory. As we should take care that our stile in writing be Is the sea ever likely to be evaporated by the sun, aeither dry nor empty, we should look again it be not or to be emptied with buckets? Why then must we


fancy this impossible dryness, and then, upor that bodies. He was afterwards a student for a short fictitious account, calumniate nature ? Bentley. time at Upsal, and tutor to a young Swedish

There are a set of dry, joyless, dull fellows, who nobleman. He first visited England with his want capacities and talents to make a figure amongst countryman Dr. Solander, who introduced him mankind upon benevolent and generous principles.

to the acquaintance of Sir Joseph Banks; and Guardian.

on whose sudden death, in 1782, he succeeded The weather, we agreed, was too dry for the sea


to the place of librarian to Sir Joseph. Mr. Be faithful where the author excels, and para- Linnæan Societies. Of the latter institution he

Dryander was also librarian to the Royal and the phrase where penury of fancy or dryness of expression ask it.


was indeed one of the first founders, and drew As to the business of being profound, it is with up its laws and regulations, when in 1802 the writers as with wells; a person with good eyes may society was incorporated by royal charter. He see to the bottom of the deepest, provided any water continued an able and active vice-president of be there: and that often, when there is nothing in the society until his death, which took place tothe world at the bottom besides dryness and dirt, wards the end of October, 1810, in the sixtythough it be but a yard and a half under ground, it third year of his age. The publications of Mr. shall pass, however, for wondrous deep, upon no Dryander on the subject of botany are very wizer a reason than because it is wondrous dark.

valuable, and consist of, 1. An Account of the Swift.

Genus Albuca, in the Stockholm Transactions for These epistles will become less dry, and more sus.

2. Observations on the

1784, in Swedish. ceptible of ornament.

Pope. Some dryly plain, without invention's aid, Genus Begonia, in the Transactions of the Write dull receipts how poems may be made. Id. Linnæan Society, vol. i. 3. On Genera and Rash Elpenor, in an evil hour,

Species of Plants which occur twice or three Dried an immeasurable bowl, and thought

times in Professor Gmelin's edition of Linnæus' Texhale his surfeit by irriguous sleep,

Systema Naturæ; Trans. of Linn. Soc. v. ii. Imprudent: him death's iron sleep opprest. 4. Lindsea, a New Genus of Ferns; Trans, of

Philips. Linn. Soc. v. ii. 5. A Botanical Description The water of the sea, which formerly covered it, of the Benjamin Tree of Sumatra, Phil. Trans. was in time exhaled and dried up by the sun.

v. Ixxvii. Ile also superintended and assisted in Woodward,

the publication of Mr. Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, Of turbid elements the sport;

and Dr. Roxburgh's Plants of the Coast of From clear to cloudy tost, from hot to cold,

Thomson. And dry to moist.

Coromandel. But his Catalogus Bibliothecæ You cannot pump the ocean dry; and as long as it Historico-Naturalis Josephi Banks, 5 vols. 8vo. continues in its present bed, so long all the causes

is his most celebrated work, and a model for all which weaken authority by distance will continue.

future bibliographers. Burke on the American War. DRYANDRA, in botany, a genus of plants He purposes to take up and reform, whenever his of the class diæcia, order monadelphia : cal appetites are fully gratified; like the rustic, whose two-leaved; petals five; stamens nine : FRUIT plan was, to wait till the water of the river should run

three or four grained : SEEDS solitary. Species by, and then pass over dry-shod.


one only; a dwarf tree of Japan. A beard like an artichoke, with dry shrivelled jaws, DRYAS, in botany, a genus of the polygynia that would disgrace the mummy of a monkey! order, and icosandria class of plants ; natural


order thirty-fifth, senticosæ : Cal. octofid; peDRYADES, or Dreads, in the heathen my- tals eight: seeds long and hairy with a train. thology, a sort of deities, who, the ancients be- Species, one only; a native of Denmark, and lieved, inhabited groves and woods. They sometimes found on our own mountains. differed from the Ilamadryades; these latter DRYRURGH ABBEY. This place was debeing attached to some particular tree, with dicated to religious institutions so anciently as which they were born, and with which they the year 522, when Modan, a presbyter and died; whereas the Dryads were goddesses of missionary was there seated; as appears by retrees and woods in general. See HAMADRYADES. cords cited in Chalmers de Statu Hominis,

DRYANDER (John), A.M. university of veteris simul ac novæ Ecclesiæ, b. i. p. 142 ; and Lund, a Swedish naturalist, the pupil and King, in his Kalendar. Breviar. Aberdeen. There friend of Linnæus, was born in 1748, near Got- is no doubt that the Roman station of Trimontenburgh, where his father was a clergyman. In tium was at the foot of the Eilden hills, in this consequence of the decease of his father, the district, about three miles distant from Drycare of his education devolved on a maternal burgh; as appears from the Antonine Itinerary, uncle, Dr. Lars Montin, a member of the Stock- and from General Roy's Survey and Map of Roholm Academy. This gentleman was also the man Scotland. Many coins of Vespasian, Dom intimate friend of Linnæus, and published under mitian, and Trajan, are found in this neighbourhis presidency, an Inaugural Dissertation on the hood ; and a considerable part of the Roman Genus Splachnum, reprinted in the Amoenitates road is still in good preservation, passing through Academicæ, vol. ii. 263. Young Dryander the parishes of Ancrum, Lillies-leaf, and Maxreceived his early education in the university of ton. In the abbey of Dryburgh, Chaucer, the Gottenburgh; but removed to Lund, where he English poet, passed some time with his friend took his degree of Master of Arts, or Doctor of Ralph Strode, a Welshman, a monk and student Philosophy, in 1776; he published on this here, to whom Chaucer dedicates or addresses occasion a dissertation, Fungos gno Vegetabili some of his

At the Reformation, the Vindicans, asserting the vegetable nature of these abhey lands were erected into a temporal lordship


by James VI. in favor of Juhn earl of Marr, Zimri, drawn for the duke of Buckingham, is K. G. and lord nigh treasurer of Scotland; whó certainly severe enough to repay all the ridicule gave it to Henry his third son, from whom the of that nobleman. The resentment shown by title descended to the present earl of Buchan, the two peers was very different. Lord Rocheswho bought the abbey lately from the heirs of ter, who was a coward, as well as a man of the colonel Tod, and has made it his principal resi: most depraved morals, basely hired three ruffians dence. It was here that James Thomson com to cudgel Dryden in a coffee-house; but the posed his beautiful poem of Winter, the first of duke of Buckingham took the task upon himself; his classical Seasons; having occasionally resided and at the same time presented him with a purse with the Haliburtons of Newmains, who were containing a large sum of money; telling him then proprietors of the place. Thomas Hannah, that he gave him the beating as a punishment for an astronomer of considerable merit, was born his impudence, but bestowed that gold on him here, in a house built in the area of the abbey, as a reward for his wit. In 1682 Dryden pubin 1662; on whom Allan Ramsay the poet lished his Religio Laici, designed as a defence composed an epitaph for his tomb in Kelso of revealed religion against Deists, Papists, church-yard, which is still extant.

&c. Soon after the accession of James II. he DRÝDEN (John), one of the most eminent went over to the church of Rome, and wrote English poets of the seventeenth century, de- two pieces in vindication of the Romish tenets: scended of a respectable family in Huntingdon- viz. A defence of the Papers written by the late shire, was born at Aldwinkle 1631, and educated king, found in his strong box; and the celebrated at Westminster school under Dr. Busby. Thence poem, afterwards answered by lord Halifax, enhe was removed to Cambridge in 1650, being titled, The Hind and the Panther. By this elected scholar of Trinity College, of which he extraordinary step he not only engaged himself appears, by his Epithalamia Cantabrigiens. 4to, in controversy, and incurred much censure and 1662, to have been afterwards a fellow. On thé ridicule from his contemporary wits : but on the death of Oliver Cromwell he wrote some heroic completion of the Revolution, being, on account stanzas to his memory; but on the Restoration, of his newly-chosen religion, disqualified from being desirous of ingratiating himself with the bearing any office under the government, he was new court, he wrote first a poem entitled Astræa stripped of the laurel, which, to his still greater Redux, and afterwards a panegyric on the king. mortification, was bestowed on Richard Flecknoe, On the 1st January, 1662, he addressed a poem a man to whom he had a most settled averto Chancellor Hyde ; and published in the same sion. This circumstance occasioned his writyear a satire on the Dutch. In 1668 appeared ing the very severe poem called Mac-Flecknoe. his Annus Mirabilis, an historical poem in cele- Mr. Dryden's circumstances had never been bration of the duke of York's victory over the affluent; but now, being deprived of this little Dutch. These pieces at length obtained him the support, he found himself reduced to the necesfavor of the crown; and Sir William Davenant sity of writing for bread. From this period, dying at this period, Dryden was appointed to therefore, he was engaged in works of labor as succeed him as poet laureat. In 1669 he pro. well as genius, translating the works of others, duced the Wild Gallants, his first comedy. This &c.; and to this necessity we stand indebted met with very indifferent success ; yet the author, for some of our best translations. In the year not discouraged by its failure, soon after pubé he lost the laurel, he published the life of St. lished his Indian Emperor. Other pieces now Francis Xavier from the French. In 1693 came followed with such rapidity, that in the key to out his Juvenal and Persius.

In 1695 his prose the duke of Buckingham's Rehearsal he is re- version of Fresnoy's Art of Painting; and in the corded to have engaged himself by contract, to year 1697 a translation of Virgil's entire work, write four plays per year; and in the years 1679 which still stands foremost among the translations and 1680, he appears to have fulfilled it. To of that author. The minor pieces of this eminent this may be attributed those irregularities, bom- writer, viz. his prologues, epilogues, epitaphs, bastic flights, and even puerile exuberances, for elegies, songs, &c. are too numerous to specify which he has been so severely criticised. In here, but may all be found in the elegant editions 1675 the earl of Rochester, who was chagrined of this poet by Sir Walter Scott, Malone, and Dr. at the applause with which Dryden's drama- Warton. His last work is his Fables, which tic pieces had been received, was determined if consist of many of the most interesting stories possible to shake his interest at court; and in Flomer, Ovid, Boccace, and Chaucer, transsucceeded so far as to recommend a Mr. Crowne, lated or modernised in the most elegant manner; at that time of obscure reputation, to write a together with some original pieces, among

which mask; an honor which certainly belonged to is the celebrated ode on St. Cecilia's day. DryDryden's office. The duke of Buckingham also den married the lady Elizabeth Howard, sister to most severely ridiculed several of our author's the earl of Berkshire, who survived him eight plays at this time, in his admired Rehearsal. years. By this lady he had three sons, Charles, Dryden, however, did not suffer these attacks to John, and Henry. Of the eldest there is a cirpass with impunity; for in 1679 there came out cumstance related by Charles Wilson, esq. in his an Essay on Satire, said to be written jointly by Life of Congreve, which seems so well attested, that gentleman and the earl of Mulgrave, con- and is itself of so very extraordinary a nature taining some very severe reflections on earl that we cannot avoid giving it a place here. Rochester and the duchess of Portsmouth; and Dryden, with all his understanding, was weak in 1681 he published his Absalom and Ahito- enongh to be fond of judicial astrology, and used nhel, in which the well-known character of to calculate the nativity of his children. On

casting that of Charles he found, according to Dr. Garth pronounced a fine Latin oration over the rules by which he calculated, that his eighth, the body, which was conveyed from the college, twenty-third, and thirty-third years were of pe- attended by a numerous train of coaches to culiar omen. In his eighth year, notwithstanding Westminster Abbey, but in great disorder. It his father's precautions, he went out on his was interred in a private manner. After the birth-day to see a stag hunted, and the animal funeral Charles Dryden sent a challenge to lord flung down on him a wall ten feet in length Jefferys, and repeatedly sought admittance to which was nearly fatal to him. In his twenty- him to provoke a duel, or to chastise him for the third year he fell from the top of a tower in the above barbarous indignity, in vain. Dryden Vatican, and never fully recovered his health; had no monument erected to him for several and in his thirty-third year he was drowned in years, to which Mr. Pope alludes in his epitaph swimming across the Thames near Windsor. intended for Mr. Rowe, in this line, Dryden died May 1701, and was buried in

Beneath a rude and nameless stone he lies. Westminster Abbey. The day after his death, the dean of Westminster sent a message to his widow, In a note upon which we are informed, that the that he would make a present to her of the tomb of Mr. Dryden was erected upon this hint ground and all other abbey-fees for the funeral; by Sheffield, duke of Buckingham, to which lord Halifax likewise sent to lady Elizabeth, and

was originally intended this epitaph : to Mr. Charles Dryden, offering to defray the This Shefield raised.—The sacred dust below expenses of our poet's funeral, and afterwards Was Dryden once; the rest, who does not know! to bestow £500 on a monument in the abbey. Which was afterwards changed into the plain Accordingly, on Sunday following, the company inscription now upon it, viz. being assembled, the corpse was put into a hearse and attended 'by eighteen mourning coaches.

J. DRYDEN, When they were just ready to move, lord Jef

Natus Aug. 9, 1631. ferys, son of lord chancellor Jefferys, a name dedicated to infamy, riding by with some of his

Mortuus Maii 1, 1701. companions, asked whose funeral it was; and Johannes Sheffield, dux Buckinghamiensis, fecit. being told it was Mr. Dryden's, he protested he should not be buried in that private manner ; Were we to form a judgment of this celebrated that he would himself, with lady Elizabeth's writer from some of his dramatic writings, we leave, have the honor of the interment, and be- should be apt to conclude him a man of the stow £1000 on a monument in the abbey for most licentious morals ; many of his comedies him. This put a stop to the procession; and containing gross obscenity. But Congreve, lord Jefferys, with several of the gentlemen who whose authority cannot be suspected, has depicted had alighted from their coaches, went up stairs him as no less amiable in his private character to the lady, who was sick in bed. His lordship as a man, than he was illustrious in his public repeated the purport of what he had said below; one as a poet. He was, according to this authobut lady Elizabeth refusing her consent, he fell rity, humane, compassionate, forgiving, and on his knees, vowing never to rise till his request friendly; gentle in the correction of the writings was granted. The lady under a sudden surprise of other authors, and patient under the censure fainted away; and lord Jeferys, pretending to of his own ; easy of access himself, but slow have obtained her consent, ordered the body to and diffident in his advances to others ; and of be carried to Mr. Russel's an undertaker in all men the most modest, and the most easy to Cheapside, and to be left there till further orders. be discountenanced in his approaches either to In the mean time the abbey was lighted up, the his superiors or his equals. As to his writings, ground opened, the choir attending, and the he has been thought to have attained the greatest bishop of Rochester waiting some hours to no general harmony in his numbers, of any of our purpose for the corpse. The next day Mr. poets. Charles Dryden waited on lord Halifax and the DRYPIS, in botany, a genus of the trigynia bishop, and endeavoured to excuse his mother by order, and pentandria class of plants; natural relating the truth. Three days after, the under- order twenty-second, caryophylleæ: cal. quintaker having received no orders, waited on lord quedentated: petals five; the opening at the Jefferys; who pretended that it was a drunken capsule as if cut round horizontally, monospermfrolic, that he remembered nothing of the matter, ous. Species one only, a native of Barbary and and he might do what he pleased with the body. Italy. Upon this the undertaker waited upon lady Eli DRYSDALE (John), D. D., a late eminent zabeth, who desired a day's respite, which was clergyman of the church of Scotland, was born granted. Mr. Charles Dryden immediately wrote at Kirkaldy, April 29th 1718. He soon distinto lord Jefferys, who returned for answer, that guished himself as a classical scholar, and, in he knew nothing of the matter, and would be 1732, was sent to finish his studies at the univertroubled no more about it. Mr. Dryden hereupon sity of Edinburgh. In 1740 he was licensed to applied again to lord Halifax and the bishop of preach by the presbytery of Kirkaldy; and, after Rochester, who absolutely refused to do any having been several years employed as assistant thing in one affair. In this distress, Dr. Garth, minister of the college church at Edinburgh, was who had been Mr. Dryden's intimate friend, settled at Kirkliston in 1748. After continuing sent for the corpse to the college of physicians, fifteen years in this town, he obtained a presenand proposed a subscription; which succeeding, tation to Lady Yester's church, from the towaabout three weeks after Mr. Dryden's decease, council of Edinburgh. This having been the first

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