Imagens das páginas

four Doric columns supporting an enriched en circular hall of sixty-four feet diameter: they are tablature and pediment, the tympanum of the all of equal dimensions, rather small, but lofty latter decorated with a group of figures in alto and well lighted. The rolls court is also in the relievo, representing Hibernia and Britanuia pre same building. The extent of the grand front senting emblems of peace and liberty. A


of the four courts, presented to the quays, is 450 nificent dome supporting a cupola, on whose apex feet, and its depth 170. It is built of cut grastands a colossal figure of Hope, rises nobly from nite, the ornamental parts being of Portland the centre of the building to a height of 125 stone: the expense is estimated at £200,000. fcet. The north front is of equal extent; but, the The inns of court, at the upper end of Henornamented parts excepted, is entirely of granite rietta Street, occupy a beautiful and singularly stone, which produces rather a sombre effect. original building, designed by Mr. Gandoa. The only handsome apartments within for pub- The front is hewn of granite, the ornamental parts lic use are the Board room, and what is called being of Portland stone. The plan consists of the Long room.

To the custom house are at a centre and wings, each of the latter being tached large and well designed docks, much too crowned with noble pediments. In the central capacious and of too expensive a character for compartment of the three great subdivisions of the trade of Dublin. The old dock, which is the front, beautiful panels are inserted, filled quite sufficient for the present trade, is 400 feet with allegorical representations in alto-relievo; in length hy 200 in breadth; the second dock the central of which represents the judicial measures 330 feet by 250, and the third or inner authorities of Ireland, receiving from queen basin is 650 in length by 300 in breadth. Ex- Elizabeth a translation of the Bible and a charter tensive stores have also been erected: thc tobacco of incorporation. The door-ways of the wings store is 500 feet long, its breadth being 160. are ornamented by caryatides, the only specimen Besides these docks which belong to government, of this description of sculpture in Dublin. In and are leased for about £7000 per annum to one of the wings is the dining hall of the private individuals, there are canal docks on benchers and students of the inns; and in the both sides of the river which alone would afford other are the Prerogative Court and Consistorial abundant accommodation to all the shipping en- Office, &c. A law library is now (1827) erectgaged in the Dublin trade; these, of course, are ing, with a front of cut stone, adjacent to the quite unemployed. These seven great basins are back entrance to the inns on the site of the prifaced with limestone of the very best description mate's old city palace. There are other courts and in a workmanlike style. The linen hall is in Dublin and its vicinity. The city court-house, a very extensive range of building, not uninter- or Sessions House, adjacent to Newgate, is an esting in external appearance : a handsorne statue uninteresting building, and rather badly adapted of his present majesty has lately been erected to the purpose of its erection. The Court of there by the trustees; it was executed by Kirk. Conscience, in Coppinger's Row, where the exA most useful building has lately been erected, lord mayor, or his substitute, presides, is held in to be called the National Mart, or Usher's Quay, a miserable apartment in the basement story of the object of which is to encourage the sinall the City Assembly Room: besides four Manor capitalist, who is here to be supplied, not only Courts, only one of which has a suitable court with an immediate sale for the produce of his house; and the Insolvent Court, held in a very labor, but also with a loan, to enable him to humble description of building. bring something more valuable to market as a The ecclesiastical division of Dublin is into secoud venture.

nineteen parishes, to each of which a church is There are two noble buildings appropriated attached." There are also the cathedral of St. to the accoinodation of the legal profession, and Patrick, Christ Church, which is only collegiate to the administration of justice. The principal though called metropolitical ; seven assistant 13 the stately edifice called the Four Courts, or chapels to the parish church of St. Peter, besides Inn's Quay: the first stone was laid in March many private chapels, which are independent of 1786, by his grace the duke of Rutland, but the the diocesan, such as those of Kilmainham Hoswhole structure was not completed for fourteen pital; the Foundling Hospital; the Lying-in years after. The design which is by Cooley, but Hospital; the Blue-coat Hospital; the Marine executed by Gandor, is truly noble. It consists School; Hibernian School, &c. The Roman of a grand central building, with squares on each Catholic division of parishes does not correside, enclosed by ranges of lofty buildings, con- spond with that of the established church; but taining the different offices of records, &c. The their places of worship are numerous, and the front of the centre is adorned with an elegant chapels in Anne Street and Exchange Street pospicture of six Corinthian columns, supporting a sessed of much architectural elegance. The frieze and pediment; on the apex of the latter Metropolitan Chapel in Marlborough Street, stands a statue of Moses, and at each extremity when finished, will be a great ornament to ibe are allegorical figures of Justice and Mercy. city. The great aisle is 150 feet in length, and Behind the pediment and statues rises a circular 120 in breadth ; the exterior is still in a very lantern, sixty-four feet in diameter, crowned by unfinished state. The Quakers, Moravians, a lofty dome. The spacious court yards on each Methodists, &c., have meeting houses in various side are enclosed in front by light and beautiful parts of the city: the number of Methodists

' open arcades, in the centre of which are great meeting houses is not increasing; on the contrary coach ways, ornamented by groups of allegorical one of them has been purchased for a free emblems. The four law courts are contained in church, for the Protestant poor; and proposals the central buildings, radiating from a spacious have been made for the purchase of a second.

The cathedral of St. Patrick is a venerable removed, from an apprehension that the foundapile, originally possessing much grace, beauty, tion was sinking. St. Paul's, lately erected, has and lightness of style. The ground plan is a a low and clumsy spire; St. George's possesses single cross with four side aisles: the nave, 150 not only a grateful and delicate spire, but also a feet in length, is adorned with several fine monu- beautiful Grecian portico, supporting a frieze and ments. Here is the simple slab, inscribed with pediment; the elevation resembles that of St. an epitaph written by himself, consecrated to the Martin's, in London, but is probably less heavy, memory of Swift; and an adjacent column supports owing to the omission of the Græco-Italian block an equally plain tablet, with an insciption, also ornaments of the latter. The parishioners of from the pen of dean Swift, to Stella. The mo- St. Michan's are about to rebuild their church, numents of Dr. Marsh, the founder of the public the present being decayed to a perilous extent : library, called after his name, and Dr. Smyth, underneath the old church are the vaults remarkthe endower of the Bethesda, are the most rich able for their antiseptic power; bodies deposited and beautiful designs. The south transept has here 120 years ago are found as perfectly prelately been refitted, and in levelling the floor served this moment as if they had undergone the some curiously figured tiles, forming the steps of process of embalming. an ancient altar, were discovered, which, together Amongst the useful institutions of Dublin are, with the remains of the altar, are left uncovered the Royal Dublin Society, for the encouragefor the gratification of the public taste in matters ment of husbandry and the arts, established in of antiquity. The northern transept, lately rebuilt, 1731 : here public lectures are delivered by the is used as the parish church of St. Nicholas society's professors, in geology, mineralogy, bowithout. The choir of St. Patrick's is strikingly tany, and chemistry: and free-schools are opened picturesque; it is lighted by five lancet-shaped for instruction in drawing and sculpture. The windows at the summit of the eastern wall, which Society occupy the noble mansion of the dukes of shed an indefinite and partial light upon the Leinster, built from Cassel's designs, and perhaps various objects beneath. The organ is large and one of the noblest private residences in Europe;fine toned: the echo of the chancel most grateful the Royal Hibernian Academy, for the advance. to the ear.

The walls and panelled gallery ment of the arts, built at the sole expense of fronts decorated with the helmets, swords, and Francis Johnston, Esq., now president, who bebanners of the knights of St. Patrick; and the stowed it upon the artists of Ireland, to whom oaken canopied stalls adorned with their armorial his present majesty had most graciously granted bearings, emblazoned in golden characters. Near a charter of incorporation (the first exhibition the communion table is the monument of the of the Royal Hibernian Academy took place in great earl of Cork; opposite is a tablet to duke 1826);-and the Royal Irish Academy situated Schomberg; while, amongst the fantastic relics of in Grafton Street, whose Transactions contain the place, are preserved the skull of the duke, per- many valuable articles; in the library are several forated hy a musket ball, and the chain bali by valuable MSS. The principal public libraries which lord Loften was slain at the siege of Li- in Dublin are, those of the college; the Dublin merick. St. Patrick's Cathedral was built in Society, rich in botanical works; the Dublin 1190, upon the site of a church said to have Library Society, in D’Olier Street; and Marsh's been founded by St. Patrick himself. The steeple Library, in Kevin Street. Since the erection of was added in 1370, and the spire in 1749; the the Royal Hibernian Academy, the committee of ball of which is 223 feet from the level of the the Irish Instittion have felt themselves called street. The collegiate church of the Holy Tri- upon to contribute their aid to the advancement nity, called also Christ Church, is said to have of the arts in Ireland, and they are now erecting been built in 1038, by Litricus, the son of Am- a handsome gallery in College Street, for the lane, an Ostman king of Dublin. Its site had exhibition of the works of the old masters, a been appropriated to sacred purposes by St. situation both central and convenient. Patrick, who is said to have preached to the Trinity College was founded by queen Elizaheathen in the precise vaults on which this an- beth, and endowed with many valuable livings cient edifice stands, these being the stores used by James I. The foundation was laid in 1591, by the Danes for lodging merchandise. The ori- and students were admitted in 1593. By the ginal building was destroyed almost wholly by original charter, the corporation consisted of the fire, and, with the exception of a fine Norman provost, three fellows, and three scholarsı; but it door-way in John's Lane, little either of the is now enlarged to seven senior fellows, eighteen ancient architecture, or of any intelligible de- juniors, and seventy scholars, besides the provost: sign, is discoverable in the present mutilated each of the junior fellows having nearly 100 pri structure of Christ Church. In this church the vate pupils to instruct, independent of the dereformed service was first read in Ireland; and livery of occasional public lectures. The indehere also Lambert Simnell was crowned by the pendent members are divided into an equal title of Edward VI. St. Andrew's Church still number of classes, called fellow-commoners, penexhibits some few traces of Norman architecture, sioners, and sizars. The provost, fellows, and and is worth the attention of the antiquarian. Seve- scholars, return the member for the university, ral of the other parish churches are well designed, and the provost and senior fellows alone transact and executed in a masterly style: St. Werburgh's, all the · negotia collegii. A senior fellowship is Thomas's, and Catherine's, are not unlike each supposed to be worth about £1500 per annum. other in internal arrangements, and are all There is a limit placed to the number of pupils spacious and venerable. St. Werburgh's had permitted to enter under a junior fellow in each once a handsome spire, which the parishioners class, viz. thirty-six; but this limit is so great VOL. VII.

2 M

that 144 maý thus be entrusted to one lecturer to theatre. The dining hall is a singular design, instruct in the short periods of each year called the front, of cut stone, is adorned with coupled terms. The scholars have the privilege of voting pilasters, and a shallow pediment; the great door for a representative to parliament; commons for opens on a broad terrace, approached by a flight five years (the duration of a scholarship); cham- of steps the entire breadth of the building: over bers at half fire and rent, and £4 per annum. the ante-hall, leading to the refectory, is the They are also eligible to chapel masterships, and apartment in which the Historical Society hold assistant librarianships; but these places are few their meetings. The library is an unpicturesque, in number, and neither valuable nor permanent. though stately edifice: it is perforated by so The independent members merely receive in- many windows, that it defied the efforts of the struction, for which they pay their tutors, the artist to consult beauty of elevation. The chief fellow-commoners sixteen guineas, the pensioner library room (where his majesty Geo. IV. was eight guineas, per annum (the sizars are exempt received by the corporation) measures 210 feet from charges), besides some small annual fees. in length by forty-one in breadth, is beautifully The first class graduate after three years and a adorned with carved oak pilasters, and an inhalf, the second and third not until the expiration dented frieze; while many fine busts of celebrated of four years. During the collegiate course persons, standing on tapering pedestals, are quarterly examinations are held in the theatre, ranged along either side: the inner, called also at a certain number of which every student is the Fagel Library, is fifty-two feet long, and obliged to answer in the prescribed course, from contains the collection of a Dutch family, whose which it follows that in this college no pupil can name it bears, of about 20,000 volumes. The possibly graduate without having obtained a cer- manuscript room is over the Fagel Library: tain quantity of information, while the most dis- here are Persian and Arabic MSS., an autograph tinguished are rewarded by the collegiate honors of of king James II., and a most valuable collection premiums and certificates. The number of names of unpublished MSS. on Irish history and anon the college books is at present (1827) nearly tiquities; to the south of the library is the master's 2000.

garden, being a continuation of the pleasure The buildings of Dublin College are numerous ground attached to the provost's house: this latter and elegant. The grand front, presented to Col- mentioned building is a very beautiful structure, lege Green, is entirely of cut granite, the orna- built entirely of cut stone, from a design by lord mental parts being of Portland stone. It mea- Burlington. The College Museum does not sures 300 feet in length, is enriched by a centre contain many things of interest : there is here a beautifully relieved by four noble three-quarter curious model, by Mr. Bald, of the surface of Corinthian columns supporting a pediment, and the county of Mayo. The College Observatory terminated by two lofty pavilions, surmounted is situated at Dunswick, three miles from the city, by balustrades, and adorned with graceful coupled and the Botanic Garden at Beggar's Bush, about pilasters. Within are three large squares, and half a mile from College Green. one smaller, called formerly the quadrangle. The College of Surgeons was endowed with a The Parliament Square, 316 feet long by 212 in charter in 1784; the first licentiate was Thomas breadth, is enclosed by lofty buildings (fonir stories Wright, author of some valuable works on in height) of cut stone, terminated by the beauti- anatomy. It is a handsome building of cut ful porticoes of the chapel and theatre, which stone; consisting of a rusticated basement story, correspond while they oppose. The quadrangle surmounted by a handsome façade, adorned with contains the dining hall, vice-provost's residence, three-quarter columns, separated by large circularand a corresponding building (fellows' chambers) headed windows : the present elevation is an imbeyond the quadrangle in the Library Square, provement by Mr. Murray; it stands in a com265 feet in length by 214 in breadth, enclosed on manding position in Stephen's Green, at the three sides by ancient brick buildings, chiefly in- corner of York Street. The School of Anatomy habited by the students, but, on the fourth, by here is highly valued, and much visited by surthe college library, the noblest apartment in the gical students from England and Wales.' The city of Dublin. To the north of the Library College of Physicians hold their meetings in Sir Square is that usually called Botany Bay, some- Patrick Dunn's Hospital, a noble building in what larger than any of the others, and surrounded Canal Street, erected at the expense of the muby lofty buildings. The College Park, contain: nificent testator whose name it bears. There are ing about twenty acres, is planted with noble several private schools of anatomy in Dublin, elms. Here are the New Anatomy House, and in Park Street, Brunswick Street, &c., also well the Printing House, a beautiful little Doric build- attended by students from various parts of Great ing. The chapel and theatre have similarly beau- Britain. Dublin possesses numerous classical tiful fronts of Portland stone, consisting of porti- schools, conducted by distinguished scholars of coes of four Corinthian pillars supporting a its university. pediment; behind the porticoes, arcades open The river Liffey, which divides the city, is eninto a vestibule on each side, and in the centre closed by magnificent walls of cut stone, from of which are the entrances to the great hall and Ringsend to Bloody Bridge, a distance of about chapel. The hall contains an admired monu two miles, in wbich length it is crossed by seven ment to provost Baldwin, and several fine por- noble bridges, six of cut stone, and one of cast traits of eminent persons, former students, amongst iron: an additional bridge of cast iron is about whom are Swift and Burke. The dimensions of to be thrown across the river, near the entrance the chapel are equal, but the internal arrange- of the Phænix Park, and above the Royal Barment necessarily different from those of the racks; and a magnificent arch spans the river,


about one mile west of Bloody Bridge, called in the State Paper office at Whitehall, and in the Sarah's Bridge.

Augmentation office. Dr. Ducarel died at his house Dublin is encompassed by a circular road, and in South Lambeth, in May 1785. His principal enclosed between two canals of noble breadth; works are, Anglo-Norman Antiquities, 1767, folio; these canals terminate in docks, communicating a series of above 200 Anglo-Gallic, or Norman with the Liffey, capable of accomodating all the and Aquitaine Coins of the ancient Kings of shipping that visits Dublin river, and of harbour- England, &c., 1757, 4to.; the History and Aning all the boats from the interior, which could tiquities of the Archiepiscopal Palace at Lambe employed in transmitting the inland produce beth, 4to.; and the listory of the Royal Hoso this harbour for exportation : it is very proba- pital and Collegiate Church of St. Catherine, 4to. ble that most of the export trade of Ireland will DUCAS (Michael), a Greek historian who yet be carried on, by means of these canals, at wrote a history of the empire, from the elder Dublin.

Andronicus to its termination. Though his style The population of Dublin has increased but is barbarous, he relates facts not elsewhere to be little in the last twenty years, and the number of found, and was an attentive observer of what houses has rather diminished.

passed. Nothing is known of his life except DUBNO, a town of Volhynia, European that he was cften engaged in diplomatic employRussia, on the river Irwa. The great annual ments. His works were printed at the Louvre market of Poland, called the Contract, was for in 1649, folio; accompanied with a Latin version some time held here. The population was then and notes. This was afterwards translated into more considerable; at present it is not above French by Cousin, of whose History of Con6600. Great numbers of Jews reside here, who stantinople, printed at Paris, 1672, 410., and at carry on an extensive trade in wood, cattle, and the Hague, in 1685, 12mo., it concludes the raw produce, brought from Podolia, the Ukraine, eighth volume. Moldavia, &c. East of the town stands a castle, DUCAT, n. S.

1 From duke. Coins struck twenty-four miles S. S. E. of Lucko.

Ducatoox', dukes. See Coins. DUBOS (John Baptist), a learned and inge

I cannot instantly raise up the gross nious French author, born at Beauvais in 1670. Of full thrce thousand ducats. Shakspeare, He finished his studies at Paris, and was in There was one tbat died in debt : it was reported, trusted with the management of several import- where his creditors were, that he was dead : one said, ant affairs in Italy, England, and Holland. At he hath carried five hundred ducuts of mine into the his return to Paris, he obtained a prebendary; other world. he afterwards had a pension of 2000 livres, and

An ounce of silver, whether in pence, groats, or the abbey of Notre Dame at Ressons, near

crown pieces, stivers, or ducatoons, or in bullion, is, Beauvais. He died at Paris, when perpetual

and eternally will be, of equal value to any other ounce of silver.

Locke. secretary of the French Academy, on the 23d March 1742. His principal works are, 1. Criti

Ducat. See Coins. The origin of ducats cal Reflections on Poetry and Painting, 3 vols. is assigned by Procopius to Longinus, governor 12mo. 2. A Critical History of the French of Italy; who, revolting against the emperor Monarchy in Gaul, 2 vols. 4to.

Justin II., made himself duke of Ravenna, and DUCAL, adj. From duke. Pertaining to a

called himself Exarcha, i. e. without lord or duke: as a ducal coronet.

ruler; and, to show his independence, struck BERTUCCIO Faliero. (reading.)

Decreed pieces of money, of very pure gold, in his own In council, without one dissenting voice,

name, and with his own stamp, which were called That Michel Steno, by his own confession,

ducati. After him, the first who struck ducats Guilty on the last night of Carnival

were the Venetians, who called them zechini or Of having graven on the ducal chair

sequins, from Zecca, the place where they first The following words

Byron. were struck. This was about A. D. 1280, in the Ducals, letters patent granted by the ci- time of John Danduli: but we have pretty good devant senate of Venice, or written in the name evidence, that Roger, king of Sicily, coined duof the senate, to foreign princes : so named be cats as early as 1240. And Du Cange affirms, cause the name of the doge or duke was prefixed that the first ducats were struck in the duchy of to them,

Apulia. The chief gold ducats are, the single DUCAREL (Andrew Coltee), an eminent and double ones of Venice, Florence, Genoa, archæologist, was born at Caen in Normandy Germany, Hungary, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, in 1713; but his father, removing to England, Flanders, Holland, and Zurich. The do placed him at Eton, and afterwards at Oxford, ducats weigh from five pennyweights seventeen where he took the degree of doctor of civil law., grains, to five pennyweights ten grains ; and the He became a member of Doctors' Commons, single in proportion. The Spaniards have no in 1743, and in 1755 was elected commissary, ducats of gold; and the silver one, with them, is or official of the jurisdiction of the collegiate no real species, but only a money of account church of St. Catherine, near the Tower. In like our pound. It is equivalent to eleven 1757 he was appointed librarian of the palace of rials. The silver ducats of Florence serve there Lambeth ; ard the following year became com for crowns. missary of the diocese of Canterbury. He was Ducatoon, a silver coin, struck chiefly in one of the first fellows of the society of Anti- Italy; particularly in Milan, Venice, Florence, quaries. In 1762 he was elected F. R. S.; and Genoa, Lucca, Mantua, and Parma: though appoinied in 1763, together with Sir Joseph there are also Dutch and Flemish ducatoons. Ayloffe and Mr. Astle, to methodise the records See Coins.


DUCE Creek, called also Cross Roads and Reclaim thi, obstinately opprobious and virulent Salisbury, a town of the United States, America, women, and make the duckingstool more useful. in the state of Delaware, standing on Duce

Addison's Freeholder. Creek, which runs into Delaware Bay. It is a

Every morn celebrated wheat market, and has a flourishing

Amid the ducklings let her scatter corn.

Gay's Pastoral. trade with Philadelphia.

Neither cross and pile, nor ducks and drakes, are DUCENARIUS, Askevapios, in antiquity, an

quite so ancient as handy-dandy. officer of the Roman army, who had the com

Arbuthnot and Pope. mand of 200 men. The emperors had also du.

But still ’ris rural-trees are to be seen cenarii among the procurators or intendants, called From every window, and the fields are green; procuratores ducenarii. Some say that these

Ducks paddle in the pond before the door, had salaries of 200 sesterces; as in the games of And what could a remoter scene show more ? the circus, horses hired for 200 sesterces were

Couper. called ducenarij. Others hold, that ducenarii The wanton coot the water skims, were those who levied the 200dth penny, the

Amang the leaves the ducklings cry, officers appointed to inspect the raising of that

The stately swan majestic swims,

Burris. tribute. In the inscription at Palmyra, the word

And every thing is blest but I.

The love of offspring's nature's general law, DUCK,n.s., v.Q., v.n.&1 From Dut, ducken; From tigresses and cubs to ducks and ducklings ; Duck'er, n. s. [adj \ Swed. dyku; Teut. There's nothing whets the beak or arms the claw Duck'ING-STOOL,

and Welsh tuck;
Like an invasion of their babes and sucklings.

Duck'LEGGED, adj. to dip or dive; from
Duck'LING, n. S. Goth. doggwa, wa-

Duck, in ornithology. See Anas and Decus. Duck'wEED,

ter. A bird of the This fowl is furnished with a peculiar structure anas genus; a term of endearment; and, from the of vessels about the heart, which enables it to common habits of the duck, a stone made to live a considerable time under water, as is de dip in and out of the water in throwing: to cessary for it in diving. This made Mr. Boyle dive as a duck, hence to bow; and, as an active think it a more proper subject for experiments verb, to put under water.

with the air-pump than any other bird. A full The varlet saw, when to the flood he came,

grown duck being put into the receiver of an airHow without stop or stay he fiercely leapt;

pump, of which she filled one third part, and And deep himself he ducked in the same,

the air exhausted, the creature seemed to bear it That in the lake his lofty crest was steept.

better for the tirst moments, than a hen or other Faerie Queene.

fowl; but, after about a minute, she showed great Let the labouring bark climb hills of seas signs of uneasiness, and in less than two minutes Olympus high, and duck again as low

her head fell down, and she appeared dying, till As hell's from heaven, Shakspeare. Othello. revived by the letting in of air. A young callow The learned pate

duck was afterwards tried in the same manner, Ducks to the golden fool. Id. Timon. and with the same issue, it being nearly reduced Will you buy any tape or lace for your cap. to death in less than two minutes. But it is obMy dainty duck, my dear-a! Id. Winter's Tale.

servable, that both birds swelled very much on That we call duckweed hath a leaf no bigger than a pumping out the air, so that they appeared greatly thyme leaf, but of a fresher green; and putteth forth larger to the spectators, especially about the crop; a little string into the water, far from the bottom.


it not being intended that any water fowl should Back, shepherds, back; enough your play

live in so exceedingly rarefied air, but only be Till next sunshine holyday ;

able to continue occasionally some time under Here be without duck or nod,

water. The strongest instance of these creatures Other trippings to be trod,

being calculated to live almost in any situation, Of lighter toes, and such court guise

we have in the accounts of the blind ducks in As Mercury did first devise.

Milton. the Czirknitz Zee lake in Carniola ; which is supThe ducks, that heard the proclamation cried, posed to communicate with another lake under And feared a prosecution might betide,

ground in the mountain Savornic, and to fill or Full twenty mile from town their voyage take,

empty itself according to the emptiness or fulObscure in rushes of the liquid lake. Dryden.

ness of that lake. See Czirknitz Zes. The ducks Thou art wickedly devout ;

which always frequent it in great numbers, are In Tiber ducking thrice by break of day. Id.

often carried down along with the water, and Ducklegged, short waisted, such a dwarf she is,

forced into the subterraneous lake to which it reThat she must rise on tiptoes for a kiss.

tires. In this unnatural habitation, many of

Id. Juwenal. Ducklings, though hatched and led by a hen, if she these creatures undoubtedly perish, but some rebrings them to the brink of a river or pond, presently main alive. These become blind, and lose their leave her, and in they go. Ray on the Creation. feathers ; and in the next filling of the lake, both As some raw youth in country bred,

they and vast numbers of fish are thrown up by When at a skirmish first he hears

the water. In about a fortnight they are said to The ballets whistling round his ears,

recover their sight and feathers. Will duck his head aside, will start,

DUCKING, plunging in water, a diversion And feel a trembling at his heart. Swift. anciently practised among the Goths by way of er.

She in the duckingstool should take her seat, ercise; but among the Celtæ, Franks, and ancient Drest like herself in a great chair of state. Germans, was a sort of punishment for persons

Dorset. of scandalous lives. At Marseilles and Bourbon,

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