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the deaf and dumb, would impose upon them snire are not very extensive. Cotton-spinning the necessity of acquiring a precise conception is carried on at Langholm and Annan, and also of the words which they used, for the purpose cotton-weaving at the latter place; a small ironof making them intelligible to their young com work has been erected at Kirkconnel; a paperpanions. The advantages which would, inevita- mill, two small foundries, and several breweries bly, result from this admixture would be, there- and tan-works at Dumfries, and a carpet manufore, mutual, and would much more than counter- factory near Sanquhai. Salt was formerly made balance any imaginary excess of skill which a from sleech, in the parishes of Cummertrees and teacher who confines himself to the sole instruc- Ruthwell

, without paying duty, in consequence of tion of the deaf and dumb may be supposed to an act of 1671; but the right to this exemption possess. The admission of deaf and dumb has been lately questioned. In 1809 the entries pupils into establishments now exclusively de- inwards to this county were 493 vessels, carrying voted to the reception of those who can hear and 1339 men, and 18,985 tons; and 287 vessels speak, could, by no possibility, retard the progress cleared outwards, with 802 men, and 12,090 tons. of the latter, while it would greatly facilitate the Most of the inward vessels are laden with coal, instruction of the former. Were the intercourse of and of the outward with grain. But its most the deaf and dumb to be confined, in after-life, to valuable exports are cattle, sheep, bacon, and persons laboring under a similar misfortune, se- wool; almost all of which, excepting the last, paiate establishments for their education would are sent out of it hy land. be recommended by reasons much more cogent DUMFRIES, the capital of the above county, than any which can be urged in their favor, while is a handsome town, situated on a ridge or rising it is remembered that, when they leave these in- ground, on the north-east side of the river Nith, stitutions, they must converse principally, if not about nine miles above its junction with the exclusively, with persons who hear and speak.' Solway Frith. Its present name appears to have

DUMFRIES, or DUMFRIES-SHIRE, a county been derived partly from its situation, and partly in the south of Scotland, comprehending the from the monastery of grey friars, that fordistrict of Nithsdale, the stewartry of Annandale, merly stood near the head of the street, being and the lordship of Eskdale, extending in length only a corruption of Drum friars, or the einifrom north-wesi to south-east about sixty miles, nence of the friary;' and accordingly, till within and about thirty miles in breadth where broadest. these eighty or a hundred years, it was always spelt It is bounded on the south-west hy Galloway Drumfries. Besides the pleasantness of its situand part of Kyle : on the north-east by the ation, on the side of a beautiful winding river, it counties of Roxburgh, Selkirk, and Peebles; is surrounded on all sides with one of the finest on the north-west by Clydesdale; and on the and best cultivated sheets of dale country that south-east by Solway Frith and the marshes be are any where to be inet with; and the prospect tween Scotland and England. A great part of from it is terminated, at the distance of a few the county is mountainous, overspread with heath, miles, hy a continued chain of bills, forming and well stocked with game of all kinds : but altogether one of the grandest natural amphithe valleys, through which the Esk, the Annan, theatres perhaps in Britain. On the north-east the Nith, and other smaller rivers run, are ex- side of it, at some little distance, are the ruins tremely pleasant; and some of them well cul- of a chapel built by king Robert Bruce. Dumtivated and very fertile, producing oats, bạrley, fries appears to have been erected into a royal and wheat, in abundance, both for exportation borough before the middle of the eleventh cenand home consumption ; while the mountainous tury, as a grave-stone was discovered some time parts afford pasture for innumerable flocks of ago bearing the date of 1079, and mentioning sheep and herds of black cattle, many thousands the person buried under it to have been a merof which are annually exported to England. In chant and burgess of the town. And that it was the valleys are several natural woods and some a place of consequence in the beginning of the extensive plantations of different kinds of tim- fourteenth century, is evident, from the circumber. In Nithsdale, are the rich lead mines of stance, that Edward II. called the estates of Wanlockhead, the coal mines of Sanquhar and Scotland to meet there in 1307. In the aboveCairnburn, the inexhaustible lime quarries of mentioned monastery, too, king Robert Bruce Closeburn and Barjarg, and freestone in almost killed his rival, Cumming, lord of Badenoch, every parish. Annandale has the rich lime with the assistance of James Lindsay and Roger quarries of Kellhead and Comtongan, with plenty Kirkpatrick, on the 5th February, 1305. The of free stone near the towns of Annan and houses of Dumfries are well built and commoLochmaben: and in the lower part of Eskdale dious; the principal street extends three quarare limestone and coal in abundance. In some ters of a mile, the whole length of the town, in places there are indications of iron ; copper is a direction parallel to the Nith; and the town in wrought; and in Westerkirk is a valuable mine of general is well paved. It has two very elegant antimony. Besides the mineral springs of Moffat churches and an episcopal chapel, a strong and Hartfell Spa, there are a great many wells prison, a hospital, an infirmary, and a narrow which contain metallic or mineral impregnation. hridge of nine arches over the river, said to have This county contains four royal boroughs, Dum- been built by one of the three daughters and fries, Sanquhar, Annan, and Lochmaben, several co-heiresses of Alan, lord of Galloway. The small towns and villages, and is divided into assizes for the county, and for the shire of Gal; forty-two parochial districts, containing in all loway and stewartry of Kirkcudbright

, are held about 55,000 inhabitants. It sends one member in the town twice a year. It is also the place to parliament. The manufactures of Dumfries for holding the sheriff's and commissary courts,

the quarter-sessions of the peace, and the courts treaty with the prince of Saxe Coburg for the of the coinmissioners of supply. It is governed evacuation of Belgium, while he himself deterby a provost, three bailies, a dean of guild, mined to lead his troops to Paris, and re-estabtreasurer, and twelve merchant councillors, with lish the constitution of 1791. Coburg promised, the deacons of the incorporations. The corpo- if necessary; to furnish an auxiliary force, but ration obtained from king James I., in one of the design was frustrated by some of the suborhis journeys to England, a small silver tube, dinate generals conveying intelligence of it to like a pistol barrel, called the silver gun, with the convention. Commissioners were sent to his royal license to shoot for it every year; a arrest Dumouriez,' when he took the decisive festival which is still kept up. The town has a step of instantly arresting them, and handing weekly market on Wednesday, with two fairs in them over to the custody of the enemy, as hosFebruary and September, at which vast numbers tages for the safety of the king and his family. of horses and black cattle are sold. Dumfries Finding insubordination now beginning to show lies thirty · miles W.N.W. of Carlisle, and itself among his troops, he resolved on quitting seventy-two S. S. W. of Edinburgh.

them, and repaired for refuge to the headDumfries, a town of the United States, the quarters of the prince of Coburg, who offered capital of Prince William county, in Virginia. him a command, but he declined it, and retired It is a port of entry and post town, and has an to Switzerland. The cantons were however too episcopal church and court house. It lies near to France to render that country a safe on the north side of Quantico Creek, ten miles asylum, especially as the sum of 300,000 francs from Colchester, twenty-eight north by east was offered for his head. He afterwards retreatof Fredericsburg, and 185 south-west of Phila- ed to Hamburgh and to England, where he for delphia.

some time subsisted on a pension of 400 lovis, DUMONT (John), baron of Carlscroom a granted him by the landgrave of Hesse Cassel. political and historical writer, who became a re He survived the restoration of the Bourbon fugee in Holland on account of religion, and dynasty several years. In 1821 he published was made historiographer to the emperor of Ger two memoirs, addressed to the Greeks, and died many. He died in 1726, leaving behind him in his eighty-fifth year, at Turville Park, uear several works, valuable for the facts they contain, Henley-upon-Thames, March 14th, 1823. as, Mémoires Politiques, pour servir a l'Intelli DUMP, n. s.

Dutch donı; Dan. dum ; gence de la Paix de Ryswick, 4 vols. 12mo., Dump'rsu, adj. Goth. domp ; perhaps from 1699; Voyages en France, en Italie, en Malte, et DUMP'ling, n. s. dumb. Sorrow; sadness : en Turquie, 4 vols. 12mo., 1699; Corps Univer

Dump'y, hence, first a melancholy sal Diplomatique du Droit des Gens, 8 vols. fol.

lune or air; and then any tune. The Scottish 1726; Lettres Historiques depuis Jauvier 1652 dumpy, according to Dr. Jamieson, signifies short jusqu'en 1710.

and thick: a dumpling is a dumpy pudding. DUMOURIEZ (Charles Francis Duperier),

New year, forth looking out of Janus' gate, of noble but reduced family, was born in

Doth seem to promise hope of new delight; Provence, January 25th, 1739. He entered into

And bidding the' old adieu his passed date the French military service at the age of eigh Bids all old thoughts to die in dumpish spight. teen, against the same duke of Brunswick whom,

Spenser. after a lapse of many years, he compelled to Sing no more ditties, sing no more retire from France. Ilaving, iri his twenty Of the dumps so duli and heavy; second year, obtained the rank of captain, and

The frauds of men were ever so, the cross of St. Louis, he went on his travels,

Since summer first was leafy. and among other countries visited Portugal, of

Shukspeare. Much Ado About Nothing. which kingdom he published an account in 1767.

Visit by night your lady's chamber window Soon after this he was employed in Corsica, with With some sweet consort ; to their instruments the rank of colonel. In 1770 he was sent to

Tune a deploring dump: the night's dead silence Poland to assist the confederates. He was next

Will well become such sweet complaining grievance.

Shakspeare. engaged on a mission to Sweden, but was com

Funerals with stately pomp mitted in 1773 to the Bastile, from whence he

March slowly on in solemn dump. Hudibrus. was released on the death of Louis XV. During Pudding and dumpling burn to pot. Dryden. the American war he was much employed at This shame dumps cause to well-bred people, when Cherbourg, of which place he was made com it carries them away from the company.

Locke. mandant. At the commencement of the revolu The squire who fought on bloody stumps, tion he distinguished himself as a patriot, was

By future bards bewailed in doleful dumps. raised to the rank of lieutenant-general, and

Gay's Pastoral.

The life which I live at this age is not a dead, made minister of foreign affairs. When the Prussians, 100,000 strong, advanced on France, dumpish, and sour life ; but cheerful, lively, and pleahe dispersed them with a very inferior force

,

She, in sooth, through the superiority of his tactics. The Possessed an air and grace by no means common : battle of Jemappe shortly after consolidated his

Her stature tall---I hate a dumpy woman. Byron. triumph, and revolutionised Belgium. On his

DUN, adj. Sax, dun; Goth. duuckn; Welsh return to Paris, he found the trial of the king dwnn; Belg. dunker. A dark tawny color : hence was in progress; and, becoming suspected of dark, gloomy, in a figurative sense. attachment to that unfortunate prince by the

Come, thick night! terrorists, he soon retired, and replaced himself And pall thee in the dunnest sinoke of hell. at the head of his army. He now concluded a

Shakspcare.

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sant.

Bacon.

He then surveyed

subjection, but were situated commodiously for Hell and the gulph between, and Satan there covering the landing of their countrymen, who Coasting the wall of heaven on this side,

were perpetually roving on piratical expeditions. In the dun air sublime. Milton. Paradise Lost.

These towers vary in their inner structure ; but The cattle droop, and o'er the furrowed land,

externally are universally the same ; yet some have Fresh from the plough, the dun-discoloured flocks

an addition of strength on the outside. The Untended spreading crop the wholesome root

burgh of Culswick iu Shetland, notwithstanding Thomson.

it is built on the top of a hill, is surrounded with Oh send them to the sullen mansions dun,

a dry ditch thirteen feet broad ; that of Snaburgh Her baleful eyes where sorrow rolls around; Where gloom-enamoured mischief loves to dwell,

in Unst, has both a wet and a dry ditch; the first And murder, all blood-boltered, schemes the cut, with great labour, through le rock. The wound. Dr. Johnson's Poems.

burgh of Moura is surrounded by a wall, now it changed of course ; a heavenly cameleon, reduced to a heap of stones, and the inside is The airy child of vapour and the sun,

cylindrical, not taper, as usual with others. Brought forth in purple, cradled in vermillion,

DUNAN AULA, an ancient tumulus in Baptized in molten gold, and swathed in dun. Craignish parish, in Argyllshire, where the ashes

Byron. of Olaus, the son of a king of Denmark, were Dun, v. a. & n. s. Sax. dunan, to clamor. deposited, near the field of battle in which he To claim a debt with vehemence and importu- was killed many centuries ago. General Campnity: a clamorous creditor.

bell converted this mount into a burying-place, Borrow of thy back, and borrow of thy belly: and erected a neat monument on the top of it

, they'll never ask thee again, I shall be dunning thee in memory of his only son. The tumulus is supevery day.

posed to have been raised before the introduction An university dun is a gentleman's follower cheaply of Christianity, as the ur, containing the ashes purchased, for his own money has hired him. of Olaus, was discovered under a heap of stones

Bp. Earle.

by the workmen; and the practice of burning the When thon dunnest their parents, seldom they,

dead was discontinued after the conversion of the Without a suit before the tribune pay. Dryden.

ancient Caledonians. They are ever talking of new silks, and serve the

DUNBAR, a royal borough of Scotland, in owners in getting them customers, as their common dunners do in making them pay.

Spectator.

the county of East Lothian, once remarkable for I remember what she won :

a strong castle, the key of Scotland from the east, And hath she sent so soon to dun? Swift.

which gave shelter to Edward II. of England, in It grieves my heart to be pulled by the sleeve by his flight from Bannockburn, but of which scarce some rascally dun-Sir, remember my

bill.

a vestige now remains. This castle was bravely Arbuthnot's John Bull. defended, in 1336, by Agnes, countess of March, Secretaries of state, presidents of the council, and sister of Randolph earl of Murray. In the generals of an army, have crowds of visitants in a absence of her husband, this heroine forced lord morning, all soliciting for past promises ; which are Montague to raise the siege and leave the country. but a civiller sort of duns, that lay claim to volun. Here are still preserved some of the Scottish tary debts.

pikes, six ells long, and formed for both offence Dun, or Burgh, the name of an ancient spe- and defence. Under the rock, on which the cies of buildings, of a circular form, common in castle stands, are two natural arches, through the Orkney and Shetland isles, the Hebrides, and which the tide flows. Between the harbour and northern parts of Scotland. The latter term the castle is a stratum of vast basaltic columns points out the founders, who at the same time of red grit-stone. Dunbar is remarkable for the hestowed on them their natal name of borg, a defeat of John Baliol's army by earl Warrenne, defence or castle, a Suedo-Gothic word ; and in 1296, and for a victory gained near it by the Highlanders universally apply to these places Cromwell over the Scotch in 1650. Dunbar is the Celtic name dun, signifying a hill defended governed by a provost, three bailies, dean of by a tower, which plainly points out their use. guild, treasurer, and fifteen councillors. It joins They are confined to the countries once subject with Haddington, North Berwick, Lauder, and to the crown of Norway. With few exceptions, Jedburgh, in sending a representative to parliathey are built within sight of the sea, and one or Within the royalty there is a handsome more within sight of the other; so that on a village, called Belhaven, near which the harbour signal by fire, fag, or trumpet, they could give was originally built. The east pier of the prenotice of approaching danger, and yield a mutual sent harbour was begun during the protectorship

İn the Shetland and Orkney islands of Cromwell, who granted £3000 towards defraythey are most frequently called wart or ward- ing the expense. But it was still very imperfect

, hills, which shows that they were garrisoned. and could only receive a few small vessels; and They had their wardmadher; or watchman, a sort even now, though a great deal of labor and of sentinel, who stood on the top and challenged money have since been expended in improving all who came in sight. The gackman was an officer it, the access is difficult and the bounds small. of the same kind, who not only was on the watch It is defended by a battery of twelve guns, of against surprise, but was to give notice if he saw nine, twelve, and eighteen pounders; besides any ships in distress. He was allowed a large which, here are a large and convenient dry-dock, horn of generous liquor, which he had always by and two considerable rope-walks: ship-building him, to keep up his spirits. Along the Orkney is carried on to some extent. Here are a soapand Shetland shores they almost form a chain; work and a cotton manufactory; two ironand by these means not only kept the natives in fouudries, and spinning-mills. Its principal

Congreve.

ment.

succour,

trade is the exportation of corn and of kelp. It Was Epiphanius so great a dunce to imagine a thing, has also a tolerable trade in the fisheries. It is indifferent in itself, should be directly opposite to the

law of God ? equi-distant from Edinburgh and Berwick-upon

Stillingfleet.

Till critics blame, and judges praise, Tweed, being twenty-seven miles from each.

The poet cannot claim his bays. DUNBAR (William), a celebrated Scottish poet,

On me when dunces are satiric, born at Salton, in East Lothian, in 1465. He

I take it for a panegyric. wrote several good poems for that age; and he

Hated by fools, and fools to hate, has been frequently styled the Scottish Horace.

Be that my motto, and my fate. Swis. The Golden Terge, and The Thistle and the

The schools became a scene Rose, are the most admired pieces of his produc Of solemn farce, where Ignorance in stilts, tion. He died about 1530. Sir David Dal His

cap

well lined with logic nut his own, rymple published an edition of his poems with With parcot tongue performed the scholar's part, notes.

Proceeding soon a graduated dunce. Cowper. DUNBARTON, the chief town of Lennox or

DUNCOMBE (William), a laborious author, Dunbartonshire, in Scotland, remarkable for its born in London in 1690. He published a castle. This is a steep rock, rising up in two Translation of Racine's Athalia, which was well points, and every where inaccessible, except by received by the public, and has gone through a very narrow passage or entry, fortified with a

many editions. In 1724 he was editor of the strong wall or rampart. Within this wall is the works of Mr. Needler; in 1735, of the poems of guard-house, with lodgings for the officers; and his deceased brother-in-law, Mr. Hughes, 2 vols. from hence a long flight of stone steps ascends to 12mo.; in 1737 of the miscellanies of his younger the upper part of the castle, where there are brother Mr. Jabez Hughes, for the benext of his several batteries mounted with cannon, the wall widow, in 1 vol. 8vo.; and in, 1745, of the works being continued almost round the rock. In the of the Rev. Mr. Samuel Say, in 1 vol. 410. middle of this upper part, where the rock divides, In 1726 he married the only sister of John there are commodious barracks, with a deep well Hughes, Esq. whom he long survived. In 1734 in wbich there is always plenty of water. Here, his tragedy of Lucius Junius Brutus was acted likewise, are the remains of a gateway and high at Drury-lane theatre. It was published in 1735, wall, at the top of which there was a wooden and again in 1747. The works of Horace, in bridge of communication from one rock to another. English verse, by several hands, were edited This gateway was sometimes blocked up during by him in 2 vols. 8vo., with notes, &c. in 1757. the intestine commotions of Scotland, so that A second edition, in 4 vols, 12mo. with many garrisons of different factions possessed different imitations, was published in 1762. Jo 1763 he parts of the castle, and each had a gate towards collected and republished Seven Sermons by the water. The castle stands in an angle formed Archbishop Herring, on Public Occasions ; with at the conflux of the Clyde and Leven: so that a Biographical Preface. He died Feb. 26, 1769, it is wholly surrounded by water, except a nar- aged seventy-nine. row isthmus, and even this is overflowed at every DUNCAN (Adam), lord viscount, a gallant spring tide: nor is there any hill or eminence British admiral, born at Dundee, in Scotland, in within a Scotch mile of this fortress. It commands 1731, of an ancient and respectable family. the navigation of the Clyde; and, being deemed Being a younger son, he was brought up to the key of the western Highlands, is kept in some the sea, and after the usual gradations was repair, and garrisoned with invalids, under the appointed a lieutenant in the navy on the 10th command of a governor and some subaltern offi- of January, 1755; and about four years after he cers. The government of it is worth £700 a became a commander. He received his naval year. There is a considerable manufactory of education, it is said, under the auspices of lord crown glass and bottles in the town. It has a good Keppel, through whom he was appointed captain harbour. The vessels employ seventy seamen of the Valiant of seventy-four guns. He was and carry about 2000 tons. Dunbarton was likewise on the court-martial of that distinerected into a royal borough by king Alexander guished veteran. In 1778 he was appointed to II., in 1221. It contains about 2000 inhabitants, the Monarch, of seventy-four guns, one of the and lies fifteen miles north-west of Glasgow, ships employed on the home station. About the fifty-eight west of Edinburgh, and eighty-nine end of December he was ordered, with Sir north of Dumfries.

George Rodney, to Gibraltar, and greatly disDUNBLANE, a town in a parish of the same tinguished himself in the encounter with the name, pleasantly seated on the river Allan, thirty Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Langara. miles north of Edinburgh. The battle of Dun- Not long after this captain Duncan quitted the blane, or Sherriffmuir, was fought near it, in Monarch, and in 1782 was appointed to the 1715, when the duke of Argyll defeated the rebels Blenheim of ninety guns. He continued in this under the earl of Marr. It has four fairs ; in ship during the remainder of the war, being March, May, August, and November.

constantly attached to the channel feet, then comDUNCE, n.s. From Lat. densus, thick, -Min- manded hy lord viscount Howe, and consequently sheu; or Span. tonto, stupid, -Skinner; still proceeded with his lordship to Gibraltar in Sepmore probably a word of reproach introduced by iember. When peace was settled, captain Dunthe Thomists against the Scotists, from the name can was appointed to the Edgar seventy-four of Duns Scotus, as Mr. Tooke and Mr. Todd guns, and continued in that command the three suggest; i. e. Duns' disciples, dunces.

succeeding years. On the 14th of September Dunce at the best, in streets but scarce allowed 1787 was made rear-admiral of the blue; of To tickle, on thy straw, the stupid crowd. Dryden. the white on the 22d of September 1790; and

in 1793 he became vice-admiral ; thus rising prince of Hesse Cassel and the king of Prussia progressively till the 1st of June 1795, when he lle died in London in 1735. Ile wrote an obtained the rank of admiral of the blue. Upon Explanation of the Animal Functions; Natural this last advancement he hoisted his flag on board Chemistry ; Salutary Advice against the Abuse the Venerable of seventy-four guns, aud was of Hot Liquors, particularly coffee, chocolate, appointed to the command of the squadron and tea. stationed in the North Sea, and particularly des DUNDAS (Henry), viscount Melville, son of tined to act against the Dutch, who had then a lord' Arniston, was born in 1740, and educated considerable naval force lying ready for service at the University of Edinburgh. He was admitted, in the Texel. The mutinous spirit which, about in 1763, a member of the faculty of advocates; this time, had broken out among the British sea- in 1773 became solicitor-general; in 1775 lord. men in different quarters, having spread itself to advocate; and in 1777 joint keeper of the signet the squadron under admiral Duncan, occasioned for Scotland. In 1782 he was sworn of the privy a slackening of the blockade of the Texel; and council, and made treasurer of the navy ; but did the enemy, acquainted with his situation, prepared not continue long in office, the coalition between for sea, and in his absence, early in October, lord North and Mr. Fox having displaced his slipped out, but he soon gained intelligence of party. On their retum to power, he resumed their motions, and on the 11th of October, about office under the ministry of Mr. Pitt, to whom nine in the morning, a signal was given of having he firmly attached himself during their joint discovered the enemy: after a pursuit of three lives. On the passing of the act for regulating hours, the British fleet came up with the Dutch; the affairs of the East India Company, Mr. the action commenced at about forty minutes Dundas was appointed president of the board past twelve o'clock, at which time every ship of of control; in 1791 he was made secretary of the British had broken the enemy's line, and cut state for the home department; and in 1794 sethem off from getting into the Texel, the land cretary at war. On the resignation of Mr. Pitt, being then distant about seven miles. While the in 1801, he also retired, and was created visrear was attacked by the larboard division under count Melville. When the former resumed the vice-admiral Onslow, admiral Duncan directed helm of affairs, he was appointed first lord of all his attention to the enemy's van, and his own the admiralty. In 1805 lord Melville was imship, the Venerable, was in close action for nearly peached hefore the house of lords, of bigh two hours and a half, when he observed all the crimes and misdemeanors in his office of treamasts of the Dutch admiral's ship(Vryheid) go by surer of the navy. But the evidence adduced the board; she was, however defended for some did not directly implicate him in the malversatime after in a inost gallant manner; but was at tions of his deputy Mr. Trotter. He was accordlast obliged to strike to the Venerable, admiral ingly acquitted. But he never afterwards held de Winter himself being the only man left on the any public situation, except that of privy coudquarter deck, who was not either killed or sellor. His death took place in May 1811. wounded. The Dutch lost also their vice-admi DUNDALK, a barony in the county of Louth, ral, in the ship Jupiter, and seven other ships of province of Leinster, in which is a borough, marthe line; the remainder having escaped with the ket, post, fair, and sea-port town of the same name, greatest difficulty. The attack, on the part of the on a bay of the Irish chanuel, bearing its name. British admiral, was considered one of the most It lies above twenty-one miles five furlongs north daring, and the issue of the contest one of the of Drogheda, and fifty-two miles from Dublin. most important, during the war; indeed it after- Lat. 53° 57'., long. 6° 42'. A handsome bridge wards appeared that the Dutch fleet was designed was thrown over the Castletown River in 1822, to assist the French in their intended invasion at the end of the town. It is the assizes town, of this country. In consequence of this very and has some trade; it consists of one wide street brilliant success, the gallant admiral was, on the near a mile long, and some cross avenues; has a 1st of the same month, created viscount Duncan very good market-house, a court-house, a beauof Camperdown, and baron Duncan of Lundie, tiful specimen of Grecian architecture, after the in the shire of Perth. A pension also of £2000 design of the Temple of_Theseus; and carries per annum was granted to him, and the two on a manufacture called Dundalk cambrics. It next heirs of the peerage. He died in 1804. has been fortified (though now dismantled), as Lord Duncan was married to Miss Dundas, may be seen by the ruins of the walls, and a daughter of Robert Dundas, Esq. lord president castle destroyed in 1641. In the reign of Edof the court of session in Scotland, June 6th 1777, ward II. it was a royal city, and is the last where by whom he had several children. His first son, a monarch of Ireland was actually crowned and Mr. Henry Duncan, died at Edinburgh on the resided. It is very advantageously situated for 230 December, 1787; and his second son, Robert, an inland trade, and the port is very safe for born in 1785, succeeded to the estate and honors. shipping. The bay, which is nine miles across,

DUNCAN (Daniel), an eminent physician, and nine inland, has good moorings at all times born at Montauban, Languedoc, in 1649. He in four to upwards of eight fathoms water, with received his education at Montpelier, where he very good land-marks either for bringing up, or took his degree. He resided at Paris till the making the harbour, and in crossing the bar at death of Colbert, who was his patron, after high water in ordinary neap tides, this is from which he removed to his paternal estate at Mon- fifteen to eighteen feet water; besides many tauban; but during the persecution of the Pro- other good qualities, the bay abounds with all testants, in 1690, he went to Geneva. He after- kinds of fish customary in the channel. A pier wards became successively physiciar to the might be built for about £3000 at a place called

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