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consequently whether annexed to the French Flushed with new life descending statues talk, republic or not, we cannot discover, as neither The pliant marble softening as they walk. Darwin. of these towns is to be found in the maps.

There was no want of lofty mirrors, and EBION, the author of the heresy of the

The tables most of ebony inlaid Ebionizes, was a disciple of Cerinthus and his

With moiher-of-pearl or ivory, stood at hand,

Or were of tortoise-shell or rare woods inade. successor. To the errors of his master, he had added new opinions of his own. He began his

Byron. preaching in Judea; he taught in Asia, and even

EBONY. There are divers kinds of ebony : at Rome. His tenets infected the Isle of Cyprus. the most usual among us are black, red, and St. John opposed both Cerinthus and Ebion in green, but authors and travellers give very difAsia; and it is thought that he wrote his gos- ferent accounts of the tree that yields this valupel, in the year 97, particularly against this able wood. The real tree, however, from which heresy.

it is obtained is the AMERIMNUM EBENus of the EBIONITES, ancient heretics, who rose in West Indies, which see Black ebony is much the very first age of the church, and formed preferred to that of other colors. The best is a themselves into a sect in the second century, jet black, free of veins and rind, very massive, denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. Epipha- astringent, and of an acrid pungent taste. Its nius gives a long and exact account of the origin rind, infused in water, is said to purge pituita, of the Ebionites, making them to have risen and cure venereal disorders; whence Matthiolus after the destruction of Jerusalem, when the first took guaiacum for a sort of ebony. It yields an Christians, called Nazarenes, went out of it to agreeable perfume when laid on buming coals: live at Pella. The Ebionites seem to have been when green, it readily takes fire from the abuna branch of Nazarenes: Origen distinguishes dance of its oil. The Indians make statues of two kinds of Ebionites; the one believing that their gods, and sceptres for their princes, of this Jesus Christ was born of a virgin, and the wood. It was first brought to Rome by Pomother that he was born after the manner of pey, after he had subdued Mithridates. It is other men. The first were orthodox in every

now much less used among us than anciently; thing, except that to the Christian doctrine they since the discovery of so many ways of giving joined the ceremonies of the Jewish law, with other hard woods a black color. The cabinetthe Jews, Samaritans, and Nazarenes; together makers, inlayers, &c., make pear-tree and other with the traditions of the Pharisees. They dif- woods pass for ebony, by giving them a black fered from the Nazarenes, chiefly as to what color, by a few washes of a hot decoction of regards the authority of the sacred' writings; for galls; and when dry, adding ink, and polishing the Nazarenes received all for scripture contained them with a stiff brush, and a little hot war. in the Jewish canon; whereas the Ebionites EBORACUM, in ancient geography, a farnous rejected all the prophets, and all St. Paul's city of the Brigantes in Britain, now called epistles. They received 'nothing of the Old York. The emperors Septimus Severus and Testament but the Pentateuch; which should Constantius Chlorus resided and died in it. It intimate them to have descended rather from the was a Roman colony, and the station of the Samaritans than froin the Jews. They agreed Legio Sexta Victrix. Its name in the ancient with the Nazarenes in using the Hebrew gospel British language is Caer-frock, or Caer-effroc. of St. Matthew, otherwise called the Gospel of

EBRBUHARITES, a sect among the Mathe Twelve Apostles; but they had corrupted hommedans, so named from their founder their copy in many places; and, particularly, had Ebrbuhar, a disciple of Naschibendi. They proleft out the genealogy of our Saviour, which was fess great sanctity, with a total dereliction of all preserved entire in that of the Nazarenes, and worldly things; yet they are regarded by the other even in those used by the Cerinthians. Some, Mussulmans, as little better than heretics, because however, have made this gospel canonical, and they do not go in pilgrimage to Mecca. From of greater value than our present Greek gospel this labor they excuse themselves, by pretending of St. Matthew : See Nazarenes. Besides the that the purity of their souls, their sublime conHebrew gospel of St. Matthew, the Ebionites templations, extacies, &c., show them Mecca had adopted several other books, under the and Mahomet's tomb without stirring from their names of St. James, John, and the other apos

cells. tles: they also made use of the Travels of St. EBRI'ETY, n. s. / Fr. ebrieté ; Ital. ebrieta; Peter, which are supposed to have been written EBRIOS'ITY, n. s. . Lat. ebrietas. Drunkenby St. Clement.

Ebriosity, Lat. ebriositas, is continual EB'ON, n. s. Also formerly written Eben. drunkenness.

EB‘ony, Lat. ebenus ; Fr. ebene, of Gr. That religion which excuseth Noah in surprisal, Bevos, ab Heb. 127, Minsheu. A particularly will neither acquit ebriosity nor ebriety in their in. hard, black, and heavy wood : hence any thing

tended perversion.

Broncne. remarkably black or dark.

Here laughs Ebriety more fell than arms,

And thins the nations with her fatal charms, If the wood be very hard, as ebony, or lignum vitæ,

With Gout, and Hydrops groaning in her train, they are to turn, they use not the same tools they do

And coid Debility, and grinning Pain. Darun. for soft woods.

Moron's Mech. Exer. Oft by the winds extinct the signal lies,

EBRO, a large river of Spain, the ancient
Ere night has half rolled round her ebon throne.

Iberus, which rises in the mountains of Santillane,
Gay.

on the confines of Old Castile, runs through And now the sorceress bares her shrivelled band Biscay and Arragon, passes by Saragossa, and, And circles thrice in air hér ebon wand;

continuing its course through Catalonia, falls

ness.

with great rapidity into the Mediterranean, about Whatsoever affairs pass such a man's hands, he twenty miles below Tortosa. Of its two mouths crooketh them to his own ends; which must needs be the one to the south is artificial, and of easier often eccentrick to the ends of his master. entrance than the other, which is nearly choked

Bacon's Essays. with mud: The stream is in general very rapid,

Astronomers, to solve the phänomena, framed to and little adapted for navigation, being full of their conceits eccentricks and epicycles, and a wonderrocks and shoals: it is, however, useful in sup

ful engine of urbs.

Bacon.

The duke at his return from his eccentricity, for so plying the great canals of Arragon with water. I account favorites abroad, met no good news. Its bed is said to have been less obstructed in

Wotton. ancient times.

This motion, like others of the times, seems eccenEBUL'LIENCY, n. s. Lat.cbullid, of bulla, trick and irregular.

King Charles. EBUL'LIENT, adj. a bubble. Rising or lu regard of eccentricity, and the epicycle wherein it

EBULLI'TION, n. s. boiling up in bub- moveth, the motion of the moon is unequal. Brownc. bles. State of effervescence or swelling.

They build, unbuild, contrive, The dissolution of gold and silver disagree ; so that

To save appearances : they gird the sphere

With centrick and eccentrick, scribbled o'er, in their mixture there is great ebullition, darkness, and,

Cycle, and epicycle, orb in orb.

Milton. in the end, a precipitation of a black powder. Bacon.

By reason of the sun's eccentricity to the earth, and Iron, in aqua fortis, will fall into ebullition with obliquity to the equator, he appears to us to move unnoise and emication; as also a crasse and fumid exha- equally.

Holder. lation, caused from the combat of the sulphur of iron A character of an eccentrick virtue, is the more with the acid and nitrous spirits of aqua fortis. exact image of human life, because it is not wholly Browne's Vadgar Errours. exempted from its frailties.

Dryden. When aqua fortis, or spirit of vitriol, poured upon

Then from whate'er we can to sense produce, blings of iron, dissolves the filings with a great heat Common and plain, or wondrous and abstruse, and ebullition, is not the heat and ebullition effected by From nature's constant or eccentric laws, a violent motion of the parts; and does not their The thoughtful soul this general inference draws, motion argue, that the acid parts of the liquor rush That an effect must presuppose a cause.

Prior. towards the parts of the metal with violence, and run How few are found with real talents blest! forcibly into its pores, till they get between its outmost Fewer with nature's gifts contented rest, particles and the main mass of the metal ? Newton. Man from his sphere eccentric starts astray;

All hunt for fame, but most mistake the way. A violent cold, as well as heat, may be produced

Churchill. by this ebullition, for if sal ammoniack, or any pure volatile alkali, dissolved in water, be mixed with an

Whence is it that planets 'move all one and the acid, an ebullition, with a greater degree of cold,

same way in orbs concentrick, while comets move all will ensue.

Arbuthnot on Aliments.

manner of
ways in orbs very eccentrick ?

Newton's Opticks. Song second was the ebullition of that passion which

Eccentricity of the earth is the distance between the ended the forementioned school business, Burns.

focus and the centre of the earth's elliptick orbit. EBUSUS, in ancient geography, the greater of

Harris. the two islands called Pityusæ, in the Mediter But on examining it more nearly, you find much ranean, near the east coast of Spain, south-west eccentricity and confusion. It is not a monarchy in

Burke. of Majorca. Famous for its pastures and for strictness. figs. Now called Ivica.

Try now the merits of this blessed exchange ECASTOR, or MECASTOR, in antiquity, an

Of modest truth for wit's eccentric range. Cowper. oath wherein Castor was invoked. It was a cus ECCHELLENSIS (Abraham), a learned Matom for men never to swear by Castor, nor the ronite, employed in the Paris edition of the women by Pollux.

Polyglott Bible. He, however, quarrelled with ECBATANA, in ancient geography, the royal two of his coadjutors, and was then employed in residence and capital of Media, built by Deioces making an Arabic translation of the Scriptures, king of the Medes, according to Herodotus: at Rome. While he was professor of the Oriental Pliny says, by Seleucus; but that could not be, languages at Rome, he was chosen by the great because it is mentioned by Demosthenes. It duke Ferdinand II., to translate from Arabic into was situated on a gentle declivity, twelve stadia Latin, the fifth, sixth, and seventh of Apollonius's from Mount Orontes, amd was in compass 150 Conics, in which he was assisted by John Alphonso stadia. Here stood the royal treasury and tombs. Borelli, who added commentaries to them.

He It was an open unwalled town, but had a very died at Rome, in 1664. strong citadel, encompassed with seven walis ECCHYMOʻSIS, n. s. Εκχυμωσις.

Livid within, and rising above each other. The extent spots or blotches in the skin, made by extravaof the utmost was equal to the whole extent of sated blood. Athens, according to Ilerodotus; the situation Ecchymosis may be defined an extravasation of the favoring this construction, as being a gentle ascent, blood in or under the skin, the skin remaining whole. and each wall was of a different color.

Laxations are accompanied with tumour and ecchyFr. eccentri

mosis. ECCEN’TRIC, adj. & n. s.

Wiseman. ECCEN’TRICAL,

que; Ital. Span.

Ecchymosis; from evxvw, to pour out, or ECCENTRICITY, n. s.

and Port. eccen from e, out of, and xupos, juice; an effusion of 1 ico; Lat. eccentricus ; Gr. εκκεντρικος,

i.

humors from their respective vessels under the in"xtra, et kevypov, centrum. Without, or deviat- teguments; or, as Paulus Ægineta says, “ When ing from, a centre; hence, metaphorically, irre- the flesh is bruised by the violent collision of any gular; anomalous. Eccentricity is oddity; habit object, and its small veins broken, and the blood of deviation from established rules or methods. is gradually discharged from them.' This blood,

e. EK,

when collected under the skin is called an ecchy- policy, that all the ecclesiastical persons, and mosis, the skin in the mean time remaining causes, should be entirely subject to ecclesiastical entire; sometimes a tumor is formed by it, which jurisdiction only; which was alleged to be is soft and livid, and generally without pain. If lodged in the pope, by divine indefeasible right the quantity of blood is not considerable, it is and investiture from Christ himself, and deusually resorbed; if much, it suppurates; it rived from the pope to all inferior tribunals. It rarely happens that any farther inconvenience was not, however, till after the Norman conquest, follows; though, in a very bad habit of body, a that this doctrine was received in England; when mortification may be the result.

William I., (whose title was espoused by the ECCLESHALL, a market town of Stafford- monasteries which he endowed, and by the foreign shire, pleasantly situated on a branch of the river clergy whom he brought over from France and Sow, seven miles and a half north-west of Staf- Italy, and planted in the best preferments of the ford, and 148 north-west from London. The English church), established this fatal encroachhouses are neat, and there is a good church and ment, and separated the ecclesiastical court from charity school. It is supposed to be named from the civil. King Henry I., at his accession, the Latin word ecclesia, the bishop of Litchfield among other restorations of the laws of king having formerly had a palace here. In the civil Edward the Confessor, revived this of the union war it was garrisoned for the king, but, being af- of the civil and ecclesiastical courts. This, howterwards taken by the parliamentary forces, it was ever, was opposed by the popish clergy, who, nearly destroyed; after which it was rebuilt by under the guidance of that arrogant prelate bishop Lloyd. Market on Friday.

archbishop Anselm, very early attacked a meaECCLESIASTES, a canonical book of the sure that put them on a level with the profane Old Testament, the design of which is to show laity; and therefore in their synod at Westmiothe vanity of all sublunary things. It was com- ster, 3 Hen. I., they ordained, that no bishop posed by Solomon; who enumerates the several should attend the discussion of temporal causes; objects on which men place their happiness, and which soon dissolved this newly effected union. then shows the insufficiency of all worldly enjoy. And when, upon the death of Henry I., Stephen ments. The Talmudists make king Hezekiah to was brought in and supported by the clergy, one be the author of it; Grotius ascribes it to Zo- article of the oath imposed upon him was, that robabel, and others to Isaiah; but the generality ecclesiastical persons and causes should be subject of commentators believe this book to be the pro- only to the bishop's jurisdiction. As about that duce of Solomon's repentance, after he had ex- time the contest began, about the laws of England perienced the pleasures, follies, and vanities of and those of Rome, the temporal courts adhering life.

to the former, and the spiritual adopting the ECCLESIASTIC, adj. & n. s. Lat. eccle- latter, as their rule, this widened the breach, and

ECCLESIASTICAL, adj. ) siasticus ; of, made a coalition afterwards impracticable; which or relating to, the church.

probably would otherwise have been effected at Is discipline an ecclesiastical matter or civil? If the reformation. Ecclesiastical courts are various; an ecclesiastical, it must belong to the duty of the minis- as the ARCHDEACON's Court, the Court of

Hooker, Arches, the Consistory, the PECULIARS, the The ambition of the ecclesiasticks destroyed the PREROGATIVE, and the great court of appeal in purity of the church.

Burnet's Theory. all ecclesiastical causes, viz. the Court of DELEClergymen, otherwise little fond of obscure terms,

See these articles. In these spiritual yet in their sermons are liberal of those wbich they courts, it must be acknowledged to their bonor, find in ecclesiastical writers.

Swift. A church of England man has a true veneration for tions of temporal cognizance, yet justice is in

that though they continue to decide many ques the scheme established among us of ecclesiastick general so impartially administered, that the government.

It was justly so called ; being thus distinguished, boundaries of their power are well known, and no not only from the religion of Moses, the sanctions material inconvenience arises from this jurisdiewhereof related to the present life, but also from every tion continuing in the ancient channel. Their human scheme of moral, political, or ecclesiastical legis- ordinary course of proceeding is, first, by citation, lation.

Beattie. to call the party injuring before them. Then by ECCLESIASTICAL Courts. In the time of libel, or by articles drawn out in a formal alle the Anglo-Saxons, there was no distinction gation, to set forth the complainant's ground of between the lay and the ecclesiastical jurisdiction; complaint. To this succeeds the defendant's anthe county court was as much a spiritual as a swer upon oath; when, if he denies or extenuates temporal tribunal; the rights of the church were the charge, they proceed to proofs by witnesses ascertained and asserted at the same time, and examined, and their depositions taken down in by the same judges, as the rights of the laity. writing by an oőicer of the court. If the deFor this purpose the bishop of the diocese, and fendant has any circumstances to offer, in his dethe alderman, or the sheriff of the county, sat fence, he must propound them in what is called together in the county court, and had there the his defensive allegation, to which he is entitled cognizance of all causes, as well ecclesiastical as in his turn to the plaintiff's answer upon oath, civil; a superior deference being paid to the and may from thence proceed to proofs as well bishop's opinion in spiritual matters, and to that as his antagonist. The canonical doctrine of of the lay judges in temporal: and thus the pre- purgation, whereby the parties were obliged to sence of the bishop added weight and reverence answer upon oath to any matter, however crimito the sheriff's proceedings. But it soon became nal, that might be objected against them (though an established inaxim in the papal system of long ago over ruled in the court of chancery, the

ters.

GATES.

TRONIA.

genius of the English law having broken through ship in its fullest course; and, in love affairs, 10 the bondage imposed on it by its clerical chan- deaden the warmest affections of both sexes. cellors, and asserted the doctrines of judicial as ECHEVIN, in the old French and Dutch well as civil liberty,) continued till the middle of polity, a magistrate elected by the inhabitants of the seventeenth century, to be upheld by the a city or town, to take care of their common spiritual courts; when the legislature was obliged concerns, and the decoration and cleanliness of to interpose, to teach them a lesson of similar the city. At Paris, before the revolution, there moderation. By the statute of 13 Car. II. cap. were a pievôt and four echevins; in other towns, 12, it is enacted, that it shall not be lawful for a mayor and echevins. At Amsterdam there any bishop, or ecclesiastical judge, to administer were nine echevins; and at Rotterdam, seven. to any person the oath usually called the oath In France they took cognizance of rents, taxes, ex officio, or any other oath whereby he may be the navigation of rivers, &c. In Holland they compelled to confess, accuse, or purge himself of judged of civil and criminal causes; and, if the any criminal matter, whereby he may be liable criminal confessed himself guilty, they could see to any censure or punishment. When all the their sentence executed without appeal. plcadings and proofs are concluded, they are re ECHINADES, otherwise called the Nisia ferred to the consideration, not of a jury, but of Islands, a group of islets at the entrance of the a single judge; who takes information by hearing gulf of Lepanto, which they almost seem to close advocates on both sides, and thereupon forms on the side of Epirus. his interlocutory decree, or definitive sentence, at ECHINITES, in natural history, the name his own discretion : from which there generally by which authors call the fossile centronia, lies an appeal to the several stages mentioned in frequently found in our chalk pits. See Centhe articles above referred to; though, if the same be not appealed from by him in fifteen days, it is ECHINOPHORA, in botany, a genus of the final hy the statute 25 Hen. VIII. cap. 19. digynia order, and pentandria class of plants ;

ECCLESIASTICAL State, in geography, a name natural order forty-fifth, umbellatæ. The male often given to the pope's dominions in Italy. forets are lateral, with the central one hermaThey consisted before ihe late revolutions of the phrodite : SEED one, sunk into an indurated invoprovinces of Campagna, St. Peter's Patrimony, lucrum. Species two, found on the south coast Umbria, Ancona, Urbino, Romagna, Bologna, of Great Britain. and Ferrara. The first five of these were erected ECHINOPS, in botany, a genus of the polygaby the French into the Roman republic; the last mia segregata order, and syngenesia class of plants ; three into the Cisalpine. Avignon, and Venac natural order forty-ninth, compositæ : Cal. unifloissin in France, became included in the French rous; cor. tubulated, and hermaphrodite; receprepublic. See PAPAL States.

tacle bristly; pappus indistinct. Species six, ECCLESIASTICUS, an apocryphal book, so natives of the Levant, and south of Europe. called, from its being read in the church, ecclesia, ECHINORINCHUS, a genus of the vermes as a book of piety and instruction, but not of intestina : the body is round, proboscis cylininfallible authority. The author was a Jew, drical, retractile, and crowned with hooked called Jesus, or Joshua, the son of Sirach. The prickles. They are found fixed firmly to the Greeks call it the Wisdom of the son of Sirach. viscera of various animals, generally the intesECCOPROPTICKS, n. s.

Er and
κoπρoς.

tines; and often remain on the same spot during Such medicines as gently purge the belly, so as the whole life of the animal ; they are mostly greto bring away no more than the natural excre- garious, and are easily distinguished from the ments lodged in the intestines.

tænia by their mound inarticulate body. There The body ought to be maintained in its daily ex. are forty-eight species, infesting the mammalia, cretions by such ineans as are eccoprotick.

birds, reptiles, and fish.

Harvey on the Plague. ECHINUS, n. s. ), Lat. A hedge-hog; a ECHEMIN, a river of Lower Canada, rising E'CHINATE, adj. shell-fish set with prickles: in the mountains to the southward of the St. E'CHINATED, Sin botany, the prickly head, Laurence, into which it falls, two miles above cover of the seed, or top of any plant: in archiQuebec. The margin is a flat rock, with only a tecture, a member or ornament, taking its name shallow covering of soil. But there is some good from the roughness of the carving, resembling land in its neighbourhood.

the prickly rind of a chestnut, or the thorny coat ECHENEIS, the remora, in ichthyology, a of a hedge-hog. Echinated is bristled, or full of genus belonging to the order of thoracici. The prickles. This ornament is used by modern archu head is flat, naked, depressed, and marked with tects in cornices of the Ionic, Corinthian, and a number of transverse ridges; it has ten rays in Composite orders; and generally set next to the the branchiostege membrane, and the body is abacus, being carved with anchors, darts, and naked. There are three species, of which ovals or eggs. the following one is the most worthy of note : An echinated pyrites in shape approaches the echyE. remora, the sucking fish with a forked tail, nated chrystallinc balls. Woodward on Fossils. and eighteen striæ on the head. This species is Many nodules of fint resemble in colour as well as often found adhering so strongly to the sides of in form the shells of the echinus or sea-urchin ; others the sharks and other great fish, by means of the resemble some coralloids hoth in form and color. structure of its head, as to be got off with diffi

Darwin. culty. It was believed, by all the ancients, to Echinus, in zoology, 'a genus of insects have most wonderful powers, and to be able, by belonging to the order of vermes mollusca. The adhering to the bottom, to arrest the motion of a body is roundish, covered with a bony crust, and

poor in

ones.

often beset with moveable prickles; and the The sound filling great spaces in arched lines, can. mouth is below and consists of five valves. not be guided ; therefore there hath not been any There are 108 species, all natives of the sea.

means to make artificial echoes. 1. E. esculentus, or eatable echinus, is of a

Baron's Natural History. hemispherical form, covered with sharp strong (Pamphlets are ) the echoes, whereby what is done spines above half an inch long, commonly of a

in one part of the kingdom, is heard all over

T. Ford.-1647. violet color, moveable, adherent to small tuber

O woods, ( fountains, billocks, dales, and bowers, cles elegantly disposed in rows. These are their

With other echo late I taught your shades instruments of motion by which they change their

To answer, and resound far other song. Milton. place. This species is taken in dredging, and often lodges in cavities of rocks just within low- voice, rests noť in her unaccomplishment, until by

Custom being but a mere face, as echo is a mers water mark. They are eaten by the

secret inclination she accorporate herself with error. many parts of England, and by persons of rank

Id. abroad. Anciently they were a favorite dish. The pleasant myrtle may teach the unfortunate They were the first dish in the famous supper of Echo Lentulus, when he was made flamen Martialis, In these woods to resound the renowned game of a or priest of Mars.

goddess.

Sidrey. 2. E. lacunosus, or oval cchinus, is of an oval With pcals of shouts the Tyrians praise the song ; depressed form; on the top it is of a purple Those peals are echoed by the Trojan throng. color, marked with a quadrefoil, and the spaces

Dryden's Eneid. between tuberculated in waved rows; the lower Hark, how the sound disturbs imperious Rome! side studded, and divided by two smooth spaces. Shakes her proud hills, and rolls from dome to donne ! Length four inches. When clothed it is covered Her mitred princes hear the echoing noise, with short thick-set bristles, mixed with very long And, Albion, dread thy wrath and awful voice.

Blackmore.

Our separatists do bat echo the same note. 3. E. marinus, the sea urchin, has an arched

Decay of Piety. shell varying in its figure in different individuals :

One great death deforms the dreary ground; and, besides a great number of protuberances, The echoed woes from distant rocks resound. has two remarkable apertures for the mouth and

Prior. the anus.

Now the shrill corn-pipe, echoing loud to arms, ECHINUS TERRESTRIS, the land urchin. See To rank and file reduce the straggling swarms. ERINACEUS.

Tickeil. ECHITES, in botany, a genus of the mono

Through rocks and caves the name of Delia soands; gynia order, and pentandria class of plants; na Delia each cave and echoing rock rebounds. Pope. tural order thirtieth, contortæ. There are two 'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence; long and straight follicles : seed pappous; cor.

The sound must seem an echo to the sense. funnel-shaped, with the throat naked.

You may as well attempt to silence an echo by the ECHTES CoryMBOSA, a species of this genus, strength of voice, as a wit by the force of reason. is said to yield the caoutchouc, or elastic gum They both are the louder for it: they both will have according to Jacquin. See Gum, ELASTIC. the last word.

Young. ECHIUM, viper's bugloss, in botany, a genus The great and popular are very freely applauded; of the monogynia order, and pentandria class of but all soon grow weary of echoing to each other plants; natural order forty-first, asperifoliæ: cor. a name which has no other claim to notice, but that is irregular, with the throat naked. Species twenty- many mouths are pronouncing it at once. Joksuses. seven; none of them have any remarkable property Famine, and Pestilence, her first born son, except the E.vulgari,or common bugloss, the flow Attend to finish what the sword begun; ers of which are very grateful to bees. It is a native And echoing praises, such as fiends might earn, of many parts of Britain. The stem is rough And folly pays, resound at your return. Couper. with hairs and tubercles. The leaves are spear

Ye shelving rocks, dark waves, and sounding shaped, and rough with hair. The flowers come

shore,out in lateral spikes. They are first red, after- Ye echoed sweet the tender words he swore ! wards blue; sometimes purple or white. Cows

Can stars or seas the sails of love relain ? and sheep are not fond of the plant; horses and O guide my wanderer to my arms again! Darwin. goats refuse it. ECHO, n. S., v. N., & v. a.

Lo, from the echoing axe, and thundering fame,

Span. echo, eco; Poison and plague and yelling rage are fed ! Fr. and Port. echo; Lat. echo ; GT.

mxw.

The waters, bursting from their slimy bed, sounding or giving again of the voice or any Bring health and melody to every vale.

Beuttae. sound. The sound returned. As a neuter verb, to resound; be sounded back : as a verb active

No solemn, antique gentleman of rhyme,

Who having angled all his life for fame, to send back, return, what has been uttered.

And getting but a nibble at a time,
At the parting

Still fussily keeps fishing on, the same
All the church echoed.

Small · Triton of the minnows,' the sublime Shakspeare. Taming of the Shrew. Of mediocrity, the furious tame, Babbling echo mocks the hounds,

The echo's echo, usher of the school Replying shrilly to the well-tuned horns,

Of female wits, boy bards— in short, a foo!' As if a double hunt were heard at once. Id.

Вут г. Wilt thou hunt?

Echo, or Eccho, is formed from the Greek Thy hounds shall make the welkin answer them, nxos, sound. The ancients being wholly unacAnd fetch shrill echues from their hollow earth. Id. quainted with the true cause of the echo, ascribed

A re

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