Imagens das páginas

it to several causes sufficiently whimsical. The succession, out of one sound, a multiple echo or poets pretended it was a person of that name many echoes shall arise. A multiple echo may metamorphosed, and that she affected to take up be made by so placing the echoing bodies at unher abode in particular places, for they found equal distances, that they may reflect all one that she was not to be met with every where. way, and not one on the other, by which means But the moderns, who know sound to consist in a manifold successive sound will be heard ; one a certain tremor or vibration in the sonorous clap of the bands like many; one ha like a laughbody communicated to the contiguous air, and ter; one single word like many of the same tone by that means to the ear, give a more consistent and accent; and so one viol, like many of the account of echo. See Acoustics. A tremulous same kind, imitating each other. Lastly, echoing body, striking on another solid body, may be repel- bodies may be so ordered, that, from any one led without destroying or diminishing its tremor; sound given, they shall produce many echoes and, consequently, a sound may be redoubled by different both as to tone and intention : by which the resilition of the tremulous body to the air. means a musical room may be so contrived, that But a simple reflection on the sonorous air is not only one instrument playing therein shall not enough to solve the echo; for then every seem many of the same sort and size, but even a plain surface of a solid hard body, being fit to concert of different ones, only by placing certain reflect a voice or sound, would redouble it; echoing bodies so that any note played shall be which we find does not hold. To produce an returned by them in thirds, fifths, and eighths. echo, therefore, it should seem, that a kind of Echo is also used for the place where the concameration or vaulting were necessary, repetition of the sound is produced or heard. In collect, and, by collecting, to heighten and echoes, the place where the speaker stands is increase, and afterwards reflect the sound; as called the centrum phonicum ; and the object or we find is the case in reflecting the rays of place that returns the voice, the centrum phonolight, where a concave mirror is required. In campticum. Echoes are distinguished into two fact, as often as a sound strikes perpendicularly kinds ; viz. single and tautological, or multiple. on a wall, behind which is any thing of a vault Echo, in architecture, a term applied to ceror arch, or even another parallel wall, so often tain kinds of vaults and arches, most commonly will it be reverberated in the same line, or other of the elliptic and parabolic figures used to readjacent ones. For an echo to be heard, there- double sounds, and produce artificial echoes. fore, it is necessary that the ear be in the line of Echo, in poetry, a kind of composition wherein reflection; for the person who made the sound the last words or syllables of each verse contain to hear its echo, it is necessary he be perpendi- some meaning, which, being repeated apart, ancular to the place which reflects it : and, for a swers to some question or other matter conmanifold or tantological echo, it is necessary tained in the verse; as in this beautiful one there be a number of walls, and vaults or cavi- from Virgil :ties, either placed behind or fronting each other. Crudelis mater magis, an puer, improbus ille ? A single arch or concavity, &c., can scarcely ever Improbus ille puer, crudelis tu quoque mater. stop and reflect all the sound; but, if there be a The elegance of an echo consists in giving a convenient Jisposition behind it, part of the new sense to the last words; which reverberate, sound propagated thither, being collected and as it were, the motions of the mind, and by that reflected as before, will present another echo: means affect it with surprise and admiration. or, if there be another concavity, opposed at a Echo, in mythology, a daughter of Aer and due distance to the former, the sound reflected Tellus, who chiefly resided in the vicinity of the from the one upon the other will be tossed back Cephisus. She was once one of Juno's attendagain by this last, &c. Any sound, falling di- ants, and became the confidant of Jupiter's rectly or obliquely on any dense body of a smooth amours. Her loquacity, however, displeased superficies, whether plain or arched, is reflected, Jupiter, and she was deprived of the power of or echoes, more or less. The surface must be speech by Juno, and only permitted to answer smooth, otherwise the air, by reverberation, will the questions which were put to her. Pan had be put out of its regular motion, and the sound formerly been one of her admirers, but he never thereby broken and extinguished. Echoes may enjoyed her favors. Echo, after she had been be produced with different circumstances. For, punished by Juno, fell in love with Narcissus ; 1. A plane obstacle reflects the sound back in its but being despised by him pined to death, havdue tone and loudness, allowance being made ing nothing left but her voice. for the proportionable decrease of the sound, ECHOMETER, among musicians, a kind of according to its distance. 2. A convex obstacle scale or rule, with several lines thereon, serving reflects the sound somewhat smaller and some to measure the duration and length of sounds, what quicker though weaker, than otherwise it and to find their intervals and ratios. would be. 3. A concave obstacle echoes back ECIJA, or EXIJA, a considerable town of the sound, bigger, slower, and also inverted; but Spain, in the province of Seville, beautifully always according to the order of words. 4. The situated on the Xenil, and surrounded with small echoing body being removed farther off, it reflects hills, which make it the warmest place of Andamore of the sound than when nearer; which is lusia. Wool and hemp are ils chief riches ; but the reason why some echoes repeat but one syl- tanning and the manufacture of leather, employ lable, some one word, and some many. 5. Echo a portion of its inhabitants, who, altogether, ing bodies may be so contrived and placed, as amount to 20,000. This town is the Colonia that reflectin; the sound from one to the other, Augusta Firmia of the ancients, and many Roeither directly and mutually, or obliquely and by man antiquities have been discovered here. To

is said to have been formerly of great import Eclectics were also a certain set of physicians ance ; at present it contains six churches, sixteen among the ancients, of whom Archigenes, under convents, and fifteen hospitals; it has also a Trajan, was the chief, who selected from the large square with a piazza. The Xenil is crossed opinions of all the other sects, that wbich apby a neat modern bridge; and there is along the peared to them best and most rational ; hence left bank a delightful public walk, composed of they were called 'eclectics, and their prescriptions alleys, ornamented with statues. Fifty-five miles medicina eclectica.' E.N. E. of Seville.

Eclectics, or modern Platonics, a sect of ECKHEL (Joseph Hilary), a learned Jesuit, Christians, who arose about the end of the second was born at Entzesfield in Austria in 1737. Be- century. They professed to make truth the only coming a member of the society of St. Ignatius, object of their enquiry, and to be ready to adopt he was appointed keeper of the imperial cabinet froin all the different systems and sects, such teof medals, and professor of archæology at Vienna. nets as they thought agreeable to it. However, . He may be regarded as the modern founder of they preferred Plato to the other philosophers, the science of Numismatics, the principles of and looked upon his opinions concerning God, which are fully developed in his treatise Doc- the human soul, and things invisible, as contrina Veterum Nummorum. 8 vols. fol. He formable to the spirit and genius of the Chrisdied in 1798

ian doctrine. One of the principal patrons of ECKIUS (John), a learned divine, professor this system was Ammonius Saccas, who at this in the university of Ingoldstadt, memorable for his time laid the foundation of that sect, afterwards opposition of Luther, Melancthon, Carolostadius, distinguished by the name of the New Platonists, and other leading Protestants in Germany. He in the Alexandrian school. See Ammonius and wrote many polemical tracts; and among the PLATONISM. rest, a Manual of Controversies, printed in 1535,

ECLIPSE', n. s., v.a. & vin. Fr. eclipse, in which he discourses upon most of the heads Ital. eclissi, ecclessi ; Span. and Portug. eclipsi : contested between the Protestants and Papists. Brit. eklips ; Lat. eclipsis; Gr. exlayıs, from He was a man of great learning and zeal,' and xxleTw, to fail or depart. An obscuration of the died in 1543.

heavenly bodies ; hence, darkness, obscuration ECKDALA, or Akdala, an ancient, but now generally: to darken a luminary; to extinguish; ruined fortress of the district of Dacca, Bengal, cloud ; obscure; disgrace : to suffer an eclipse. situated on the banks of the Luckya River, which,

Sips of yew, during the rainy season, surrounds it with water. Slivered in the moon's eclipse In 1353_Ilyas Haji, the second independent

Shakspeare. Macbeth. king of Bengal, of the Mahommedan dynasty, Then here I take my leave of thee, fair son, took refuge in this place from the army of the Born to eclipse thy life this afternoon. emperor of Hindostan, and defended it, till the

Id, Henry VI. setting in of the rains compelled the enemy to

All the posterity of our first parents suffered a raise the siege, and the sultan Seyd Hussein perpetual eclipse of spiritual life. made it his constant residence from the year

Raleigh's History.

Let the eclipsed moon her throne resign. Sandys. 1499 to 1520, although Pundua was his political capital.

Experience we have of the vanity of human glory,

in our scatterings and eclipses. King Charles. ECLAIRCI'SSEMENT, n. s. Fr. Explanation; the act of clearing up an affair by verbal Ireland by the no-countenance his majesty had shewed

She told the king, that her husband was eelipsed in expostulation.

towards him.

Clarendon. The eclaircissement ended in the discovery of the

Planets, planet-struck, real eclipse informer. Clarendon. Then suffered.

Milton's Paradise Lost. ECLAT, n. s. Fr. Splendor; show; lustre.

The labouring moon Not English, says Dr. Johnson.

Eclipses at their charms.

Id. Nothing more contributes to the variety, surprise, So though the sun victorious be, and eclat of Homer's battles, then that artificial man. And from a dark eclipse set free, ner of gaging his heroes by each other.

The influence, which we fondly fear, Pope's Essay on Homer. Afflicts our thoughts the following year. ECLEʻCTIC, adj. Ex\EKTIKOG. Selecting; choo

Waller. sing at will. See below.

They had seen tokens of more than common greate

ness, howsoever now eclipsed with fortune, Sidney. Cicero was of the eclectic sect, and chose out of

Praise him to his father:cach such positions as came nearest truth.

-Let the prince's glory
Watts on the Mind.

Seem to eclipse, and cast a cloud on his.
Eclectics, ancient philosophers, who, with-

Denham's Soplay. out attaching themselves to any particular sect,

Let other muses write his prosperous fate, chose what they judged good and solid from each.

Of conquered nations tell, and kings restored; Laertius says, that they were also denominated

But mine shall sing of his eclipsed estate, Analogetici; but that they call themselves Phila

Which, like the sun's, more wonders does afford. lethes, i. e. lovers of truth. The founder of the

Dryden. Electici was one Potamon of Alexandria, who the earth, between the sun and the moon, hiuders the

An eclipse of the moon is when the atmosphere of lived under Augustus and Tiberius; and who, light of the sun from falling upon and being reflected weary of doubting of all things with the Sceptics by the monn : if the light of the sun is kept off from and Pyrrhonians, formed the Eclectic sect; the whole body of the moon, it is a total eclipse; if which Vossius calls the Eclective.

from a part only, it is a partial one.


le descended from his Father, and eclipsed the or disposition, of affairs; system of management' giory of his divine majesty with a veil of flesh. generally. Economic is used in the same par

Calasny's Sermons.

ticular and general way: an economist is a good Now if the earth were flat, the darkened moon or frugal manager. Would seem to all eclipsed as well as one. Creech.

In the Greek poets, as in Plautus, we see the ecoThe places that have either shining sentiments or nomy and disposition of poems better observed than in manners, have no occasion for them : a dazzling ex Terence.

Ben Jonson. pression rather damages them, and serves only to Her quickening power in every living part, eclipse their beauty.


Doth as a nurse, or as a mother serve; ECLIPSE. See ASTRONOMY, Index.

And doth employ her economick art,

And busy care, her household to preserve. ECLI'PTIC, n. s. & adj. ExAEITTIKOS. A great

Davies. circle of the sphere, supposed to be drawn

Some are so plainly economical, as even to desire that througn the middle of the zodiac, and inaking the seat be well watered, and well swelled. an angle with the equinoctial, in the points of

Wutton's Architecture. Aries and Libra, of 23° 30' which is the sun's

All the divine and infinitely wise ways of economy greatest declination : relating to or described hy that God could use towards a rational creature, oblige the ecliptic.

mankind to that course of living which is most agreeAll stars that have their distance from the ecliptick able to our nature.

Hammond. northwards not more than twenty-three degrees and a By St. Paul's economy the heir differs nothing from half, may, in progression of time, bave declination a servant, while he is in his minority; so a servant southward, and move beyond the equator.

should differ nothing from a child in the substantial Browne's Vulgar Errours. part.

Taylor. The terraqueous globe had the same site and pc If this economy must be observed in the minutest sition, in respect of the sun, that it now hath: its axis parts of an epick poem, what soul, though sent into was not parallel to that of the ecliptick, but inclined the world with great advantages of nature, cultivated in like manner as it is at present.

with the liberal arts and sciences, can be sufficient to Woodward's Natural History.

inform the body of so great a work ? You must conceive an imaginary plane, which, pas

Dryden's Dedication to the Æneid. sing through the centre of the sun and the earth, ex

I have no other notion of economy than that it is the tends itself on all sides as far as the firmament: this parent of liberty and ease.

Swift. plane is called the ecliptick, and in this the centre of

In economical affairs, having proposed the governthe earth is perpetually carried, without any


ment of a family, we consider the proper means to Bentley. effect it.

Watts. The earth's rotation makes the night and day;

The regard one shows economy, is like that we show The sun revolving through the ecliptick way,

an old aunt, who is to leave us something at last. Effects the various seasons of the Blackmore,

Shenstone. year.

Economy is the parent of integrity, of liberty, and Where with vast convolution Draco bolds

of ease; and the beauteous sister of temperance, of The ecliptick axis in his scaly folds,

cheerfulness, and health.

Adventurer. O'er half the skies his neck enormous rears, And with immense meandecs parts the bears.

And from the many heavy taxes required from them

by the necessities of the state, have surely reason to be Darwin. economical.

Franklin. ECLIPTIC. See ASTRONOMY, Index.

Mere parsimony is not economy. It is separable in Ecliptic, in geography, a great circle on the theory from it; and in fact it may, or it may not, be terrestrial globe, not only answering to, but falling a part of economy, according to circumstances. Ex within, the plane of the celestial ecliptic. See pense, and great expense, may be an essential part in GEOGRAPHY.

true economy. If parsimony were to be considered as S'CLOGUE, n. s. Echoyn. A pastoral poem,

one of the kinds of that virtue, there is however another so called because Virgil called his pastorals virtue, and consists not in saving, but in selecting,

and an higher economy. Economy is a distributive eclogues.

Burke. What exclaiming praises Basilius gave this eclogue The age of chivalry is gone, and one of calculators any man may guess, that knows love is better than and economists has succeeded.

Id. spectacles to make every thing seem great. Sidney. From this outline a philosopher may catch a glimpse

It is not sufficient that the sentences be brief the of the general economy of nature ; and like the mari. whole eclogue should be so too.

Pope. ner cast upon an unknown shore, who rejoiced when he

saw the print of a human foot upon the sand, he may ECLUSE, Fort de L', a fort of Switzerland, in the district of Gex, and canton of Geneva, cry out with rapture, 'A God dwells here.'

Darwin. situated on the right bank of the Rhone, about

ECOUEN, a well-built town of France, on the 120 feet above the level of the river. It ad- side of a hill, containing a number of villas beheres in appearance to the bare rock of the longing to the citizens of Paris, from which it is Jura, which shelves over a part of its fortific about twelve miles distant. On an eminence cations, while the remainder hangs, as it were, towards the west extremity stands a noble castle, suspended above the Rhone. Thirteen miles built in he reign of Francis I., and now belongwest of Geneva. ECONOMʻIC, adj. & n. s.

ing to the prince of Conde. Inhabitants about

Gr. Olkovoja. 1200. ECONOM'ICAL, adj.

Sometimes writ ECPHRACTICKS, n. s. Gr. ex and opattw. Eco'nom IST, n. s.

ten, from its de- Such medicines as render rough humors more thin, Eco'xomy, n. s.

rivation, econo

so as to promote their discharge. nomy; but æ is not a diphthong in English, says Procure the blood a free course, ventilation, and Dr. Johnson. The management, or government, transpiration, by suitable purges and ecphractick mediof a family. Hence frugality, order, regulation, cines.


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Bp. Hall.

A copy.

EC'STASY, n.s. Fr. ertase ; Ital. Span. lay like men dead or asleep, deprived of all Ec'STASIED, adj. and Port. ectasi ; Lat. ec sense and motion ; but, after some time, returning Ecsta'tic, stusis; Greck, Eksaois, ab to themselves, gave strange relations of what

ECSTATICAL, EKTELVW, extendo. Any pas- they had seen and heard. siou by which the thoughts are absorbed, and in ECTHESIS, in church history, a confession which the mind is for a time lost. The adjectives of faith, in the form of an edict, published A D. all mean rapt or absorbed in passion or enthu- 639, by the emperor Jleraclius, to pacify the siasm.

troubles occasioned by the Eutychian heresy in Follow them swiftly,

the eastern church. He however revoked it, on And hinder them from what this ecstacy being informed that pope Severinus had conMay now provoke them to.

demned it, as favoring the Monothelites; declarShakspeare. Tempest.

ing at the same time, that Sergius, patriarch of Now sec that noble and most sovereign reason,

Constantinople, was the author of it. Like sweet bells jangled out of tune, and harsh,

ECTIILIPSIS, among Latin grammarians, a That unmatched form, and feature of blown youth, Blasted with ecstasy.

Id. Humlet.

figure of prosody whereby the m, at the end of a

word, where the following word begins with a Return, my soul! from this ecstacie And meditation of what thou shalt be

vowel, is elided, or cut off, together with the To earthly thoughts, till it to thee appear

vowel preceding it, for the sake of the measure With whom thy conversation is ust be there. of the verse : thus they read mult' ille, for mul

Donne, tum ille. Would she but shade her tender brows with bay, ECTROPIUM, in surgery, is when the eyeThat now lye bare in carelesse willful rage ;

lids are inverted, or retracted, so that they show And trance berselfe in that sweet estacy,

their internal or red surface, and cannot suffiThat rouzeth drouping thoughts of bashful age. ciently cover the eye.

He loved me well, and oft would beg me sing;
Which when I did, he on the tender grass

The complex ideas of substances are ectypes, copies, Would sit, and hearken even to ecstasy.

Locke. Milton.

but not perfect ones; not adequate. There doth my soul in holy vision sit,

EDA, or Eday, one of the Orkney Isles, about n pensive trance, and anguish, and ecstatick fit. five miles and a half long, and nearly one and a

Id. half broad, situated eight miles N. N. E. from When one of them, after an extatical manner, fell Pomora. It consists chiefly of hills of a modedown before an angel, he was severely rebuked, and rate height, affording excellent pasture ; and conbidden to worship God.

Stillingfieet. tains several villages, and has two good harbours These are as common to the inanimate things as to

or road-steads, each sheltered by a small islet, the most erstasied soul upon earth.


where vessels of any Surden may ride in safety. ”T may be No longer joy there, but an ecstasy.


There is an old chapei in ruins, and the remains Whether what we call ecstacy be not dreaming with

of several religious houses. Near this island our eyes open, I leave to be examined. Locke.

are several pasture isles or holms, on which are The religious pleasure of a well-disposed mind the ruins of several reiigious edifices. moves gently, and therefore constantly : it does not EDA'CITY, n. S. / Lat. edacitas. Voracity; affect by rapture and ecstasy ; but is like the pleasure Eda'cious, adj. S ravenousness; greediness; of health, still and sober.


rapacity. Each delighted, and delighting, gives The pleasing erstasy which each receives.

The wolf is a beast of great edacity, and digestion;

it Prior. may be the parts of him comfort the bowels.

Bracor. A pleasure, which no language can express; An ecstacy that mothers only feel,

EDAM, a town of North Holiand, near the Plays round

my heart. Philips's Distressed Mother. Zuyder-zee, with a good harbour, forised by the In trance ecstatick may thy pangs be drowned ; river Ey. The inhabitants derive their subsisBright clouds descend, and angels watch thee round. tence partly from ship-building, and partiy from

Pope. salt and oil works. It is an old market for The very kine that gambol at high noon,

cheese, although much fallen off. Twelve miles The total herd receiving first from one,

north of Amsterdam. That leads the dance, a summons to be gay,

Evam, an island on the coast of Jara, about Though,wild their strange vagaries, and uncouth

two miles in circuit and very woody. Here the Their efforts, yet resolved with one consent,

Dutch have several salt warehouses, and a conTo give such act and utterance as they may To ecstasy too big to be suppressed. Corper.

vict establishment for making cordage. Wakes from his trance, alarmed with

young Desire,

EDDA, the system of the ancient Icelandic or Finds his new sex, and feels ecstatic fire ;

Runic mythology, containing many curious parFrom flower to flower with honeyed lip he springs,

ticulars of the theology, philosophy, and manners And seeks his velvet loves on silver wings.

of the northern nations of Europe; or of the Scan

Darwin. dinavians who had migrated from Asia, and from And let not this seem strange; the devotec whom our Saxon ancestors were descended. Mr. Lives not in earth, but in his ecstasy;

Mallet apprehends that it was originally compiled, Around him days and worlds are heedless driven; soon after the Pagan religion was abolished, as a His soul is gone before his dust to heaven. Byron.

course of poetical lectures, for the use of such ECSTATICI, Eκτατικοι, from εξισημι, I am young Icelanders as devoted themselves to the entranced ; in antiquity, a kind of diviners who profession of a scald or poet. It consists of two were cast into trances or ecstacies, in which they principal parts: the first containing a brief system

of mythology, properly called the Edda : and the hereby the earth, who was the spouse of Odin or second being a kind of art of poetry, and called the Supreme God; whence we may infer that, scalda. The most ancient Edda was compiled according to the opinion of these ancient philosoby Soemund Sigfusson, surnamed the learned, phers, this Odin was the active principle or soul who was born in Iceland about A. D. 1057. This of the world, which, uniting itself with matter, was abridged, and rendered more intelligible, had thereby put it into a condition to produce about 120 years afterwards, in the form of a the intelligences or inferior gods, and men and dialogue, by Snorro Sturleson, who was supreme all other creatures. The Edda likewise teaches judge of Iceland in 1215 and 1222. He added the existence of an evil being called Loke, the also the second part in the form of a dialogue, calumniator of the gods, the artificer of fraud, being a detail of different events transacted among who surpasses all other beings in cunning and the divinities. The only three pieces that are perfidy. It teaches the creation of all things out known to remain of the more ancient Edda of Soe of an abyss or chaos ; the final destruction of the mund, are the Voluspa, the Havamaal, and the world by fire; the absorption of the inferior diRunic chapter. The Voluspa, or prophecy of vinities, both good and bad, into the bosom of Vola or Fola, appears to be the text, on which the grand divinity, from whom all things prothe Edda is the comment. It contains, in 200 ceeded, as emanations of his essence, and who or 300 lines, the whole system of mythology, will survive all things; and the renovation of the disclosed in the Edda, and may be compared to earth in an improved state. the Sibylline verses, on account of its laconic EDDER, v. a. & n. s. Probably from edge. yet bold style, and its imagery and obscurity. To biud or interweave a fence.

Not in common It is professedly a revelation of the decrees of the use. Father of Nature, and the actions and operations To add strength to the edge, edder it ; which is, bind of the gods. It describes the chaos, the forma- the top of the stakes with some small long poles, on tion of the world, with its various inhabitants, each side.

Mortimer's Husbandry. the functions of the gods, their most signal ad

In lopping and felling, save edder and stake, ventures, their quarrels with Loke, or Lak, their

Thine hedges, as needeth, to mend or to make.

Tusser. great adversary, and the vengeance that ensued; and concludes with a long description of the final

E'DDY, n. s., adj. & v. a. Icel. ida ; but it is state of the universe, its dissolution and confla- better derived from Goth. idga, to agitate: Sax. gration, the battle of the inferior deities, and the ed, backward, again, and ea, water. Water that evil beings, the renovation of the world, the

runs contrary to the main stream : whirl. It is happy lot of the good, and the punishment of used also as a verb active. the wicked. The Havamaal, or Sublime Dis

My praises are as a bulrush upon a stream; if they course, is attributed to the god Odin, who is sup- sink not, 'tis because they are borne up by the strength

of the
current, which

supports posed to have given these precepts of wisdom to

their lightness; but they

are carried round again, and return on the eddy where mankind. It is comprised in about 120 stanzas,

they first began.

Dryden. and resembles the book of Proverbs. The Runic

And chaff with eddy winds is whirled around, chapter contains a short system of ancient magic,

And dancing leaves are lifted from the ground. and especially of the enchantments wrought by

Id. Virgil. the operation of Runic characters. A manuscript The wild waves mastered him, and sucked him in, copy of the Edda of Snorro is preserved in the And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryden. library of the university of Upsal; the first part So, where our wide Numidian wastes extend, of which has been published with a Swedish and Sudden the impetuous hurricanes descend, Latin version by M. Goranson. The Latin ver Wheel through the air, in circling eddies play, sion is printed as a supplement to M. Mallet's


the sauds, and sweep whole plains away.

Addison's Cuto. Northern Antiquities. The first edition of the

Tis thine to cherish and to feed
Edda was published by Resenius, professor at
Copenhagen, in a large 4to. volume, in 1665,

The pungent pose-refreshing weed :

Which, whether pulverized it gain containing the text of the Edda, a Latin transla

A speedy passage to the brain, tion, by an Icelandic priest, a Danish version,

Or whether, touched with fire, it rise and various readings from different MSS. M.

In circling eddies to the skies, Mallet has also given an English translation of Does thought more quicken and refine the first part, accompanied with remarks, from Than all the breath of ali the Nine. Cowper. which we learn that the Edda teaches the doc

Through her fine limbs the mimic lightnings dart, trine of the Supreme, called the Universal Fa- And flames innocuous eddy round her heart; ther, and Odin, who lives for ever, governs all O'er her fair brow the kindling lustres glare, his kingdom, and directs the great things, as well Blue rays diverging from her bristling hair. Darwin. as the small, who formed the heaven, earth, and

The sea-tide's opposing motion, air; made man, and gave him a spirit or soul, In azure column proudly gleaming, which shall live after the body shall have Beats back the current many a rood mouldered away; and then all the just shall In curling foam and mingling flood, dwell with him in Gimle or Vinyolf, the While eddying whirl, and breaking wave, palace of friendship; but wicked men shall go

Roused by the blast of winter, rave.

Byron. to liela, or death, and from thence to Nislheim, EDDYSTONE Rocks, the name of some rocks or the abode of the wicked, which is below iu the in the English Channel, so called from the great ninth world. It inculcates also the belief of se- variety of contrary currents in their vicinity. veral inferior gods and goddesses, the chief of They are situated nearly S.S.W. from the middle whon is Frigga, or Frea, i. e. lady, meaning of Plymouth Sound, their distance from the port

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