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about fourteen miles; and from Ram-Head, the engraving, their brilliant cast, and the ease apnearest point of land, twelve and a half. They parent in the execution; and to this facility is are almost in the line which joins the Start and owing the great number of plates we have of his, the Lizard Points; and, as they lie in the direc- among which are excellent portraits of many iltion of vessels coasting up and down the Chan- lustrious men of his time. Among the most nel, they were very dangerous, and frequently admired of his prints are the following: 1. A ships were wrecked on them, before 'the light- battle between four horsemen, with three figures house was established. They are so exposed to lying slain upon the ground, from Leonardo da the swells of the ocean, from all the south and west Vinci. 2. A holy family, with Elizabeth, Saint points of the compass, that the heavy seas come John, and two angels, from the famous picture of uncontrolled, and break on them with the utmost Raphael in the late king of France's collection. fury. After a storm, when the sea in general is, 3. Mary Magdalen, from Le Brun. 4. Alexto all appearance, quite smooth, and its surface 'ander entering into the tent of Darius, a large unruffled by the slightest breeze, the growing print, on two plates, from Le Brun. 5. Alesswell or under current, meeting the slope of the ander entering into the tent of Darius, finished rocks, the sea often rises above the lighthouse in by P. Drevet, from Peter Mignard. Edelinck a magnificent manner, overtopping it as with died in 1707, in an advanced age, at the Hotel a canopy of froth. Notwithstanding this tre- Royal, in the Gobelins, where he had an apartmendous swell, Mr. Henry Winstanley, in 1696, ment. His brother John was also a skilful enundertook to build a lighthouse on the principal graver, but died young. rock, for the rest are under water; and he com EDEMATOʻSE, adj. Orônua. Swelling; pleted it in 1700. This ingenious mechanic was full of humors : commonly written oedematons. so confident of the stability of his structure, that A serosity obstructing the glands may be watery, he declared his wish to be in it during the most edematose, and schirrous, according to the viscosity of tremendous storm that could blow. Unfortu- the humour.

Arbuthnot. nately he obtained his wish, for he perished in EDEN; from Heb. 119, i.e. pleasure ; a counit during the dreadful storm which destroyed it, try with a garden, in which the progenitors of on the 27th November, 1703. In 1709 another mankind were settled by God himself. It would lighthouse was erected of wood on this rock, but be endless to recount the various conjectures as on a different construction, by Mr. John Rud- to its situation, some of which are very wild and yard. It stood till 1755, when it was burnt. A extravagant. Moses says tható a river went out third one, of stone, begun by the late celebrated of Eden to water the garden, and from thence it Mr. John Smeaton, on the 2d of April, 1757, was parted and became into four heads.' This was finished 24th August, 1759; and has with- river is supposed to be the common channel of stood the rage of all weathers ever since. The the Euphrates and Tigris, after their confluence ; rock which slopes towards the south-west is cut which parted again below the garden into two into horizontal steps; into which are dove-tailed, different channels, so that the two channels beand united by a strong cement, Portland stone fore, and the other two after their confluence, and granite, for Mr. Smeaton discovered that it constitute the heads mentioned by Moses. This was impossible to make use of the former en- will determine the situation of the garden to tirely, as there is a marine animal that can de- have been in the south of Mesopotamia, or in stroy it; and that he could not use the latter Babylonia. The garden was also called Parasolely, as the labor of working it would have been dise; a term of Persic original, denoting a gartoo expensive. He therefore used the one for the den. interual, and the other for the external, part of Eden, a river of England, which rises in Westthe structure. Upon the principle of a broad moreland, on the borders of Yorkshire, crosses base and accumulation of matter, the whole, to the county of Cumberland, and runs into the the height of thirty-five feet from the foundation, Solway Frith, about seven miles below Carlisle. is a solid mass of stones engrafted into each Salmon appear in the Eden in numbers, so early other, and united by every kind of additional as December and January, and the London and strength. The lighthouse has four rooms, one Newcastle markets are supplied with early fish over another, and at the top a gallery and lan- from this river; but it is remarkable that they tern. The stone floors are fat above, but con- do not visit the Esk in any quantity till April, cave below, and are kept from pressing against notwithstanding the mouths of the two rivers are the sides of the building by a chain let into the very near each other. walls. The lighthouse is nearly eighty feet high, EDEN, a river of Scotland, in Berwickshire, and withstands the most violent storms, without which rises in Lammermuir, joins the Tiviot at sustaining the smallest injury. In all probabi- Kelso, runs along the south and south-east borlity, as Mr. Smearon said, nothing but an earth- ders of the parish of Edenham, and falls into the quake can destroy it. The wooden part of it, Tweed near Coldstream. It produces trouts however, was burnt in 1770, but renewed in and some salmon. 1774.

EDENTON, a district on the sea-coast of EDELINCK (Gerard), a famous engraver, North Carolina, bounded on the north by the born at Antwerp, where he was instructed in state of Virginia, on the east by the ocean, "? drawing and engraving. He settled at Paris in the west by Halifax district, and on the south by the reign of Louis XIV. who made him his en- Newbern. It is subdivided into nine counties, graver in ordinary. He was also counsellor in viz. Chowan, Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, ihe Royal Academy of Painting. His works are Perquimins, Gates, Hertford, Bertie, and Tyrrel. particularly esteemed for the neatness of the Its chief town is Édenton. The wood is chiefly

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1

Sax. ecge ;

pine, oak, cypress, and juniper, all of which EDGCOMB, a county of Halifax district abound.

North Carolina, bounded on the south by Pitt Edenton, the capital of the above district, is county ; on the south-west by Wayne county a post town and port of entry, at the head of a and Tar River, which affords it communication bay on the north side of Albemarle Sound, and with several counties in the state, on the west by at the north-east side of the opening of Chowan Nash county, and on the east by Martin and River. It is ninety-seven miles north of Newbern, Halifax counties. 139 south-east of Petersburgh, and 440 S.S.W. EDGE, n. S., v. a. & v. n. of Philadelphia.

EDGʻING, n. S.

Goth

egg, or EDER, a river of Germany, having its source

EDGE'LESS, adj.

eg; Teut. eche; on the borders of Nassau, and, after watering the EDGE'TOOL, n. s.

Swed. egg; Lat. county of Hesse, having its embouchure in the Edge'wise, adı:

acies, of Gr. akis. Fulda.

The sharp part of a blade or cutting instrument; EDESSA, or Vodina, a large town of Euro- termination of two sloping sides; brink; margin; pean Turkey, in Romania, near the Vistricza, applied, also, to acuteness of intellect. The called by the Turks Moglena. In ancient times verbs are derived from the noun, and the active it was the residence of the Macedonian kings. verb is used to signify putting forward edgewise: It has about 12,000 inhabitants, part of whom and, metaphorically, to exasperate; infiame. are employed in woollen manufactures; and is Edging, as a substantive, means that which forty-four miles W.N.W. of Saloniki, and 316 forms, or covers, the edge: bordering. west of Constantinople.

Tis slander, EDFU, a village of Upper Egypt, celebrated Whose edge is sharper than the sword. as the site of the ancient Apollinopolis Parva,

Shakspeare. Cymbeline. and containing two temples, which present most

Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord !

That would reduce these bloody days again. magnificent monuments of ancient Egyptian

Id. Richard III. architecture. Those of Tentyra, in Denon's opi

To morrow in the battle .hink on me, nion, alone could equal them. Each of the sides

And fall thy edgeless sword; despair and die. Id. of the pyramidal propylon, which forms the prin

A harsh grating tune setterb the teeth on edge. cipal entrance to the greater temple, is 100 feet

Bacon. in length, thirty wide, and 100 high. Many We find that subtile or edged quantities do prevail of the figures sculptured on it are thirty feet over blunt ones.

Digby on Bodies. high, and executed in a very masterly and spirited He that will a good edge win, style. The colors are preserved occasionally. Must forge thick, and grind thin. Proverb. There is a staircase in each division of 150, or

There sat she rolling her alluring eyes, 160 steps, which lead into apartments alternately

To edge her champion's sword, and urge my ruin. thirty-one feet by ten, and seventeen by ten.

Dryden. Mr. Hamilton never saw more colossal sculptures

I must edge upon a point of wind,
And make slow way.

Id. Cleomenes. than on the outer walls of this temple. They are chiefly emblematic of the beneficial influence of and cause a greater application.

Silence and solitude set an edge upon the genius,

Id. Dufresnoy. the sun in drawing forth and maturing the fruits

The garland which I wove for you to wear, of the earth. Isis is represented suckling a young And bordered with a rosy edging round. Dryden. child; priests and priestesses are sometimes seen There must be no playing with things sacred, nor offering young children to the goddess and to jesting with edgedtools.

L'Estrange. Osiris. The rubbish has collected to a greater Nurses from their children keep edgetools. Dorset. height here than on the site of any of the other Edging by degrees their chairs forwards, they towns in the Thebaid. Long. 32° 53' 44' E., were in a little time got up close to one another. lat. 24° 48' 53' N.

Locke. EDGAR, the son of Edmund I., one of the Should the flat side be objected to the stream, most fortunate of the Anglo-Saxon monarchs. it would be soon turned edgewise by the force of it. He succeeded his brother Edwy, A. D. 959; and

Ray. is said to have been rowed down the Dee, by

A woman branches out into a long dissertation

Addison's Spectator. eight kings, his vassals. He died in 975. "See upon the edging of a petticoat.

They are edgeless weapons it hatb to encounter. ENGLAND.

Decay of Piety. EDGAR ATHELING, the son of prince Edward,

But when long time the wretches' thoughts refined, by Agatha, daughter of the emperor Henry II. When want had set an edge upon their mind, and grandson of Edmund II. king of England. Then various cares their working thoughts employed Though he was the lawful heir of the crown, and And that which each invented all enjoyed. was even declared king upon the death of Harold

Creech's Manil. II. be submitted to William the Conqueror, after The rays which pass very near to the edges of any the battle of Hastings : but afterwards retired to body, are bent a little by the action of the body. Scotland with his two sisters, Margaret and

Newton's Opticks. Christina : where they were kindly received by

We have, for many years, walked upon the edge of king Malcolm II. who married the princess human life has held us from sinking into endless

a precipice, while nothing but the slender thread of Margaret. See ENGLAND.

misery.

Rogers. Edgar, a sea-port town of Massachusetts, in

Yes, the last pen for freedom let me draw, the United States, situated on the east side of

When truth stands trembling on the edge of law. the island of Martha's Vineyard, and reckoned

Pope. the best sea-port of the island. Long. 70° 25' Some harrow their ground over, and the

plow it W., lat. 41° 22'N.

upon an edge.

Mortimer's Husbandry.

use.

I shall exercise upon steel, and its several sorts; After an education at Trinity College, Dublin, and what sort is fittest for edgetools, which for springs.

and Corpus Christi, Oxford, he entered the TemMoxon.

ple, but, mechanics and general literature enIt is with wits as with razors, which are never so

gaging his attention, he formed an aequaintance apt to cut those they are employed on, as when they with Dr. Darwin, Mr. Day, and men of similar I have lost their edge.

However, if in general it be not easy to determine pursuits; in 1767 he is said to have contrived a concerning the lawfulness of such devious proceedings, telegraph, which however he did not bring into which must be ever on the edge of crimes, it is far

After residing some years in England be from difficult to foresee the perilous consequences of went to Lyons, where he was engaged in the dithe resuscitation of such a power in the people.

rection of some works on the Rhone. In 1780

Burke. he became a fellow of the Royal Society. In the Edge over edge expands the hardening scale, latter part of his life he resided chiefly on his And sheaths his slimy skin in silver mail. Darwin.

own estate at Edgeworth's-town, in the south But see bim on the edge of life,

of Ireland, constructing rail-roads, draining With cares and sorrows worn;

bogs, &c. and in conjunction with his celebrated Then age and want, Oh! ill-matched pair!

daughter, Miss Edgeworth, wrote a treatise on Show man was made to mourn.

Burns.

practical, and another on professional education, LADY TEA. Nay, I allow even that's better than the

as well as some subsidiary works. He was also pains Mrs. Prim takes to conceal her losses in front.

the author of An Essay on the Construction of She draws her mouth till it positively resembles the Roads and Carriages; A Letter to Lord Charleaperture of a poor's box, and all her words appear to

mont on the Telegraph; and various papers in slide out edgewise, as it were.

Sheridan. And you, ye crags, upon whose extreme edge,

the Transactions of the Royal Society and Irish I stand, and on the torrent's brink beneath

Academy. He died at Edgeworth's-town, in Behold the tall pines dwindled as to shrubs

June 1817. Mr. Edgeworth married four wires, In dizziness of distance; when a leap,

of whom two were sisters. A stir, a motion, even a breath, would bring

Edgings, in gardening, the series of small My breast upon its rocky bosom's bed

but durable plants, set round the edges or borTo rest for ever--wherefore do I

pause
?

Byron. ders of flower-beds, &c. The best and most EDGEFIELD, a county of South Carolina, durable of all plants for this use, is box; which, the southernmost in the district of Ninety-Six, if well planted and rightly inanaged, will conbounded on the north by Saluda River, which tinue in strength and beauty for many years. divides it' from Newbury county, on the south- The seasons for planting this are, the autumn, west by Savannah River, which separates it and very early in the spring; and the best spefrom the state of Georgia, on the east by Orange- cies for this purpose is the dwarf Dutch box. burg district, and on the west by Abbeville Formerly, it was also a very common practice to county: The ridge of elevated land, which di- plant borders, or edgings, of aromatic herbs; as vides the waters of Saluda from those of Savan- thyme, savory, hyssop, lavender, and the like; nah River, passes nearly through the middle of but these are all apt to grow woody, and to be the county. Edgefield county is about thirty- in part, or wholly destroyed in hard winters. four miles long, and twenty-four broad.

Daisies, thrift, or sea july-flower, and camomile, EDGEFIELD, a town in the above county, with are also used by some for this purpose : but they a court house and post office : forty miles from require yearly transplanting, and a great deal of Abbeville ; twenty-five from Augusta, and sixty trouble, otherwise they grow out of form; and from Colombia.

they are also subject to perish in very hard EDGEHILL, a village in Warwickshire, near Kenton; memorable for the first battle fought EDHILING, EDHILINGUS, an ancient appelbetween the forces of king Charles I., and those lation of the nobility among the Anglo-Saxons, of the parliament in 1642. It is fourteen miles • The Saxon nation,' says Nithard, Hist. lib. iv, south of Warwick. See ENGLAND, HISTORY. is divided into three orders or classes of people;

EDGEWARE, a town of England, in the the edhilingi, the frilingi, and the lazzi; which county of Middlesex, on the borders of Hert- signify the nobility, the freemen, and the vassals fordshire. It is eight miles north-west of London. or slaves.' Instead of edhiling, we sometimes

EDGEWORTH (Abbé), was born at Edge- meet with atheling, or ætheling; which appellaworth’s town in Ireland in 1745; but his father, tion was likewise given to the king's son, and who was a clergyman, having become a catholic, the presumptive heir of the crown. See ATHEL he settled with his family at Toulouse. After ING. studying at Paris, the abbé Edgeworth entered ED'DISH, n. s. Sax. edisc, a second crop of the fraternity of Les Missions Etrangères. He grass ; the aftermath : a ground on which a crop was confessor to the princess Elizabeth, and thus has grown the preceding year. becoming known to the unfortunate Louis XVI, he attended him to the scaffold. He made his which comes after mowing or reaping; otherwise called

Eddish, or eadish, is the latter pasture, or grass, escape in disguise afterwards, and came to Eng- car-grass, earsh, and etch.

Dr. A. Rees. land, whence he went to Mittau to attend upon Louis XVIII, and died there of an hospital fever

E'DIBLE, adj. From Lat. edo. Fit to be in 1807. His letters and life were published in eaten ; fit for food.

Some flesh is not edible, as horses and dogs. 1818.

Bacon. EDGEWORTH (Richard Lovell), a literary gen Wheat and barley, and the like, are made either tleman of considerable talents, was born in 1744 edible or potable by man's art and industry. at Bath, and of the same family as the foregoing.

More against Atheim,

seasons.

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