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Which Assembled at the City of Annapolis, May 8th, 1867,
and Adjourned August 17th, 1867.
OFFICERS OF THE CONVENTION.
Hon. RICHARD B. CARMICHAEL,
OF QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY.
Secretary-Milton Y. Kidd, of Cecil county. Assistant Secretary—Thomas H. Moore, of Baltimore county. Clerk of Revision and Compilation—Joseph H. Nicholson, of Anne Arundel county. Sergeant-at-Arms—Charles G. Griffith, of Baltimore city. Committee Clerks-John V. Posey, of St. Mary's county; Stephen P. Toadvine, of Somerset county; N. T. Meginnis, of Kent county, and John H. Woodward, of Baltimore city. Door Keepers—John Hagan, of Freda erick county; Henry Dryden, of Worcester county. Postmaster-J. E. Bateman, of Harford county. Assistant Postmaster-John W. Patterson, of Allegany county. Ifall Keeper-George W. Murdock, of Anne Arundel county. Folders
David Barry, of Prince George's county ; James Coon, of Washington county ; Edward A. Marshall, of Dorchester county ; T. G. Watkins, of Howard county. Pagos John C. McCabe, of Anne Arundel county; Anthony M. Neale, of Charles county; Henry A. Sommers, of Montgomery county; J. J. Grindall, of Baltimore city; William Chapline, of Baltimore city. Lamp Lighter-John V. Lowe, of Talbot county. Keeper of Rotundam Thos. A. Mitchell, of Anne Arundel county. Janitor of Committee foonis. Samuel Davis, of Anne Arnndel county.
Chaplains—Rev’ds: J. :J:. Henderson; S: V. Leech, J. P. Hammond, and Michael Burke:
"WE, THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND, GRATEFUL TO ALMIGHTY GOD FOR
OUR CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY, AND TAKING INTO OUR SERIOUS CONSIDERATION
ARTICLE 1. That all government of right originates from the people, is founded in compact only, and instituted solely for the good of the whole; and they have at all times, the inalienable right to alter, reform, or abolish their Form of Government, in such manner as they may deem expedient.
Art. 2. The Constitution of the United States, and the Laws made, or which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, are, and shall be the Supreme Law of the State; and the Judges of this State, and all the People of this State, are, and shall be bound thereby; anything in the Constitution or Law of this State to the contrary, notwithstanding.
ART. 3. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution thereof, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the People thereof.
Art. 4. That the People of this State have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof, as a free, sovereign and independent State.
ART. 5. That the Inhabitants of Maryland are entitled to the Common Law of England, and the trial by jury, according to the course of that Law, and to the benefit of such of the English Statutes as existed on the Fourth day of July, seventeen hundred and seventy-six, and which, by experience, have been found applicable to their local and other circumstances, and have been introduced, used and practiced by the Courts of Law or Equity ; and also of all Acts of Assembly in force on the first day of June, Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-Seven ; except such as may have since expired, or may be inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution; subject, nevertheless, to the revision of, and amendment, or repeal by the Legislature of this State; and the Inhabitants of Maryland are also entitled to all property derived to them from, or under the Charter granted by his Majesty, Charles the First to Cæcilius Calvert, Baron, of Baltimore.
Art. 6. That all persons invested with the Legislative, or Executive powers of Government are the Trustees of the Public, and as such, accountable for their conduct:—Wherefore, whenever the ends of Government are perverted, and public liberty manifestly endangered, and all other means of redress are ineffectual, the People may, and of right ought to reform the old, or establish a new Government; the doctrine of non-resistance against arbitrary power and oppression is absurd, slavish and destructive of the good and happiness of mankind.
ART. 7. That the right of the people to participate in the Legislature is the best security of liberty, and the foundation of all free Government; for this purpose, elections ought to be free and frequent; and every white male citizen, having the qualifications prescribed by the Constitution, ought to have the right af suffrage.
ART. 8. That the Legislative, Executive and Judicial powers of Government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each other; and no personi exercising the functions of one of said Departments, shall assume, or discharge the duties of
ART. 9. That no power of suspending Laws, or the execution of Laws unless by, or derived from the Legislature, ought to be exercised, or allowed.
Art. 10. That freedom of speech and debate, or proceedings in the Legislature ought not to be impeached in any Court of Judicature.
ART. 11. That Annapolis be the place of meeting of the Legislature; and the Legislature ought not to be convened, or held at any other place but from evident necessity.
ART. 12. That for redress of grievances, and for amending, strengthening and preserving the Laws, the Legislature ought to be frequently convened.
Art. 13. That every man hath a right to petition the Legislature for the redress of grievances in a peaceable and orderly manner.
ART. 14. That no aid, charge, tax, burthen, or fees ought to be rated or levied under any pretence, without the consent of the Legislature.
Art. 15. That the levying of taxes by the poll is grievous and oppressive, and ought to be prohibited ; that paupers ought not to be assessed for the support of the Government; but every person in the State, or person holding property therein, ought to contribute his proportion of public taxes for the support of the Government, according bis actual worth in real or personal property; yet, fines, duties, or taxes may properly and justly be imposed, or laid, with a political view, for the good Government and benfit of the community.
ART. 16. That sanguinary Laws ought to be avoided as far as it is consistent with the safety of the State; and no Law to inflict cruel and unusual pains and penalties ought to be made in any case, or at any time hereafter.
ART. 17. That retrospective Laws, punishing acts committed before the existence of such Laws, and by them only declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust and incompatible with liberty; wherefore, no expost facto Law ought to be made, nor any retrospective oath or restriction be imposed, or required.
Art. 18. That no Law to attaint particular persons of treason, or felony ought to be made in any case, or at any time hereafter.
Art. 19. That every man, for any injury done to him in his person, or property, ought to have remedy by the course of the Law of the Land, and ought to have justice and right, freely without sale, fully without any denial, and speedily without delay, according to the Law of the Land.
ART. 20. That the trial of facts, where they arise, is one of the greatest securities of the lives, liberties and estate of the People.
Art. 21. That in all criminal prosecutions, every man hath a right to be informed of the accusation against him; to have a copy of the indictment, or charge in due time, if required, to prepare for his defence; to be allowed counsel ; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have process for his witnesses; to examine the witnesses for and against him on oath; and to a speedy trial by an impartial jury, without whose unanimous consent he ought not to be found guilty.
ART. 22. That no man ought to be compelled to give evidence against himself in a criminal case.
ART. 23. That no man ought to be taken, or imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, liberties or privileges, or outlawed, or exiled, or in any manner destroyed, or deprived of his life, liberty or property but by the judgment of his peers, or by the Law of the Land.
Art. 24. That Slavery shall not be re-established in this State, but having been abolished, under the policy and authority of the United States, compensation, in consideration thereof, is due from the United States.
ART. 25. That excessive bail ought not to be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel, or unusual punishment inflicted by the Courts of Law.
ART. 26. That all warrants, without oath or affirmation, to search suspected places, or to seize any person, or property are grievous and oppressive; and all general warrants to search suspected places, or to apprehend suspected persons, without naming or describing the place, or the person in special, are illegal, and ought not to be granted.
ÅRT. 27. That no conviction shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture of estate.
Art. 28. That a well regulated Militia is the proper and natural defence of a free Government.
ART. 29. That Standing Armies are dangerous to liberty, and ought not to be raised, or kept up without the consent of the Legislature.
ART. 30. That in all cases, and at all times, the military ought to be under strict subordination to, and control of the civil power.
Art. 31. That no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor, in time of war, except in the manner prescribed by Law.
Art. 32. That no person except regular soldiers, and marines and mariners in the service of this State, or militia, when in actual service, ought, in any case, to he subject to, or punishable by Martial Law.
Art. 33. That the independency and uprightness of Judges are essential to the