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Who, but for staying on our controversy, Poison more deadly than a mad dog's tooth. Had hoisted sail, and put to sea to-day:

It seems his sleeps were hinder'd by thy railing: This chain you had of me, can you deny it ? And therefore comes it, that his liead is light.

S. Ant. I think, I had; I never did deny it. Thou say'st his meat was sauc'd with thy upbraid-
Aler. Yes, that you did, sir, and forswore it loo. 5 l'nquiet meals make ill digestions, (ings:
S. Ant. Whoheard me to deny it, or forswearit: Therefore the raging fire of fever bred;
Mier. These ears of mine, thou know’st, did And what's a fever but a fit of madness?
hear thee:

Thou say'st his sports were hinderd by thy brawls:
Fye on thee, wretch! 'tis pity, that thou liv’st Sweet recreation barr'rl, what duth ensue,
To walk where any honest men resort, 10 But moody and dull melancholy,

S. Ant. Thou art a villain to impeach me thus: Kinsman to grim and comfortless despair;
I'll prove mine honour and my bonesty

And, at her heels, a huge infectious troop
Against thee presently, if thou dar’st stand. Of pale distemperatures, and foes to life?
Mer. I dare, and do defy thee for a villain. In food, in sport, and life-preserving rest

[They draw. 15 To be disturb’d, would mad or man or beast : Enter Adriana, Luciana, Courtezan, and others. The consequence is then, thy jealous fits Adri. ffold, hurt him not, for God's sake; he Have scard thy husband froin the use of wits. is mad;

Luc. She never reprehended him but mildly, Some get within him, take his sword away: When he demean'd himselfrough,rude,and wildly. Bind Dromio too, and bear them to my house. 20 Why bear you these rebukes, and answer not? S. Dro. Run, master, run; for God's sake, Adr. She did betray me to my own reproof. take a house.

Good people, enter, and lay hold on him. This is some priory;-In, or we are spoild. Abb. No, not a creature enter in my house.

[Ereunt to the priory. Adr. Then, let your servants bring my husEnter Lady Abbess.


band forth. Abb. Be quiet, people; Wherefore throng you Abb. Neither; he took this place for sanctuary, bither?

[hence: And it shall privilege him from your hands, Adr. To fetch my poor distracted husband Till I have brought him to his wits again, Let us come in, that we may bind him fast, Or lose my labour in assaying it. And bear him home for his recovery.

30 Adr. I will atteird my husband, be his nurse, Ang. I knew, he was not in bis perfect wits. Diet his sickness, for it is my office; Mer. I am sorry now, that I did draw on him. And will have no attorney but myself; Abb. How long hath this possession held the And therefore let me have him home with me. man?

Abb. Be patient; for I will not let him stir, Adr. This week he hath been heavy, sour, sad, 35 Till I have us'd the approved means I have, And much, much different from the man he was; With wholesome syrups, drugs, and holy prayers, But, till this afternoon, his passion

To inake of him a formal man again: Ne'er brake into extremity of rage:

[sea 1 It is a branch and parcel of mine oath, Abb. Hath he not lost much wealth by wreck at A charitable duty of my order; Bury'd some dear friend? Hath not else his eye 40 Therefore, depart, and leave him here with me. . Stray'd his affection in unlawful love?

Adr. I will not hence, and leave my husband A sin, prevailing much in youthful men,

And ill it doth beseem your holiness, [here; Wbo give their eyes the liberty of gazing. To separate the husband and the wife. [him. Which of these sorrows is be subject to?

Abb. Be quiet, and depart, thou shalt not have Adr. To none of these, except it be the last; 45 Luc. Complain unto the duke of this indignity. Namely, some love that drew him oft from home.

[Erit Abbess. Abb. You should for that have reprehended Adr. Come, go; I will fall prostrate at his feet, Adr. Why, so I did.

[him. And never rise until my tears and prayers Abb. Ay, but not rough enough. (me. Have won his grace to come in person hither, Adr. As roughly, as my modesty would let 50 And take perforce my husband from the abbess. Alb. Haply in private.

Mer. By this, I think, the dial points at five; Adr. And in assemblies too.

Anon, I ain sure, the duke himself in person Abb. But not enough.

Comes this way to the melancholy vale:
Adr. It was the copy' of our conference: The place of death and sorry' execution,
In bed, he slept not for my urging it; 55 Behind the ditches of the abbey here.
At board, he fed not for my urging it;

Ang. Upon what cause ?
Alone, it was the subject of my theme;

Mer. To see a reverend Syracusan merchant, In company, I often glanc'd at it;

Who put unluckily into this bay
Still did I tell him it was vile and bad. [mad. Against the laws and statutes of this town,

Abb. And therefore came it that the man was 60 Beheaded publickly for his offence. (death. The renom clamours of a jealous woman

Ang. See, where they come; we will behold his | That is, the theme, or subject. ? i. e. restored to his senses. • Sorry here means lamented, as Ægeon was not to be executed for any crime, but by the decree to prevent the traftic between SyraCuse and Ephesus


Luc. Kneel to the duke, before he pass thel To scorch your face, and to disfigure you: abbey.

[Cry within. Enter the Duke, and Ægenn bare-headed; with Hark, hark, I hear him, mistress; fly, begone. the headsman and other officers.

Duke. Come, stand by me, fear nothing: Duke. Yet once again proclaim it publicly, 5

Guard with halberds. If any friend will pay the sum for him,

Adr. Ah me, it is iny husband! Witness you, He shall not die, so much we tender him. That he is borne about invisible: Adr. Justice, most sacred duke, against the Even now we hous'd him in the abbey here; abbess!

And now he's there,past thought of human reason. Duke. She is a virtuous and reverend lady; 110 Enter Antipholis, and Dromio, of Ephesus. It cannot be, that she hath done thee wrong. E. Ant. Justice, most gracious duke, oh, grant Adr. May it please your grace, Antipholis, my

me justice! husband,-

Even for the service that long since I did thee, Whom I made lord of me and all I had,

When I bestrid thee in the wars, and took At your important' letters,—this ill day 15 Deep scars to save thy life; even for the blood A most outrageous fit of madness took him; That then I lost for thee, now grant me justice. That desperately he hurry'd through the street, Ægeon. Unless the fear of death doth make me (With him bis bondman all as mad as he) I see my son Antipholis and Dromio. [dote, Doing displeasure to the citizens,

E. Ant. Justice, sweet prince, against that By rushing in their houses, bearing thence 1201

woman there. Rings, jewels, any thing his rage did like.

She whom thou gav'st to me to be my wife;
Once did I get hiu bound, and sent him home, That hath abused and dishonour'd me,
Whilst to take order for the wrongs I went, Even in the strength and height of injury !
That here and there his fury had committed. Beyond imagination is the wrong,
Anon, I wot not by what strong escape,

25That she this day hath shameless thrown on me. He broke froin those that had the guard of him : Duke. Discover how,and thou shalt find me just. And, with bis mad attendant and himself,

E. Ant. This day, great duke, she shut the doors Each one with ireful passion, with drawn swords,

upon me, Met us again, and, madly bent on us,

Whilst she with harlots feasted in iny house. Cha;'d us away; till, raising of more aid, 30 Duke. A grievous fault: Say, woman, didst Wec came again to bind them: then they fled

thou so?

(sister, Into this abbey, whither we pursu'd them;

Adr. No, my good lord;-myself, he, and my And here the abbess shuts the gates on us,

To-day did dine together: So befal my soul, And will not suffer us to fetch him out,

As this is false, be burdens me witbal ! Nor send him forth, that we may bear him hence. 35. Luc. Ne'er may I look on day, nor sleep on night, Therefore, most gracious duke with thycommand, But she tells to your highness simple truth! Let him be brought forth, and borne hence for Ang. () perjur'd women! They are both for. help.

(wars: In this the madman justly chargeth them. (sworn. Duke. Long since thy husband serv'd me in my E. Ant. My liege, I am advised what I say; And I to thee engag'd a prince's word, I

40 Neither disturb’d with the effect of wine, When thou didst make him master of thy bed, Nor heady-rash, provok'd with raging ire, To do hm all the grace and good I could. - Albeit, my wrongs might make one wiser mad. Go, some of you, knock at the abbey-gate, This woman lock'd me out this day from dinner: And bid the lady abbess come to me;

That goldsmith there, were he not packd with I will determine this, before I stir.

45 Could witness it, for he was with me then, (her, Enter a Messenger.

Who parted with me to go fetch a chain, Mess.O mistress, mistress,shift and save yourself! Promising to bring it to the Porcupine, My master and his man are both broke loose ! Where Balthazar and I did diné together. Beaten the maids a row), and bound the doctor, Our dinner done, and he not coming thither, Whose beard ihey have sing’d off with brands of 50 I went to seek him: in the street I met him; And ever as it blaz'd, they threw on him [tive; And in his company, that gentleman. Great paits of puddled mire to quench the bair: There did this perjur'd goldsmith swear me down, My master preaches patience to him, and the That I this day of him receiv'd the chain, His man with scissars nicks him like a fool. [while Which, God he knows, I saw not: for the which, And, sure, unless you send some present help, 55 He did arrest me with an officer. Between them they will kill the conjurer. [here; I did obey; and sent my peasant home

Ar. Peace, fool, thy master and his man are For certain ducats: he with none return'd.
And that is talse, thou dost report to us.

Then fairly I bespoke the officer.
Mess. Mistress, upon my life, I tell you true: To go in person with me to my house.
I have not breato'd ainost, since I did see it. 60 By the way we met my wife, her sister, and
He cries for you, and vows, if he can take you, A rabble niore of vile confederates;

! Perhaps we should read importunate. * i. e, to take measures. 'i. e. one after another, Harlois here means chcuts.



Along with them

(villain, E. Dro. Ourselves we do remember, sir, by They brought one Pinch; a hungry lean-fac'd For lately we were bound, as you are now. [you; A meer anatony, a mountebank,

You are not Pinch's patient, are you, sir ? A thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller; Ægton. Why look you strange on me? you A needy, hollow-ey'd, sharp-looking wretch,

know me well. A living dead-mau: this pernicious slave,

E. Ant. I never saw you in my life, 'till now. Forsooth, took on him as a conjurer;

Egeon. Oh! grief hath chang'd me, since you And, gazing in my eyes, feeling my pulse,

saw me last; And with no-face, as it were, out-facing me,

And careful hours, with time's deformed hand Cries out, I was possess'd: then all together 10 Have written strange defeatures' in my face: They fell upon me, bound me, bore me thence; But tell me vet, dost thou not know my voice? And in a dark and dankish vault at home [ther; E. Ant. Neither. There left me and my man, both bound toge. Ægeon. Dromio, nor thou? 'Till gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder, E. Dro. No, trust me, sir, nor I. I gain'd my freedom, and inmediately

15 Ægeon. I am sure thou dost. Ran hither to your grace; whom I beseech E. Dro. Ay, sir? To give me ample satisfaction

But I am sure, I do not; and whatsoever For these deep shames and great indignities. A man denies, you are now bound to believe him. Ang. My lord, in truth, thus far I witness with tgeon. Not know my voice! Oh, time's exhim;


tremity! That he din'd not at home, but was lock'd out. Hast thou so crack'd and splitted my poor tongue

Duke. But had he such a chain of thee, or no? In seven short years, that here my only son Ang. He had, my lord: and when he ran in Knows not my feeble key of untun'd cares? here,

Though now this grained: face of mine be hid These people saw the chain about his neck. 25 In sap-consuming winter's drizled snow,

Mer. Besides, I will be sworn, these ears of mine And all the conduits of my blood froze up; Heard you consess, you had the chain of him, Yet hath my night of life some memory, After you first forswore it on the mart,

My wasting lamps some fading glimmer left, And, thereupon, I drew my sword on you; My dull deaf ears a little use to hear: And then you fled into this abbey here, 30 All these old witnesses (I cannot err) From whence, I think you are come by miracle. Tell me thou art my son Antipholis.

E. Ant. I never came within these abbey-walls, E. Ant. I never saw my father in my life. Nor ever didst thou draw thy sword on me; Ageon. But seven years since, in Syracusa, boy, I never saw the chain, so help me heaven! Thou knowest, we parted: but, perhaps, my son, And this is false, you burden me withal. 35 Thou sham'st to acknowledge ine in misery.

Duke. Why, what an intricate impeach is this! E. Ant. The duke, and all that know me in I think, you all have drank of Circe's cup. Can witness with me that it is not so; [the city, If here you hous'd him, here he would have been; I ne'er saw Syracusa in my life. If he were mad, he would not plead so coldly:- Duke. I tell thee, Syracusan, twenty years You say, he died at home; the goldsmith here 40 Have I been patron to Antipholis, Denies that saying:Sirrah, what say you? During which time he ne'er saw Syracusa: E. Dro. Sir, he din'd with her there, at the I

see, thy age and dangers make thee dote. Porcupine.

[ring. Enter the Abbess, with Antipholis Syracusan, Cour. Hedid; and from my finger snatch'd that

and Dromio Syracusan. E. Ant. 'Tis true, my liege, this ring I had of 45 Abb. Most mighty duke, behold a man much her.

wrong'd. [All gather to see him. Duke. Saw'st thou him enter at the abbey here? Adr.I see two husbands,ormine eyes deceive me. Cour. As sure, my liege, as I do see your grace. Duke. One of these men is Genius to the other; Duke. Why, this is strange:-Go call the ab- And so of these: Which is the natural man, bess bither;

50 And which the spirit? who deciphers them? I think you are all mated', or stark mad.

S. Dro. I, sir, am Dromio; conimand him away. [Exit one to the Abbess. E Dro. I, sir, am Dromio; pray let me stay, Ageon. Most inighty duke, vouchsafe me speak S. Ant. Ægeon, art thou not > or else his ghost ? Haply, I see a friend, will save my life, I


S. Dro. O, my old master! who hath bound And pay the sum that may deliver me.

him here?

[bonds, Duke. Speak freely, Syracusan, what thou wilt. Abb. Whoever bound him, I will loose his

Ageon. Is not your name, sir, callid Antipholis? And gain a husband by his liberty :-
And is not that your bondman, Dronnio? [sir, Speak, old Ægeon, if thou be'st ihe man

E. Dro. Within this hour I was his bond-man, That hadst a wife once cail'd Æmilia,
But he, I thank hiin, gnaw'd in two my cords; 100 That bore thee at a burden two fair sons?
Now am I Dromio, and his man, unbound. [me. Oh, if thou be'st the same Ægeon, speak,
Ageon. I am sure, you both of you rememberl And speak unto the same Æmilia!
! i. e. wild, foolish. ? For deforming. !i. e. strange alteration of features. i. e. furrow'd.

Duke. ye

Duke. Why, here begins his morning story right: Cour. Sir, I must have that diamond from you. These two Antipholis's, these two so like,

E. Ant. There, take it; and much thanks for And those two Dromio's, one in spinblance,

my good cheer.

[pains Besides her urging of her wreck at sea, —

Abb. Renowned duke, vouchsafe to take the There are the parents to these children, 5 To go with us into the abbey here, Whica accidentally are met together.

And hear at large discoursed all our fortunes:digton. If I dream not, thou art Emilia; And all that are assembled in this place, If thou art she, tell me, where is that son That by this sympathized one day's Error That iloated with thee on the fatal raft?

Have suffer'd wrong, go, keep us company, Abb. By men of Epidamnum, lie and I, 10 And shall bave all satisfaction.And the twin Dromio, all were taken up; Twenty-tive years have I but gone in travail But, by-and-by, rude tishermen of Corinth Of yoũ, my sons; and, till this present hour, By force took Dromio and my son from them, My heavy burden not delivered :And me they left with those of Epidamnum: The duke, my husband, and my children both, What then became of them, I cannot tell; 15 And you the calendars of their nativity, I, to this fortune that you see me in.

[first? Go to a gossip's feast, and go' with me; Duke. Antipholis, thou cam'st from Corinth After so long grief such nativity! S. Ant. No, sir, not I; I came from Syracuse. Duke. With all my heart, I'll gossip at this feast. Duke. Stay, stand apart; I know not which is

[Exeunt. which.

[ous lord. 20 Manent the two Antipholis's, and two Dromio's. E. Ant. I came from Corinth, my most graci. S. Dro. Master, shall I fetch your stuff from E. Dro. And I with him. [mous warrior


[imbark'd ? E. Ant. Brought to this town by that most fa- E. Ant. Dromio, what stuff of mine hast thou Duke Menaphon, your most renowned uncle. S. Dro. Your goods that lay at host, sir, in the Adr. Which of you two did dine with me to-25

Centaur. S. Ant. I, gentle inistress.

[day: S. Ant. He speaks to me; I am your master, Adr. And are you not my husband ?

Dromio: E. Ant. No, I say nay to that.

Come, go with us; we'll look to that anon: S. Ant. And so did I, yet she did call me so; Embrace thy brother there, rejoice with him. And this fair gentlewoman, her sister here, 301

[Exeunt Antipholis S. and E. Did call me brother: What I told you then, S. Dro. There is a fat friend at your master's I hope, I shall have leisure to make good;

house, If this be not a dreain, I see, and hear. [me. That kitchen’d me for you to-day at dinner;

Ang. That is the chain, sir, which you had of She now shall be my sister, not my wife.
S. Ant. I think it be, sir; I deny it not. [me. 35 E. Dro. Methinks you are my glass, and not
E. Ant. And you, sir, for this chain arrested
Ang. I think I did, sir ; I deny it not. I see by you, I am a sweet-fac'd youth.

Adr. I sent you money, sir, to be your bail, Will you walk in to see their gossiping?
By Dromio; but I think he brought it not.

S. Dro. Not I, sir; you are my elder. E. Dro. No, nove by me.

[you, 401

E. Dro. That's a question :
S. Ant. This purse of ducats I receiv'd from How shall we try it ?
And Dromio my man did bring them me;

S. Dro. We will draw
I see, we still did meet each other's man,

Cuts for the senior; till then lead thou first. And I was ta'en for him, and he for me,

E. Dro. Nay, then thus: And thereupon these Errors are arose. [here. 45 We came into the world, like brotherand brother;

E. Ant. These ducats pawn I for my father And now let's go hand in hand, not one before Duke. It shall not need, thy father hath his life.


[Ereunt. : Dr. Warburton thinks we should read, and gaude; that is, rejoice with me.

my brother:




Dox PEDRO, Prince of Arragon.

(BORACHIO, Confident to Don John. LEONATO, Gorernor of Messina.

CONRADE, Friend to Boruchio.
Don John, Bastard Brother to Don Pedro.

POGBERRY, } two foolish Officers.

. "CLAUDIO, a young Lord of Florence, Favourite

VERGES, to Don Pedro. BENEDICK, a young Lord of Padua, fatoured

Lord of Padua, facoured Hero, Daughter to Leonato. likewise by Don Pedro.

BEATRICE, Niece to Leonato. BALTHAZAR, servant to Don Pedro.

MARGARET, | two Gentlewomen altending on ANTONIO, Brother to Leonato.


A Friar, Messenger, Watch, Town-Clerk, Sexton, and Attendants.

SCENE, Messina in Sicily,

A C T I.



Leon. He hath an uncle here in Messina will be

very much glad of it. Before Leonato's house.

Mess. I have already delivered him letters, and Eater Leonato, Hero, and Beatrice, with a Mes- there appears much joy in him; even so much, senger.

5 that joy could not shew itself modest enough, Leon. I LEARN in this letter, that Don Pedro of without a badge of bitterness.

Arragon comes this night to Messina. Leon. Did he break out into tears? Mess. He is very near by this; he was not three Mess. In great measure. leagues off when I left him.

Leon. A kind overflow of kindness: There are Leon. How many gentlemen have you lost in 10 no faces truer than those that are so wash’d. How this action?

much better is it to weep at joy, than to joy at Mess. But few of any sort ?, and none of name. weeping!

Leon. A victory is twice itself, when the at- Beat. I pray you, is signior Montanto rechiever brings home full numbers. I find here, turn'd from the wars, or no? that Don Pedro hath bestowed much honour on 15 Mess. I know none of that name, lady; there a young Florentine callid Claudio.

was none such in the army of any sort. Aless. Much deserv'd on his part, and equally Leon. What is he that you ask for, niece? remember'd by Don Pedro: He hath borne him- Hero.Mycousin meanssiguiorBenedick ofPadua. self beyond the promise of his age; doing, in the Mess. 0, he's return'd; and as pleasant as ever figure of a lamb, the feats of a lion: he hath, in-20 he was. deed, better better'd expectation, than you must Beat. He set up his bills here in Messina“, and expect of me to tell you how.

Ichallenged Cupidat the flight': and myuncle's fool Mr. Pope was of opinion, that the story of this play is taken from Ariosto's Orlando Furioso, b. v. Mr. Steevens, however, supposes, that a novel of Belleforest, copied from another of Bandello, furnished Shakspeare with his fable. 2 That is, of any rank. 3 Montante, in Spanish, is a huge txo-handed sword, given, with much humour, to one, the speaker would represent as a boaster or bravado. * This alludes to the custom of fencers, or prize-tighters, setting up bills, containing a general challenge. * To challenge at the flight, was a challenge to shoot with an arrow of a parucular kind, with narrow feathers,



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