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LO V E's

L A B O U R’S
L A B 0 U R’S L 0 S T.

LOS

PERSONS

REPRESENTE D.

FERDINAND, King of Natarre.

IloLOFERNES, a Schoolmaster. BIRON, 7 three Lords attending upon the

COSTARD, a Clown. LONGAVILLE,

MOTH, Page to Don Adriano de Armado.
DUMAIN,
King in his retirement.

A Forester.
BOYET, Lords, attending upon the Princess
MERCADE, ) of France.

Princess of France.
a fantastical

ROSALINE,

Ladies, attending on the Spaniard. MARIA, NATHANIEL, a Curate.

KATHARINE,

Princess.
Dull, a Constable.

JAQUENETTA, a Country Wench.
Officers, and others, Attendants upon the King and Princess.
SCENE, the King of Navarre's Palace, and the Country near it.

Don Apriano de Armado, {

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King. L Lite registered upon aur brazen tombs,

SCENE I.

Fat paunches have lean pates; and dainty bits

Make rich the ribs, but bankerout the wits.
Navarre. The Palace.

Dum. My loving lord, Dumain is mortify'd; Enter the King, Biron, Longaville, and Dumain. The grosser manner of these world's delights ET fame, that all hunt after in theirlives, 5 He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves :

To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die; And then grace us in the disgrace of death ; With all these living in philosophy. When, spight of corinorant devouring Time, Biron. I can but say their protestation over, The endeavour of this present breath may buy So much, dear liege, I have already sworn, That honour,whichshallbate bisscythe'skeenedge, 10 That is, to live and study here three years. And make us heirs of all eternity.

But there are other strict observances: Therefore, brave conquerors !--for so you are, As, not to see a woman in that term; That war against your own affections,

Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there. And the huge army of the world's desires, And, one day in a week to touch no food; Our late edict shall strongly stand in force: 15 And but one meal on every day beside; Navarre shall be the wonder of the world;

The whichi, I hope, is not enrolled there. Our court shall be a little Academe,

And then, to sleep but three hours in the night, Still and conteniplative in living art.

And not be seen to wink of all the day; You three, Biron, Dumain, and Longaville, (When I was wont to think no harm all night, Havesworn for three years'term to live with me, 20 And make a dark night too of half the day) My fellow-scholars, and to keep those statutes, Which, I hope well, is not enrolled there. That are recorded in this schedule here: [names; 0, these are barren tasks, too hard to keep ; Your oaths are past, and now subscribe your Nor to see ladies study, fast, nor sleep. [these. That his own band may strike his honour down, King. Your oath is pass'd to pass away froin That violates the smallest branch herein :

25 Biron. Let mesay, no, my liege, anif you please; If you are arm’d to do, as sworn to do,

I only swore, to study with your grace, Subscribe to your deep oath, and keep it too. And stay here in your court for three years'space.

Long. I am resolv'd: 'tis beta three years fast: Long. You swore to that, Biron, and to the rest. The mind shall banquet, though the body pine: Biron, By yea and pay, sir, then Iswore in jest.

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What is the end of study? let me know.

At Christmas I no more desire a rose, king. Why, that to know, which else we should Than wishi a snow in May's new-fangled shows; not know.

But like of each thing, that in season grows, Biron. Things hid and barrd (you mean) from So

you, to study now it is too late, [gate. common sense?

5 That were to climb o'er the house t' unlock the King. Ay, that is study's god-like recompence. King. Well, sit you out: go home, Biron; adieu!

Biron. Come on then, I will swear to study so, Biron. No, my good lord; I have sworn to stay To know the thing I am forbid to know :

with vou: As thus,-To study where I well may dine, And, though I have for barbarisin spoke more, When I to feast expressly am forbid;

Than for that angel knowledge you can say, Or, study where to meet some mistress tine, Yet confident I'll keep what I have swore,

When mistresses from common sense are bid: And bide the penance of each three years' day. Or, having sworn too hard a keeping oath, Give me the paper, let me read the same; Study to break it, and not break my troth. And to the strict'st decrees I'll write my name. If study's gain be thus, and this be so,

15 King. How well this yielding rescues thee Study knows that, which set it doth not know:

from shame! Swear me to this, and I will ne'er say, no.

Biron.“ Item, That no woman shall come with King. These be the stops that hinder study quite, “ in a mile of niy court.”—[Reading.] Hath this And train our intellects to vain delight. (vain, been proclaimed ?

Biron. Why, all delights are vain; but that most 20 Long. Four days ago. Which with pain purchas'd doth inherit pain: Biron. Let's see the penalty.—“On pain of As, painfully, to pore upon a book,

losing her tongue.”—[Reading:] Who devis'd To seek the light of truth; while truth the while, this penalty? Doth falsely bind the eyesight of his look: Long. Marry, that did I. Light, seeking light, doth light of light beguile: 25 Biron. Sweet lord, and why? [penalty: So, ere you tind where light in darkness lies, Long. To fright them hence with that dread Your light grows dark by losing of your eyes. Biron. A dangerous law against gentility 5! Study me how to please the eye indeed,

" Item, [Reading.) If any man be seen to talk By fixing it upon a fairer eye:

“ with a woman within the term of three years, Who dazzling so, that eye shall be his heed?, 30%" he shall endure such public shame as the rest of And give him light that was it blinded by: “ the court can possibly devise.”Study is like the heaven's glorious sun,

This article, my liege, yourself must break;
That will not be deep-search'd with saucy looks; For, well you know, here comes in embassy
Small have continual plodders ever won, TheFrench King's daughter, withyourself to speak:

Save base authoriry from others' books. 35 A maid of grace, and complete majesty,
These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights, About surrender-up of Aquitain
That give a name to every fixed star,

To ber decrepit, sick, and bed-rid father : Have no more profit of their shining nights, Therefore this article is made in vain,

Than those that walk and wot not what they are. Or vainly comes the admired princess hither. Toomuch to know, is, to know nought but fame; 140 King. What say you, lords? why, this was quite And every godfather can give a name. [ing!)

forgot. King. Ilow well he's read, to reason against read- Biron. So study evermore is overshot ; Dum. Proceeded? well, to stop all good pro- While it doth study to have what it would, ceeding!

It doth forget to do the thing it should; Long. He weeds the corn, and still lets grow the 45 And when it hath the thing it hunteth most, weeding.

'Tis won, as tuwas with fire; so won, so lost. Biron. The spring is near, when green geese are King. Wemust,offorce,dispense withthis decree; a-breeding

She must lye here on mere necessity. Dum. How follows that?

Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn Biron. Fit in his place and time.

150 Three thousand iimes within this three years Dum. In reason nothing:

For every man with his affects is born; [space, Biron. Something then in rhime.

Not by might master'd, but by special grace: Lug. Biron is like an envious sneaping * frost, If I break faith, this word shall speak for me, That bites the first-born infants of the spring. I am forsworn on mere necessity Biron. Well, say I am? why should proud sum- 55 So to the laws at large I write my name: mer boast,

And he, that breaks then in ihe least degree, Before the birds have any cause to sing? Stands in attainder of eternal shanie: Why should I joy in an abortive birth ?

Suggestions • are to others, as to me: ? That is, treacherously. ?Ileed here means his direction or lode-star. - Proceeded must bere be understood in the academical sense of taking a degree: the meaning of the passage then will

be," He “ has taken his degree on the art of stopping the degrees of others.” * i.e. Checking Meaning, against politeness and urbanity; for men without women become brutal'and savage. .i. e. Temptations.

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But, I believe, although I seem so loth,

Cost. As it shall follow in my correction; And l ain the last that will last keep his oath.

God defend the right! But is there no quick recreation granted?

hing. Will you hear the letter with attention King. Ay, that there is: our court, you know, Biron. As we would hear an oracle. is baunted

Cust. Such is the simplicity of man to hearken With a refined traveller of Spain;

Jafter the flesh. A man in all the world's new fashion planted, King. [Reuds.] “ Great deputy, the welkin's

That hath a mint of phrases in his bram; vice-gerent, and sole dominator of Navarre, One, whom the musick of his own vain tongue my soul's earth’s God, and body's fost ring pa

Doth ravish, like inchanting harmony; 10" tron,-"
A man of complements ?, whom right and wrong Cost. Not a word of Costard yet.

llave chose as umpire of their mutiny: King So it is,'This child of fancy, that Armado hight,

Cost. It may be so: but if he say it is so, he is,
For interim to our studies, shall relate, in telling true, but so, so.
In high-born worls, the worth of many a knight 15 King. Peace.

From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate. Cost: -be to me, and every man that dares
How you delighi, my lords, I know not, 1 ; not tight!
But, I protest, I love to hear him lie,

King. No words.
And I will use him for my minstrelsy.

Cost. —of other men's secrets, I beseech you. Biron. Armado is a must illustrious wiglit, 20 king. “ So it is, besiegedi with sable-colourd A man of fire-new words, fashion's own knight. melancholy, I did comunend the black oppressLong. Costard the swain and he shall be our ing humour to the most wholesome physick of sport;

thy health-giving air; and, as I am a gentleAnd, so to study, three years is but short.

man, betook myself to walk. The time when -Enter Dull, and Costard, rrith a letter. 251 About the sixth ho!r; when beasts most graze, Dull. Which is the duke's own person?

“ birds best peck, and men sit down to that nouBiron. This, fellow, What would't?

“ rishment which is called supper. So much for Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for ! “ the time when : Now for the ground which; am his grace's tharborough': but I would see his " which, I mean, I walked upon: It is ycleped, own person in tiesh and blood.

30“ thy park. Then for the place where: where, Biron. This is he.

· I mean, I did encounter that obscene and most Dull. Signior Arme-,Arme, --commends you. preposterous event, that drawetli from my snowThere's villainy abroad, this letter will tell you " white pen the ebon.colour'd ink, which here miore.

“ thou viewest, beholdest, surveyest, or seest:-Cost. Sir, the contents thereof are as touching 35" But to the place where,-It standeth north

• north-east and liy past, from the west corner of King. A letter from the magnificent Armado. thy curious knoited garden: There did I see

Biron. How low socver, the matter, I hope in " that lowspirited swam, that base minnow of thy God for bigh words.

mirth," (Cost. Me.) “that unletter'), smallLong. A bigh hope for a low having *:-God 40" knowing soul,” (Cost. Me.)“ that shallow vasgrant us patience.

“ sal,” (Cost. Still me.) " which as I remember, Biron. To hear? or forbear hearing?

hight Costard,” (Cost. (, me!) “sorted and Long. To hear meekly, sir, and to laugh mode- “ cunsorted, contrary to thy established proclaimsately; or to forbear both.

" ed edict and continent canon), with,--hith,-0 biron. Well, sir, be it as the stile shall give us 45" with,—but with this I passion to say wherecause to climb in the merriness.

“ with” Cost. The matter is to me, sir, as concerning Cost. With a wench. Jaquenetta. The manner of it is, I was taken King. “with a child of our grandmother Eve, a with the manner.

• female; or, for thy more sweet under tandmg, Biron. In what manner?

Him, I (as my ever esteemed duty Cost. In manner and form following, sir ; all pricks me on) have sent to thee, to receive the those three: I was seen with her in the manor. “ meed of punishment, by thy sweet grace's oftibole, sitting with her upon the form, and taken cer, Anthony Dull; a man of good repute, carbollowing ber into the park; which, put together, riage, bearing, and estimation.” is, in manner and form following. Now, sir, for 55 Dull. Me, an't shall please you; I am Anthony

I the inanner,- it is the manner of a man to speak

Dull. to a woman : for some form.

King: "For Jaquenetta, (so is the weaker vesBiron. For the following, sir?

“ sel called which I apprehended with the afore. i.e. Lively sport, or sprightly diversion. Complement, in Shakspeare's time, not only signified verbal civility, but the external accomplishments or ornamental appendages of a character. i.e. Thirdborough, a peace-officer, assistant to the constable, who acts abo in his absence. *j. e. a low possession, or acquisition. A phrase then used to signify, taken in the fact. Meaning, that as the minnow is one of the least esteemed of tisli, so the object of his mirth is one of the most contemptible #innen.

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" said swain) I keep her as a vessel of thy law's Arm. I spoke it, tender juvenal, as a congruent

fury; and shall, at the least of thy sweet notice, epitheton, appertaining to thy young days, which “bring her to trial. Thine, in all compliments we may noininate, tender. “ of devoted and heart-burning heat of duty,

Moih. And I, tough signior, as an appertinent Don ADRIANO DE ARMADO."| 5 |title to your old time, which we may name Biron. This is not so well as I look'd for, but tough. the best that I ever heard.

Arm. Pretty, and apt. King. Ay, the best for the worst. But, sirrah, Iloth. How mean you, sir? I pretty, and my what say you to this?

saying apt? or I apt, and my saying pretty?

I Cost. Sir, I confess the wench.

101 Arm. Thou preity, because little. king. Did you hear the proclamation?

Moth. Little pretty, because little: Wherefore Cost. I do confess much of the hearing it, but apt? little of the marking of it.

arm. And therefore apt, because quick. King. It was proclaim'd a year's imprisonment iloth. Speak you this in my praise, master? to be taken with a wench.

15 Arm. In thy condign praise. Cost. I was taken with none, sir; I was taken Moth. I will praise an ecl with the same praise. with a damo el.

Arm. What that an eel is ingenious ? King. Well

, it was proclaimed damose!. Aloth. That an eel is quick. Cost. This was no damosel, neither, sir; she Arm. I do say, thou art quick in answers :was a virgin

20 Thou heat'st niy blood. King. It is so varied too; for it was proclaim’d, Aloth. I am answer'd, sir. virgin.

Arm. I love not to be cross'd. Cost. If it were, I deny her virginity; I was Moth. He speaks the mere contrary, crosses' taken with a maid.

love not him. King. This maid will not serve your turn, sir. 25 Arm. I have promised to study three years Cost. This maid will serve my turn, sir.

with the duke. King. Sir, I will pronounce sentence; You shall Moth. You may do it in an hour, sir, fast a week with bran and water.

Arm. Impossible. Cost. I had rather pray a month with mutton Moth. How many is one thrice told ? and porridge.

30 Arm. I am ill at reckoning, it fitteth the spirit King. And DonArmado shall be yourkeeper.- of a tapster My lord Biron, see him deliver'd o'er.

Moth. You are a gentleman, and a gamester, sir, And go we, lords, to put in practice that

Arm. I confess both; they are both the varnish Which each to other hath so strongly sworn. of a complete man

[Ereunt. 35 Moth. Then, I am sure, you know how much Biron. I'll lay my head to any good man's hat,

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gross sum of deuce-ace amounts to. These oaths and laws will prove an idle scorn. Arm. It doth amount to one more than two. Sirralı, come on.

Moth. Which the base vulgar do call, three. Cost. I suiter for the truth, sir : for true it is, I Arm. True. was taken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a 40 Moth. Why, sir, is this such a piece of study? true girl; and therefore, Welcome the sour cup of Now here is three studied, ere you'll thrice wink: prosperity! Affliction may one day smile again, and and how easy it is to put years to the word three, 'till then, Sit thee down, sorrow! [Exeunt. and study three years in iwo words, the dancing S CE N E II.

horse * will tell you.

45 Arm. A most fine figure!
Armado's House.

Nioih. To prove you a cypher.
Enter Armado and Moth.

Arm. I will hereupon confess, I am in love: Arm. Boy, wliat sign is it, when a man of great

and as it is base for a soldier to love, so I am in spirit grows melancholy?

love with a base wench. If drawing my sword Moth. A great sign, sir, that he will look sad. 50 against the humour of affection would deliver me

Arm. Why, sadness is one and the self-same from the reprobate thought of it, I would take thing, dear imp!

desire prisoner; and ransom bim to any French Moth. No, no: O lord, sir, no.

courtier for a new-devised court'sy. I think scorn Arm. How canst thou part sadness and melan- to sigh; methinks, I should out-swear Cupid. choly, my tender juvenal??

55 Comfort me, boy; What great men have been in loth. By a familiar demonstration of the work- I love? ing, my tough signior.

Moth. Hercules, master. Arm. Why tough signior? why tough signior? Arm. Most sweet Hercules!—More authority,

Moth. Why tender juvenal? why tender ju- clear boy, name more; and, sweet my child, let venal ?

foolthem be men of good repute and carriage. Imp means his infant or little page. *j. e. my tender youth. 3 Crosses here mean money. * This alludes to a horse belonging to one Bunks, which played many remarkable pranks, and is frequently ment oned by many writers contemporary with Shakspeare.

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Jug. Man.

Moth. Samson, master : he was a man of gool Costard safe: and you must let him take no decarriage, great carriage; for he carried the town light, por no penance; but a' must fast three days gates on his back, like a porter: and he was in a-week: For this damsel, I must keep her at the love.

park; she is allowed for the day-woman. Fare Arm. O well-knit Samson! strong-jointed 5 you well. Samson! I do excel thee in my rapier, as much Arm. I do betray myself with blushing.-Maid. as thou didst me in carrying gates. I am in love 100.-Who was Samson's love, my dear Moth? Arm. I will visit thee at the ļodge, Moih. A woman, master.

Jay. That's hereby. Arm. Of what complexion?

10 Arm. I know where it is situate,
Moth. Of all the four, or the three, or the two; Jag. Lord, how wise you are!
or one of the four.

Arm. I will tell thee wonders.
Arm. Tell me precisely of what complexion? Jaq. With that face?
Moth. Of the sea-water green, sir.

Arm. I love thee.
Arm. Is that one of the tour complexions ? 15 Jog. So I heard you say.

Moth. As I have read, sir; and the best of them Arm. And so farewell. too.

Jaq. Fair weather after you! Arm. Green, indeed, is the colour of lovers: Düll. Come, Jaquenetta, away. but to have a love of that colour, methinks, Sam

[Errunt Duli and Jaquenetta. son had sinall reason for it. He, surely, aflected20 Arm. Villain, thou shalt fast for thy oftences, her for her wit.

ere thou be pardoned. Moth. It was so, sir; for she had a green wit. Cost. Well, sir, I hope when I do it, I shall do

Arm. My love is most immaculate white and lit on a full stomach. red.

Arm. Thou shalt be heavily punished. Moth. Most maculate thoughts, master, are 25 Cost. I am more bound to you, than your felmasked under such colours.

llows, for they are but lightly rewarded. Arm. Define, define, well-educated infant. Arm. Take away this villain; shut him up. Níoth. My father's wit, and my moiher's tongue,

Moth. Come, you transgressing slave; away, assist me.

Cost. Let me not be pent up, sir; I wul last, Arm. Sweet invocation of a child; most pretty, 30 being loose, and pathetical !

Moth. No, sir ; that were fast and loose: thou Mloih. If she be made of white and rell, shalt to prison. Her faults will ne'er be known;

Cost. 'Well, if ever I do see the merry days of
For blushing cheeks by faults are bred, desolation that I have seen, some shall see-

And fears by pale-white shown: |35 Moth. What shall some see?
Then, if she fear, or be to blame,

Cost. Nay, nothing, master Moth, but what they
By this you shall not know;

look upon. It is not for prisoners to be silent in For still her cheeks possess the same,

their words; and, therefore, I will say nothing: Which native she doth owe.

I thank God, I have as little patience as another A dangerous rhime, master, against the reason of 40 man; and therefore I can be quiet. white and red.

[Exeunt Moth and Costard. Arm. Is there not a ballad, boy, of the King and Arm. I do affect ? the very ground, which is base, the Beggar?

where her shoe, which is baser, guided by her Moth. The world was very guilty of such a bal- foot, which is basest, doth tread. I shall be for. lad some three ages since : but, I think, now, 'tis 45 sworn, (which is a great argument of falshoud) if not to be found; or, if it were, it would neither I love: And how can that be true love, which is serve for the writing, nor the tune.

falsely attempted? Love is a familiar; love is a srm. I will have that subject newly writ o'er, devil: there is no evil angel but love. Yet Samthat I may example my digression' by some mighty son was so tempted; and he had an excellent precedent. Boy, I do love that country girl, that 50 strength: yet was Solomon so seduced; and he I took in the park with the rational hind Costard; bad a very good wit. Cupid's butt-shaft is too hard she deserves well.

for Hercules' club, and therefore too much odds Moth. To be whipp'd; and yet a better love for a Spaniard's rapier. The first and second cause than my master.

[-Iside.

will not serve my turn; the passado he respects Arm. Sing, boy; my spirit grows heavy in love. 55 not,the duello he regards not; bis disgrace is to be

Moth. And that's great marvel, loving a light | all'd boy; but his glory is, to subdue men. Adieu, wench.

valour ! rust, rapier ! be still, drum! for your Arm. I say, sing

manager is in love; yea, he loveth. Assist ine Moth. Forbear, till this company be past.

some extemporal god of rhime, for I am sure, I Enter Dull, Costard, and Jaquenetta. 60shall turn sonneteer. Devise, wit; write, pen; for Dull. Sir, the duke's pleasure is, that you keep! I am for whole volumes in folio. [Exu, Digression here signifies the act of going out of the right way. * That is, love,

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