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MERCHANT OF VENICE.

PERSONS

R E PRESENTED.

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B'UKE of Venice.

LAUNCELOT, a Clown, Servant to the deut. PRINCE of Morocco.

GOBBO, Father to Launcelot. PRINCE of Arragon.

SALERIO, a Messenger from Verice. Anthonio, the Merchant of Venice.

LEOXARDO, Servant to Bassanio. BASSANIO, his Friend.

Servants to Portie. SALANIO,

STEPHANO, SALARINO,

Friends to Anthonioand Bassanio. GRATIANO, )

Portia, an Heiress. LORENZO, in love with Jessica.

NERISSA, Waiting-maid to Portia. SHYLOCK, a Jer.

JESSICA, Daughter to Shylock.
Tubal, a Jew.

Senators of Venice, Officers, Jailer, Servunts, and other Attendants.
SCENE, partly at Yenice, and partly at Belmont, the seat of Portia.

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S CE NE J.

Sal. My wind, cooling my broth,
A Street in Venice.

Would blow me to an ague, when I thought

What harm a wind too great might do at sea. Enter Anthonio, Salarino, and Salanio.

I should not see the sandy hour-glass run, Anth. I sooth, I know not why I am so sad;

5 But I should think of shallows, and of fats; It wearies me; you say it wearies you ; And see my wealthy Andrew dock'd in sand, But how I caught it, found it, or came by it, Vailing 'her high top wer than her ribs, What stuff 'tis made of, whereof it is born,

To kiss her burial. Should I go to church,

I I am to learn:

And see the holy edifice of stone, And such a want-wit sadness makes of me, 10 And not bethink me straight of dangerous rocks! That I have much ado to know myself.

Which touching but my gentle vessel's side, Sal. Your mind is tossing on the ocean : Would scatter all her spices on the streanı; There, where your argosies with portly sail, Enrobe the roaring waters with my silks; Like signiors and rich burghers on ihe flood, And, in a word, but even now worth this, Or as it were the pageants of the sea, - 15 And now worth nothing? Shall I have the thought Do over-peer the petty traffickers,

To think on this; and shall I lack the thought, That curtsy to them, do them reverence,

That such a thing, bechanc'd would make me sad? As they fly by them with their woven wings. But, tell not me, I know Anthonio

Sala. Believe me, sir, had I such ventures forth, Is sad to think upon his merchandize.
The better part of my affections would

Anth. Believe me, no: I thank my fortune for
Be with my hopes abroad. I should be still My ventures are not in one bottom trusted,
Plucking the grass, to know where sits the wind; Nor to one place: nor is my whole estate
Prying in maps, for ports, and piers and roads: Upon the fortune of this present year:
And ev'ry object that might make me fear Therefore iny merchandize makes me not sad.
Misfortune to my ventures, out of doubt, 25 Sala. Why then you are in love?
Would make me sad.

Anth. Fie, fie! Ships so named from Ragusa. The name of the ship. 3 To vail, means to put off the hat, to strike sail, to give sign of submission.

Sala,

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say, when ?

Sala. Not in love neither? Then let's say, you (That therefore only are reputed wise, are sad,

For saying nothing ; who, I am very sure, [cars, Because you are not merry: and 'twere as easy they should speak, would almost damn inose For you, to laugh, and leap and say, yon are merry, Which, hearing them, would call their brothers Because you arenotsad. Now, bytwo-headedJanus, 5 I'll tell thee more of this another time: [tools?. Nature hath fram'd strange fellows in her time: But fish not with this melancholy bait, Some that will evermore peep through their eyes, For this fool's gudgeon, this opinion.And laugh, like parrots, at a bag-piper;

Come, good Lorenzo ;--Faie ye well, awhile; And other of such vinegar aspect,

I'll end iny exhortation atler dinner?' [time. That they ll not shiew their teeth in wav of smile, 10 Lor. Well, we will leave you then till dinnerThough Vesto swear the jest be laughable. I must be one of these same dumb wise men,

Enter Bassanio, Lorenzo, und Gratiuo. For Gratiano never lets me speak. Sal. Here comes Bassanio, your most noble Gra. Well, keep me company but two years Gratiano, and Lorenzo: fare you well; [kinsman,

more,

(tongue. We leave you now with better company.

15 Thou shalt not know the sound of thine oun Sun. I would have staid till Ihad made eyoumerry, Anth. Fare well; I'll grow a talker for this If worthier friends had not prevented me.

gear.

unendable Anth. Your worth is very dear in my regard. Gra. Thanks, i'faith ; for silence is only comI take it, your own business calls on you,

In a neat's tongue dry'd, and a maid not vendible. And you embrace the occasion to depart. 20

[Excunt Gra. and Lor. Sai. Good morrow, my good lords.

Anth. Is that any thing now? Buss. Good signiors both, when shall we laugh: Buss. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of no

thing, more than any man-in all Venice: His reaYou grow exceeding strange; Must it be so? sons are as two grains of wheat bid in two bushels Sal We'll make our leisures to attend on yours. 25 of chaff; you shall seek all day ere you find them;

[Ereunt Sal. and Sala. and when you have them, they are not worth the Lor. My lord Bassanio, since you have found search. Anthonio,

Anth. Well; tell me now, what lady is the same, We two will leave yoù; but at dinner-time, To whom you swore a secret pilgrimage, I pray you, bave in mind where we must meet. 30 That you to-day promis’à 10 tell me of? Bäss. I will not fail you.

Bass. 'Tis not unknown to you, Anthonio, Gra. You look not well, signior Anthonio; How much I have disabled mine estate, You have too much respect upon the world: By something shewing a more swelling port They lose it, that do buy it with much care. Than my faint means would giant contikance: Beijë e me, you are marvellously changeul. 35 Nor do I now make moan to be abridg'd Anth. Ihold theworld but as the world, Gratiano, From such a nobie rate; but my

chief care A stage, where every man must play a part, !s, to come fairly off from the great debts, And mine a sad one.

Wherein my time, something too prodigal, Gru. Let me play the fool':

Hath left me gag'd: To you, Anthonio, With mirth and laughter let old wrinkles come; 40 I owe the most, in money, and in love; And let my liver rather beat with wine,

And from your love I have a warranty Than my heart cool with mortifying groans,

To unburthen all my plots, and purposes, Why should a man, whose blood is warm within, How to get clear of all the debts lowe. Sit like his grandsire cut ia alabaster?

Arh. I pray yon, good Passanio, let me know it; Sle«p when he wakes? and creep into the jaundice 45 And, if it stand, as you yourself still do, By being peevish? I tell thee what, Anthonio,- Within the eye of lovour, be assur’d, I love thee, and it is my love that speaks ;- My purse, my person, my extremest means, There are a sort of men whose visages

Lye all unlock'ü to your occasions. [chaft, Do cream and malitle, like a standig pond; Buss. In my school-days, when I had lost one And do a wilful stillness entertain,

501 shot his fellow of the selt same ilight Wit' purpose to be drest in an opinion

The self-same way, with more advised watch, Of wisilom, gravity, profound conceit;

To tind the other forth; and by advent'ring both, As who should say, “ I am Sir Oracle,

I ott found both: I urge this childhood proof, “And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark!" Because what follows is pure innocence. O, my Anthonio, I do hnow of these,

I owe you much; and, like a wilful youth, · This alludes to the common comparison of human life to a stage-play. So that he desires his may be the fool's or builoon's part, which was a constant character in the old iarces; from whence canne the prase, to play the fool. ? Our author's meaning is, that sore people are thought wise whilat they keep silence; who, when they open their mouths, are such stupid praters, that the hearers cannoi ne praling them tools, and so incur the judgment denounced in the go-pei. 3 The humour of this consists in its being an allusion to the practice of the puritan preachers ot ihose times; who being generally very long and tedious, were often forced to put oti' that part of their sermon called the cao hortation, till after dinner.

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That which I owe is lost: but if you please blood; but a hot temper leaps o'er a cold decree: To shoot another arrow that self way

such a hare is madness the youth, to skip o'er the Which you did shout the first, I do not doubt, meshes of good counsel the cripple. But this reaAs I will watch the aim, or to find both,

soning is not in the fashion to chuse me a husband: Or bring your latter hazard back again,

5-O me, the word chuse! I may neither chuse And thankfully rest debtor for the tirst. [time, whom I would, nor refuse whom I dislike; so is

Anth. You know me well: and herein spend but the will of a living daughter curb’d by the will of
To wind about my love with circumstance; a dead father :-- Is it not hard, Nerissa, that I
And, out of doubt, you do me now more wrong, cannot chuse one, nor refuse none?
In making question of my utterinost,

101 Ner. Your father was ever virtuous; and holy Than if you had made waste of all I have: inen, at their death, have good inspirations; Then do but say to me what I should do, therefore, the lottery, that he hath devised in That in your knowledge my by me be done, these three chests, of gold, silver, and lead, And am I prest' unto it: therefore speak. (whereof who chuses his meaning, chuses you)

Bass. In Belmont is a lady richly left, 15/wili, no doubt, never be chosen by any rightly, And she is fair, and, fairer than that word, but one who you shall rightly love. But what Of wond'rous virtues: sometimes' from her eyes warmth is there in your affection towards any of I did receive fair speechless messages:

these princely suitors that are already come? Her name is Portia; nuthing undervalu'd

Por. I pray thee, over-name them; and, as thou To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia.

20/nam'st them, I will describe them; and, accordNor is the wide worid ignorant of her worth; ing to my description, level at my affection. For the four winds blow in from every coast Ver. First, there is the Neapolitan prince. Renowned suitors: and her sunny locks

Por. Ay, that's a colt, indeed, for he doth noHang on her temples like a golden tieece; thing but talk of his horse; and he makes it a Which makes her seat of Belmont, Colchos' 2 5 great appropriation to his own good parts, that And many Jasons come in quest of her. [strand, he can shoe him himself: I am much afraid my O my Anthonio, had I but the means

lady his mother played false with a smith. To hold a rival place with one of them,

Ner. Then, there is the County Palatine. I have a mind presages me such thrift,

Por. He doth nothing but frown; as, who That I should questionless be fortunate. 30 should say, An if you will not have chuse: he

Anth. Thou know'st, that all my fortunes are hears merry tales and smiles not: I fear he will Nor have I money, nor commodity, [at sea; prove the weeping philosopher when he grows To raise a present sum: therefore go forth, old, being so full of unmannerly sadness in his Try what iny credit can in Venice do;

youth. I had rather be married to a death'sThat shall be rack’d, even to the uttermost,

35 head with a bone in his mouth, than to either of To furnish thee to Belmont, to fair Portia.

these. God defend me from these two! Go, presently enquire, and so will I,

Ner. How say you by the French lord, MonWhere money is; and I no question make, sieur Le Bon? To have it of my trust, or for my sake. [Exeunt. Por. God made him, and therefore let him pass

40 for a man. In truth, I know it is a sin to be a mockSCENE II.

er; But, he! why, he hath a horse better than the A Room in Portia's House in Belmont. Neapolitan's; a better bad habit of frowning than

the Count Palatine: he is every man in no man: Enter Portia and Nerissa.

if a throstle sing, he falls strait a-capering; he will Por. By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is a- 45 fence with his own shadow: if I should marry seary of this great world.

him, I should marry twenty husbands: If he would Ner. You would be, sweet madam, if your mi- despise me, I would forgive him ; for if he love series were in the same abundance as your good me to madness, I shall never requite him. fortunes are: And yet, for aught I see, they are as Ner. What say you then to Faulconbridge, sick, thatsurfeit with too much, as they that starve 50 the young baron of England ? with nothing: It is no mean happiness therefore, Por. You know I say nothing to him; for he to be seated in the mean; superfluity comes sooner understands not me, nor I him: he hath neither by white hairs, but competency lives longer. Latin, French, nor Italian; and you will come Por. Gocd sentences, and well pronounc'd. into the court and swear, that I have a poor pene Ner. They would be better, if well follow'd. 55 ny-worth in the English. He is a proper man's

Por. If to do, were as easy as to know what picture; But, alas! who can converse with a were good to do, chapels had been churches, and dumb show? How oddly he is suited! I think, poor men's cottages, princes' palaces. It is a good he bought his doublet in Italy, bis round hose in divine, that follows his own instructions. I can France, bis bonnet in Germany, and his behavi. easier teach twenty what were good to be done, 60 our every-where. than be one of the twenty to follow mine own Nor. What think you of the Scottish lord, his teaching. The brain may devise laws for the neighbour?.

· That is, ready to do it. ? Sometimes here means formerly. ie, a thoughtless, gidily, gay youngster.

Por, to a spunge.

Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in Shy. For three months-well. him; for he borrow'd a box of the ear of the Eng- Bass. For the which, as I told

you, Anthonio lishman, and swore he would pay him again, shall be bound. when he was able: I think, the Frenchman became Shy. Anthonio shall become bound,—well. his surety, and seal'd under for another.

5 Bass. May you stead ne? Will you pleasure me? Ner. How like you the young German, the Shall I know your answer? duke of Saxony's nephew?

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is and Anthonio bound. sober; and most vilely in the afternoon, when he Bass. Your answer to that. is drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than 10 Shy. Anthonio is a good man. a man; and when he is worst, he is little better Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the than a beast: an the worst fall that ever fell, I contrary? hope, I shall make shift to go without him. Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no;-my meaning, in sayo

Ner. If he should offer to chuse, and chuse the ing he is a good man, is, to have you understand right casket, you should refuse to perform your 15 me, that he is sufficient: yet his means are in supfather's will, it you should refuse to accept him. position: he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, ano

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray ther tothe Indies; I understand moreover upon the thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the Rialto, he bath a third at Mexico, a fourth for Engcontrary casket; for, if the devil be within, and land,and other ventures he hath,squander'dabroad: that temptation without, I know he will chuse it. 20 But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be marry'd be land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieyes, and

land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is Ner. You need not fear, lady, the having any of the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man these lords; they have acquainted me with their is

, notwithstanding, sufficient:~three thousand determination : which is, indeed, to return to their 25 ducats;-I think, I may take his bond. home, and to trouble you with no more suit: un

Bass. Be assur'd, you may. [be assur'd, less you may be won by some other sort than your Shy. I will be assur'd, I may; and, that I may father's imposition, depending on the caskets. I will bethink me: May I speak with Anthonio:

Por. If I live to be as old as Sybilla, I will die Bass. If it please you to dine with us. as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the 30. Shy. Yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitamanner of my father's will: I am glad this parcel tion which your prophet the Nazarite conjured of wooers are so very reasonable ; for there is not the devil into: I will buy with you, sell with you, one ainong them but I dote on his very absence, talk with you, walk with you, and so following: and I pray God grant them a fair departure. but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor

Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your fa-35 pray with you. What news on the Rialto ther's time, á Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, Who is he comes here? that came hither in company of the marquis of

Enter Anthonio. Montserrat?

Bass. This is signior Anthonio. Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio ; as I think, so Shy. [Aside.] How like a fawning publican he he was call's.

40/1 hate him for he is a Christian: [looks! Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that But more, for that, in low simplicity, ever my foolish eyes look”d upon, was the best He lends out money gratis, and brings down deserving a fair lady:

The rate of usance here with us in Venice, Por. I remember him well; and I remember him If I can catch him once upon the hip', worthy of thy praise.--How now! what news ? 451 will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. Enter a Servant.

He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, Ser. The four strangers seek for you, madam, to Even there where merchants most do congregate, take their leave: and there is a fore-runner come On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, from the tisth, the prince of Morocco ; who brings Which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, word, the prince, his master, will be here to-night. 50 If I forgive him!

Por. J I could bid the fifth welcome withi so Bass. Shylock, do you hear? good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, 1 Shy. I am debating of my present store ; should be glad of his approach: if he have the And, by the near guess of my memory, condition of a saint, and ihe complexion of a de- I cannot instantly raise up the gross vil, I had rather he should shrive me than wive 55 of full three thousand ducats: What of that? me. Come, Nerissa. Sirrah, go before.- Wbiles Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe, we shut the gate upon one wooer,

anothe; Will furnish me: But soft; How many months knocks at the door.

[Exeunt. Do

you

desire?--Rest you fair, good signior; SCENE III.

[To sinthonio. A publick Place in Venice. 160 Your worship was the last man in our mouths. Enter Bassanio and Shylock.

Anth. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borShu. Three thousand ducats, --well.

By taking, nor by giving of excess, [row, Buss. Ay, sir, for three months.

Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,
This is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers.

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I'll break a custom :-Is he yet possessid, You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, How much you would ?

And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Shy. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.

Over your threshold; monies is your suit. Anth. And for three months.

[so. What should I say to you? Should I not say, Shy. I had forgot-three months, you told me 5 Hath a dog money? Is it possible Well then, your bond; and, let me see,- -But

“ A cur can lend three thousand ducats ?" or

[row, Shall I bend low, and in a bondinan's key, Methoughts, you said, you neither lend nor bor- With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, l'pon advantage.

Say this,-"Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednes. Anth. I do never use it.

101

“ day last; Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's |": You sparn’d me such a day; another time This Jacob from our holy Abraham was [sheep, }" You call'd me-dog ; and for these courtesies (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) " I'll lend you thus much monies.” The third possessor : ay, he was the third,

Anth. I am as like to call thee so again, Anth, And what of him? did he take interest ? 15 To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too. Shy. No, not take interest; not as you would If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not say,

As to thy friends; (for when did friendship take Directly interest : mark what Jacob did.

A breed of barren metal of his friend ?) When Laban and himself were compromis'd, But lend it rather to thine enemy; That all the eanlings, which were streak’d, and 20 Who if he break, thou may'st with better face

Exact the penalty: Should fall as Jacob's hire ; the ewes, being rank, Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams : I would be friends with you, and have your love, And when the work of generation was

Forget the shames that you have stained me with,
Between these woolly breeders in the act, 25 Supply your present wants, and take no doit
The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands, Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me;
And, in the doing of the deed of kind”,

This is kind I offer.
He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; Anth. This were kindness.
Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time

Shy. This kindness will I show:
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's.30 Go with me to a notary, seal me there
This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,
And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not [for: ilf you repay me not on such a day,

Anth. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
A thing not in his power to bring to pass, Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
But sway'd, and fashion’d, by the hand of heaven. 35 Be nominated for an equal pound
Was this inserted to make interest good?

of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams ? In what part of your body pleaseth me.

Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:- Anth. Content, in faith ; l'il seal to such a bond, But note me, signior.

And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. Anth. Mark you this, Bassanio.

1401 Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.

I'll rather dwell’in my necessity. An evil soul, producing holy witness,

Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it: Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;

Within these two months, that's a month before A goodly apple rotten at the heart:

This bond expires, I do expect return 0, what a goodly outside falshood hath! [sum. 45 Of thrice three times the value of the bond. [are ;

Shy. Three thousand ducats,—'tis a good round Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians Three months from twelve, then let me see the Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect rate.

[you? The thoughts of others ! Pray you, tell me this ; Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to If he should break his day, what should I gain

Shy. Signior Anthonió, many a time and oft 50 By the exaction of the forfeiture? In the Rialto you have rated me

A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man, About my monies and my usances :

is not so estimable, profitable neither, Still have I borne it with a patient shrug;

As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats.

I

say,
For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe : To buy his favour, I extend this friendship:
You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat dog, 55 If he will take it, so; if not, adieu;
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine:

And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. And all for use of that which is mine own.

Anth. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. Well then, it now appears, you need my help : Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's; Go to then: you come to me, and you say,

Give him direction for this merry bond, “ Shylock, we would have monies;" You say so :160/And I will go and purse the ducats strait ;

' i. e. lambs just dropt. 'j. e. of nature. 3 Meaning, lascivious, obscene. Use and usance were both words formerly employed for usury. A guberdine means a course frock. • That is, interest poney bred froin the principal. ?To dwell, here seems to mean the same as to continue.

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