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Could turn so much the constitution

With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold Ofany constant man. What, worse and worse? To pay the petty debt twenty times over: With leave, Bassanio; I am half yourself, When it is paid, bring your true friend along: And I must freely have the half of any thing My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time, That this same paper brings you.

5 Will live as maids and widows. Come, away ; Bass. O sweet Portia,


you shall hence upon your wedding-day : Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words, Bid your friends welcome, shew a merry cheer; That ever blotted paper! Gentle lady,

Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear.When I did first impart my love to you,

But let me hear the letter of your friend. I freely told you, all the wealth I had

10 Buss. [Reads.] “Sweet Bassanio, my ships have Ran in my veins, I was a gentleman ;

"all miscarry'd, my creditors grow cruel, my And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady, |"estate is very low, my bond to the Jewis forfeit; Rating myself at nothing, you shall see

" and since, in paying it, it is impossible I should How much I was a braggart: When I told you live, all debts are cleared between you and me, My state was nothing, I should then have told you 15“ if I might but see you at my death: notwithThat I was worse than nothing; for, indeed, standing, use your pleasure: if your love do I have engag‘d myself to a dear friend,

la not persuade you to come, let not my letter.” Engag'd my friend to his meer enemy,

Por. O love, dispatch all business, and be gone. To feed my means. Here is a letter, lady; Buss. Since I have your good leave to go away, The paper as the body of my friend,

20 I will make haste: but, 'till I come again, And every word in it a gaping wound,

No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay, Issuing life-blood. But it is true, Salerio ?

No rest be interposer 'twixt us twain. [Exeunt. Have all his ventures faild? What, not one hit?

SCENE III. From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England,

A Street in Venice. From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?

25 Enter Shylock, Salanio. Anthonio, and the And not one vessel 'scape the dreadful touch

Gaoler. Of merchant-marring rocks?

Shy. Gaoler, look to him ;Tell not me of Sale. Not one, my lord.

mercy; Besides, it should appear, that if he had This is the fool that lent out money gratis;The present money to discharge the Jew, 30 Gaoler, look to him. He would not take it : Never did I know

Anth. Hear me yet, good Shylock. [bond; A creature, that did bear the shape of man, Shy. I'll have my bond ; speak not against my So keen and greedy to confound a man:

I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond: He plies the duke at morning, and at night; Thou call’dst me dog, before thou had'st a cause; And doth impeach the freedom of the state, 35 But, since I am a dog, beware my fangs: If they deny him justice: twenty merchants, The duke shall grant me justice.--I do wonder, The duke himself, and the magnificoes

Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fond', Of greatest port, have all persuaded with him; To come abroad with himn at his request. But none can drive him from the envious plea Anth. I pray thee, hear me speak. [speak: Of forfeiture, of justice, and his bond. (swear, 40 Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee

Jes. When I was with him, I have heard him I'll bave my bond; and therefore speak no more. To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen,

I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool', That he would rather have Anthonio's Hesh, To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield Than twenty times the value of the sum

To christian intercessors. Follow not; That he did owe him: and I know, my lord, 45 I'll have no speaking; I will have my bond. If law, authority, and power deny not,

[Erit Shylock. It will go hard with poor Anthonio. [ble : Sal. It is the most impenetrable cur,

Por. Is it your dear friend that is thus in trou- That ever kept with men.
Bass. The dearest friend to me,t

,the kindest man, Anth. Let hiin alone; The best condition’d and unweary'd spirit 50P'll follow him no more with bootless prayers. In doing courtesies; and one in whom

He seeks my life; his reason well I know; The ancient Roman honour miore appears,

I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures Than any that draws breath in Italy.

Many that have at times made moan to me, Por. What suin owes he the Jew?

Therefore he hates me Bass. •For me, three thousand ducats.

55 Sala. I am sure, the duke Por. What, no more?

Will never grant this forfeiture to hold. [law; Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond: Anth. The duke cannot deny the course of Double six thousand, and then treble that, For the commodity that strangers have Before a friend of this description

With us in Venice, if it be deny'd, Shall lose a hair thorough Bassanio's fault. 60 Will much impeach the justice of the state; First, go with me to chuch, and call me wife; Since that the trade and profit of the city And then away to Venice to your friend; Consisteth of all nations. Therefore go: For never shail you lie by Portia's side These griefs and losses have so 'bated me, i. e. so foolish. : Meaning, melancholy fool.




That I shall hardly spare a poumd of flesh In speed to Padua ; see thou render this
To-morrow to my bloody creditor.-

Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; [thee Well, gaoler, on :--Pray God, Bassario come And, look, what notes and garments be doth give To see me pay his debt, and then I care not! Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin’d speed,

[Exeunt. 5 Unto the traject, to the common ferry (words, SCENE IV.

Which trades to Venice:-waste no time in

But get thee gone; I shall be there before thee. Belmont.

Bulth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. Enter Portia, Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica, and

(Erit. Balthazar.

10 Por. Come on, Nerissa; I have work in hand, Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your presence;

That you yet know not of: we'll see our husbands You have a noble and a true conceit

Before they think of 115.
Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly Ner. Shall they see us ?
In bearing thus the absence of your lord.

Por. They shall, Nerissa; but in such a habit,
But, if you knew to whom you shew this honour, 15 That they shall think we are accomplished
How true a gentleman you send relief,

With what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, How dear a lover of my lord your husband, When we are both apparelld like young men, I know, you would be prouder of the work, P'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, Than customary bounty can enforce you. And wear my dagger with the braver grace ;

Por. I never did repent for doing good, 20 And speak between the change of man and boy, Nor shall not now: for in companions

With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps
That do converse and waste the time together, Into a manly stride; and speak of frays,
Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies,
There must needs be a like proportion

How honourable ladies sought my love,
Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; 25 Which I denying, they fell sick and dy'd;
Which makes me think, that this Anthonio, I could not do with all;-then I'll repent,
Being the bosom lover of my lord,

And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them :
Must needs be like my lord: If it be so, And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell,
How little is the cost I have bestow'd,

That men shall swear I have discontinued school In purchasing the semblance of my soul 30 Above a twelvemonth:--) have within my mind From out the state of hellish cruelty?

A thousand raw tricks of these bragging jacks, This comes too near the praising of myself; Which I will practise. Therefore, no more of it: hear other things. Ner. Why, shall we turn to men? Lorenzo, 1 commit into your hands

Por. Fie! what a question's that, The husbandry and manage of my house, 35If thou wert near a lewd interpreter ? Until my lord's return: for mine own part, But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device I have toward heaven breath'd a secret vow, When I am in my coach, which stays for us * To live in prayer and contemplation,

At the park gate; and therefore haste away, Only attended by Nerissa here,

For we must measure lwenty miles to-day. [Er. Until her husband and my lord's return:


There is a monastery two miles off,
And there we will abide. I do desire you,

Enter Launcelot and Jessica.
Not to deny this imposition;

Laun. Yes, truly:-for, look you, the sins of The which my love, and some necessity, the father are to be laid upon the children; thereNow lays upon you.

45 fore, I promise you, I fear you. I was always

I Lor. Madam, with all my heart;

plain with you, and so now I speak my agitation I shall obey vou in all fair commands.

of the matter: Therefore be of good cheer; for, Por. My people do already know my mind, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is but one And will acknowledge you and Jessica

bope in it that can do you any good; and that is In place of lord Bassanio and myself.

50 but a kind of bastard hope neither. So save you well, till we shall meet again. (you ! Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee?

I Lor. Fair thoughts and happy hours attend on Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. father got you not, that you are not the Jew's. Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well daughter. pleas'd

55 Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, inTo wisli it back on you: fare you well, Jessica. deed; so the sins of my mother shall be visited (Exeunt jessica and Lorenzo.

upon me. Now, Balthazar,

Laun. Truly then I fear, you are damn'd both As I have ever found thee honest, true,

by father and mother: thus when I shun Scylla, So let me find thee still: Take this same letter, 160 your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother: And use thou all the endeavour of a man, lwell, you are gone both ways. ! For the sense of the word do in this place, see note 4, p. 77,



Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Ithou shew the whole wealth of thy wit in an inmade me a Christian.

stant ? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover Christians enough before; e'en as many as could the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in well live one by another : This making of Chris-5 to dinner. tians will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be serv'd in; to be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a for the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your rasher on the coals for money.

coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours Enter Lorento. and conceit shall govern.

[Exit Laun. Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you 10 Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suitsay; here he comes.

The fool hath planted in his memory, [ed! Lor. I shall grov jealous of you shortly, Laun- An army of good words: And I do know celot, if you thus get my wife into corners. A many fools, that stand in better place,

Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Launcelot and I are out: be tells me flatly, there 15 Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ? is no mercy for me in heaven, because I am a And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, Jew's daughter; and he says, you are no good mem- How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife? ber of the

commonwealth; for in converting Jews Jes. Past all expressing: it is very nieet, to Christians, you raise the price of pork. The lord Bassanio live an upright lite;

Lor. I shall answer that better to the common-20 For, having such a blessing in his lady, wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's He finds the joys of heaven here on earth: belly: the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. And, if on earth be do not mean it, it

Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more Is reason he should never come to heaven. than reason: but if she be less than an honest wo- Why,iftwogods shouldplay some heavenlymatch, man, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. 25 And on the wager lay two earthly women,

Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! And Portia one, there must be something else I think the best grace of wit will shortly turn into Pawn’d with the other; for the poor rude world silence; and discourse grow commendable in none Hath not her fellow. only but parrots.-Go in, sirrah; bid them pre- Lor. Even such a husband pare for dinner.

(machs. 30 Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. Laun. That is done, sir; they have all sto- Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.

Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! Lor. I will anon; first let us go to dinner. then bid them prepare dinner.

Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a Laun. That is done too, sir; only, cover is the

stomach, word,

35 Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk; Lor. Will you cover then, sir?

Then, howsoe'er thou speak'st, 'mong other things Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. I shall digest it. Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion; wilt Jes. Well, I'll set you

forth, [Exeunt.

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|To suffer, with a quietness of spirit, The Senate-house in Venice.

The very tyranny and rage of his.

Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the court, Enter the Duke, the Senators; Anthonio, Bassa

Sal. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord, nio, Gratiano, and others.

Enter Shylock. Duke. WHAT is Anthonio here?

Duke. Make room, and let him stand before Anth. Ready, so please your grace. [swer

our face, Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to an- Shylock, the world thinks, and I think so too, A stony adversary, an inhuinan wretch

That thou but leall'st this fashion of thy malice Uncapable of pity, void and empty

55 To the last huur of act; and then, 'tis thought, From any dram of mercy.

Thou'lt shew thy mercy, and remorse more strange Anth. I have heard,

Than is thy strange apparent cruelty: Your grace bath ta'en great pains to qualify And, where thou now exact'st the penalty, His rigorous course; but since he stands obdurate, (Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh) And that no lawful means can carry me 60 Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture, Out of his envy's reach', I do oppose.

But, touch'd with human gentleness and love, My patience to his fury; and am arm'd Forgive a moiety of the principal; Enty in this place means hatred or malice ? Where for whereas,


Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,

would not draw them, I would have my bond. That have of late so huddled on bis back;

Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, reud'ring Enough to press a royal merchant down,


[wrong? And pluck commiseration of his state

Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no From brassy bosonis, and rough hearts of flint, 5 You have among you many a purchas'd slave, From stubborn Turks and Tartars never train'd Which, like your asses, anu your dogs and mules, To offices of tender courtesy.

You use in abject and in slavish parts, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. [pose; Because you bought them:-Shall I say to you,

Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I pur- Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ? And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn, 10 Why sweat they under burdens? let their beds To have the due and forteit of my bond :

Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates If you deny it, let the danger light

Be season'd with such viands? you will answer,
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. The slaves are ours:-So do l answer you:
You'll ask me, why I rather chuse to have The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive 15 Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it:
Three thousand ducats: I'll not answer that: If you deny me, fie upon your law !
But, say', it is my humour; Is it answer'd? There is no force in the decrees of Venice':
What it my house be troubled with a rat, I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it?
And I be pleas'd to give ten thousand ducats Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court,
To have it band? What are you answer'd yet? 20 ('nless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Some men there are, love not a gaping pig; Whom I have sent for to determine this,
Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;

Come here to-day:
And others, when the bag-pipe sings i'the nose, Sula. My lord, here stays without
Cannot contain their urine; For affections,

messenger with letters from the doctor, Masters of passion, sway it to the mood

25 New come from Padną. Of what it likes, or loaths: Now for your an- Duke. Bring us the letters; Call the messenger. swer:

Bass. Good cheer, Anthonio! What, man? As there is no firin reason to be render'd,

courage yet!

(all, Why he cannot abide a gaping pig ;

The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and Why he, a harmless necessary cat;

30 Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. Why he, a woollen bag-pipe; but of force

Anin. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Must yield to such inevitable shame,

Meelest for death; the weakest kind of fruit As to offend himself, being oflended;

Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me: So can I give no reason, nor I will not,

You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio, More than a lody'd hate, and a certain loathing, 35 Than to live still, and write mine epitaph. I hear Anthonio, that I follow thus

Enter Nerissa, dess'd like a lawyer's clerk. A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd? Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario?

Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your To excuse the current of thy cruelty. [answers.

grace. Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my 40 Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Bass. Do all men kill the thing they do not love: Shij. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill:


[Jew, Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first. Gra. Not on thy soal, but on thy soul, harsh Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent sting Thou mak’st thy knife keen: but no metal can, thee twice?

[Jew: 45 No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness Anth. I pray you, think you question ? with the Of thy sharp envy“. Çan no prayers pierce thee? You may as well go stand upon the beach, Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. And bid the main flood ’bate his usual height; Gra. () be thou damn'd, inexorable dog! You may as well use question with the wolf, And for thy life let justice be accus'd, Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb; 50 Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith, You may as well forbid the mountain pines To hold opinion with Pythagoras, To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, That souls of animals infuse themselves When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Into the trunks of men': thy currish spirit You may as well do any thing most hard, Goveru'd a wolf, who hang'd for human slaughter, As seek to soften that (than which what's harder?) 155 Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, His Jewish heart:--Therefore I do beseech you, And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, Make no more otters, use no farther means, mfus’d itself in thee'; for thy desires But, with all brief and plain conveniency, Are wolfish, bloðdy, stary'd, and ravenous. (hond, Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. Shy. ?Till thou can’st rail the seal from oft my

Buss. For thy three thousand ducats here is six. 60 Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, To cureless ruin. I stand here for law,

Say, i. e. if or suppose it is my humour. ? Perhaps we should read a swelling or swollen bagpipe. *To question is to converse. * i. e, hatred,




of yoll,


Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend It is enthroned in the hearts of kings, A young

and learned doctor to our court :- JIt is an attribute to God himself;' Where is he?

And earthly power doth then shew likest God's, Ner. He attendeth here hard by,

When mercy seasons justice: Therefore, Jew, To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. 5 Though justice be thy plea, consider this,* Duke. With all my heart:-some three or four That, in the course of justice, none of us

Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy, Gogive him courteous conduct to this place. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render: Mean time the court shall hear Bellario's letter. The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,

Your grace shall understand, that, at the re- 10 To mitigate the justice of thy plea ; “ceipt of your letter, I am very sick: but at the in

Which it thou follow, this strict court of Venice “stant that your messenger came, in loving visit.:

Must needsgive sentence'gainstthemerchant there, “tion was with me a young rloctor of Rome, his

Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, “name is Balthazar: I acquainted him with the

The penaliy and forfeit of my bond. “cause in controversy between the Jew and An. 15

Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? “thonio the merchant: we turn'd o'er many

Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; “books together: he is furnish’d with my opi

Yeas twice the sum: if that will not suffice, “nion; which, bettered with his own learning,

I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, * (the greatness whereof I cannot enough com

On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart. Calend) comes with him, at iny importunity, to20 If this will not suffice, it must appear

T! at malice bears down truth. And I beseech “ fill up your grace's request in my stead. I be“seech you, let his lack of years be no impedi

Wrest once the law to your authority : (you “ment to let him lack a reverend estimation; for

To do a great right, do a little wrong;

And curb this cruel devil of his will. [pice “ I never knew so young a body with so old an “head. I leave him to your gracious acceptance,

251 Por. It must not be; there is no power in Ver “whose trial shall better publish his commenda

Can alter a decree established: "tion."

'Twill be recorded for a precedent ;

And many an error, by the same example, Enter Portin, dress'd like a doctor of laws.

Will rush into the state: it cannot be. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he 30 Shy. A Daniel come to judgment yea, a writes;

Daniel !-And here, I take it, is the doctor come.

O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! Give me your hand: Caine you from old Bellario: Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. Por. I did, my lord.

Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor, here it is. Duke. You are welcome: take your place. 35 Por. Shylock, there's thrice the money offer'd Are you acquainted with the difference

thee. That holds this present question in the court? Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven;

Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?
Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? No, not for Venice.
Duke. Anthonio and old Shylock, both stand 40 Por. Why, this bond is forfeit;

And lawfully by this the Jew may claim
Por. Is
your name Shylock ?

A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Shy. Shylock is iny name.

Nearest the merchant's heart:-Be merciful; Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; Take thrice the money; bid me tear the bond Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law

45 Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour.Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed. - It doth appear you are a worthy judge; You stand within his danger, do you not ?

You know the law, your exposition

[To Anth. Hath been most sound: I charge you by the law, Anth. Ay, so he says.

Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Por. Do you confess the bond ?

50 Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear, Anth. I do.

There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.

To alter me: I stay here on iny bond. Shy. On what compulsion must 1? tell me that. Anth. Most heartily I do beseech the court

Por. The quality of mercy is not strain’d; To give the judgment. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven 55 Por. Why then, thus it is, Upon the place beneath; it is twice bless'd; You must prepare your bosoin for his knife. It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Shy. O noble judge! O exceilent young man ! "Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes

Por. For the intent and purpose of the law The throned monarch better than his crown: Hath full relation to the penalty, His scepter shews the force of temporal power, 60 Which here appeareth due upon the bond. The attribute to awe and majesty,

Shy. 'Tis very true: () wise and upright judge! Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of hings; How much more elder art thou than thy looks! But inercy is above the scepter'd sway,

Por. Therefore lay bare your bosoin. i. e. oppose you. 2 Meaning, that malice oppresses honesty,

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