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So says


Shy. Ay, his breast :

Unto the state of Venice. the boud;-Doth it not, noble judge? Gra. V uprigiit judge!Mark, Jew ;-D Nearest his heart, those are the very words.

Shy. Is that the law

[learned judge! Por. It is so. Are there balance here to weigh Por. Thyself shalt see the act: The flesh?

5 For, as thou urgest justice, be assurd, Sly. I have them ready,

[charge, Thou shalt have justice more than thou desir'st. Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your Gra. O learned judge! Mark, Jew ;-a learned To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.

judge! Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond?

Shy. I take this ofter then ;-pay the bond Por. It is not su express'd ; but what of that? 10 And let the Christian go.

(thrice, 'Twere good you do so much for charity,

Bass. Here is the nioney. Shy. I cannot find it: 'tis not in the bond. [say? Por. Soft ; Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to The Jew shall have all justice;-soft ! 'no haste;

Anth. But little; I am arm’d and well prepar'd. He shall have nothing but the penalty. Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well ! 15 Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ;

Por. Therefore prepare thee to cut oth the flesh. For herein fortune shews herself more kind Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, Than is her custom: it is still her use,

But just a pound of flesh :-if thou tak’st more, To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, 20 As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance An age of poverty; from which lingering penance

Or the division of the twentieth part Of such a misery doth she cut me off,

Of one poor scruple ; nay, if the scale turn Commend me to your honourable wife :

But in the estimation of a hair, Tell her the process of Anthonio's end;

Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate. Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; 25 Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew! And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip. [feiture. Whether Bassanio had not once a love.

Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take thy forRepent not you that you shall lose your friend, Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. And he repents not that he pays your debt;

Buss. I have it ready for thee; here it is. For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,

Por. He hath refused it in the open court; I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.

He shall have merely justice and his bond. Bass. Anthonio, I am married to a wife,

Gru. A Daniel, still say '; a second Daniel!Which is as dear to me as life itself;

I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that vord. But life itself, my wife, and all the world,

Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal? Are not with me esteem'd above thy life: 135 Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all

To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. Here to this devil to deliver you.

[that, Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for I'll stay no longer question. If she were by to hear you make the offer.

Por. Tarry, Jew;
Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; 40 The law hath yet another hold on you.
I would she were in heaven, so she could

It is enacted in the laws of Venice,
Intreat some power to change this currish Jew. If it be prov'd against an alien,

Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; That by direct or indirect attempts,
The wish would make else an unquiet house. He seeks the life of any citizen,
Shy. These be the Christian husbands : I have a 45 The party'gainst the which he doth contrive,
daughter ;

Shall seize on half his goods; the other half
Would, any of the stock of Barabbas

Comes to the privy coffer of the state; Had been her busband, rather than a Christian ! And the offender's life lies in the mercy

[Aside. Of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. We trifle time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. 50 In which predicament I say thou stand'st:

Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is For it appears by manifest proceeding,

That indirectly and directly too,
The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Thou hast contriv'd against the very life
Shy. Most rightful judge!

[breast ;) Of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd Por. And you must cut his flesh from off his 55 The danger formerly by me rehears'd. The law allows it, and the court awards it. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Shy. Most learned judge!--A sentence; come, Gra. Beg that thou may'st have leave to hang prepare.

tliyself: Por. Tarry a little, there is something else. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; 160 Thou hast not left the value of a cord; The words expressly are, a pound of flesh; Therefore, thou must be hang'dat the state's charge. Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; Duke. That thou may'st see the difference of But in the cutting it, if thou dost shed

our spirit, One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods ! pardon thee thy life before tholi ask it : Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate 165 For half thy wealth, it is Anthonio's;


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The other half comes to the general state, Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
Which humbleness may drive unto a fine.

Por. You press me far, and therefore I will Por. Ay, for the state; not for Anthonio.


(sake; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not Gire me your gloves, I'll wear them for your

5 And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you: You take my house, when you do take the prop Do not draw back your hand; l'll take no more: That doth sustain my house; you take my life, And you in love shall not deny me this. When you do take the means whereby I live. Bass. This ring, good sir,—alas, it is a trifle ; Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio: I will not shame myself to give you this. Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, for God's 10. Por. I will have nothing else but only this; sake.

(court, And now, methinks, I have a mind to it. Anth. So please my lord the duke, and all the Bass. There's more depends on this, than on To quit the line for one half of his goods;

the value. I am content, so he will let me have

The dearest ring in Venice will I give you, The other half in use,--to render it,

15 And find it out by proclamation; l'pon his death, unto the gentleman,

Only for this, I pray you, pardon me. That lately stole his daughter.

[vour, Por. I see, sir, you are liberal in offers: Two things provided more,—That, for this fa- You taught me first to beg, and now, methinks, He presently become a Christian:

You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd. The other, that he do record a gift,

201 Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my Here in the court, of all he dies possessid,

wife; Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. And, when she put it on, she made me vow,

Duke. He shall do this, or else I do recant That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. The pardon that I late pronounced here. (say? Por. That’scuse serves many men to save their

Por. Art thou contented, Jew? what dost thou 25 gifts.
Shy. I am content.

An if your wife be not a mad-woman,
Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift. (hence, And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,

Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from She would not hold out enemy for ever, I ain not well; send the deed after me,

For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you! And I will sign it.


[Erit with Nerissa. Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.

Anth. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring; Gra. In christening, thou shalt have two god- Let his deservings, and my love withal, fathers;

[more Be valu'd 'gainst your wife's commandement. Had I been judge, thou shouldst have had ten Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font. 35 Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou can’st,

[Exit Shylock. Unto Anthonio's house :--away, make haste. Duke.Sir, I dointreat you home with me to dinner. Come, you and I will thither presently; Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardono: And in the morning early will we both I must away this night to Padua,

Fly towards Belmont: Come, Anthonio.[Exeunt. And it is meet, I presently set forth. Duke. I am sorry that your leisure serves you

SCENE II. Anthonio, gratify this gentleman;

Enter Portia and Nerissa. For, in my mind, you are much bound to him.

[Exeunt Duke and his train. Por. Enquire the Jew's house out, give him Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I, and my friend, 45

this deed, Have by your wisdom been this day acquitted And let him sign it; we'll away to-niglit, Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,

And be a day before our husbands home: Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew, This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo, We freely cope your courteous pains withal.

Enter Gratiuno.
Anth. And stand indebted, over and above, 50 Gra. Fair sir, you are well o'erta'en :
In love and service to you evermore.

My lord Bassanio, upon more advice',
Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfy'd ; Hath sent you here this ring; and doth intreat
And I, delivering you, am satisfy'd,

Your company at dinner. And therein do account myself well paid;

Por. That cannot be: My mind was never yet more mercenary: 55 This ring I do accept most thankfully, I pray you, know me, when we meet again; And so, I pray you, tell him ; Furthermore, I wish you well, and so I take my leave.


pray you, shew my youth old Shylock's house. Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you Gra. That will I do. further;

Ner. Sir, I would speak with you :Take some remembrance of us, for a tribute, 60 I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, [To Por, Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you,

Which I did make hiin swear to keep for ever. ' i. e. a jury of twelve men, to condemn thee to be hanged. : Meaning, your grace's pardon. 'i. e. reflexion.


[not. 40


Por. Thou may’st, I warrant: We shall have Away, make haste'; thou kncav’st where I will old swearing,

tarry. That they did give the rings away to men; Ner. Come, good sir, you will shew me to this But we'll'out-face them, and out-swear them too.




And ceremoniously let us prepare

Some welcome for the inistress of the house. Belmont. A grove, or green place, before Portia's House.

Enter Launcelot.

15 Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, sola, sola! Enter Lorenzo and Jessica.

Lor. Who calls ? Lor. THE moon shines bright:- In such a Luun. Sola ! did you see master Lorenzo, and as

mistress Lorenzo ? sola, sola ! When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, Lor. Leave hallooing, man; here. And they did make no noise; in such a night, 20 Laun. Sola! where? where? Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan wall, Lor. Here. And sigli'd his soul toward the Grecian tents, Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my Where Cressid lay that night.

master, with his horn full of good news; my Jes. In such a night,

master will be here ere morning, sweet soul. [Erit. Did Thishe fearfully o'er-trip the dew; |25Lor. Let's in, and there expect their coming. And saw the lion's shadow ere himself,

And yet no matter ;--Why should we go in? And ran dismay'd away.

My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you, Lor. In such a night,

Within the house your mistress is at hand; Stood Dido with a willow in her hand

And bring your niu sic forth into the air. l'pon the wild sea-banks, and wav'd her love 301

[Erit servant. To come again to Carthage.

How sweet the mocin-light sleeps upon this bank ! Jes. In such a night,

Here will we sit, and let the sounds of musick Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs

Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, That did renew old son.

Become the touches of sweet harmony. Lor. In such a night,

35 Sit, Jessica: Look how the floor of heaven Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew ;

Is thick inlay'd witia patines' of bright gold; And with an unthrift love did run from Venice, There's not the sm allest orb, which thou behold'st, As far as Belmont.

But in his motion like an angel sings, Jes. And in such a night,

Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims. Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; 40 Such harmony is in immortal souls ; Stealing her soul with many vows of faith, But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay And we'er a true one.

Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.Lor. And in such a night,

Come, ho, and wake Diana ? with a hymn; Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew,

With sweetest tou ches pierce your mistress' ear, Slander her love, and he forgave it her. 45 And draw her hon le with musick.

Jes. I would out-night you, did nobody come; Jes. I am never merty, when I hear sweet muBut hark, I hear the tooting of a man.


[Musick. Enter a Sertant.

Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive: Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night : For do but note a wild and wanton herd, Serv. A friend.

50 Or race of youthfud and unhandled colts, [loud, Lor. A friend: what friend ? your name, 1 Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing pray you, friend?

Which is the hot (ondition of their blood; Serv. Stephano is my name; and I bring word, If they perchance but hear a trumpet sound, My mistress will before the break of day Or any air of musick touch their ears, Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about 55 You shall perceive them make a mutual stand, By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays Their savage eyes. turn'd to a modest gaze, For happy wedlock hours.

By the sweet poi ser of musick: Therefore, the Lor. Who comes with her?


[floods : Serr. None but a holy hermit, and her maid. Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and I pray you, is my master yet return'd? 60 Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of rage,

Lor. He is not, nor have we yet heard from him. But musick for the time doth change his nature: But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,

The man that hat'o no musick in himself, ? Our author evidently here alludes to the stars. Patine is the pl: de made use of for the bread in the administration of the Eucharist, and sometimes made of gold.pleaning the moon, who is afterwards represented as sleeping:

Nor Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, To whom I am so infinitely bound, [him, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils;

Por. You should in all sense be much bound to The notions of his spirit are dull as night, For, as I hear, he was much bound for you. And his affections dark as Erebus:

Anth. No more than I am well acquitted of. Let no such man be trusted.—Mark the musick. 5 Por. Sir, you are very welcome to our house:

Enter Portia, and Nerissa at a distance. It must appear in other ways than words, Por. That light we see, is burning in my hall. Therefore I scant this breathing courtesy. How far that little candle throws his beams!

[Gratiano and Nerissa seem to talk apart. Soshines a good deed in a naughty world. (candle. Gru. By yonder moon, I swear you do me wrong;

Ner. Wlien the moon shone, we did not see the 10 In faith, I gave it to the judge's clerk:

Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less: Would he were gelt that had it, for my part, A substitute shines brightly as a king,



do take it, love, so much at heart. l'ntil a king be by; and then his state

Por: A quarrel, ho,already? what's the matter? Empties itself, as doth an inland brook

Gra. About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring Into the main of waters. Musick! hark! [Musick. 15 That she did give me; whose poesy was

Ner. It is your musick, madam, of the house. For all the world, like cutler's poetry

Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect; Opon a knife, Love me, and lcare nie not. Methinks it sounds much sweeter than by day. Ner. What talk you of the poesy, or the value?

Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, madam. You swore to me, when I did give it you, Por. Thecrow doth sing as su eetly as the lark, 20That you could wear it till your hour of death; When neither is attended; and, I think,

And that it should lie with you in your grave: The nightingale, if she should sing by day, Though not for me, yet for your vehement oaths, When every goose is cackling, would be thought You should have been respective',and have kept it. No better a musician than the wren.

Gave it a judge's clerk!--but well I know, [it. How many things by season season'd are 25 The clerk will ne'er wear hair on his face that had To their right praise, and true perfection!

Gra. He will, an if he live to be a man.
Peace! how the moon sleeps with Endymion, Ner. Ay, if a woman live to be a man.
And would not be awak'd! [Musick ceases. Gra. Now, by this hand, I gave it to a youth,-
Lor. That is the voice,

A kind of boy; a little scrubbed · boy,
Or I am much deceiv’d, of Portia. [cuckow, 30 No higher than thyself, the judge's clerk;

Por. He knows me, as the blind man knows the A prating boy, that begg’d it as a fee;
By the bad voice.

I could not for my heart deny it him. (you, Lor. Dear lady, welcome home.

Por. You were to blame, I must be plain with Por. We have been praying for our husbands To part so slightly with your wife's first gift; welfare,

35 A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger, Which speed, we hope, the better for our words. And riveted with faith unto your flesh. Are they return'd?

I gave my love a ring, and made him swear Lor. Madam, they are not yet;

Never to part with it; and here he stands: But there is come a messenger before,

I dare be sworn for him, he would not leave it, To signify their coming.

40 Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wealth Por. Go in, Nerissa,

That the world masters. Now, in faith, Gratiano Give order to my servants, that they take You give your wife too unkind a cause of grief; No note at all of our being absent hence:- An 'twere to me, I should be mad at it. Nor you, Lorenzo; Jessica, nor you.

Bass. Why, I were best to cut my left hand off,

[A tucket' sounds.45 And swear I lost the ring defending it. [ Aside. Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hearhistțumpet:

Gra. My lord Bassanio gave his ring away We are no tell-tales, madam; fear you not. [sick. Unto the judge that begg'd it, and indeed,

Por. This night, methinks, is but the day-light Deserv'd it too; and then the boy, his clerk, It looks a little paler : 'tis a day,

That took some pains in writing, he begg'd mine: Such as the day is when the sun is hid. 50 And neither man nor master would take aught Enter Bassanio, Anthonio, Gratiano, and their But the two rings. followers.

Por. What ring gave you, my

lord? Bass. We should hold day with the Antipodes, Not that, I hope, which you receiv'd of me? If you would walk in absence of the sun.

Bass. If I could add a lye unto a fault,
Por, Let ine give light, but let me not be light;55( would deny it; but you see, my finger
For a light wise doth make a heavy husband, Hath not the ring upon it, it is gone.
And never be Bassanio so for me;

Por. Even so void is your false heart of truth, But, God sort all!—You are welcome home, my By heaven, I will ne'er come in your bed lord.

(my friend.

Until I see the ring. Bass. I thank you, madam: give welcome to 60. Ner. Nor I in yours, This is the man, ihis is Anthonio,

'Till I again see mine, Meaning a flourish on a trumpet. ?Knives were formerly inscribed by means of aqua fortis with short sentences. Meaning, respectful. * Meaning, perhaps, a stunted or shrub-like boy..



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Bass. Sweet Portia,

Bass. Nay, but hear mé:
If you did know to whom I gave the ring, Pardon this fault, and by my soul I swear,
If you did know for whom I gave the ring, I never more will break an oath with thee.
And would conceive for what I


the ring, Anth. I once did lend my body for his wealth?; And how unwillingly I left the ring,

5 Which, but for him that had your husband's ring, When nought would be accepted but the ring,

[To Portia, You would abate the strength of your displea- Had quite miscarried: I dare be bound again,

My soul upon the forfeit, that your lord Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring, will never more break faith advisedly. Or half her worthiness that gave the ring, 10 Por. Then you shall be his surety: Give him this; Or your own honour to retain the ring,

And bid him keep it better than the other. You would not then have parted with the ring. Anth. Here, lord Bassanio; swear to keep this What man is there so much unreasonable,

ring. If you bad pleas’d to have defended it

Bass. By heaven, it is the same I gave the With any terms of zeal, wanted the modesty 15

doctor. To urge the thing held as a ceremony?

Por. I had it of him: pardon me, Bassanio; Nerissa teaches me what to believe;

For by this ring the doctor lay with me. l'il die fort, but some woman had the ring.

Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano; Bass. No, by mine honour, madam, by my soul, For that same scrubbed boy, the doctor's clerk, No woman had it, but a civil doctor,

20 In lieu of this, last night diú lie with me. Who did refuse three thousand ducats of me, Gra. Why, this is like the mending of highway And begg'd the ring; the which I did deny hin, In summer, where the ways are fair enough: And suffer'd him to go displeas'd away;

What! are we cuckolds ere we have deserv'd it? Even he that had held


Por. Speak not so grossly.-You are all amaz'd:
Of my dear friend. What should I say, sweet lady? 25 Here is a letter, read it at your leisure,
I was enforc'd to send it after him;

It comes from Padua, from Bellario: I was beset with shame and courtesy ;

There you shall find, that Portia was the doctor; My honour woull not let ingratitude

Nerissa there, her clerk; Lorenzo here Soʻmuch besmear it: Pardon me, good lady; Shall witness, I set forth as soon as you, For, by these blessed candles of the night, 30 And but even now return'd; I have not yet Had you been there, I think you would have Enter'd my house.—Anthonio, you are welcome; begg'd

And I have better news in store for you, The ring of me to give the worthy doctor. Than you expect : unseal this letter soon; Por. Let not that doctor e'er come near my There you shall tind, three of your argosies house:

35 Are richly come to harbour suddenly: Since he hath got the jewel that I lov'd,

You shall not know by what strange accident And that which you did swear to keep for me, I chanced on this letter. I will become as liberal as you ;

Anth. I am dumb. P'll not deny him any thing I have,

Bass. Were you the doctor, and I knew you not? No, not my body, nor my husband's bed: 401 Gra. Were you the clerk, that is to make me Know him I shall, I am well sure of it:

cuckold ? Lie not a night from home; watch me, like Argus; Ner. Ay, but the clerk, that never means to do it, If you do not, if I be left alone,

Unless he live until he be a man. Now, by inine honour, which is yet my own, Bass. Sweet doctor, you shall be my bedI'll have that doctor for my bedfellow.


fellow; Ner. And I his clerk; therefore be w !! advis’ul, When I am absent, then lie with my wife. How do


leave me to mine own protection. Anth. Sweet lady, you have given me life, and Gra. Well, do you so; let me not take him then

living; For, if I do, I'll mar the young clerk's pen.

For here I read for certain, that my ships Anth. I am the ́unhappy subject of these quar. 50 Are sately come to road. rels.

Por. How now, Lorenzo ? Por. Sir, grieve not you; You are welcome not- My clerk hath some good comforts too for you. withstanding.

Ner. Ay, and I'll give them him without a Bass. rtia, forgive me this enforced wrong;

And, in the hearing of these many friends, 55 There do I give to you, and Jessica,
I swear to thee, even by thine own fair eyes, From the rich Jew, a special deed of gift,
Wherein I see myself,-

After his death, of all he dies possess'd of.
Por. Mark you but that!

Lor. Fair ladies, you drop manna in the way
In both mine eyes he doubly sees himself: Of starved people.
In each eye, one:-wear by your double self', 160. Por. It is aluiost morning,
And there's an oath of credit.

And yet, I am sure, you are not satisfy'd
Double is here put for full duplicity. ? That is, his advantage.



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