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Speed. But tell me true, will't be a match ? Without some treachery used to Valentine :

Laun. Ask my dog; if he say ay, it will; if he This night, he meaneth with a corded ladder say no, it will; if he shake his tail, and say no- To climb celestial Silvia's chamber-window ; thing, it will.

Myself in council, his competitoro:
Speed. The conclusion is then, that it will. 5 Now presently I'll give her father notice

Laun. Thou shalt never get such a secret from of their disguising, and pretended 'flight; me, but by a parable.

Who, all enrag'd, will banish Valentine;
Speed. 'Tis well that I get it so. But, Launce,

For Thurio, he intends, shall wed his daughter: how say'st thou, that my master is become a no- But, Valentine being gone, I'll quickly cross, [ing. table lover?

10 By some sly trick, blunt Thurio's dúll proceedLaun. I never knew him otherwise.

Love, lend me wings to make my purpose swift, Speed. Than how?

As thou hast lent me wit to plot this drift! [Erit. Laun. A notable lubber, as thou reportest him

SCENE VII. to be.


Julia's house in Verona.
Speed. Why, thou whoreson ass, thou mistakest|15
Luun. Why, fool, I meant not thee; I meant

Enter Julia and Lucetta. thy master.

[lover. Jul. Counsel, Lucetta; gentle girl, assist me! Speed. I tell thee, my master is become a hot And, even in kind love, I do conjure thee,

Luun. Why, I tell thee, I care not though he Who art the table wherein all my thoughts burn himself in love. If thou wilt go with me to 20 Are visibly character'd and engravid, the alelouse, so; if not, thou art an Hebrew, a To lesson me; and tell me some good mean, Jew, and not worth the name of a Christian. How, with my honour, I niay undertake Speed. Why?

A journey to my loving Protheus. Laun. Because thou hast not so much charity Luc. Alas! the way is wearisome and long. in thee, as to go to the alehouse with a Christian : 25 Jul. A true-devoted pilgrim is not weary wilt thon go?

To measure kingdoms with his feeble steps; Speed. At thy service.


Much less shall she, that hath love's wings to fly ;

And when the flight is made to one so dear,

Of such divine perfection, as şir Protheus.
Enter Protheus.

30 Luc. Better forbear, till Protheus make return. Pro. To leave my Julia, shall I be forsworn; Jul. Oh, know'st thou not, his looks are my soul's To love fair Silvia, shall I be forsworn;

Pity the dearth that I have pined in, [food? To wrong my friend, I shall be much forsworn; By longing for that food so long a time. And even that power which gave me first my

Didst thou but know the inly touch of love, Provokes me to this threefold perjury. [oath, 35 Thou would'st as soon go kindle fire with snow, Love bade me swear, and love bids me forswear : As seek to quench the fire of love with words. 'O sweet-suggesting love, if thou hast sinn'd, Luc. I do not seek to quench your love's hot fire; Teach me, thy tempted subject, to excuse it! But qualify the fire's extreme rage, At first I did adore a twinkling star,

Lest it should burn above the bounds of reason. But now I worship a celestial sun.

401 Jul. The more thon damm'st it up, the more it
Unheedful vows may heedfully be broken; The current,thatwith gentle murmurglides, [burns:
And he wants wit, that wants resolved will Thou know'st, being stopp’d, impatiently doth
To learn his wit to exchange the bad for better.“ But, when his fair course is not hindered, [rage:
Fie, fie, unreverend tongue! to call her bad, He makes sweet music with the enamel'd stones,
Whose sovereignty so oft thou hast preferr'd 45 Giving a gentle kiss to every sedge
With twenty thousand soul-confirming oaths. He overtaketh in his pilgrimage ;
I cannot leave to love, and yet I do ;

And so by many winding nooks he strays,
But there I leave to love, where I should love. With willing sport, to the wild ocean.
Julia I lose, and Valentine I lose:

Then let me go, and hinder not my course:
If I keep them, I needs must lose myself; 50 I'll be as patient as a gentle stream,
If I lose them, this find I by their loss,

And make a pastime of each weary step, For Valentine, myself ; for Julia, Silvia. Till the last step have brought me to my love; I to myself am dearer than a friend;

And there I'll rest, as, after much turmoil, For love is still more precious in itself;

A blessed soul doth in Elysium. And Silvia, witness heaven, that made her fair! 55 Luc. But in what habit will you go along? Shews Julia but a swarthy Ethiope.

Jul. Not like a woman; for I would prevent I will forget that Julia is alive,

The loose encounters of lascivious men: Rememb'ring that my love to her is dead; Gentle Lucetta, tit me with such weeds And Valentine I'll hold an enemy,

As may

beseein some well-reputed page. [hair. Aiming at Silvia as a sweeter friend.

160 Luc. Why then your ladyship must cut your I cannot now prove constant to myself,

Jul. No, girl: l'll knit it up in silken strings, To suggest is to tempt, in our author's language. · Competitor is confederate, assistant, partPretended light is proposed or intended flight.


With twenty odd-conceited true-love knots ; Jul. That is the least, Lucetta, of my fear:
To be fantastic, may become a youth

A thousand oaths, an ocean of his tears,
Of greater time than I shall shew to be. And instances as intinite of love,
Luc. What fashion, madam, shall I make Warrant me welcome to my Protheus.
your breeches?

5 Luc. All these are servants to deceitful men. Jul. That fitsas well, as—"tell me,goodmy lord. Jul. Base men, that use them to so base ettect! "What compass will you wear your farthingale?'' But truer stars did govern Protheus' birth : Why, even that fashion thou best lik’st, Lucetta. Als words are bonds, his oaths are oracles; Luc. You must needs have them with a cod- His love sincere, his thoughts immaculate; piece, madam.

10 His tears, pure messengers sent from his heart; Jul. Out,out, Lucetta '! that will be ill-favour'd. His heart as far from fraud, as heaven from earth.

Luc. A round hose, madam, now's not worth a Luc. Pray heaven he prove so, when you Unless you have a cod-piece to stick pinson. [pin,

come to him !

Jul. 'Lucetta, as thou lov'st me, let me lave Jul. Now, as thou lov'st me, do him not that
What thou think'st meet, and is most mannerly: 15 To bear a hard opinion of his truth:
But tell me, wench, how will the world reputeme, Only deserve my love, by loving him;
For undertaking so unstaid a journey! And presently go with me to my chamber,
I fear me, it will make me scandaliz’d. [go not. To take a note of what I stand in need of,

Luc. If you think so, then stay at home, and To furnish ine upon my longing ? journey.
Jul. Nay, that I will not.

20 All that is mine I leave at thy dispose,
Luc. Then never dream on infamy, but go. My goods, my lands, my reputation;
If Protheus like your journey, when you come, Only, in lieu thereof, dispatch me hence.
No matter who's displeas'd, when you are gone: Come, answer not, but to it presently;
I fear me, he will scarce be pleas`d withal. II am impatient of my tarriance, [Ereunt.



Bir Valentine her company, and my court : The Duke's palace in Milan.

But, fearing lest my jealous aim' might err, Enter Duke, Thurio, and Protheus. And so, unworthily, disgrace the man, Duke. S'RThurio,give us leave, I pray,a while; 35|( A rashness that I ever yet have shunn?d? We have to . gave bim gentle looks; thereby to find

[Exit Thurio. That which thyself hast now disclos'd to me. Now, tellme, Protheus, what's your will with me: And, that thou may'st perceive my fear of this,

Pro. My gracious lord, that which I would dis- Knowing that tender youth is soon suggested, The law of iriendship bids me to conceal: (cover, 401 nightly lodge her in an upper tower, But, when I call to mind your gracious favours The key whereof myself have ever kept ; Done to me, undeserving as I am,

And thence she cannot be convey'd away. My duty pricks me on to utter that [me. Pro.Know,noble lord, they have devis'd a mean Which else no worldly goud should draw from How he her chamber-window will ascend, Know, worthy prince, sir Valentine, my friend, 45 and with a corded ladder fetch her down; This night intends to steal away your daughter; For which the youthful lover now is gone, Myself am one made privy to the plot.

And this way comes he with it presently; I know, you have detérinined to bestow her Where, if it please you, you may intercept him. On Thurio, whom your gentle daughter hates; But, good my lord, do it so cunningly, And should she thus be stolen away from you, 50 That my discovery be not aimed at *; It would be much vexation to your age. For love of you, hot hate unto my friend, Thus, for my duty's sake; I rather chose Hath made me publisher of this pretence": To cross my friend in his intended drift,

Duke. Upon mine honour he shall never know Than, by concealing it, heap on your head That I had any light from thee of this. A pack of sorrows, which would press you down, 55 Pro. Adieu, my lord; sir Valentine is coming. Being unprevented, to your timeless grave care,

[Exit Pro. Duke. Protheus, I thank thee for thine honest

Enter Valentine. Which to requite, command me while I live. Duke. Sir Valentine, whither away so fast ? This love of theirs myself have often seen, Val. Please it your grace, there is a messenger Haply, when they have judg'd me fast asleep; 60 That stays to bear my letters to my friends, And oftentimes have purpos'd to forbid

And I am going to deliver them. · This interjection is still used in the North. That is, wishi'd or disired journey. Aim means guess, in this instance. * That is, be not guessed. That is, of this claim made to your daughter. Pretence inplies design.





Duke. Be they of much import?

Val. Why, then, a ladder,quaintly made of cords,
Vul. The tenor of them doth but signify To cast up, with a pair of anchoring hooks,
My health, and happy being at your court.

Would serve to scale another Hero's tower,
Duke. Nay,then no matter; stay with me a while;. So bold Leander would adventure it.
I am to break with thee of some affairs,

Duke. Now, as thou art a gentleman of blood,
That touch me rear, wherein thou must be secret. Advise me where I may have such a ladder.
'Tis not unknown to thee, that I have sought Val. When would you use it?pray,sir,tell me that.
Tomatch my friend, sir Thurio, to my daughter. Duke. This very night; for love is like a child,

Pal. I know it well,my lord; and sure, the match That longs for every thing that he can come by. Were rich and honourable; besides, the gentleman 10 Val. By seven o'clock I'll get you such a ladder. Is full of virtue, bounty, worth, and qualities Duke. But hark thee; I will go to her alone; Beseeming such a wife as your fair daughter : How shall I best convey the ladder thither? [it Cannot your grace win her to fancy him? Pal. It will be light, my lord, that you may bear

Duke. No,trustme;sheispeevish,sullen,froward, Under a cluak, that is of any length. (turn? Proud, disobedient, stubborn, lacking duty;

151 Duke. A cloak as long as thine will serve the Neither regarding that she is my child,

Vali Ay, my good lord. Nor fearing me as if I were her father :

Duke. Then let me see thy cloak; And, may I say to thee, this pride of her's, I'll get me one of such another length. {lord. Upon advice, hath drawn my love from her; lul. Why, any cloak will serve the turn, my And, where I thought the remnant of mine age 20, Duke. How shåll I fashion me to wear a cloak? Should have beencherisl’d by her child-like duty,


pray thee, let me feel thy cloak upon me. I now am full resolv'd to the a wife,

What letter is this same? what's here? To Silvia And turn her out to who will take her in :

And here an engine fit for my proceeding! [Duke Then let her beauty be her wedding-dower;

I'll be so bold to break the seal for once. [reads. For me, and my possessions, she esteems not. 25 jy thoughts do harbour with my Silvia nightly;

Val. What would your grace have me to do in And slaves they are to me that send them flying;

Duke. There is a lady, sir, in Milan, here, [this: Oh,couldtheir mastercome and go as lightly, [ing. Whom I affect; but she is nice and coy,

Himselfwould lodge,zthere senselesstheyarelyAnd nought esteems my aged eloquence: My herald thonghts in thy pure bosom rest them; Now, therefore, would'I have thee to my tutor, so While I, theirking, that thitherthem importune, (For long agone I have forgot to court;

Docursethe gracethat with suchgracehath bless'd Besides, the fashion of the time is chang'd) Becausemyseldowantmyservunts fortune:[them, Ilow, and which way, I may bestow myself, I curse myself, for they are sent by me, [be. To be regarded in her sun-bright eye.

That they should harbour where their lord would Vul. Win her with gifts, if she respects not words; 35 What's here? Sulcia, this night will I enfranchise Dumb jewels often, in their silent kind,

"Tis so;and here's the ladder forthe purpose. [thee : More than quick words, do move a woman's mind. Why, Phaëton, (for thou art Merops' son)

Duke. But she did scorn a present that I sent her. Wilt thou aspire to guide the heavenly car,

Val. A woman scorns sometimes what best con. And with thy daring folly burn the world Send her another; never give her o'er;[tents her: 40 Wilt thou reach stars, because they shine on thee? For scorn at first makes after-love the more.

Go, base intruder! over-weening slave! If she do frown, 'tis not in hate of you,

Bestow thy fawning smiles on equal mates; But rather to beget more love in you:

And think, my patience, more than thy desert, If she do chide, 'tis not to have you gone ;

Is privilege for thy departure hence : For why, the fools are mad if left alone. 45 Thank une forthis, more than for all the favours, Take no repulse, whatever she doth say ;

Which, all too much, I bave bestow'd on thee. For, get you gone, she doth not mean, urar: But if thou linger in my territories, Flatter, and praise, commend, extol their graces;

Longer than swiftest expedition Though ne'er so black, say, they have angels' faces. Will give thee time to leave our royal court, That man that hath a tongue, I say, is no man, 50 By heaven, my wrath shall far exceed the love If with his tongue he cannot win a woman.

I ever bore my daughter, or thyself. Duke. But she I mean, is promis’d by her friends Begone, I will not hear thy vain excuse, Unto a youthful gentleman of worth ;

But, as thou lov'st thy life, make speed from hence. And kept severely from resort of men,

[Erit. That no man hath access by day to her. 55 Pal. And why not death, rather than living tor

Val. Why then I would resort to her by night. To die, is to be banish'd from myself! (ment ?

Duke. Ay,but the doors be lock'd, and keys kept And Sylvia is myself: banish'd from her, That no man hath recourse to her by night. (sale, Is self from self; a deadly banishment !

Val. What lets', but oneinayenterat her window What light is light, if Sylvia be not seen?

Duke.Herchainberis aloft, far from the ground;60 What joy is joy, if Silvia be not by ?
And built so shelving, that one cannot climb it Unless it be, to think that she is by,
Without apparent hazard of his life.

And feed upon the shadow of perfection.
That is, what hinders.
For is the same as for that, since.




Except I be by Silvia in the night,

But Valentine, if he be ta'en, must die. There is no musick in the nightingale;

Resides, her intercession chat'd him so, Unless I look on Silvia in the day,

When she for thy repeal was suppliant, There is no day for me to look upon;

That to close prison he commanded her, She is my essence; and I leave to be,

5 With many bitter tireats ot’biding there.[speak’st, If I be not by her fair influence

Val. No more; unless the next word that thou Fosterd, illuinin'd, cherish’d, kept alive. Have some malignant power upon my life: I tly not death, to fly his deadly doom':

If so, I pray thee, breathe it in mine ear, Tarry I here, I but attend on death;

As ending anthem of my endless dolour. But tly I hence, I Hy away from life.

10 Pro.Ceaseto lament torthat thou can'st not help, Enter Protheus and Launce.

And study help for that which thou lament'st. Pro. Run, boy, run, run, and seek him out. Time is the nurse and breeder of all good. Laun. So-bo! so-ho!

Here if thou stay, thou can'st not see thy love; Pro. What seest thou?

Besides, thy staying will abridge tlıy lite. Laun. Him we go to find: there's not an bair 15 Hope is a lover's statf; walk hence with that, on's head, but 'tis a Valentine.

And manage it against despairing thoughts. Pro. Valentine?

Thy letters may be here, though thou art hence; Val. No.

Which, being writ to me, shall be deliver'd Pro. Who then ? his spirit?

Even in the milk-white bosom - of thy love. l'al. Neither,

20 The time now serves not to expostulate: Pro. What then?

Come, I'll convey thee through the city-gate; Val. Nothing.

And, ere I part with thee, conter at large Laun. Can nothing speak Master,shall I strike Of all that may concern thy love affairs: Pro. Whoin would'st thou strike?

As thou lov'st Silvia, though not for thyself, Luun. Nothing.

25 Regard thy danger, and along with me. Pro. Villain, torbear.

(you,- Vu I pray thee, Launce,an if thou seest myboy, Laun. Why, sir, I'll strike nothing: I pray

Bidhin inakenaste and mect me at the north-nie. Pro.Sirrah, isay,forbear. Friend Valentineaword. Pro.Go, sirrah, find him out. Come, Valeaune. Val. Myearsarestopp’d,and cannot heargoodnews, Val. O iny dear Silvia! hapiss Valentine! So much of bad already hath possess d them. 301

[Exeunt Valentine and Proth us. Pro. Then in dumb siience will I bury mine, Laun. I am but a fool, look you; and yet I have For they are harsh, untuneable, and bad. the wit to think, my master is a kind of a knave: Val. Is Silvia dead?

but that's all one, if he be but one knave; Ile Pro. No, Valentine.

lives not now, that knows me to be in love: yet I l'al. No Valentine, indeed, for sacred Silvia !— 35 am in love: but a team of horse shall not pluck Hath she forsworn me?

that from me: nor who 'tis I love, and yet'tis a Pro. No, Valentine.

woman: but what woman, I will not tell myself, Fal. No Valentine, if Silvia have forsworn me!-- and yet 'tis a milk-maid: yet 'tis not a maid, for What is your news?

(vanish'd she hath had gossips* : yet 'tis a maid, for she is Laun. Sir, there's a proclamation that you are 40 her master's maid, and serves for wages.-She

Pro. That thou art banish`d, oh, that is the news, hath more qualities than a water-spaniel—which From hence, from Silvia, and from me thy friend. is much in a bare christian. Here is the cat-log

Val. Oh, I have fed upon this woe already, pulling out a paper] of her conditions.- ImpriAnd now excess of it will make ine surfeit. inis, she can fitch and carry. Why, a horse Doth Silvia know that I am banished?

45 can do no more; nay, a horse cannot fetch, but Pro. Ay, ay; and she hath otter'd to the doom, only carry; therefore, is she better than a jade.-(Which unrevers’d, stands in effectual force) Item, She can milk, look you; a sweet virtue in A sea of melting pearl, which some cail tears; a maid with clean hands. Those at her father's churlish feet she tenderd;

Enter Speed With thein, upon her knees, her humble self; 50 Speed. How now, signíor Launce ? what news Wringing her hands, who e whiteness so became with your mastership? As if but now they waxed pale for woe:

woe: [them, Luin. With my master's ship? why, it is at sea. But neither bended knees, pure bands held up, Speed. Weil, your old vice still; mistake the Sad sighs, deep groans, nor silver-shedding tears,

word: What news then in your paper? Could penetrate her uncompassionate sire; 155) Laun. The blackest news that ever thou heard'st.

The phrase of, to fly his doom used here for by flying, or in flying, is a gallicism. The sense is, By avoiding the execution of his sentence I shall not escape death. Before the meaning of this address of letters to the bosom of a mistress can be understood, it should be known that women antiently had a pocket in the fore part of their stays, in which they not only carried love-letters and love-tokens, but even their inoney and materials for needle-work. In many parts of England the country girls still cbserve the same practice. One knate may signify a knare on one occasion, a single knave. We still use a double villain for a villain beyond the common rate of guilt. 4 Gossips, not only signify those who are sponsors for a child in baptisan, but the tattling women who attend lyings-in.

5 Bure has two senses; mere and neked. Lunce uses it in both, and opposes the naked female to the waterspaniel cover'd with hairs of remarkable thickness. D2



Speed. Why, man, how black?

Speed. Item, She ruill often praise her liquor. Laun. Why, as black as ink.

Laun. If her liquor be good, she shall: if she Speed. Let me read them.

(read. will not, I will; for good things should be praised, Laun. Fie on thee, joll-head; thou can’st not Speed. Item, she is too liberal'. Speed. Thou lyest, I can.

[thee? 5 Laun. Of her tongue she cannot; for that's writ Laun, I will try thee: Tell me this: Whobuget down, she is slow of: of her purse she shall not; Speed. Marry, the son of my grandfather. or that I'll keep shuti now of another thing she

Laun. () illiterate loiterer ! it was the son of thy may; and that I cannot help. Well, proceed. grandmother': this proves, that thou can't not Speed. Item, She hath more hair than wit, and read.

10 moref ultsihankuirs,undmore wealththanfaults. Speed. Come, fool, come; try me in thy paper. Laun. Stop there; I'll have her: she was niine, Laun. There; and St. Nicholas ? be thy speed! and not mine, twice or thrice in that last article: Speed. Imprimis, She can milk.

Relicarse that once more. Laun. Ar, that she can.

Speed. Item, She hath more hair than wit, Speed. Tiem, She breres good ul?.

15 Luun. More hair than wit,-it may be; I'll Laun. And therefore comes the proverb,- prove it: The cover of the salt hides the salt, and Blessing of your heart, you brew good ale. liherefore it is more than the salt: the hair, that Speed. Item, She can sew.

covers the wit, is more than the wit; for the Laun. That's as much as to say, Can she so? greater hides the less. What's next? Speed. Item, She can knit.

20 Speed. - And more faults than hairs,Luun. What need a man care for a stock with, Lawn. That's monstrous: Oh, that that were a wench, when she can knit him a stock??

lout! Speed. Item, She can wash and scour.

Speed.--And more wealth than faulis. Laun. A special virtue; for then she need not Luun. Why, that word makes the faults grato be washid and scour'd.

25 cious“: Well, I'll have her: And if it be a match, Speed. Item, She can spin.

as nothing is impossible, Luun. Then may I set the world on wheels, Sperd. What then? when she can spin for her living.

Laun. Why, then will I tell thee,-that thy Speed. Item, She hath many nameless virtues. master stays for thee at the north-gate.

Laun. That's as much as to say, bastard vir- 30 Speed. For me? tues; that, indeed, know not their fathers, and Laun. For thee? ay; who art thou? he hath therefore have no names.

staid for a better man than thee. Speed. Here follow her rices.

Speed. And must I go to him? Laun. Close at the heels of her virtues.

Luun. Thou must run to him, for thou hast Speed. Item, She is not to be kiss'd fisting, 35 staid so long, that going will scarce serve thy turn. in respect of her breath.

Speed. Why didst not tell me sooner ? pox on Luun. Well, that fault may be mended with a your love-letters! breakfast; Read on.

Laun. Now will he be swing’d for reading my Speed. Item, She hath a szect mouth'. letter; an unmannerly slave, that will thrust Laun. That makes amends for her sour breath. 40 himself into secrets !-I'll after, to rejoice in the Speed. Item, She doth talk in her sleep. boy's correction.

[Ereunt. Laun. It's no matter for that, so she sleep not

SCENE II. in her talk. Speed. Item, She is slow in words.

Enter Duke and Thurio, and Protheus behind. Laun. O villain! that set down among her 45 Duke. Sir Thurio, fear not, but that she will vices? To be slow in words, is a woman's only virtue: I

pray thee, out withi't; and place it for Now Valentine is banish'd from her sight, her chief virtue.

Thu. Since his exile she hath despised me most, Speed. Item, She is proud.

Forsworn my company, and rail'd at me, Laun. Out with that too; it was Eve's legacy, 50 That I am desperate of obtaining her. and cannot be taken from her.

Dithe. This weak impress of love is as a figure Speed. Item, She hath no teeth.

Trenched in ice; which with an hour's heat Laun. I care not for that neither, because I Dissolves to water, and doth lose his form. love crusts.

A little time will melt her frozen thoughts, Speed. Item, She is curst.

155.ind worthless Valentine shall be forgot. Laun. Well; the best is, she hath no teeth to How now, sir Protheus? Is your countryman, bite.

According to our proclamation, gone? · It is undoubtedly true that the mother only knows the legitimacy of the child. Launce probably infers, that if he could read, he must have read this well-known observation. ? St. Nicholas presided over scholars, who were therefore callid St. Nicholus's chirhs. 3 That is, a stocking. 4 Dr. Johnson is of opinion that sucet mouth implies the same with what is now vulgarly called a sweet tooth, a luxurious desire of dainties and sweetmeats; while Vir. Steevens believes, that by a sweet mouth is meant that she sings sweetly., · Liberal, is licentious and gross in language. Gracious, in old language, means grucejul. ? That is, cut, carv'd in ice.


love you,


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