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Or, if it must stand still, let wives with child Keep Stephen Langton, chosen archbishop
Pray, that their burdens may not fall this day, Of Canterbury, from that holy see?
Lest that their hopes prodigiously be crosti: This in our 'foresaid holy father's name,
But ?

this day, let seamen fear no wreck; Pope Innocent, I do demand of thee.
No bargains break, that are on this day made: 5 K. John. What earthly naine to interrogatories
This day, all things begun come to ill end : Can task the free breath of a sacred king?
Yea, faith itself to hollow falsehood change! Thou canst not, cardinal, devise a name

K. Phil. By heaven, lady, you shall have no So slight, unworthy, and ridiculous, To curse the fair proceedings of this day : [cause To charge me to an answer, as the pope. Have I not pawn'd to you my majesty? 10 Tell him this tale: and from the mouthof England

Const. You have beguild me with a counterfeit, Add thus much more,-That no Italian priest Resembling majesty; which, being touch’d, and Shall tithe or toil in our dominions ; try'd,

But as we under heaven are supreme head, Prores valueless: You are forsworn, forsworn ; So, under him, that great supremacy, You came in arms to spill mine enemies' blood, 15 Where we do reign, we will alone uphold, But now in arms you strengthen it with yours : Without the assistance of a mortal hand: The grappling vigour and rough frown of war, so tell the pope ; all reverence set apart, Is cold in amity and painted peace,

To him, and his usurp'd authority. (this. And our oppression hath made up this league:

K. Phil. Brother of England, you blaspheme in Arm,arm, you heavens,against these perjur’d kings! 20 K. John. Though you, and all the kings of A widow cries; be husband to me, heavens !

Christendom, Let not the hours of this ungodly day

are led so grossly by this meddling priest, Wear out the day in peace; but, ere sun-set, Dreading the curse that money may buy out; Set armed discord 'twixt these perjur'd kings! And, by the merit of vile gold, dross, dust, Hear me, oh, hear me!

25 Purchase corrupted pardon of a man, Aust. Lady Constance, peace.

Who, in that sale, sells pardon from himself: Const. War! war! no peace ! peace is to me a Though you, and all the rest, so grossly led, O Lymoges ! O Austria ! thou dost shame (war. This juggling witchcraft with revenue cherish, That bloody spoil: Thou slave, thouwretch, thou

Yet I, alone, alone do me oppose coward;

30 Against the pope, and count his friends my foes. Thou little valiant, great in villainy!

Pand. Then, by the lawful power that I have, Thou ever strong upon the stronger side ! Thou shalt stand curst, and excommunicate ; Thou fortune's chainpion, that dost never fight And blessed shall he be, that doth revolt But when her humorous ladysbip is by

from his allegiance to an heretic; To teach thee safety ! thou art perjur'd too,

35 And meritorious shall that hand be cali'd,
And sooth’st up greatness. What a fool art thou, Canonized, and worship’d as a saint,
A ramping fool ; to brag, and stamp, and swear, That takes away by any secret course
Upon my party! Thou cold-blooded slave, Thy hateful life.
Hast thou not spoke like thunder on my side? Const. O, lawful let it be,
Been sworn my soldier? bidding me depend

40 That I have room with Rome to curse a while! l'pon thy stars, thy fortune, and thy strength ?

Guod father cardinal, cry thou Amen, And dost thou now fall over to my toes?

To my keen curses : for, without iny wrong,
Thou wear a lion's hide! doff it for shame, There is no tongue hath power to curse him right.
And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant limbs“. Pand. There's law and warrant, lady, for my curse.
Aust.), that ainan wouldspeak those words tome! 45 Const. And for mine too; when law can dono right,
Faulc. And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant"

Let it be lawful, that law bar no wrong:

Law cannot give my child his kingdom here; Aust. Thou dar'st not say so, villain, for thy life. For he that holds his kingdom, holds the lau : Faulc. And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant

Therefore, since law itself is perfect wrong, limbs.

50 slow can the law forbid my tongue to curse? K. John. Welike not this; thou dost forget thyself. Pand. Philip of France, on peril of a curse, Enter Pandulph.

Let go the hand of that arch beretic;

And raise the power of France upon his head, K. Phil. Here comes the holy legate of the pope. Unless he do submit himself to Rome.

Pand. Hail, you anointed deputies of heaven!-55 Eli. Look’st thou pale, France? do not let go To thee, king John, my holy errand is.

ihy hand.

[repent, I Pandulph, of fair Milan cardinal,

Const. Look to that, devil ! lest that France And from pope Innocent the legate here,

And, by disjoining hands, hell lose a soul. Do, in his name, religiously demand,

Aust. King Philip, listen to the cardinal. Why thou against the church, our holy mother, 00 Faule. And hang a calt's-skin on his recreant So wilfully dost spurn; and force, perfurce,

Jimbs. '1. e. be disappointed by the production of a prodigy, or monster. ' But here signifesercopt.'i. e. put it off. *When fools were kept for amusement in great families, they were disunguished by a calt-skin coat, which had the buttons down the back. This circumstance will explain the sarcasın of Constance and Faulconbridge, who mean to call Austria a fool. i. e. cowardly:




Aust. Well, ruffian, I must pocket up these France, thou may'st hold a serpent by the tongue, Because

(wrongs, A cased'lion by the mortal paw, Faulc. Your breeches best may carry them. A fasting tyger safer by the tooth, K. John. Philip, what say'st thou to the cardinal: Chan keep in peace that hand whichthou dost hold. Const. What should he say, but as the cardinal : 5. K. Phil. I may disjoin my hand, but not my faith.

Lewis. Bethink you, father'; for the difference Pand. So mak'st thou faith an eneiny to faith; Is, purchase of a heavy curse from Rome,

And, like a civil war, set'st oath to oath, Or the light loss of England for a friend :

Thy tongne against thy tongue. O, let thy vote Forego the easier.

First made to heaven, first be to heaven perford; Blanch. That's the curse of Rome. [here 10 That is, to be the champion of our churcb!

Const. O Lewis, stand fast: the devil tempts thee What since thou swor'st, is sworn against thyself, In likeness of a new, untrimmed' bride. [faith, And may not be performed by thyself:

Blanch. The lady Constancespeaks not from her For that, which thou hast sworn to do amiss, But from her need.

Is't not amiss, when it is truly done? Const: O, if thou grant my need,

15 And being not done, where doing tends to ill,
Which only lives but by the death of faith, The truth is then most done not doing it:
That need must needs infer this principle, The better act of purposes mistook
That faith will live again by death of need: Is, to mistake again; though indirect,
O, then, tread down myneed, and faith mounts up; Yet indirection thereby grows direct,
Keep my need up and faith is trolden down. [this.20 And talshood falshood cures; as fire cools fire,

K. John. The king is mov'd, and answers not to Within the scorched veins of one new burn'd.
Const. O, beremov'd from him, and answer well. It is religion, that doth make vows kept;
Aust. Do so, King Philip; hang no more in doubt. But thou hast sworn against religion (swear'st ;
Faulc. Ilang nothing but a calf's-skin, mostsweet By wbich thou swear'st against the thing thou

[say: 25 And mak’st an oath the surety for thy truth K. Phil. I am perplex'd, and know not what to Against an oath : The truth thou art unsure Pand. What canst thou say, but will perplex Toswear, swear only not to be forsworn; thee more,

Else what a mockery should it be toswear! If thou stand excommunicate, and curst? [yours, But thou dost swear only to be forsworn;

K. Phil. Good reverend father,inake my person 30 And most forsworn to keepfhat thou dost swear. And tell me, how you would bestow yourself. Therefore thy latter vows, against thy first, This royal hand and mine are newly knit ; Is in thyself rebellion to thyself; And the conjunction of our inward souls

And better conquest never canst thou make, Marry'd in league, coupled and link'd together Than arın thy constant and thy nobler parts With all religious strength of sacred vows; 35 Against these giddy loose suggestions : The latest breath, that gave the sound of words, Upon which better part our prayers come in, Was deep-sworn faith, peace, amity, true love, If thou vouchsafe them: but, if not, then know, Between our kingoloms, and our royal selves; The peril of our curses light on thee; And even before this truce, but new before

,. So heavy as thou shalt not shake them off, No longer than we well could wash our hands, 40 But, in despair, die under their black weight. Toclap this royal bargain up of peace',- (stain'd Aust. Rebellion, flat rebellion! Heaven knows, they were besmear'd and over- Faulc. Will't not be? With slaughter's pencil; wbere revenge did paint Will not a calf's-skia stop that mouth of thige? The fearful difference of incensed kings:

Lewis. Father, to arms ! And shall these hands so lately purg'd of blood, 45 Blunch. l'pon thy wedding day? So newly join'd in love, so strong in both, Against the blood that thou hast married ? Unyoke this seizure, and this kind regreet? What, shall our feast be kept with slaughter'd men! Play fast and loose with faith ? so jest with heaven, Shall braying trumpets, and loud churlish drums,Make such unconstant children of ourselves, Ciamours of hell,-be measures to our pomp?' As now again to snatch our palm from palm; 500 husband, hear me !-aye, alack, how new Unswear faith sworn; and on the marriage bed Is husband in my mouth even for that name, Of smiling peace to march a bloody host, Which 'till this time my tongue did ne'er proAnd make a riot on the gentle brow

Upon my knee I beg, gò not to aris [nounce, Of true sincerity ? O holy sir,

Against mine uncle. My reverend father, let it not be so :

55) Const. O, upon my knee, Out of your grace, devise, ordain, impose Made hard with kneeling, I do pray to thee, Some gentle order ; and then we shall be blest Thou virtuous Dauphin, alter not the doom To do your pleasure, and continue friends. Fore-thought by heaven.

(may Pand. All form is formiless, order orderless, Blanch. Now shall I see thiy love; what motive Save what is opposite to England's love. 60 Be stronger with thee than the name of wife? Therefore to arms! be champion of our church! Const. That which upholdeth him that thee opOr let the church, our mother, breathe her curse,


(nour ! A mother's curse, on her revolting son.

His honour: Oh, thine honour, Lewis, thine ho. i.e. undressed.'? A regreet is an exchange of sa'utation, is Some editions read chased. ,


Lewis. I muse, your majesty cloth seem so cold, As dear be to thee as thy father was. [grief. When such profound respects do pull you on. Arth. O, this will make my mother die with.

Pand. I will denounce a curse upon his head. Ķ. John. Cousin, away for England: haste bpK. Phil. Thou shalt not need:–England, I'll fall


To Fuulconbridge. from thee.

5 And ere our coming, see thou shake the bags. Const. O fair return of banish'd majesty! Of hoarding abbots; imprisoned angels Eli. O foul revolt of French inconstancy! Set at liberty: the fat ribs of peace X. John, France, thou shalt rue this hour within Must by the hungry now be led upon ; this hour.

[ton time, Use our commission in his utmost force. [back, Faulc, Old time the clock-setter, that bald Faule. Bell book and candle shall not drive me Is it as he will? well then, France shall rue. When gold and silver becks me to come on.

Blunch. The sub'so'ercast with blood: Fair day I leave your highness :--Grandan, I will pray
Which is the side that I must go withal? [adieu! (If ever I remember to be holy)
I am wich both: each arıny hath a hand: For your fair safety; so I kiss your hand,
And, in their rage, I having hold of both, 151 Eli. Farewell, gentle cousin.
They whirl asunder, and dismember me.

K. John. Coz, farewell. [Exit Fauc. Husband, I cannot pray that thou may'st winr; Eli. Come hither, little kinsman; hark, a word, Uncle, I needs must pray that thou may’st lose

[Taking him to one side of the stage. Father, I inay not wish the fortune thine';

K. John. Come hither, Hubert. O mygentle Huer Grandam, I will not wish thy wishes thrive: 20 Weowetheemuch; within this wall of tiesh" (bert, Whoever wins, on that side shall I lose;

There is a soul counts thee her creditor,
Assured loss, before the match be play'd. [lies. And with advantage means to pay thy love:

Lewis. lady, with me; with me thy fortune And, my good friend, thy voluntary path
Blanch. There where my fortune lives, there my Lives in this bosom, dearly cherisbed.
life dies,

[ther.--25 Give me thy hand. I had a thing to say, K. Jokn. Cousin, go draw our puissance toge

But I will fit it with some better time.

[Erit Faulconbridge. By heaven, Hubert, I am almost asham'd France, I am burned up with infiaming wrath; say what good respect. I have of thee. A rage whose heat hath this condition,

Hub.Iam much bounden to your majesty.[soyet:
That nothing can allay, nothing but blood, 30 K. John. Good friend, thou hast no cause to say
The blood, and dearest-valu'd blood, of France. But thou shalt have; and creep time ne'er so slow,
K. Phil. Thy rage shall burn thee up, and thou Yet it shall come to me to do thee good.
shalt turn

I had a thing to say,—But let it go :
To ashes, ere our blood shall quench that fire : The sun is in the heaven, and the proud day.
Look to thyself, thou art in jeopardy. 35 Attended with the pleasures of the world,
K. John. No more than he that threats. To Is all too wanton, and too full of gawds?,
arms, let's hie!

[Ereunt. To give me audience:--if the midnight bell;

Did with his iron tongue and brazen mouth,
A field of battle.

Sound on' unto the drowsy race of night; Alarums, excursions: enter Faulconbridge, with 40 If this same were a church-yard where we stand, Austriu's head,

And thou possessed with a thousand wrongs; Fault. Now, by my life, this day grows wondrous Or if that surly spirit, melancholy, Some airy devil hovers in the sky, shot: Had bak'd thý blood, and made it heavy, thick; And pours down mischiet. Austria's head lie there; (Which, else, runs tickling up and down theveins, While Philip breathes.

45 Making that ideot, laughter, keep men's eyes,.. Enter King John, Arthur, and Hubert. And strain their cheeks to idle inerriment, K. John. llubert, keep this boy :-Philip' make A passion hateful to my purposes), My mother is assailed in our tent, [up;

Or if that thou could'st see me without eyes, And ta'en, I fear.

Hear me without thine ears, and make reply Faul. My lord, I rescu'd her;

150 Without a tongue, using conceit alone, Her highness is in safety, fear you not :

Without eyes, ears, and harmful sound of words ;, But on, my liege ; for very little pains

Then, in despight of broad-ey'd watchtul day, Will bring this labour to an happy end. [Excunt. I would into thy bosom pour my thoughts: 'S CE N E III.

But, ah, I will not :-Yet I love thee well; Alarums, excursions, retreat. Re-enterking.John,55 And, by my troth, I think thou lov'st me well

. Elinor, Arthur, Faulconbridge, Hubert and lords. Hub. So well that what you bid me undertakt, ... K. John. So shall it be ; your grace shall stay Though that my death were adjunct to my act, behind,

[To Elinor. By heaven, I would do it. So strongly guarded.-Cousin, look not sad: K. John. Do not I know thou would'st?

[To Arthur. 60 Good Hubert, Hubert, Hubert, throw thine eye. Thy grandam loves thee; and thy uncle will 1 On yon young boy: l'il tell thee what, my friend,

* Here the king, who kad knighted him by the name of Sir Richard, calls him by his former name, ? Gawds are any showy ornaments. 3 Warburton thinks we should read, “ sound one" and Mrsi Malone observes, that on and one are perpetually confounded in the old copies of Shakspearç..

so ill ?

Heis a very serpent in my way ;

Come, grin on me; and I will think thou smilst, And, wheresov'er this foot of mine doth tread, And buss thee as thy wife ! Misery's love, He lies before me: dost thou understand me? Oh, come to me! Thou art his keeper.

K. Phil. On fair affliction, peace. Hub. And I'll keep him so,

5 Const. No, no, I will not having breath to cry: That he shall not ottend your majesty.

Oh, that my tongue were in the thunder's mouth! K. John. Death.

Then with a passion would I shake the world; Hub. My lord?

And rouse from sleep that fell anatomy, K. John. A grave.

Which cannot hear a lady's feeble voice, Hub. Ile shall not live.

Howbich scorns a modern'invocation. K. John. Enough,

Pand. Lady, you utter madness, and not sorI could be merry now: Ilubert, I love thee; Const. Thou art unholy to belie ine so; [row. Well, I'll not say what I intend for thee:

I am not mad: this hair I tear is mine ; Remember.- Madam, fare you well:

My name is Constance; I was Geffrey's wife ; I'll send those powers o'er to your majesty. 15 Young Arthur is my son, and he is lost : Eli. My blessing go with thee!

I am not mad;—I would to heaven, I were ! K. John. For England, cousin, go :

For then, 'tis like I should forget myself: Bubert shall be your man, attend on you

Oh, if I could, what grief should I forget! With all true duty.—On toward Calais, ho! Pirach soine philosophy to make me mad,

[Exeunt. 20 And thou shalt be canoniz'd, cardinal;

For, being not mad, but sensible of grief,
The French Court.

Aly reasonable part produces reason

How I may be deliver'd of these woes, Enter King Pbilip, Lewis, Pandulpb, and Attendants: and teaches me to kill or hang myself :

K. Phil. So, by a roaring tempest on the flood, 251f I were mad, I should forget my son ; A whole armado of collected sail

Or madly think, a babe of clouts were he: Is scatter'd and disjoin'd from fellowship. [well. I am not mad ; too well, too well I feel

Pand. Courage and comfort ! all shall yet go The different plague of each calamity. (note K. Phil. What can go well, when we have run K. Phil. Bind up those tresses: Oh, what love !

30 In the fair multitude of those her hairs ! Are we not beaten? Is not Angiers lost?

Where but by chance a silver drop hath fallen,
Arthur ta’en prisoner! divers dear friends slain? Even to thet drop ten thousand wiry friends
And bloody England into England gone, Do glew thenselves in sociable grief;
O'er-bearing interruption, spite of France? Like true, inseparable, faithful loves,

Lewis. Whathe huthi won, that hath he fortify'd : 35 Sticking together in calamity.
So hot a speed with such advice dispos'd,


. To England, if you will. Such temperate order in so tierce a cause, K. Phil. Bind up your hairs. Doth want example: Who hath read, or heard Const. Yes, that I will: And wherefore will I Of any kindred action like to this?

I tore them from their bonds; and cry'd aloud, K. Phil. Well could I bear that England had 10"Oh that these hands could so redeem my son,

“ As they have givin these hairs their liberty!" So we could find some patterns of our shame. But now I envy at their liberty, Enter Constance.

And will again commit them to their bonds, Iwok, who comes bere ! a grave unto a soul; Because my poor child is a prisoner.Holding the eternal spirit, against her will, 45 And, father cardinal, I have heard you say, In the vile prison of alllicted breath :

That we shall see and know our friends in beaven: I pr’ythee, lady, go away with me.

If that be true, I shall see my boy again; Const. Lo, now! now see the issue of your peace! For, since the birth of Cain, ihe tirst male-child, K. Phil. Patience, good lady! confort, gentle To him that did but yesterday suspire ', Constance!

50 There was not such a gracious 6 creature born. Const. No, I defy : all counsel, all redress, But now will canker sorrow eat my bud, But that which ends all counsel, true redress, And chase the native beauty from his cheek. Death, death:--Oh amiable, lovely death! And he will look as hollow as a ghost ; Thou odoriferous stench! sound roitenness! As diin and meagre as an ague's tit: Arise forth from the couch of lasting night, 55 And so he'll die ; and, rising so again, Thou hate and terror to prosperity,

When I shall meet hiin in the court of heaven And I will kiss thy detestable bones;

I shall not know him : therefore never, never And put my eye-valls in thy vaulty brows; Must I behold my pretty Arthur more. And ring these fingers with thy houshold worms Pand. You hold too heinous a respect of grief. And stop this gap of breath with fulsomne dust, 1601 Const. He talks to me, that never had a son. And be a carrion monster like thyself :

K.Phil. You are as fond of grief, as of your child. .' Fieroe here means sudden, hasty. ?j. e. I refuse. : Modern here implies, as has been before remarked in other plays, trité, common. * The old copy reads wiry lieuds. 'i. e. breathe. oie. graceful.


[do it

this praise,




Const. Grief fills the room up of my absent child, So be it, for it cannot be but so. Lies in his bed, walks up and down with me; Lewis. But what shall I gain by young Arthur's Puts on his pretty looks, repeats his words,

fall ? Remembers me of all his gracious parts,

Pand. You in the right oflady Blanch your wife, Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form; 5 May then make all the claim ihat Arthur did. Then, have I reason to be fond of grief.

Latvis. And lose it, lite and all, as Arthur diri. Fare you well: had you such a loss as I,

Pand. How green you are, and fresh in this old I could give better comfort than you

world! I will not keep this form upon my head,

John lays you plots; the times conspire with you: [Tearing of her lieud-dress. 10 For he, that steeps his safety in true Blood', When there is such aisorder in my wit.

Shall find but bloody safety, and uptrue. O lord! my boy, my Arthur, my fair son ! This act, so evilly born, shall cool the hearts My life, my joy, my food, my all the world! Of all his people, and freeze up their zeal; My widow-comfort, and my sorrows' cure! [Erit. That none so small advantage shall step forth, K. Phil. I fear some outrage, and I'll follow her. 15 To check his reign, but they will cherish it:

[Eril. No natural exhalation in the sky, Lewis. There's nothing in this world can make No scape of nature’, no distempers day, Life is as tedious as a twice-told tale, [me joy: No common wind, no customed event, Vexing the dull ear of a drowsy man; [taste, But they will pluck away his natural cause, And bitter shame bath spoil'd the sweet world's|20 and call them meteors, prodigies, and signs, Thatit yields nought, but' shame, and bitterness. Abortives, presages, and tongues of heaven, *Pand. Before the curing of a strong disease, Plainly denouncing vengeance upon

John. Even in the instant of repair and health,

Leriis. May be, he will not touch yourg ArThe fit is strongest ; evils, that take lave,

thur's life, On their departure most of all shew evil: 25 But hold himseit safe in his prisonment. What have you lost by losing of this day?

Pand. O,sir, when he shall hear of your approach, Lewis. All days of glory, joy, and happiness. If that young Arthur be not gone already,

Pand. If you had won it, ceitainly, you had. Even at that news he dies: and then the hearts No, no: when fortune means to nien most good, of all his people shall revolt from him, She looks upon them with a threatening eye. 30 And kiss the lips of unacquainted charge; 'Tis strange, to think how much king John hath lost And pick strong matter of revolt, and wrath, In this which he accounts so clearly won:

Out of the bloody fingers' ends of John. Are not you griev'd, that Arthur is his prisoner: Metbinks, I see this hurly all on foot ;

Lewir. As heartily, as he is glad he hath bim. And, 0, what better matier breeds for you,

Pand. Your mind is all as youthful as your blood. 35 Than I have nam’d!--The bastard Faulcenbridge Now hear me speak, with a prophetic spirit; is now in England, ransacking the church, For even the breath of what I niean to speak Offending charity: If but a dozen French Shall blow each dust, each straw, each little rub, Were there in arms, they would be as a call Out of the path which shall directly lead To train ten thousand Englislı to their side; Thyfoot to England's throne; anel, therefore, mark. 40 Or, as a little snow, tumbled about, John hath seiz'd Arthur; and it cannot be, Anon becomes a mountain. O poble Dauphin, That while warm life plays in that infant's veins, Go with me to the king; 'Tis wonderlul The misplaced Jolin should entertain av hour, What may

be wrought out of their discontent: One minute, nay, one qniet breath of rest: Now that their souls are top-full of oilence, A sceptre, spatch'd with an unruly hand, 145 For England go; I will whet on the king. Must be as boisterously maintain'u as gain'd: Lewis. Strong reasons make strong actions:And he, that stands upon a slippery place, Jakes nice of no vile hold to stay bim up: If you say, ay, the king will not say, no. That John may stand, then Arthur needs inust fall


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l'pon the bosom of the ground, rush forth ; England

And bind the boy, wh ch you shall find with me,

Fast to the chair: beheedful: hence, and watch. Northampton. A room in the castle.

Extc. I hope, your warrant will bear out the Enter Hubert, and Executioners. 160

deed. me these irons hot; and, look Hub. Uncleanly scruples! Fear not you: look tbou stand


[Errunt Execu ion-rs. Within the arras: when I strike


Young lad, come forth; I have to say with you. Meaning, the blood of him that has the just claim. ?The author very finely calls a monstrous birth, an escupe of nature; as if it were produced while she was busy elsewhere, or intent on some other thing. Dd




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