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And furious close of civil butchery,
The earl of Douglas is discomfited; Shall now, in mutual, well-beseeming ranks, Ten thousand bold Scots, two-and-twenty knights, Alarch all one way; and be no more oppos'd Balk'd' in their own blood, did Sir Walier see Against acquaintance, kindred, and allies : On Holmedon's plains: Of prisoners, Hotspur took The edge of war, like an ill-sheathed knife, Mordake the earl of Fife, and eldest son No more shall cut his master. Therefore, friends, To beaten Douglas; and the earls As far as to the sepulchre of Christ,
Of Athol, Murray, Angus, and Monteith. (\l'hose soldier now, under whose blessed cross And is not this an honourable spoil? We are iimpressed and engag'd to fight)
A gallant prize: ha, cousin, is it not? Tof. Forthwith a power of English shall we levy'; 10 West. Faith, 'tis a conquest for a prince to boast Whose arms were moulded in their mothers wombs K. Henry. Yea, there thou mak'st me sad, and To chase these pagans, in those holy fields,
mak'st me sin Over whose acres walk'd those blussed feet, In envy that my lord Northumberland \Vhich, fourteen hundred years ago, were nail'i, Should be the father of so blest a son: For our advantage, on the bitter cross.
15 A son, who is the theme of honour's tongue; But this our purpose is a twelve-month old, Amongst a grove, the very straightest piant; And bootless'tis to tell you—we will go,
Who is sweet fortune's minion, and her pride : Therefore we meet not now:--Then let me hear Whilst I, by looking on the praise of him, Of you, my gentle cousin Westmoreland, See riot and dishonour stain the brow What yesternight our council did decree, 20 of my young Harry. O, that it could be prorid, Io forwarding this dear expedience,
That some night-tripping fairy had exchang'd West. My liege, this haste was hot in question, Ir. cradle-cloths our children where they lay, And many limits of the charge set down
And call'd mine--Percy, bis-Plantagenet ! But yesternight: when, all athwart there came Then would I have his Harry, and he mine. A post from Tales, loaden with heavy news; 25 But let him from my thoughts: What think
yon, Whose worst was,-that the noble Mortimer,
coz', Leading the men of Herefordshire to fight Of this young Percy's pride? The prisoners, Against the irregular and wild Glendower, Which he in this adventure hath surpriz'd, Was by the rude hands of that-Welchman taken, To his own use he keeps'; and sends me word, And a thousand of his people butchered: 30 I shall have none but Mordake earl of Fife 3. l'pon whose dead corps there was such misuse, West. This is his uncle's teaching, this is Wor. Such beastly, shameless transformation,
Malevolent to you in all aspects; (cester, Br those Welshwomen done, as may not be, Which makes him prune' hiniself, and bristle up Without much shame, retold or spoken of. [broil The crest of youth against your dignity.
AiHenry. It seems then that the tiding of this 35 K. Henry. But I have sent for him to answer this; Brake of our business for the Holy Land. [lord ; And, for this cause, awhile we must neglect
Hest. This, inatch'd with other, did, my gracious Qur holy purpose to Jerusalemn.
Cousin, on Wednesday next our council we Came from the north, and thus it did import. Will hold at Windsor, so inform the lords: On Holv-rood day, the gallant llotspur *there, 40 But come yourself with speed to us again; Young ilarry Percy, and brave Archibald', For more is to be said, and to be done, That ever-valiant and approved Scot,
Than out of anger can be uttered, At Holmedon met,
West, I will, my liege.
(Ereunt. Where they did spend a sad and bloody hour;
SCENE II, As by discharge of their artillery,
45 And shape oi Tikelibood, the news was told ;
An apartment belonging to the Prince. For he that irought it, in the very heat
Enter Henry, Prince of Wales, and Sir John Falstaff And pride of their contention did take horse, Fal. Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad? l'pcertain of the issue any way. [friend. P. Henry. Thou art so fat-witted, with drinking
KN nry Here is a dear and true-industrious 50 of old sack, and umbuttoning thee after supper, Sir Walter Blut, new-lighted from his horse, sleeping upon benches afternoon, that thou hast ain'd with the variation of each soil
orgotten to demnand that truly which thou would'st Petwixt that lolmedon and this seat of oușs ; truly know. What a devil hast thou to do with And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news. the time of the day? unless hours were cups of sack
? Mr. Steevens proposes to read lead for lety. ? i, e. expedition. 'Limits for estimates. * Ho. Jiashed in his History of Scotlund says, “This Harry Percy was surnamed, for his ofien pricking, Ilirry Hotspur, as one that seldom times rested, if there were anie service to be done abroad." Archibald Douglas, earl Douglas. "A balk signifies a bank or hill. bul'd in their own blood, may therefore inean, lay in heaps or hillocks, in their own blood. Mr. Tollet observes, that by the law of arms, every man who had taken any captive, whose redemption did not exceed ten thousand crowns, had him clearly for himself
, either to acquit or ransom, at his pleasure. Whom (Mr. Steevens adds) Percy could not refuse to the king, as being a prince of the blood royal, (son to the duke of Albany, brother to king Robert III.) and whom Henry miglit justly claim by his acknowledged military pres rogative, Dr. Johnson says, to prune and to plume, spoken of a bird, is the same,
and minutes capons, and clocks the tongues of thy quips, and thy quiddities? what a plague have bawds, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and I to do with a buif jerkin? the blessed sun himself a fair hot wench in tlame- P. Henry. Why, what a pox have I to do with colour'ata fata; I sie moreason, why thou should'st my hostess of the tavern? be so superfluous to demand the time of the day. 5 *Fal. Well, thou hast call'd her to a reckoning,
Fal. Indeed you come near me now, Hal: for many a time and oft. we, that take purses, go by the moon and seven P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part? stars; and not by Phæbus,-he, that rundring Ful. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid knight so fuir. And, I pray thee, sweet wag, all there. when thou art king, -as, God save thy grace, 10 P. Henry. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin (majesty, I should say; for grace thou wili have would streich; and, where it would not, I have none.)
us'd my credit. P. Henry. What! none?
ful. Yea, and so us'd it, that, wereit not here apFal. No, by my troth ; not so much as will parent that thou art heir apparent,—But, I pryserve to be prologue to an egg and butter. 15 thee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows standing in
P. Henry. Well, how then? come roundly, England when thou art king? and resolution thus roundly.
fobb’d as it is, with the rusty curb of old father anFul. Marry, then, sweat wag, when thou art tick the law ? Do not thou, when thou art king, king, let not us, that are squires of the night's
bang a thief. body, be call'd thieves of the day's beauty' ; let us:20 P. Henry. No; thou shalt. be-Diana's foresters, gentlemen of the shade, Fal. Shall I? ( rare! By the Lord, I'll be a ininions of the moon: And let men say, we be brave judge. men of good government; being governed as the P. Henry. Thou judgest false already: I mean, sea is, by our noble and chaste mistress the moon, thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so under whose countenance we-steal.
125 become a rare hangman. P. Henry. Thou say'st well; and it holds well Ful. Well, Hal, well; and in some sort it jumps too: for the fortune of us, that are the moon's with my humour, as well as waiting in the court, men, doth ebb and flow like the sea; being go- I can tell you. verned as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof,
P. Henry. For obtaining of suits'? now: A purse of gold most resolutely snatch'd on 30 Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits”; whereof the Monday night, and most dissolutely spent on Tues- hangman bath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as day morning; got with swearing-lay by? ; and melancholy as a gibo cat, or a lugg'd bear. spent with crying---bring in : now, iu as low an P. Henry. Or an old lion; or a lover's lute. ebb as the foot of the ladder; and, by and by, in Ful. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe. as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows. 35 P. Henry. What say'st thou to a hare', or the
Fal. By the Lord, thou say’st true, lad. And is melancholy of Moor-ditch ? not my hostess of the tavern a most sweet wench: Fal. Thou hast the most unsavoury similies; and
P. Henry. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of art, indeed, the most comparative', rascalliest,the castle'. And is not a buff jerkin a most sweet sweet young prince,-But, Hal, I prythee, trouble robe of durance?
40 me no more with vanity. I would to God, thou Fal. How
how now, mad wag? what, in and I knew where a commodity of good names Mr. Steevens is of opinion, that our poet, by the expression thieves of the day's he auty, meant only " Let not us who are body squires to the night, i.e. adorn the night, bicullida disgrace to the day.” He afterwards adds, that a squire of the body signified originally, the attendant on a knight: the person
who bore his head-piece, spear, and shield; and that it became afterwards the cant term for a pimp. i. e. swearing at the passengers they robbed, lay by our ams; or rather, lay by was a phrase that then signified stand still, addressed to those who were preparing to rush forward. Warburton, in commenting upon this passage, says, “ This allodes to the name Shakspeare first gave to this buttoon character, which was sir John Oldcastle; and when he changed the name he forgot to strike out this expression that alluded to it. The reason of the change was this: One sir John Oldcastle having suffered in the time of Henry the Fifth for the opinions of Wichtill, it gave offence, and therefore the poet altered it to Falstaff.” Mr. Steevens, however, has, we think, very fully and satisfactorily proved that sir John Oldcastle was not a character ever introduced by Siakspeare, nor did he ever occupy the place of Falstaff. The play in which Oldcastle's name occurs, was not, according to Mr. Steevens, the work of our poet, but a despicable piece, prior to that of Shakspeare, full of ribaldry and impiety from the beginning to the end ; and was probably the play sneering's alluded to in the epilogue to the Second Part of Henry IV:--for Oldcastle died å martyr. The sherill's oflicers of those times were clad in buff. The meaning therefore of this answer of the Prince to l'alstaif's question is, « whether it will not be a sweet thing to go to prison by running in debt to this sweet wench." Shakspeare here quibbles upon the word suit. The prince uses it to mean a petition; Falstaff, to imply a suit of clouths. The cloaths of the offender being a perquisite of the executioner. i. e. an old he-cat, Gilbert, or Gib, being the name formerly appropriated to a cat of the male species. Dr. Johnson says, that
a hare may be considered as melancholy, because she is upon her form always solitary: and according to the physick of the times, the flesh of it was supposed to generate inelancholy. • Alluding, perhaps, to the melancholy appearance of its stagnant water. 'i. e. the most quick at comparisons.
were to be bought: An old lord of the council good fellowship in thee, nor thou cam'st not of rated inethe other day in the street, about you, sir; lihe blood royal, if thou dar'st not stand for ten but I mark'd him not: and yet he talk'd very shillings. wisely; but I regarded him not: and yet be P. Hury. Well then, once in my days I'll be a talk'd wisely, and in the streets too.
5 mad-cap. P. Henry. Thou didst well ; for wisdom cries Fal. Why, that's well said. out in the streets, and no man regards it.
P. Henry. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at Fal. O, thou hast damnable iteration'; and art, home. indeed, able to corrupt a saint. Thou hast done Fal. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when much harm upon me, Ilal,--God forgive thee for 10 thou art king. it! Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing; P. Henry. I care not. and now am I, if a man should speak truly, little Poins. Sir John, I prythee, leave the prince better than one of the wicked. I must give over and me alone; I will lay him down such reasons this life, and I will give it orer; by the Lord, an for this adventure, that he shall go. I do not, I am a villain; I'll be damn'd for never 15 I
Fal. Well, may'st thou have the spirit of pera king's son in Christendom.
suasion, and be the ears of profiting, that what P. Henry. Where shall we take a purse to- thou speak’st may move, and what he hears may morrow, Jack?
be believed, that the true prince may (for recreaFal. Where thou wilt, Jad, I'll make one; an I tion sake) prove a false thief; for the poor abuses do not, call me villain, and balle’ me.
20 of the time want countenance. Farewel: You P. Henny. I see a good amendinent of life in shall find me in East- heap. thee; from praving, to purse-taking.
P.Ilenry. Farewel, thou latter spring! farewel, Ful. Why, llal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no All-hallown' sunner!
[E.rit Fulstust. sin for a mintulabour in his vocation. Poins !- Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride Now shall we know, if Gadshili have set a match. 25 with us to-morrow; I have a jest to execute, that O, it men were to be sav'd by merit, what hole in I cannot manage alone. Faisiaii, Bardolplı, Peto, heil were not enough for him?
and Gadshill, shall rob those men that we have Entor Poins.
already way-laid ; yourself and I will not be This is the most omnipotent villain,that ever cry'd, there: and when they have the booty, if you and Stand, to a true man.
301 do not rob them, cut this head from my P. Henry. Good morrow, Ned.
shoulders. Poins. Good morrow, sweet Ial.-What savs P. Henry. But how shall we part with them in monsieur Remorse? What says Sir John Sack-and-setting forth? Sugar? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee about Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after tiny soul, that thou soldest him on Good-Friday 35 them, and appoint thema place of meeting, wherelast, for a cup of Madeira, and a cold capon's leg in it is at our pleasure to tail; and then will they
P. Il nry. Sir John stands to his work, the devil adventure upon the exploit themselves: which shall bave his bargain; for he was never yet a they shall have no sooner atchieved, but we'll set breaker of proverbs, Ile will give the devil his due.
Poin. Then art thou damn’d, for keeping thy 40. P. Henry. Ay, but, 'tis likely that they will word with the devil.
know us, by our horses, by our habits, and by P. Ilenry Else he had been damn'd for cozen- every other appointment, to be ourselves. ing the devil.
Poins. Tut! our horses they shall not see, I'll Poins. But my lads, my lads, to-morrow morn- tie them in the wood; our visors we will change, ing, by four o'clock, early at Gads-hill: There are 45 after we leave them; and, sirrah, I have cases of pilgrim going to Canterbury with rich out: rings, buckram for the nonce', to immask our noted and traders riding to London with fat purses: 1 outward garments. have visors for you all, you have horses for your- P. Técnry. But, I doubt, they will be too hard silves: Gadshill lies to-night in Rochester; I have bespoke supper to-morrow night in East-cheap : 50 Poins. Well, for two of them, I know them to We inay do itas secure as sleep: If you will go, 1 be as true-bred coward, as ever turn'd back; and wili stult your purses full of crowns; if you will not, for the third, it he night longer than he sees reason, tarry at home, and be hang’d.
l'il forswear arms. The virtue of this jest will be, fal. Hear ye, Yedward; if I tarry at home, the incomprehensible iies that this same fat rogue and go not, l'il hang you for going.
55 will tell us, when we meet at supper: how thirty, Poins. You will, chops?
at least, he fought withi; what wards, what blows, Fulllal, wilt thou make one?
what extremities he endured; and in the reproof P. Henry. Who, I rob? I a thief? Not I, by of this lies the jest.
P. Henry. Well, I'll go with thee: provide us Ful. There's neither honesty, manhood, nor 6olall things necessary, and meet me tv-morrow night
'The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, thou hast a wicked trick of repeating and applying holy text; alluding to the prince having and in the preceding speech, wisdom cries oilt
, &c. note 2, p. 415. 'i. e. All-saints' day, which is the first of November. Shakspeare's allusion is designed tv ridicule an old man with youthful passions. i. e. for the occasion. si. e. confutuiion.
in East-cheap, there I'll sup. Farewel. Were, as he says, not with such strength deny'd,
Poins. Farewel, my lord. [Exit Poins. As is deliver'd to your majesty :
5 Hot. My liege, I did deny no prisoners. Who doth permit the base contagious clouds But, I remember, when the fight was done, To smother up his beauty from the world, When I was dry with rage, and extreme toil, That when he please again to be himself
Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword, Being wanted, he may be more wonderd at, Came there acertain lord, neat, and trimly dress'd, By breaking through the foul and ugly mists 10 Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin new reap'd, Oi vapours, that did seem to strangle him. Shew'd like a stubble land at harvest-home: If all the year were playing holidays,
He was perfumed like a milliner; To sport would be as tedious as to work ; And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held But when they seldom come, they wish'd-for come, A pouncet-box“, which ever and anon And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents. 15 He gave his nose, and took't away again ;So, when this loose behaviour I throw off,
Who, therewith angry, when it next came there, And pay the debt I never promised,
Took it in snuff" :—and still he smild, and talk'd; By how much better than my word I am,
And, as the soldiers bore dead bodies by, By so much shall I falsify men's hopes ;
He call’d them-utaught knaves, unmannerly, And, like bright metal on a sullen ground, 20 To bring a slovenly unhandsome corse My reformation, glittering o'er my fault,
Betwixt the wind and his nobility. Shall shew more goodly, and attract more eyes, With many holiday and lady terins Than that which hath no soil to set it off. He question’d me; among the rest, demanded I'll so offend, to make offence a skill;
My prisoners, in your majesty's behalf. Redeeming time, when men think least I will. 25 I then, all smarting, with my wounds being cold,
[Erit. To be so pester'd with a popiujay", SCENE III.
Out of my grief and my impatience,
Answer’d, neglectingly, I know not what ;
He should,or he should not;,for he made me mad, Enter King Henry, Northumberlund, Worcester,20 To see him shine so brisk, and smell so sweet, Ilotspur, Sir Walter Blunt, and others.
And talk so like a waiting-gentlewoman, (mark !) K. Henry. My blood hath been too cold and Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (God save the temperate,
And telling me the sovereign’st thing on earth Unapt to stir at these indiguities,
Was parmacity, for an inward bruise;
Out of the bowels of the harmless earth, Mighty, and to be fear'd, than my condition”, Which many a good tall fellow had destroy'd Which hath been smooth asoil, soit as young down, So cowardiy; and, but for these vile guns, And therefore lost that title of respect,
40 He would himself have been a soldier.
45 Betwixt my lore and your high majesty. [lord, North. My lord,
Blunt. The circumstance consider’d, good my K.Henry. Worcester, get thee gone, for I do see Whatever Harry Percy then had said, Danger and disobedience in thine eye:
so such a person, and in such a place,
na O, sir, your presence is too bold and peremptory, At such a time, with all the rest retold, And majesty might never yet endure
50 May reasonably die, and never rise The moody frontier' of a servant brow.
To do him wrong, or any way impeach You have good leave to leave us; when we need What then he said, so be unsay it now. Your use and counsel, we shall send ior you.-- K. I nr. Why, yet he doth deny his prisoners;
[Ezit l'orcestu. But with proviso, and exception, You were about to speak. [To Northumberland. 55! hat we, at our own charge, shall ransom straight North. Yea, my good lord.
Ilis brother-in-law, the foolish Mortimer; Those prisoners in your highness'name demanded, Who, on iny soul, hath wilfully betray'd Which Harry Percy here at Ilolmedon took, The lives of those, that he did lead to tight
'i.e. exceed men's expectutions. ? i. e. I will from henceforth rather put on the character that becomes me, and exert the resentinent of an injured king, than still continue in the inactivity and mildness of my natural disposition. looily is angry. Frontier was anciently used for forehead. * A small box for musk and wher perfumes then in fashion; the lid of which, being cut with open work, gave it its name ; from po n'cner, to prick, pierce, or engrave. Snuf' is equivocally used for anger, and a powder taken up the nose. A popinjuy is a parrot,
Against the great magician, damn'd Glendower; North. Brother, the king hath made yournephew Whose daughter, as we hear, the earl of March
[To Worcester. Hath lately marry’d. Shall our coffers then Wor. Who struck this heat up after I was gone? Be empty'd; to redeem a traitor home?
Hot. He will, forsooth, have all my prisoners: Shall we buy treason? and indent with fears', 5 And when I urg'd the ransom once again When they have lost and forfeited themselves ? Of my wife's brother, then his cheek look'd pale; No, on the barren mountains let him starve; And on my face he turn'd an eye of death', For I shall never hold that man my friend, Tierbling even at the name of Mortimer. Whose tongue shall ask me for one penny cost Wor. I cannot blame bim; Was he not proclaiın'd, To ransom home revolted Mortimer.
10 By Richard that is dead, the next in blood? Hot. Revolted Mortimer!
North. He was; I heard the proclamation: He never did fall off, my sovereign liege, And then it was, when the unhappy king But by the chance of war :-to prove that true, (Whose wrongs in us God pardon!) did set forth Needs no more but onetongue, for all those wounds, Upon his Irish expedition; Those mouthed wounds, which valiantly he took, 15 From whence he, intercepted, did return When, on the gentle Severn's sedgy bank, To be depos'd, and, shortly, murdered. In single opposition, hand to hand,
Wor. And for whose death, we in the world's He did contound the best part of an hour
wide mouth In changing hardiment with great Glendower : Live scandaliz'd, and foully spoken of. (then Three times they breath’d, and three times did 20 Hot. But, soft, I pray you; Did King Richard they drink,
Proclaim my brother Edmund Mortimer
Heir to the crown?
Ilot. Nay, then I cannot blame his cousin king, And hid his crisp' head in the hollow bank 25 That wish'd him on the barren mountains starv'd. Blood-stained with these valiant combatants. But shall it be, that youl,—that set the crown Never did bare and rotten policy
Upon the head of this forgetful man; Colour her working with such deadly wounds; And, for his sake, wear the detested blot Nor never could the noble Mortimer
Of murd'rous subornation,-shall it be, Receive so many, and all willingly:
30 That you a world of curses undergo; Then let him not be slander'd with revolt. Being the agents, or base second means, K. Henry. Thou dost belie him, Percy, thou The cords, the ladder, or the hangman rather :dost belie him,
o, pardon me, that I descend so low, Me never did encounter with Glendower ; To'shew the line, and the predicament, I tell thee, he durst as well have met the devil alone, 35 Wherein you range under this subtle king.– As Owen Glendower for an enemy.
Shall it, tor shame, be spoken in these days, Art not ashamed? But, sirrah, henceforth Or fill up chronicles in time to come, Let me not hear you speak of Mortimer : That men of your nobility, and power, Send me your prisoners with the speediest means, Did 'gage them both in an unjust behalf,— Or you shall hear in such a kind from me 40 As both of you, God pardon it! have done,As will displease you.—My lord Northumberland, To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose, We licence your departure with your son :- And plant this thorn, this canker, Bolingbroke! Send us your prisoners, or you'll hear of it. And shall it, in more shame, be further spoken,
[Exit King Henry. That you are foold, discarded, and shook off Hot. And if the devil come and roar for them, 45 By him, for whom these shames ye underwent? I will not send them :-I will after straight, No; yet time serves, wherein you may redeem And tell him so; for I will ease my heart, Your banish'd honours, and restore yourselves Although it be with hazard of my head.
Into the good thoughts of the world again: North. Wiat, drunk with cholerstay, and Revenge the jeering, and disdain d' contempt, pause a while;
50 of this proud king; who studies, day and night, Here comes your uncle.
To answer all the debt he owes to you,
Even with the bloody payment of your deaths. Hot. Speak of Mortimer?
Therefore, I say, Yes, I will speak of him, and let my soul
Wor. Peace, cousin, say no more: Want mercy, if I do not join with him: 55 And now I will unclasp a secret book, Yea, on his part, I'll empty all these veins, And to your quick-conceiving discontents And shed my dear blood drop by drop i' the dust, I'll read you matter, deep, and dangerous; But I will liti the down-trod Mortimer
As full of peril, and advent'rous spirit, As high i' the air as this unthankful king,
As to o'er-walk a current, roaring loud, As this ingrate and canker'd Bolingbroke. loolOn the unsteadfast footing of a spear“.
* The reason why he says, bargain and article with fears, meaning with Mortimer, is, bec?" he stop posed Mortimer had wilfully betrayed his own forces to Glendower, out of tear, as appe.cz next speech. ai. e. curled. jj. e. an eye menacing death. + The casket-rusest Fose. Si. e. disdainful, i. e. of a spear laid across.