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SCENE I.

Can trace me in the tedious ways of art, The Archdeacon of Bangor's house in Wales.

Or hold me pace in deep experiments. (Welsh:

Hot. I think there is no man speaks better Enter Hotspur, Worcester, Lord Mortimer, and I will to dinner.

(mad. Owen Glendower.

5 Mort. Peace, cousin Percy; you will make him Mor. THESE promises are fair, the parties

Glend. I can call spirits froin the vasty deep. sure,

Ilot. Why, so can I; or so can any man: And our induction' full of prosperous hope. But will they come, when you do call for them? Hot.Lord Mortimer,--and cousin Glendower,

Glend. Why, I can teach thee, cousin, to comWill yon sit down?

10/The devil.

(mand And, uncle Worcester:--A plague upon it!

Hot. And I can teach thee, cousin, to shame I have forgot the map:

the devil, Glend. No, here it is.

By telling truth; Tell truth,and shame the devil.. Sit, cousin Percy; sit, good cousin Hotspur: If thou have power to raise him, bring him bither. For by that name as oft as Lancaster

15 And I'll be sworn, I have power to shame himn Doth speak of you, hischeek looks pale; and, with

bence. A rising sigh, he wisheth you in heaven.

0, while you live, tell truth, and shame the devil. Hot. And you in hell, as often as he hears

Mort. Come, come, Owen Glendower spoke of.

No more of this unprofitable chat. (made head Glend. I cannot blame him: at my nativity, 20. Glund. Three times hath Henry Bolingbroke The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes, Against my power: thrice, from the banks of Wye, Of burning cressets?; and, at my birth,

And sandy-bottom'd Severn, have I sent him, The frame and the foundation of the earth Booteless home, and weather-beaten back. [too! Shak'd like a coward.

Hot. Home without boots, and in foul weather Hot. Why, so it would have done,

25 How ’scapes he agues, in the devil's name? At the same season, if your mother's cat [horn. Glend. Come, here's the map; Shall we divide Had but kitten'd, though yourself had ne'er been

our right,
Glend. I say, the earth did shake when I was According to our three-fold order taken?
horn.

Mort. The archdeacon hath divided it
Hot. And I say the earth was not of my mind, 30 Into three limits, very equally:
K you suppose, as fearing you it shook.

England, from Trent and Severn hitherto, Glend. The heavens were all on fire, the earth By south and east, is to my part assign’d: did tremble.

[on fire,

All westward, Wales beyond the Severn shore, Hot. O, then the earth shook to see the heavens And all the fertile land within that bound, And not in fear of your nativity:

35 To Owen Glendower:-and, dear coz, to you Diseased nature oftentimes breaks forth

The remnant northward, lying off from Trept. In strange eruptions: oft the teeining earth And our indentures tripartite are drawn: Is with a kind of colic pinch'd and vex'd Which being sealed interchangeably, By the imprisoning of unruly wind [ing, (A business that this night may execute) Within her womb; which, for enlargement striv-40 To-morrow, cousin Percy, you, and I, Shakes the old beldame' earth, and topples down And my good lord of Worcester, will set forth, Steeples, and moss-grown towers. At your birth, To meet your father, and the Scottish power, Our grandam earth, having this distemperature, As is appointed us, at Shrewsbury. In pa-sion shook.

My father Glendower is not ready yet, Glend. Cousin, of many men

45 Nor shall we need his help these fourteen days:I do not bear these crossings. Give meieave Within that space you may have drawn together To tell you once again,-that, at my birth, Your tenants,friends,and neighbouring gentlemen. The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes;

[To Glendower. The goats ran from the mountains, and the herds Glend. A shorter time shall send me to your lords, Were strangely clamorous to the frighted fields. 150 And in my conduct shall your ladies come, These signs have mark'd me extraordinary; From whom you now must steal, and takeno leave; And all the courses of my life do shew,

For there will be a world of water shed, I am not in the roll of common men.

Upon the parting of your wives and you. [here, Where is he living,-clipp'd in with the sea, Hot. Methinks, my moiety, north from Burton Thatchidesthebanks of England, Scotland, Wales,-- 55!n quantity equals not one of yours : Which calls me pupil, or hath read to me? see, how this river comes me cranking“ in, And bring him out, that is but woman's son, And cuts me, from the best of all my land,

* That is, entrance, beginning. An induction, however, was anciently something introductory to a play: "The cresset-lights were lights fixed on a moveable frame, or cross like a turnstile, and were carried on poles, in processions. :, Beldame is used here simply in the sense of ancient mother. Perhaps we should read crankling.

A huge

A huge half-inoon, a monstrous cantle' out. As puts me from my faith. I tell you what,-
l'll have the current in this place damm'd up; He held me last night at the least nine hours,
And here the smug and silver Trent shall run, In reckoning up the several devils' names,
In a new channel, fair and evenly:

That were his lacqueys: 1 cry'd, hum,--and well, It shall not wind with such a deep indent,

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-go to,To rob me of so rich a boltoin here. [doth. But mark'd him not a word. O, he's as tedious

Glind. Not wind; it shall, it must; you see it As a tired horse, a railing wife; Mort. Yea, but mark, how he bears his course, Worse than a smozky house :-I had rather live and runs me up.

With cheese and garlick, in a windmill, far; With like advantage on the other side; 10 Than feed on cates, and have him talk to me, Gelding the opposed continent as much,

In any summer-house in Christendom.
As on the other side it takes from you. [here, Mórt. In faith, he is a very worthy gentleman;

Wor. Yea, but a little charge will trench him Exceeding well read, and protited
And on this north side win this cape of land; In strange concealments’; valiant as a lion,
And then he runs straight and even.

15 And wondrous ailable ; and as bountiful Hot. I'! bave it so; a little charge will do it. As mines of India. · Shall I tell you, cousin ? Glend. I will not have it alter'd.

He holds your temper in a high respect, Hot. Will not you?

And curbs himself even of liis natural scope, Glend. No, nor you shall not.

When you do cross his humour; 'faith, he does : Hot. Who shall say me nay?

2011 warrant you, that inan is not alive, Glend. Why, that will I.

Might so have tempted him, as you have done, Hot. Let me not understand you then,

Without the taste of danger and reproof; Speak it in Welshi.

But do not use it oft, let me intreat you. Glend. I can speak English, lord, as well as you;) Wor. In faith, my lord, you aretoo wilful-blame; For I was train'd up in the English court?: 25 And, since your coming bither, have done enough Where, being but young, I framed to the harp To put him quite beside lis patience. Many an English ditty, lovely well,

You must needs learn, lord, to amend this fault; And gave the tongue a helpful ornament; Tho' sometimes it shew greatness, courage, blood, A virtue that was never seen in you.

And that's the dearest grace it renders you,) Hot. Marry, and I'm glad on't with all my heart;30 Yet oftentimes it doth present harsh rage, thad rather be a kitten and cry-mew,

Defect of manners, want of government, Than one of these same metre ballad-mongers: Pride, haughtiness, opinion, and disdain : I had rather hear a brazen candlestick turu', The least of which, haunting a nobleman, Or a dry wheel grate on the axle-tree;

Loseth men's hearts; and leaves bebiud a stain And that would nothing set my teeth on edge, 35 Upon the beauty of all parts besides, Nothing so much as mincing, poetry;

Beguiling them of commendation. Tis like the forc'd gait of a shuffling nag.

Hot. Well, I am school'd; Good manners be Glend. Come, you shall have Trent iurn'd.

your speed! Hot. I do not care: I'll give thrice so much land Here come our wives, and let us take our leave. To any well-deserving friend;

40

Re-enter Glandover, with the Ladies. But, in the way of bargain, mark ye ine,

Mort. This is the deadly spight that angers me, I'll cavil o! the ninth part of a hair.

My wife can speak no English, I no Welshi. Are the indentures drawn? shall we be gone? Glend. My danghter weeps; she will not part Glend. The moon shines fair, you may away by night;

45 She'll be a soldier too, she'll to the wars.

(1'11 haste the writers) and, withal,

Mort. Good father, tell her,--she, and my aunt Break with your wives of your departure hence:

Percy, I am afraid, my daughter will run mad,

Shall follow in your conduct speedily. So much she ditet on her Mortimer. [Erit. (Glendorrer spouks to her in Wilsh, and Murt. Fie, cousin Percy! how you cross my 50

she animer's him in the sume. father!

Glend. She's desperate here; a peevish selfHot. I cannot chuse: sometimes he

angers me

will'd harlotry, one With telling me of the moldwarp and the anto, That no persuasion can do good upon. Of the dreamer Merlin, and his prophecies;

[Lady speaks to fortimer in Welsh. And of a dragon, and a finless tish,

Mort. Tunderstand thy looks: that pretty Welsh A clip-wing'd griifin, and a moulten raven, Which thou pourest down from these swelling A couching lion, and a ramping cat,

heavens, And such a deal of skinble-skamble stuff

am too perfect in; and, but for shame, 'A cimile is a corner or piece of any thing. 2 Mr. Steerens says that the real name of Oren Gkndower was laughun, and that he was originally a barrister of the Middle Temple. 'i.e. the English language. • The word is written-cunstick in the quartos 1598, 1599, and 1608; and so it might have been pronounced. “ He means the writer of the articles. This allucles to an old prophecy, which is si tu have induced Owen Glendower to take up arms against king Henry. The mould-warp jaliw mel, so called because it renders tlac surface of the earth unlevel by the hillochs which it raises. nie, slied in wonderful secrets.

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In such a parley should I answer thee.

Lady. What's that? [The lady again in Welsh. Hot. Peace! she sings. I understand thy kisses, and thou mine,

(Here the

lady sings a Welsh song. And that's a feeling disputation:

Come, Kate, I'll bave your song too. But I will never be a truant, love,

5 Lady. Not mine, in good sooth. Till I have learn'd thy language; for thy tongue Hot. Not yours, in good sooth! 'Heart, you Makes Welsh as sweet as ditties highly penn'd, swear like a comfit-maker's wife! Not you, in Sung by a fair queen in a summer's bower, good sooth; and, As true as I live; and, As God With ravishing division, to her lute.

shall mend me; and, As sure as day: -and givest Glend. Nay, if you melt, then will she run mad., 10such sarcenet surety for thy oaths, as if thou never

[The lady speaks again in Welsh. walk’dst further than Finsbury. Mort. O, I am ignorance itself in this.

Swear me, Kate, like a lady, as thou art, Glend. She bids you,

A good mouth-filling oath and leave In sooth, Upon the wanton rushes' lay you down,

And such protests of pepper ginger-bread', And rest your gentle head upon her lap, 15 To velvet guards, and sunday-citizens. And she will sing the song that pleaseth you, Come, sing. And on your eye-lids crown the god of sleep?, Lady. I will not sing. Charming your biood with pleasing heaviness; Hot. 'Tis the next way to turn tailor'', or be Making such ditference betwixt wake and sleep, Red-breast teacher". An the indentures be As is the ditierence betwixt day and night, 20 drawn, I'll away within these two hours; and so The hour before the heavenly-harness'd team come in when you will.

[Erit. Begins bis golden progress in the east. [sing: Glend. Come, come, lord Mortimer; you are Mort. With all my heart I'll sit, and hear her

as slow, By that time will our bouk ’, I think, be drawn. As hot lord Percy is on fire to go. Glend. Do so;

25 By this, our book" is drawn; we will but seal, * And those musicians that shall play to you, And then to horse immediately. Hang in the air a thousand leagues from hence; Mort. With all my heart.

[Ereunt. Yet straight they shall be here; sit, and attend.

SCENE II. Hot. Come, Kate, thou art perfect in lying down: Come, quick, quick; that I may lay my 30

The presence-chamber in Windsor. head in thy lap.

Enter King Henry, Prince of Wales, Lords, and Lady. Go, ye giddy gnose. [The music plays.

others. Hot. Now, I perceive, the devil understai ds K. Henry. Lords, give us leave; the Prince of And 'tis no marvel, he's so humorous. [Welsh;

Wales and By’r-Lady, he's a good musician.

35 Must have some private conference: But be near Lady. 'i hen should you be nothing but musical; At hand, for we shall presently have need of you.for you are altogether govern’d by humours. Lie

[Exeunt Lords. still, ye thief, and hear the lady sing in Welsh. I know not whether God will have it so,

Hol. I had rather hear Lady, my brach, howl For some displeasing service!' I have done, in Irish.

40 Chat, in his secret doom, out of my blood Lady. Would'st have thy head broken? He'll breed revengement and a scourge for me: Hot. No.

But thou dost, in thy passages of life, Lady. Then be still.

Make me believe, -that thou art only mark'd Hot. Neither; 'lis a woman's fault'.

For the hot vengeance and the rod of heaven, Lady. Now God help thee!

45 To punish my mis-treadings. Tell me else, Hot. To the Welsh lady's bed.

Could such inordinate, and low desires, It was long the custom in this country, to strew the floors with rushes, as we now cover them with carpets. "The expression is beautiful; intimating, that the god of sleep should not only sit on his eye-lids, but that he should sit crown'd, that is, pleased and delighted. Si. e. our papers of conditions, our articles. Every composition, whether play, ballad, or bistory, was anciently called a book. * And for an, which often signifies in our anthor if orího', is frequently used by old writers.

SA proverbial expression; meaning, that it is the usual fault of women never to do what they are bid or desired to do.' Open walks and fields near Chiswell-street, London-Wall, by Moorgate ; and at that time the cominon resort of the citizens. 'i. e. protestations as common as the letters which children learn trom an alphabet of ginger-bread. What we now call spice, was then denominated pepper, gingerbread. • i. e. to such as have their cloaths adorned with shreds of velvet, which appear then to have been a city fashion. The next way—is the nearest way. " Tailors seem to have been as remarkable for singing as weavers, of whose musical turn Shakspeare has before made mention in this play. "The honourable Daines Barrington observes, that “ a gold-finch still continues to be called a proud tailor, in some parts of England, which renders this passage intelligible, that otherwise seems to have no meaning whatsoever. Perhaps this bird is called proud tailor, because his plumage is varied like a suit of cloaths made out of remnants of different colours, such as a tailor might be supposed to wear. The sense then will be this :-The next thing to singing oneself, is to teach birds to sing, the gold-finch and the Robin. " See note above. Service for action, simply. * i. e. in the passages of thy life.

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Such poor, such bare, such lewd, such mean at- Had his great name profaned with their scords; tempts',

And gave his countenance against his name, Such barren pleasures, rude society,

I'o laugh at gybing boys, and stand the push
As thou art match'd withal, and grafted to, Of every beardless vain comparative':
Accompany the greatness of thy blood, 5 Grew a companion to the common streets,
And hold their level with thy princely heart? Enfeoft'd " himself to popularity:

P. Henry. So please your majesty, I would, ! That being daily swallow'd by men's eyes,
Quit all offences with as clear excuse [could They surfeited with honey; and began
As well as, I am doubtless, I can purge

To loath the taste of sweetness, whereof a little Myself of many I am charg'd withal :

10 More than a little is by much too much. Yet such extenuation let me beg,

So when he had occasion to be seen, As, in reproof of many tales devis’d, —

He was but as the cuckow is in June, Which oft the ear of greatness needs must hear,- Heard, not regarded; seen, but with such eyes, By siniling pick-thanks and base news-mongers, As, sick and blunted with community, I may, for some things true, wherein my youth 15 Afford no extraordinary gaze, Hath faulty wander'd and irregular,

Such as is bent on sun-like majesty Find pardon on my true submission.

When it shines seldom with admiring eyes: K. Henry. Heaven pardon thee !--yet let me But rather drowz'd, and hung their eye-lids down, wonder, Harry,

Slept in his face, and render'd such aspect At thy affections, which do hold a wing 20 As cloudy men use to their adversaries; Quite from the flight of all thy ancestors. Being with his presence glutted, gorg'd, and full. Thy place in council thou hast rudely lost, And in that very line, Harry, standst thou: Which by thy younger brother is supply'd; For thou hast lost thy princely privilege, And art almost an alien to the hearts

With vile participation; not an eye Of all the court and princes of my blood: 25 But is a-weary of thy common sight, The hope and expectation of thy time

Save mine, which hath desir'd to see thee more; Is ruin'd; and the soul of every inan

Which now doth what I would not have it do, Prophetically does fore-think thy fall.

Make blind itself with foolish tenderness. [lord, Had I so lavish of my presence been,

P. Henry. I shall hereafter, my thrice gracious So common-hackney'd in the eyes of men, 30 Be more myself. So stale and cheap to vulgar company;

K. Henry. For all the world, Opinion, that did help me to the crown,

As thou art to this hour, was Richard then Had still kept loyal to possession';

When I from France set foot at Ravenspurg; And left me in reputeless banishment,

And even as I was then, is Percy now. A fellow of no márk, nor likelihood.

35 Now by my sceptre, and my soul to boot, By being seldom seen, I could not stir,

He hath more worthy interest to the state, But, like a comet, I was wonder'd at:

Than thou, the shadow of succession : That men would tell their children, “This is he;' For, of no right, nor colour like to right, Others would say, 'Where? which is Bolingbroke?' He doth fill fields with harness in the realm ; And then I stole all courtesy from heaven", 40 Turns head against the lion's armed jaws; And dress'd myself in such humility,

And, being no more in debt to years than thou, That I did pluck allegiance from nien's hearts, Leads ancient lords and reverend bishops on, Loud shouts and salutations from their mouths, To bloody battles, and to bruising arms. Even in the presence of the crowned king. What never-dying honour hath he got Thus dil I keep my person fresh, and new; 45 Against renowned Douglas ; whose high deeds, My presence, like a robe pontifical,

Whose hot incursions, and great name in arms, Ne'er seen but wonder'd at: and so my state, Holds from all soldiers chief majority, Seldon, but sumptuous, shewed like a feast; And military title capital, And won, by rareness, such solemnity.

Through all

the kingdoms that acknowledge Christ? The skipping hing, he ambled up and down 50 Thrice hath this Hotspur Mars in swathing cloaths, With shallow jesters, and rash bavin' wits, This infant warrior, in his enterprizes Soon kindlel, an'l soon burnt: carded his state; Discomfited great Douglas ; ta'en him once, Mingled his royalty with carping' fools; Enlarged him, and made a friend of him,

Afron attempts are unworthy undertakings. Lewd does not in this place barely signify xanton, but licentious." ?j. e. officious parasites. Si. e. True to him that had then possession of the crown. *This is an allusion to the story of Prometheus's theft, who stole fire from thence; and as with this he made a man, so with that Bolingbroke made a king. Rash is heady, thoughtless: bacin is brushwood, which, tied, burns fiercely, but is soon out. • The metaphor seems to be taken from mingling course wool with fine, and carding them together, whereby the value of the latter is diminished. The king means, thut Richard mingled and carded together his royal state with carping fools, &c. To card is used by other writers for, to mix. ' i.e. jesting, prating, &c. The quarto 1598, reads cap'ring fools. ój.e. made his presence injurious to his reputation. Meaning, of every boy whose vanity incited him to try his wit against the king's. Comparative, means equal, or rival in any thing. To enfeof is a law term, signifying to invest with possessions.

То

To fill the mouth of deep defiance up,

|The eleventh of this month, at Shrewsbury: And shake the peace and safety of our throne. A mighty and a fearful head they are, And what say you to this? Percy, Northumberland, If promises be kept on every hand, The archbishop's grace of York, Douglas, Mor- As ever offer'd foul play in a state. [to-day; timer,

5 K. Henry. The earl of Westmoreland set forth Capitulate' against us, and are up.

With him my son, lord John of Lancaster; But wherefore do I tell these news to thee? For this advertisement is five days old:Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes,

On Wednesday next, Harry, thou shalt set forward: Which art my near'st and dearest enemy? On Thursday, we ourselves will march: Thou that art like enough,-through vassal fear, 10 Our meeting is Bridgnorth: and, Harry, you Base inclination, and the start of spleen,

Shall march through Glostershire; by which acTo fight against me under Percy's pay,

count, To dog his heels, and curt'sy at his frowns, Our business valued, some twelve days hence To shew how much thou art degenerate. so:

Our general forces at Bridgnorth shall meet. P. Henry. Do not think so, you shail not find it 15 Our hands are full of business: let's away; And heaven forgive them, that so much have Advantage feeds him fat, while men delay. sway'd

Exeunt. Your majesty's good thoughts away from me!

SCENE III.
I will redeen all this on Percy's head,
And, in the closing of some glorious day, 120

The Boar's-head Tavern in East-cheap. Be bold to tell you, that I am your son:

Enter Falstaff and Bardolph. When I will wear a garınent all of blood,

Fal. Bardolph, am I not fallen away vilely And stain my favours ' in a bloody mask,

since this last action? do I not bate? do I not Which, wash'd away, shall scour my shame with it. dyindle! Why, my skin hangs about me like an And that shall be the day, whene'er it lights, 25 old lady's loose gown; I am wither'd like an old That this same child of honour and renown, apple-John. Well

, I'll repent, and that suddenly, This gallant Hotspur, this all-praised knight, while I am in some liking; I shall be out of heart And your unthought-of Harry, chance to meet : shortly, and then I shall have no strength to reFor every honour sitting on his helm,

pent. An I have not forgotten what the inside of 'Would they were multitudes; and on my head 30 a church is made of, I am a pepper-corn, a brewMy shames redoubled ! for the time will come, er's horse*; the inside of a church :-Company, That I shall make this northern youth exchange villainous company, hath been the spoil of ine. His glorious deeds for my indignities.

Bard. Sir John, you are so fretful, you cannot Percy is but my factor, good my lord,

live Jong. To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf: 35 Ful. Why, there it is:-come, sing me a bawdy And I will call him to so strict account,

song; make me merry. I was as virtuously given That he shall render every glory up,

as a gentleman need to be; virtuons enough : Yea, even the slightest worship of his time, swore little; dic'd, not above seven times a week; Or I will tear the reckoning froin his heart. went to a bawdy-house, not above once in a quarThis, in the name of God, I promise here: 40 ter-of an hour; paid money that I borrow'd, The which if he be pleas'd I shall perform, three or four times; liv'd well, and in good comI do beseech your majesty, may salve

pass: and yow I live out of all order, out of all The long-grown wounds of my intemperance : compass. If not, the end of life cancels all bands;

Burd. Why, you are so fat, Sir Jolin, that you And I will die a hundred thousand deaths, 45.nust needs be out of all compass; out of all reaEre break the smallest parcel of this vow. sonable compass, Sir Jolin. K. Henry. A hundred thousand rebels die in Fal. Do thou amend thy face, and I'll amend this:

my life: thou art our admiral, thou bearest the Thou shalt have charge, and sovereign trust herein. lanthorn in the poop,-but'tis in the nose of thee, Enter Blunt.

50 thou art the knight of the burning lamp. How now, good Blunt? thy looks are full of Burd. Why, sirJohn, my face does you no harm. speed.

rul. No, I'll be sworn; I make as good use of Blunt. So is the business that I come to speak of. it as many a man doth of a death's head, or a me Lord Mortimer of Scotland hath sent word, mento mori: I never see thy face, but I think upon That Douglas, and the English rebels inet, 55 hell-fire, and Dives that liv'd in purple ; 'for

'i. e. inake head. ? Dearest here means mostfatal, most mischievous, and should be spelled derest. 'Futours mean some decoration usually worn by knights in their helmets, as a present from a mistress, or a trophy from an enemy. Mr. Steevens conjectures, that a brewer's horse does not, perhaps, mean a dray-horse, but the cross-beam on which betr-barrels are carried into cellars, &c. and that the allusion may be to the taper form of this machine; while Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks, that “ Falstaff does not mean to point out any similitude to his own condition, but, on the contrary, some striking dissimilitude. He says here, I am a pepper-corn, a brewer's horse ; just as in act II. sc. iv. he asserts the truth of several parts of his narrative, on pain of being considered as a rogue--a Jewman Ebrewu Jeu -a bunch of radish-horse."

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