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the fashion; and sung those tunes to the over- might have truss'd him, and all his apparel, into scutcht' buswives, that he heard the carmen an eel-skin: the case of a treble hantboy was a whistle, and swarem--they were his fancies, or his inansion for him, a court: and now he hath laad good-nights?. And now is this vice's' dagger be- and beeves. Well; I will be acquainted with him, come a squire; and talks as familiarly of John of 5 if I return: and it shall ge hard, but I will make Gaunt, as if he had been sworn brother to him: and hima philosopher's two stones to me: If the young I'll be sworn he never saw him but once in the dace be a bait for the old pike, I see no reason, Tilt-yard; and then he burst' his head, for croud- in the law of nature, but I may srap at him”. ing among the marshal's men. I saw it; and told Let time shape, and there an end. [Ereunt. John of Gaunt, he beat his own name': for you 10
|201 Mess. W'est of this forest, scarcely off a mile, A Forest in Yorkshire.
In goodly forin colmes on the enemy :
And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number Enter the Archbishop of York, Mozebray, Ilas
l'pon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand. (out. tings, and others.
moxb. The just proportion that we gave them WHAT is this forest calld: 25 Let us swaye on, and face them in the field. Hlast. 'Tis Gualtree forest, an't
Enter Westmoreland. shall please your grace,
[forth, York. Whatwell-appointed leader fronts us here! York. Here stand, my lords and send discoverers Mowb. I think, it is my lord of Westmoreland. To know the numbers of our enemies.
West. Health and fair greeting from our general, llast. We have sent forth already.
30 The prince, lord John, and duke ot Lancaster. York. 'Tis well done.
York.Sayon, mylordof Westmoreland, in peace; My friends and brethren in these great affairs, What doth concern your coming? I must acquaint you, that I have receiv'd
West. Then, my lord, New-ciated letters from Northumberland; Unto your grace do I in chief address Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus:- 35 The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Here doth he wishi his person, with such powers Came like itself, in base and abject routs, As might hold sortance with his quality,
Led on by bloody youth", guarded" with rage, 'ine which he could not levy; whereupon And countevanc'd by boys, and beggary; lleis reurd, to ripe bis growing fortunes, 1 say, if damn'd commotion so appeard, 'lo Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers, 1to In his true, native, and most proper shape, That your attempts may over-live the hazard, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, And fearful meeting of their opposite. [ground, lad not been here, to dress the ugly form
Nloz:b. Thus do the hopes we had in hin touch Of base and bloody insurrection And daslı theinselves to pieces.
With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop,-Enter a lessenger.
45 Whose see is by a civil peace maintain’d ; Hast. Now, what news?
Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touchd; 'i. e. according to Mr. Pope, whipt, carted; though Dr. Johnson rather thinks that the word means dirty or grimed; and that the word hustoires agrees better with this sense. Ray, however, among his north-country words, confirms Pope's meaning, by saying that an overstitch'd huswife is a strumpet. * Eunirs ami Goodnights were the titles of little poems. 3 Tice was the name given to a droll figure, per totore nach sliewn upon our stage, and brought in to play the fool and make sport for the popuJace. llis dress was always a long jerhin, a fool's cap with asses' ears, and a thin wooden dagger, such as is still retained in the inocern figures of llarlequin and Scaramouch. The word is an abbrevation of de rice; tor in our old dramatic shows, where he was first exhibited, he was nothing more than an artiticial figure, a puppet moved by machinery, and then originally called device or rice. The snith's machine called a rice, is an abbreviation of the same sort. It was very satirical in Falstaff to compare Sballou's activity and impertinence to such a machine as a wooden dagger in the hanels and management of a buffoon. * To break and to burst were, in our poet's time, synonimously used. To brast had the same meaning. *That is, beat gaunt, a fellow so slender, that his name might have been Cauni. * One of which was an universal medicine, and the other a transmuter of base metals into gold. ? That is, if it be the law of nature that the stronger may seize upon the weaker, Falstaff may, with great propriety, dlevour Shallow. * Dr. Johnson thinks this word, which is used in Holinshed, was intended to express the uniform and forcible motion of a compact body. Well-appointed is completely accoutred.: Bloody youth means only sanguine youth, or youth full of blood, and of those passions which blood is supposed to incite or nourish. Guarded is an expression taken from dress and means the same as faced, turned up.
Whose learningand good letters peace hath tutor'd, West. When ever yet was your appeal deny'd ?
you should seal this lawless bloody book Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, sof forg'd rebellion with a seal divine, Into the harsh and boist'rous tongue of war? And consecrate commotion's civil edge'? Turning your books to graves“, your ink to blood, York. My brother-general, the common-wealth, Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine To brother born an household cruelty, To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?
I make my quarrel in particular*. York. Wherefore do I this:--so the question 10 West. There is no need of any such redress; stands.
Or, if there were, it not belongs to you. Briefly, to this end :-We are all diseas'd;
Morb. Why not to him, in part; and to us all, And, with our surfeiting, and wanton hours, That feel the bruises of the days before; Have brought ourselves into a burning fever, And suffer the condition of these times And we must bleed for it: of which disease 15 To lay a heavy and unequal hand Oor late king, Richard, being infected, dy'd. Upon our honours? But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,
'West. Omy good lord Mowbray, I take not on me here as a physician:
Construe the limes to their necessities, Nor do I, as an enemy to peace,
you shall say indeed, -it is the tiine, Troup in the throngs of military men: 120 And not the king, that doth you injuries. But, rather, shew a while like fearful war,
Yet, for your part, it not appears to me, To diet rank miyds, sick of happiness;
Either from the king, or in the present time, And purge the obstructions, which begin to stop That you shall have an inch of any ground Our very veins of life. Hear me more plainly. To build a grief on: Were you not restor'd I have in equal balance justly weigh'd
25 To all the duke of Norfolk's seigniories, What wrongs our arms may ilo, what wrongs we Your noble and right-well-remeinber'd father's ? suiter,
Mozob. What thing, in honour, had my father And find our griefs heavier than our offences.
lost, We see which way the stream of time doth run, That need to be reviv’d, and breath'd in me? And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere 30 The king, that lov'd him as the state stood then, By the rough torrent of occasion;
Was, force perforce, compellid to banish him: And have the sunimary of all our griefs,
And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he,When time shall serve, to shew in articles; Being mounted, and both roused in their seats, Which, long ere this, we ofier'd to the king, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, And might by no suit gain our audience: 35 Theirarmed staves in charge their bearers down, When we are wrong’d, and would unfold our griefs, Their eyes of fire sparkling through siglats of We are deny'd access unto his person
steel, Even by those inen that most have done us wrong. And the loud trumpet blowing them together; The danger of the days but newly gone,
Theil, then, when there was nothing could have (Whose memory is written on the earth
staid With yet appearing blood), and the examples My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, Of every minute's instance, (present dow) 0, when the king did throw his warder down, Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms; Dis own life hung upon the stati he threw : Not to break peace, or any branch of it;
Then threw he down himself, and all their lives, But to establish here a peace indeed,
15 That, by indictment, and by dint of sword, Concurring buth in name and quality:
Have since miscarried uncler Bolingbroke. 'Formerly, all bishops wore white even when they travelled. The rrhite investment meant the episcopal rochiet. ? For grares Dr. Warburton very plausibly reads gl:lives, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Mr. Steevens says, “We might perhaps as plausibly readgreuves, which is spelled graves in Warner's Albion's England,” i. e. armour for the legs, a kind of boots: and adds, that the metamorphosis of leathern covers of books into greuves, i.e. boots, seems to be more apposite than the conversion of them into instruments of war. Glave is the Erse word for a brodd-sword, and glaif is Welsh for a hook. • It was an old custom, continued from the time of the first croisades, for the pope to consecrate the general's sword, which was employed in the service of the church. To this custon the line in question alludes. * Dr. Warburton explains this passage thus: “ My brother general the commonwealth, which ought to distribute its benefits equally, is become an enemy to those of his own house, to brothers born, by giving some all, and others none; and this (says he) I make my quarrel or grievance, that honours are unequally distributed;" the constant birth of male-contents, and source of civil conimotions. Dr. Johnson, however, believes there is an error in the first line, which perbaps may be rectified thus: “My quarrel general, the commonwealth, &c. That is, my general cause of discontent is public mismanagement; my particular cause a domestic injury done to my natural brother, who had been beheaded by the king's order;" a circumstance mentioned in the First Part of the Play. 5 An armed stuff is a lance. To be in charge, is to be fixed in the rest for the encounter. Or, the risiers, i. e. the perforated part of their helmets, through which they could see to direct their aim,
West, is weary,
West. You speak, lord Mowbray, now you know That no conditions of our peace can stand.
Hast. Fear you not that: if we can make our peace The earl of Ilereford was reputed then
Upon such large terms, and so absolute, In England the most valiant gentleman :
As our conditions shall insist upon, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have 5 Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains. smil'd:
Alowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such, But, if your father had been victor there,
That every slight and false-derived cause, He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry:
Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason, For all the country, in a general voice,
Shall, to the king, taste of this action : Cry’dhate upon him; andalltheir prayers,and love, 10 That, were our loyal faiths martyrs m love, Were set on Heretord, whom they doated on, \le shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, And bless'd, and grac'd indeed, more than the king. That even our corn shall seem as light as chatl, But this is mere digression from my purpose.
And good from bad find no partition. Here come I from our princely general,
York. No, no, my lord; Note this,—the king To know your griefs; to tell you from his grace, 15
That he will give you audience : and wherein dainty and suh picking grievances : • It shall appear, that your demands are just, For he hath sound, -to end one doubt by death, You shall enjoy them; every thing set off,
Revives two greater in the heirs of life, That might so much as think you enemies. And therefore will he wipe his tables clean“;
Mowb.But he hath torc'd us to compel this offer; 20 And keep no tell-tale to his memory, And it proceeds from policy, not love.
That inay repeat and history liis loss West. Mowbray, you over-ween, to take it so; To new remembrance: For full well he knows, This offer comes from mercy, not from lear: He cannot so precisely weed this land, For, lo! within a ken, our army lies;
As his misdoubts present occasion: Upon mine honour, all too contident
25 His foes are so evrooted with his friends, To give admittance to a thought of fear.
That, plucking to indix an enemy,
So that this land, like an offensive wife,
And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Plast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods
35 The very instruments of chastisement: Hast. Hath the prince John a full commission, so that his power, like to a fangless lion, In-very ample virtue of his father,
May offer, but not hold. To hear, and absolutely to determine
York. 'T'is very true;Of what conditions we shall stand upon ?
And therefore be assured, my good lord marshal,
Our peace will, like a broken limb united,
Mowb. Be it so.
Here is return'd my lord of Westmoreland. Each several article herein redress’d;
Re-enter Westmorelund. All members of our cause, both here and hence, West. The prince is here at hand: Pleaseth your That are insinew'd to this action,
lordship, Acquitted by a true substantial forin’;
To meet his grace just distance 'tween our armies! And present execution of our wills
Mlozb. Your grace of York, in heaven's name To us, and to our purposes, confin'd';
then set forward. We come within our awful banks again,
York. Besore, and greet his grace :--my lord, And knit our powers to the arm of peace.
we come. West. This will I shew the general. Please
[Ereunt. you, lords,
Another part of the forest.
ings, and others: from the other side, Prince York. My lord, we will do so. [Erit West. John of Lancaster, Westmoreland, Officers, c. Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom60 Lan. You are well encounter'd here, my cousią
Mowbray : Meaning, included in the office of a general. ? That is, by a pardon of due form and legal validity. · For confined, Mr. Steevens proposes to read confirm'd. Awful banks are the proper limits of reverence. Perhaps we might read-lawful. li. e. piddling, insignificant grievances, Alluding to a table-book of slate, ivory, &c.
Good day to you, gentle lord archbishop :- My lord, these griefs shall be with speed redress'd; And so to you, lord Hastings, and to all.- Cpon my life, they shall. If this may please you, My lord of York, it better shew'd with you, Discharge your powers untotheir several counties, When that your tlock, assembled by the bell, is we will ours: and here, between the armies, Encircled you, to hear with reverence
5 Let's drink together friendly, and embrace ; Your exposition on the holy text;
That all their eyes may bear those tokens home, Than now to see you here an iron man,
Oi our restored love, amity. [dresses. Chearing a rout of rebels with your drum,
York. I take your princely word for these re. Turning the word to sword, and life to death. Lan. I give it you, and will maintain my word: Thai man, ibat sits within a monarch's heart, 10 And thereupon I drink unto your grace. And ripens in the sun-shine of his favour,
Hast. Go, captain, and deliver to the army Would he abuse the countenance of the king, This news of peace; let them have pay, and part; Alack, what mischiefs might be set abroach, I know, it will well please them: Hie thee, capIushadow of such greatness! With you,lord bishop,
[Exit Captain. It is even so!-Who hath not heard it spoken, 16 York. To you, my noble lord of Westmoreland. How deep you were within the books of God? West. I pledge your grace: And, if you knew To us, the speaker in his parliansent; To us, the imagin’d voice of heaven itself; ! have bestowed, to breed this present peace, The very opener, and intelligencer,
You would drink freely: but my love to you Between the grace, the sanctities of heaven, 20 Sball shew itself more openly hereafter. And our dull workings: 0, who shall believe, York. I do not doubt you. But you misuse the reverence of your place; West. I am glad of it. Employ the countenance and grace of heaven, Health to my lord, and gentle cousin, Mowbray. As à false favourite doth his prince's name,
Mlozb. You wish me health in very happy seaIn deeds dishonourable? You have taken up',
son; Under the counterfeited zeal of God,
For I am, on the sudden, something ill. The subjects of his substitute, my father;
York. Against ill chances, men are ever merty: And, both against the peace of heaven and him, But heaviness fore-runs the good event. Have here up-swarm'd them.
W'est. Therefore, be merry, coz; since sudden York. Good my lord of Lancaster,
[morrow. I am not here against your father's peace:
Serves to say thus, -Some good thing comes toBut, as I told my lord of Westmoreland,
York. Believe me, I am passing light in spirit. The time misorder d doth, in common sense, Morb. So much the worse, if your own rule Crowd us, and crush us, to this monstrous form,
[Shout To hold our safety up. I sent your grace 35 Lan. The word of peace is render'd: Hark, The parcels and particulars of our grief;
how they shout! The which hath been with scorn shov'd from the Mozab. This had been chearful, after victory. court,
York. A peace is of the nature of a conquest; Whereon this I dra son of war is borii:
For then boil parties nobly are subdu'd, Whose dangerous eyesmay well becharm’dasleep, 20 ind neither party loser. With grant of our most just and right desires; Lan. Go, my lord, And true obedience, of this madness cur'd, And let our army be discharged too.-[Exit West. Stoop tamely to the foot of majesty.
And, good my lord, so please you, let our trains Nioxb. If not, we ready are to try our fortunes March by us; that we may peruse the men To the last man.
45 We should have cop'd withal. Hast. And though wehere fall down,
York. Go, good loru Ilastings, We have supplies to second our attempt; And, ere they be dismiss'd, let them march by. If they miscarry, theirs shall second them:
[Exit Hastings. And so, success of mischief shall be burn;
Lan. I trust, lords, we shall lie to-night toge: And heir from heir shall hold this quarrel up,
ther.Whiles England shall have generation.
Re-enter Westmoreland. Lan. You are too shallow, llastings, much too Now, cousin, wherefore stands our army still? shallow,
l'est. The leaders, having charge from you to To sound the bottom of the after-tiines.
Lun. They know their duties.
Re-enier Hastings. Lun. I like them all, and do allow them well: Hast. My lord, our army is dispers'd already: And swear here by the honour of my blood, Like youthiul steersunyok ,theytaketheir course, My father's purposes have been mistook; 60 East, west, nurth, south; or, like a school brohe And some about him have too lavishly
[place. Wrested his meaning, and authority.-
Each hurries towards his home, and sporting ! To take up is to levy, to raise in arms. Success for succession.
West. Good tidlings, niy lord Hastings; for the 1. Fol. I would be sorry, my lord, but it should which
be thus: I never knew yet, but rebuke and check I do arrest thee, traitor, of bigh treason :-- was the rewarıl of valour. Do you think me a And you, lord archbishop,--and you, lord Mow- swallow, an arrow, or a bullet? Have I, in my bray,
5 poor and old motion, the expedition of thought? Of capital treason I attach
have speeded hither with the very extremest inch Mowb. Is this proceeding just and honouralleil of possibility; I have founder'd nine-score and odd West. Is your assembly so?
posts: and here, travel-tainted as I am, have, in York. Will you thus break your faith?
my pure and immaculate valour, taken Sir John Lan. I pawn'd thee none:
10 Colevile of the dale, a most furious knight, and I promis'd you redress of these same grievances, valorous enemy: But what of that? he saw me, Whereof you did complain; which, hy mine ho- and yieided; that I may justly say with the hooknour,
nos'd fellow of Rome', - 1 canie, saw, and overI will perform with a most christian care. But for you, rebels, look to taste the due 15 Lan. It was more his courtesy than your de. Meet for rebellion, and such acts as yours. serving Most shallowly did you these arins commence, Fal. I know not; here he is, and here I yield Fondly' brought here, and foolishly sent hence.- him: and I beseech your grace, let it be book'd Strike up your drums, pursue the scatter'd stray: with the rest of this day's deeds; or, by the Lord, Ileaven, and not we, hath safely fought to-day:- 201 will have it in a particular ballad else, with mine Some guard these traitors to the block of death; own picture on the top of it, Colevile kissing my Treasou's true bed, and yielder up of breath. foot: To the which course if I be enforced, if you [Exeunt. Alurum. Excursions. do not all shew like gilt two-pences to me; and
I, in the clear sky of fame, o ershine you as inuch SCENE III.
25 as the full moon doth the cinders of the element, Another part of the Forest.
which shew like pin's heads tu her; believe not
the word of the noble: Therefure let me bave Enter Falstaff, and Colzrile, meeting.
right, and let desert mount. Fal. What's your name, sir? of what condition Lun. Thine's too heavy to mount. are you? and of what place, I pray?
130 Ful. Let it shine then. Cole. I am a knight, sir ; and my name is- Lan. Thine's too thick to shine. Colevile of the dale.
Ful. Let it do something, my good lord, that Pal. Well then, Colevile is your name ; a knight may do me good, and call it what you will. is your degree; and your place, the dale: Colevile Lan. Is thy name Colevile? shall still be your name; a traitor your degree: 35 Cole. It is, my lord. and the dungeon your place,--a place deepenough; Lun. A fainous rebel art thou, Colevile.
Ful. And a famous true subject took him. Cole. Are you not Sir John Falstail?
Cole. I am, my lord, but as my belters are, Fal. As good a man as he, sir, whoe'er I am. That led me hither: had they been rul'd by me, Do ye yield, sir ? or shall I sweat for you? If 40 You should have won them dearer than you have do sweat, they are drops of thy lovers, and they Ful. I know not how they sold themselves: but weep for thy death: therefore rouse up fear and thou, like a kind fellow, gav'st thyself away; trenibling, and do observance to my mercy. and I thank thee for thee. Cole. Ithink you are Sir John Falstail; and, in
Re-enter Wesimoreland. that thought, yield me.
45 Lan. Have you left pursuit? Fal. I have a whole school of tongues in this West. Retreat is made, and execution stay'dl. belly of mine, and not a tongue of them all speaks Lan. Send Colevile, with his contederates, any other word but iny name. An I had but al To York, to present execution.beily of any inditlerency, I were simply the most Blunt,lead him hence; and see you guard him sure, active fellow in Europe: My womb, my womb, 50
[Ereunt some with Coletile. my womb undoes me.--Ilere comes our general. And now dispatch we toward the court, iny lords ; Enter Prince John of Lancaster, and Westmorl. I hear, the king my father is sore sick: Lan. The heat' is past, follow no farther now; Our news shall
before us to his majesty, Call in the powers, good cousin Westmoreland. Which, cousin, you shall bear,-to comíort him;
[Erit West. 55 And we with sober speed will follow you. Now, Falstaff, where have you been all this while? Fal. My lord, I beseech you, give me leave to When every thing is ended, then you come:- go through Glostershire; and, when you come to These tardy tricks of your's will, on my life, court, stand my good lord 'pray in your good reOne time or other break some gallows' back. Iport.
dj. e. foolishly.. ? The sense of dale is included in deep; a dale is a deep place; a dungeon is a deep place: he that is in a dungeon may be therefore said to be in a dule. "That is, the eagerness of'revenge. :Cæsar. !i. e. stand my good friend in your favourable report of me.