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Or, by the affection that now guides me most, Though he hath fallen by'prompture of the blood, I'll prove a tyrant to him: As for you,

Yet har he in him such a mind of honour, Say what you can, my false o’erweighis your true. That bad he twenty heads to tender dow))

[Erit. On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up, Isab. Towhom should I complain? Did Itellthis, 5 Before his sister should her body stoop Who would believe me? ( perilous mouths, To such abhorr’d pollution. That bear in them one and the seltsame tongue, Then, Isabel, live chaste, and brother, die: Either of condemnation or approof!

More than our brother is our chastity. Bidding the law make court'sy to their will; I'll tell him yet of Angelo's request, Ilooking both right and wrong to the appetite, 10 And tit his mind to death, for liis soul's rest. To follow, as it draws. I'll to my brother:

[Exit.

company!

А ст III.
SCENE 1.

1201 For thy own bowels, which do call thee sire,

The mere effusion of thy proper loins,
The Prison.

Do curse the goui, serpigo', and the rheum,
Enter Duke, Claudio, and Protost.

For ending thưe no sooner: Thou hast nor youth, Duke. So, then you hope of pardon from lord But, as it were, an after-dinner's sleep, (nor age; Angelo?

25 Dreaming on both: for all thy blessed youth Claud. The miserable have no other medicine, Becomes as aged, and doth beg the alms But only hope :

Of palsied eld"; and when thou art old, and rich, I have hope to live, and am prepar'd to die. Thou hast neither heat, affection, limb, nor beauty

Duhe. Be absolute for death ~; cither death orlife To make thy riches pleasant. What's yet in this, Shall thereby be the sweeter. Reason thus with 30 That bears the name of life? Yet in this life (fear, If I do lose thee, I do lose a thing, [life:- Lye hid more thousand deaths'': yet death we That none but fools wowel keep': a breath thou That makes these odds all even. Servile to all the shiey intuences

[art, Clund. I humbly thank you. That do this habitation, where thou keep’st, To sue to live, I find, I seek to die; Hourly aillict: merely, thou art deathi's fool; 35 And, seeking death, find life: Let it come on. For him thou labour'st by thy Night to shun,

Enter Isubclla. And yet runpest tow ard him stilla: Thou art no: Isab. What, bo! Peace here; grace and good noble;

[a welcome. For all the accommodations that thou bear’st, Pror. Who's there? Come in: the wish deserves Are nurs'd by baseness: Thou art by no mcalis 40 Duke. Dear sir, ere long I'll visit you again. yaliant ;

Claud. Most holy sir, I thank you. For thou dost fear the soft and tender fork

Isab. My business is a word or two with Claudio. Of a poor worm': Thy best of rest is sleep, Prov. And very welcome. Look, signior, here's And ihat thou oft provok'st; yet grossly fear'st Duke. Provost, a word with you. [your sister. Thy death, which is no more. Thou art not thyself; 45 Pror. As many as you please. [cealid, For thou exist'st on many a thousand grains Duke. Bring them to speak where I may be con-' That issue out of dust: Ilappy thou art not ; Yet hear them. [Ercunt Duke and Prorost. For what thou hast not, still thou striv’st to get; Claud. Now, sister, what's the comfort: And what thou hast, forget'st: Thou art not certain, Isub. Why, as all comforts are, most gund in For thy complexion shifts to strange effects', 50 Lord Angelo, having aifairs to heaven, (deed: After the moon: It thou art rich, thou art poor: Intends you for his swift ambassador, For, like an ass, whose back with ingots bows, Where you shall be an everlasting leiger":{speed, Thou bear'st thy heavy riches but a journey, Therefore your best appointment make with And death unloads thee: Friend hasi thou none To-morrow you set on.

That is, temptation, instigation. ? Meaning, be determined to die, without any hope of life. keep in this place signifies to cure for. * In the old farces called Moralities, the fool of the piece, in order to shew the inevitable approaches of death, is made to employ all his stratagems to avoid him; which, as the matter is ordered, brings the foul at every turn into his very jaws.

> Woron is here substituted for any creeping thing or serpent. For effects we should read affects ; that is, afections, ? A bind of tetter. & The dritt of this period is to prove, that neither youth nor age can be said to be really enjoyed, which, in poetical language, is,-We have neither youik nor age. Eld is here used for old ug", or persons rcorn out with years. 10 Meaning a thousand deaths besides those which have been mentioned, Leiger is the same with resident. " Appointment means preparation,

Claud

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Claud. Is there no remedy?

That thus can make him bite the law by the nose, Isub. None, butsuch remedy, as, to save ahead, When he would force it? sure it is no sin : To cleave a heart in twain.

Or of the deadly seven it is the least. Claud. But is there any?

Isab. Which is the least ? Isab. Yes, brother, you may live;

5 Claud. If it were damnable, he, being so wise, There is a devilish mercy in the judge,

Why would he for the momentary trick
If you'll impiore it, that will free your life, Be perdurably ' find? Ob Isabel?
But fetter von till death.

Isub. What says my brother?
Claud. Perpetual durance?

Claud. Death is a fearful thing. Isab. Ay, just, perpetual vurance; a restraint, 10 Isab. And shained life a hateful. [where; Though all the world's vastidity you had,

Claud. Ay, but to die, and go we know not To a determin'd scope.

To lye in cold obstruction, and to rot;
Claud. But in what nature?

This sensible warm motion to become
Isub. In such a one as (you consenting to 't) A kneaded clod; and the delighted spirit
Would bark your honour from that trunk you bear, 15 To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside
And leave you naked.

In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice;
Claud. Let me know the point.

To be imprison’d in the viewless winds, Isah. Oh, I do fear thee, Claudio; and I quake, And blown with restless violence round about Lest thou a feverous life should'st entertain, The pendant world; or to be worse than worst And six or seven winters more respect

20 Of those, that lawless and incertain thoughts
Than a perpetual honour. Dar'st thou die? Imagine howling!—'tis too horrible!
The sense of death is most in apprehension; The weariest and most loathed worldly life,
And the poor beetle, that we trrad upon,

That age, ach, penury, and imprisonment
In corporal sullerance tinds a pang as grat Can lay on nature, is a paradise
As when a giant dies.

25 To what we fear of death. Claud. lily give you me this shame?

Isab. Alas! alas !
Think you I can a resolution fetch

Claud. Sweet sister, let me live:
From flowery tenderness? If I must die, What sin you do to save a brother's life,
I will encounter darkness as a bride,

Nature dispenses with the deed so far,
And hug it in mine arms. [ther's grave|30That it becomes a virtue.

Isab. There spake my brother; there my fa- Isab. Oh, you beast! Did utter forth a voice! Yes, thou must die: Oh, faithless coward! Oh, dishonest wretch: Thou art too noble to conserve a life

Wilt thou be made a man, out of my vice? In base appliances. This outward-sainted deputy, Is 't not a kind of incest, to take life [think Whose settled visage and deliberate word 35 From thine own sister's shame? What should I Nips youth i'the head, and follies doth emmew, Heaven shield, my mother play'd my father fair ! As faulcon doth the fowl',-is yet a devil: For such a warped slip of wilderness Ilis filth within being cast”, he would appear Ne'er issu'd from his blood. Take my defiance'. A pond as deep as hell.

Die; perish! Might but my bending down Claud. The princely Angelo?

40 Reprieve thee from thy fate, it should proceed: Isab. Oh, 'tis the cumming livery of hell, I'll pray a thousand prayers for thy death, The damned'st body to invest and cover No word to save thee. In princely guards!! Dost thou think, Claudio, Claud. Nay, hear me, Isabel. It I would vield him my virginity,

Isab. Oh, tie, tie, fie! Thou might'st be freed

45 Thy sin 's not accidental, but a trade': Claud. Oh, heavens! it cannot be. [offence, Mercy to thee would prove

itself a bawd:
Isab. Yes, he would give it thee, for this rank | Tis best that thou dy'st quickly.'
So to offend hin still: This night's the time Claud. Oh hear ine, Isabella.
That I should do what I ablior to name,

Re-enter Duke.
Or else trou dy'st to-morrow.

50 Duke. Vouchsafe a word, young sister, but one Claud. Thou shalt not do't.

word. Isab. Oh, were it but my life,

Isab. What is your will ? I'd throw it down for your deliverance

Duke. Might you dispense with your leisure, I As frankly as a pin.

would by and by have some speech with you: Cliud. Thanks, dear Isabel. [morrow. 55 the satisfaction I would require, is likewise your Isa'. Be realy, Claudio, for your death to

own benefit. Claud. Yes.--Has he affections in him,

Isab. I have nosuperfluous leisure;my stay must To emmew is a term in falçonry. The meaning of the passage is, In whose presence youth are afraid to shew then joilies. 2 To cast a pond is to empty it of mud. 3 That is, in the ornaments of royalty. * That is, u hen he is putting the law in force against me. • Lastingly. 6 That is, the spirit accustomed here to ease and delights. This was properly urged as an aggravation to the sharpness of the torments spoken of. Hililerness is here used for wildness. : Difiunce is re. Jusul. . An established habit.

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be stolen out of other affairs; but I will attend was affianc'd to her by oath, and the nuptial apyou a while.

pointed: between which time of the contract, Duke. [To Claudio aside.] Son, I have over- and limit of the solemnity, her brother Frederick heard what hath past between you and your sister. was wreck'd at sea, having in that perish'd vessel Angelo had never the purpose to corrupt her: on- 5 the dowry of his sister. But mark, how heavily ly he hath made an essay of her virtue, to prac- this beiel to the poor gentlewoman: there she tise his judgment with the disposition of natures : slost a noble and renowned brother, in bis love sht, having the truth of honour in her, hath made toward her ever most kind and natural; with him him that gracious denial, which he is most glad the portion and sinew of ber tortum, her marrito receive: I am confessor to Angelo, and I know 10 age-dowry; with both, her combinate husband, this to be true; therefore prepare yourself to this well-seeming Angelo. death:- Do not satisfy your resolution with Isab. Can this be so? Did Angelo so leave her! hopes that are fallible: to-morrow you must die; Duke. Left her in her tears, and dry'd not one of go to your knees, and make ready.

them with his comfort; swallow'd his vow's whole, Claud. Let me ask my sister pardon. I am so out 15 pretending, in her, discoveries of dishonour: in of love with life, that I will sue to be rid of it. few, bestow'd her on her own lamentation, which

[Exit Claudio. Re-enter Provost. yet she wears for his sake; and he, a marble to Duke. Hold you there': Farewell. Provost, a her tears, is washed with them, but relents not. word with you.

Isab. What a merit were it in death, to take Prov. What's your will, father?

20 this poor maid from the world! What corruption Duke. That now you are come, you will be in this life, that it will let this man live ! -But gone: Leave me a while with the maid ; my bow out of this can she avail? mind promises with my habit, no loss shall touch Duke. It is a rupture that you may easily heai: her by my company.

and the cure of it not only saves your brother, Proc. In good time’.

[Erit Prov. 25 but keeps you from dishonour in doing it. Duke. The hand, that hath made you fair, bath Isab. Shew me how, good father. made you good: the goodness, that is cheap in Duke. This fore-named maid hath yet in her the beauty, makes beauty brief in goodness; but continuance of her first affection; bis unjust une grace, being the soul of your complexion, should kindness, that in all reason should have quenched keep the body of it ever fair. Ti assault, that 30 her love, hath, like an impediment in the current, Angelo hath made to you, fortune hath convey'di made it more violent and unruly. Go you to Anto my understanding; and, but that frailty háth gelo; answer his requiring with a plausible obes examples for his falling, I should wonder at dience; agree with his demands to the point; Angelo: How would you do to content this only refer yourself to this advantage,-tirst, that substitute, and to save your brother?

35 your stay with him may not be long ; that the Isab. I am now going to resolve him: I had time may have all shadow and silence in it, and rather my brother die by the law, than my son the place answer to convenience: this being should be unlawtully born. But oh, how inuch granted in course, now follows all. We shall adis the good duke deceived in Angelo! If ever he vise this wronged maid to stead up your appointreturns, and I can speak to him, I will open my 40 ment, go in your plact; if the encounter acknowlips in vain, or discover bis government.

ledge itself hereafter, it may compel bim to her Duke. That shall not be much amiss: yet, as recompence: and hire, by this, is your brother the matter now stands, he will avoid your accusa- saved, your honour untainted, the poor Mariana, tion; he made trial of you only.—Therefore fasten advantaged, and the corrupt deputy scaled'. The your ear on my advisings; to the love I have in 45 maid will I frame and make fit for his attempt. doing good, a remedy presents itself. I do make If you think weil to carry this as you may, the myselt believe, that you may most uprighteously doubleness of the benetit definds the deceit from do a poor wronged lady a merited benefit; re- reproof. What think you of it? deem your brother from the angry law; do no Isab. The image of it gives me content alstain to your own gracious person; and much 50 ready; and, I trust, it will grow to a most prosplease the absent duke, if, peradventure, he shall perous perfection. ever return to have hearing of this business. Duke. It lies much in your holding up: Haste

Isab. Let me hear you speak further: I have you speedily to Angelo; if for this night be inspirit to do any thing, that appears not foul in the treat

you to his bed, give him promise of satistruth of my spirit.

55 faction. I will presently to St. Luke's; there, at Duke. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful. the moated grange' resides this dejected Mariana: Hare you not heard speak of Mariana,the sister of at that place call upon me; and dispatch with Frederick, the great soldier, who miscaried at sea; Angelo, that it may be quickly.

Isab. I have heard of the lady, and good words Ísub. I thank you for this comfort: Fare you went with her name.

60 well, good father. Duke. Her should this Angelo have marry'd ;)

[Ereunt severally. " Persevere in that resolution. ? i. e. Very well. 3 Combinate means betrothed. To scale means, to reach him notwithstanding the elevation of his situation. A grange is a solitary farmhouse.

SCENE

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SCENE II.

there none of Pigmalion's images, newly made The Street.

woman, to be had now, for putting the hand in Re-enter Duke as a Friar, Elbox, Clown, and the pocket and extracting it clutchd? What reOfficers.

Ply? ba? what say'st thou to this tune, matter, Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but 5and method? Is it not drown’d i' the last rain? that you will needs bur and sell men and woinen ba? What sav'st tholi, trot?? is the world as it like beasts, we shail have all the world drink was, man? Which is the way? is it sad, and tew brown and white bastard'.

fuords? or how? the trick of it? Duhe. Oh, heavens! what stuif is here?

Duke. Still thus, and thus! still worsc! · Clozen. 'Twas never merry world, since, of two 1o Lurio. Ilow doth my dear morsel, thy mis. usuries, the merriest was put down, and the tress. procures she still ha? worser allow'l, by order of law, a furr'd gown to Clozen. Trotli, sir, she hath eaten up all her keep hin warm; and furt'd with fox and launb- beet, and she is herself in the tub'. skins too, to signify, that craft being richer than Lucio. Why, 'uis gond; it is the right of it; it innocency, stands for the facing.

15 must be su: ever your fresh whore, and your Elb. Come your way, sir :--Bless you, good powder'd bawd: an unshu'd consequence; it father friar.

inust be so: Art going to prison, Pompey? Duke. And you, good brother father : What Clown. Yes, taith, sir. offence bath this man made you, sir?

Lucio. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey: fares El. Marry, sir, he hath ottended the law: 20 well: go; say, I sent thee thither. För debt, and, sir, we take him to be a thief too, sir; for Pompey? or how? we have found upon him, sir, a strange pick- Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd. lock, which we have sent to the deputy:

Lucio. Well, then imprison him; if imprisonDuke. Fie, sirrah; a bawd, a wicked bawd! ment be the due of a band, why, 'tis his right: The evil that thou causest to be done,

25 Bawd is he, doubtless, and of antiquity tov; bawdThat is thy means to live: Do thou but think born. Farewell, good Pompy: Commend me What 'tis to cram a maw, or cloath a back, to the prison, Pompey: You will turn good husFroin such a filthv vice: say to thyself,

band now, Pompey; you will keep the house. From their abominable and beastli touches

Cloron. I hope, sir, your good worship will be 1 drink, I eat, array myself, and live.

30 my bail. Canst thou believe thy living is a life,

'Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is So stinkingly depending? Go, mend, go, mend, not the wears. I will pray, Pompey, to encrease

Cloren. Tideed, it does stink in some sort, sir: our bondage : if you take it not patiently, why, but vet, sir, I would prove

[for sin,

your mettle is the inore: Adieu, trusty Pompey. Duke. Nay, if the devil hath given thee proofs 35 -Bless you, friar. Thou wilt prore his. Tahe him to prison, officer; Duhe. And yoll. Correction and instruction must both work,

Lucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? ha? Ere this rude brast wilt profit.

Elb. Come your ways, sir; come. Ell. lle must before the deputy, sir ; he has Clown. You will not bail me then, sir? given hiin warning: the deputy cannot abide a 40 Lucio. Then, Pompey? nor now.

What whore-master: it be be a whore-monger, and news abroad, friar? what news? comes before him, he were as good go a mile on Elb. ('ome your ways, sir, come. bis erranil.

Lucio. Go,--to kennel, Pompey,-go. Duhe. That we were all as some would seem to be,

[Eveunt Elbw, Clown, and of cers, Free from all faults, as faults from seeming free! 43 What news, friar, of the duke? Enter Lucio.

Due. I know none; Can you tell me of any ? Ell. Ilis neck will come to your waist, a Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of cord, sir.

Russia: other some, he is in Rome : But where Clown. I spy comfort; I cry bail : here's a Jis he, think you? gentleman, and a friend of mine.

50 Duke. I know not where: but wheresoever, I Lucio. Ilow now', noble Pompey? what, at the wish him well. heelsof Cæsar? art thou led in triuinph ? What, is Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to

A kind of sweet wine, then much in vogue. Meaning, his neck will be tied, like your waist, with a rope.-Q. Does not this rather mean the method of conveying criminals to justice, or execution, with a curd tied round the neck of the criminal and the middle of the officer? Trot is a familiar address to a man, among the provincial vulgar. * Dr. Warburton sars, the author here alludes to the lues venerent, and its effects. At that time the cure of it was performied either by guiacum, or mercurial unctions: and in both cases the patient was kept up very warm and close ; that in the tirst application the sweat might be promoted; and lest, in the other, he should take cold, which was fatal. “ The regimen for the course of guiacum (says Dr. Freind in his llistory of Physick, vol. II. p. 380.) was at first strangely circumstantial; and so rigorous, that the patient was put into a dungeon in order to inahe him sweat; and in that manner, as Fallopius expresse: it, the bones, and the very man himself was macerated,” Wiseman says, in England they use a lub for this purpose, as abroad, a cave, or oven, or dungeon. A person incer cure for a ve nereal complaint, is now grossly said to be in the pickling or poz: diring tub. 5 Thai is, it is not the fashion.

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steal from the state, and usurp the beggary hel i Lucio. Sir, I know lin, and I love him. was never born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in Duke. Love talks with better bnow ledge, and his absence; he puts transgression tu 't.

knowledge with dearer love. Dune. He does well in 't.

Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I hnow. Lucio. A litt.e more lenity to lechery would 5 Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you do no harm in him: something too crabled that know not what you speak. But, it ever the duke war, friar.

return, (as our prayers are he may) let me desire Duke, It is too general a vice, and severity you to make your answer before hiin: If it be must cure it.

honest you have spoke, you have courage to Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great 10 maintain it: I am bound to call upon you, and I kindred; it is well ally'd: but it is impossible to pray you, your name: extirp it quite, friar, till eating and drinking be Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known to put down. They say, this Angelo was not made the duke. by man and woman, after the downriglit way of Duke. IIe shall know you better, sir, if I may creation: Is it true, think you ?

15 live to report yoll. Duke. Ilow should he be made then?

Lucio. I tear you not. Lucio. Some report, a sea-maid spawn'd him :- Duke. Oh, you hope the duke will return no sonie, that he was got between two stock-tishes : more; or you iingine me too unhurtful an op

- But it is certain, that when he makes water, his posite. But, indeed, I can do you liltle barın: urine is congeal dice; that I know to be true:-20 you'll forswear this again. and he is a motion ungenerative' ; that's infallible. Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceiv'd

Duke. You are pleasant, sir ; and speak apace. in me, iriar. But no more of this: Canst thou

Lucio, Why, what a ruthless thing is this in tell, it Claudio die to-morrow, or no? himn, for the rebellion of a cod-piece, to take Duke. Why should he die, sir ? away the life of a man? Would the duke, that is 25| Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. absent, have done this? Ere he would have I would, the duke, we talk of, were returuld hang'd a man for the getting a hundred bastards, again: this ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the pio he would have paid for the nursing a thousand: vince with continency; sparrows must not build he had some feeling of the sport; be knew the in his house-eaves, because they are lecherous. service, and that instructed him to lercy. 130 The duke yet would have dark deeds darkly an

Duke. I never heard the absent duhe much de- swered; he would never bring thein to light;-tected for women; he was not inclin'd that way. Would he were returu'd! Marry, this Claudio is Lucio. Oh, sir, you are deceiv'd.

condemned for untrussing. Farewell, good friar; Duke. "Tis not possible.

pr’ythee, pray for me. The duke', I say to thee Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beggar 35 again, would eat mutton on Friday's". He's now of fitty ;-and his use was, to put a dncat in her past it; yet, and I say to ihee, he would mouth clack-disha: the duke had crotchets in him : Hle with a beggar, though she smelt brown bread and would be drunk too; that let me inform you. garlick: say, that I said so. Farewell. (Ext. Duhe. You do him wrong, surely:

Duke. No might por greatness in mortality Lucio. Sir, I was an inu ard' of his. A shy 40Can censure 'scape; bach-wounding calumuy fellow was the duke; and, I believe, I know the The whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong, cause of his withdrawing.

Can tie the gall up in

slanderous tongue? Duke. What, I pr’ythee, might be the cause? But who comes here?

Lucio. No–pardon ;-'tis a secret must be Enter Escalus, Provost, Bard, and officers. loch'd within the teeth and the lips: but this 145 Escal. Go, away with her to prison. can let you understand, -The greater tiles of the Burd. Good my lord, be good to me; your hosubject held the duke to be wise.

nour is accounted å merciful man: good niy lord. Duke. Wise? why, 110 question but he was. Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still

Lucio. A very superticial, ignorant, unweigh- forteit in the same kind? this would make inercy ing fellow'.

50 swear, and play the tyrant. Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mis- Pror. A band of clevi'n years continuance, taking; the very stream of his life, and the busi- may it please your honour. ness he had helmed', must, upon a warranted Bard. My lord, this is one Lucio's information need, give bim a better proclamation). Let hiin against me: Mistress kate Keep-doup was with be but testimonied in his own bringings forth, 35 child by him in the duke's time; he promis'l her and he shall appear, to the envious, a scholar, a marriage; his child is a year and a quarter old, statesman, and a soldier: Therefore, you speak fcome Philip and Jacob; I have kept it myself; unskiltuils; or, if your knowledge be more, it! and sce, how he goes about to abuse ine'. is inu.ch darkened in your malice.

Escal. That tellow is a tellow of much licence: ! The meaning of this passage is, that though Angelo have the organs of generation, yet that be makes no more lise of them, than if he were an inanimate puppet. A wooden dish with which beggars, in those times, used to make known their poveriy, by dacking its moveable cover to shew that it was empty: This is at present a cu-loin al o with ide nummers and plough-buliochs in the inland counties. Inward means intiinate. • The greater number. s That is, steered through. • Jivaning, would have a wench, which was called a luced multon. See note ?, p. 24.

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