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Then Jock told Uncle Cyrus, and after many “ Very well,” he said at last,“ Waldo shall not weeks of gestures and signs, and a frequent use go with me. But go I must. There is nothing I of names and maps and savage localities, at last a can do here. I am as certain of finding silver as I rough map was draughted, upon which, at a seem- am sure of my own existence. Let me succeed and ingly clearly indicated point, according to Hungry you will forgive me. But go I must!” Wolf's directions, silver would be found.
And go he did. He joined a party of prospect“And there, Bessie, you have my secret, myors bound for some of the other mining districts in long cherished plan," Uncle Cyrus said to his Arizona. But Waldo remained behind, almost sister. “You know I once spent a summer desperate. He chafed and rebelled at what he among those mountains, and I know that the called the uneventful monotony of his daily life. country is full of gold and silver. I am of no use “ Another party of men is being made up to go," here ; Ruthven is amply able to direct and care Ruthven told his mother. “I am afraid that Waldo for everything, and we must make money faster. will run away, if you do not let him join the party. Before you know it, the girls and boys will be too Suppose we risk it and let him go. He will join old to go to school, and they are worthy some- Uncle Cyrus at once. There is not much danger, thing better than roughing their lives out on this and he will never be content until he has made ranch. Here is the chance for us to become the experiment." independent and regain all you have lost. Here Mrs. Frierson was too sensible a woman not to is wealth in our grasp. My plan has always been see how matters were tending. Reluctantly she for Waldo and myself
consented, and rapid preparations were made. “Never ! ” Mrs. Frierson broke in, indignantly; Waldo overwhelmed his mother with assurances “never, so far as Waldo is concerned! If you of how prudent he would be. tempt my boy to go off there with you, I tell Almost before one could believe it, he was off, you frankly, Cyrus, I shall never forgive you ! ” having joined a party of twenty men.
And Uncle Cyrus knew that she was in earnest. the search for wealth began, and Hungry Wolf's
For a few days he seemed greatly cast down. silver mine among the mountains of Arizona was He had shown the family the map made out in his the secret magnet that drew both Waldo and his conferences with old Jock and the Indian, and had uncle Cyrus away from the comforts and home been full of enthusiasm.
happiness of the ranch on the Lampasas. (To be continued.)
“chink” the joints while they are standing or
kneeling on the ground; but after it gets above s common with the children of workers and beyond the reach of their arms, they have to
all over the world, little Boreas must crawl on top of the house, which looks so frail that commence to take his share in the you are almost certain the little fellows will tumble family toil as soon as he is old enough through the thin snow walls of the hut. But when to learn and strong enough to do. it is completed and made of good snow, three or Most of the sports of the boys are, four big men can go on top of it, so much stronger in fact, such as will enable them to is it than it appears to be. Sometimes, however,
learn something that will be useful the boys are surprised and disappointed; for, when later in life, such as playing with the young dogs, the snow is soft, or happens to be full of sand or harnessing and driving them, shooting with the bow little specks of ice, they come tumbling through and arrow, and throwing the lance at live animals. the top of the igloo, generally on the heads of those The girls, also, in making their dolls, learn to sew who are making the bed or setting up the lamp and to make coats and other garments of reindeer inside of the house ; and then the igloo has to be skin, and boots and shoes of sealskin leather. built all over again. Fortunately, however, these
When the men have very nearly finished build- cases are of rare occurrence. ing the igloo, the boys are expected to take the Sometimes, in very cold weather, the boys will big, broad wooden shovel, described in my first both “chink” and “bank" the igloo (banking article, and throw the loose snow against the sides being the covering with loose snow), and then, of the igloo ; for between the blocks of snow will be with a small lamp, it is quite easy to heat up the many “chinks” and crevices that would let in a little snow house to a comfortable temperature; great deal of cold air, if not stopped up. Besides but this, you remember, must never rise to the point throwing on this loose, soft snow about two feet where snow melts, or the house will come tumbling deep, the boys have still another way of “chink- in on their heads. After Boreas's father has cut ing." Little Boreas, with the snow-knife in his enough snow blocks to go two or three times around right hand, cuts from the upper edge of the block, the igloo, if there is no other man in the party, he in the joint which is to be “chinked” a thin slice will tell Boreas to cut the rest; and the lad generof snow, and with his left fist doubled up rams it ally manages to furnish his father with enough into the joint between the blocks, his left fist keep- blocks to complete the house. ing a constant punching as the knife runs slowly After the igloo is finished, the bedding of reinalong the edge of the joint.
deer skins is taken from the sledge ; but before Of course, during the first three or four courses these go in-doors, the snow that has worked into of blocks, the boys (and sometimes the girls) can them (especially if there has been a strong wind
Copyright, by Frederick Schwatka, 1885.
during the day) must be beaten off with a snow- ways noticed that, like spoiled children, they invaristick; and this comparatively light work generally ably go from bad to worse, until finally their master falls to the children, unless there is a great hurry to becomes so angry that he ties one of the dog's foreget into shelter from some terrible wind, in which feet to its body every night, so that he will have no case all the party turn to and work with a will. trouble in catching the would-be runaway on the
When the house is finished, Boreas must see next morning. that the dogs are unharnessed and turned loose. The dogs are also used in various ways in huntThe seal-skin harness, which the dogs would eat ing. When the weather is so foggy that Boreas's if in their usual hungry condition, must be put father can not see very far, and there is coninside the snow house or fastened to the top of sequently but little prospect of killing anything a tall pole, stuck upright in the snow, so that the unless the hunter almost stumbles upon it, the dogs can not reach it.
father will take his bow and arrows, or his gun, if In the morning, when the dogs are needed for he be fortunate enough to own one, and giving the the day's work, the boys have to scamper around best-trained hunting-dog in charge of Boreas himwith two or three harnesses in their hands, catch self, they start out reindeer-hunting. Boreas puts and harness the dogs, hitch them to the sledge, a harness on the dog, ties the trace around his and then start out after another lot. It frequently own waist, or holds it in his hands, and follows happens that some particular dog takes an especial his father out into the fog. delight in giving his catchers just as much trouble Of course, the older Eskimo has some idea of as he possibly can. As soon as he sees that the where the 'reindeer will be grazing or resting, and other dogs are being harnessed, he will trot away to he soon finds out which way the wind is blowing the top of some high ridge, and coolly sitting down, over the place where he suspects the reindeer to
will maliciously watch the efforts made to catch be. Then, with Boreas and the dog, he goes around him. Of course, everybody now turns out, the in such a way that the game will not be disturbed, dog is surrounded, and probably after he has bro- to some place where the wind blowing over the ken through the circle thus formed around him reindeer will come toward the hunters. As soon two or three times, he is finally caught and receives as this place is reached, the dog smells the reina severe trouncing from a harness-trace in the deer, and commences sniffing the air as if anxious hands of some angry young Eskimo; but this les- to go toward them. Boreas allows the dog to son seldom does the dogs much good, as I have al- advance slowly, still holding on to the harness so that it shall not run away. As soon as the dog the dog will scent a seal-hole a hundred yards scents the deer, it goes directly toward them, and away, and will lead the hunter to it. As it is very when it is quite near, it grows excited, and com- uncertain just how long he will have to wait for the mences to jump and to jerk the harness-trace by seals, the hunter proceeds at once to cut out two or which Boreas is holding it; being a well-trained three blocks of snow to make a comfortable seat on hunting-dog, however, it never barks so as to which to rest and wait. As I have already said, the frighten the deer by the sound.
seal breathes, or “blows,” as it is called, every Boreas's father now knows from these excited fifteen or twenty minutes; but oftentimes he is actions of the dog that the reindeer must be close traveling, and each time comes up to a different at hand, although he can not see them for the fog. hole to blow. It is possible, too, that he may hear So he tells Boreas to hold the dog and remain in or smell the hunter or his dog,- for seals are very that spot while he takes his bow or gun and crawls timid animals,- in fact, there are many reasons cautiously forward in the proper direction. Before why the hole may not be visited by a seal for a long he has gone far, probably not more than twenty or time, and after watching for a whole day, the hunter twenty-five yards away, the huge forms of two or may have to leave the place, unrewarded. Where three reindeer loom up through the fog. If he is a the natives, as is often the case, have been almost good hunter he will at least bring one down, and starving, owing to the scarcity of seals and other perhaps two or three of them, and so have some- game on which they live, the best and most patient thing for supper. When there is snow on the seal-hunters have been known to sit for two or ground, the boy will generally take two or three three days at one hole watching vigilantly for a seal's dogs along, and after a reindeer is killed, will use nose. But, however long it may be before "pussy" them to drag it into the snow house. As Boreas (as the seals are sometimes called) comes around loves excitement, this is good sport, and in this way to breathe a little whiff of fresh air, as soon as the he soon learns to hunt quite well.
first “ blow" is heard by the hunter, who is, perThe ice on the ocean forms from six to ten feet haps, half asleep, he is at once full of expectation thick, and through this deep ice the seals manage and excitement. He places the point of his sealto scratch a hole to the top, and then form a little spear close to the “blow-hole,” and by the time igloo in the foot or two of snow that usually covers “pussy” has taken two or three whiffs she is the ice. In the top of this little snow dome is an astonished by a sudden thrust of the spear crushopening as large as your two fingers; and to this ing through the dome of snow; the cruel barb on
igloo the seal comes, about every quarter of an the spear-point catches into her flesh underneath hour, to breathe. When he puts his nose close to the skin, and the hunter draws her to the top of the little hole at the top of the dome for some fresh the ice, crushes in the snow with his heavy heel, air, he breathes in a series of short gasps that any and then kills the captured seal. one near the hole can readily hear. These holes Sometimes the mother seal seeks a breathingare so small that even the close-observing Eskimo hole under the deepest snow and makes a much hunters, while walking over miles of ice-fields, larger dome, so that the ice will form a shelf two could easily pass them by without observing them. or three feet in width. Here the little “ kittens," But if there is a dog along, as in reindeer- or baby seals, spend their time until they are big hunting, and if the wind is in the right direction, enough to try to swim with their mother and learn and a seal has been breathing recently in the igloo, to care for themselves. Here, too, she brings
them food, and when disturbed, hurries away, in the color and appearance of the ice they can leaving her kittens on their ice shelf, where they judge as to there being water underneath it, for are safe from harm, because they are of the same there is nothing so disappointing, after having color as the snow and, therefore, can not be seen dug the well five or six feet down, as to find lumps by the wolf or bear who is out seal-hunting. The of ice coming up full of mud or sand, showing that Eskimo, however, when he comes to one of these the bottom is dry. The boys, however, seldom igloos, has an instrument like a long knitting make a mistake in their observations, although needle, which he sticks in through the blow-hole, now and then they will get “fooled” about it, and and, working it around, soon finds out whether will find that they have spent a quarter of an hour's any babies are to be kidnapped from Mother Seal's hard work for nothing. snow house.
The deeper the snow has drifted on the ice the After little Boreas's father has gone into camp, thinner the ice will be, as the snow protects it and while he is building his snow house, the boys of during the intense cold, just as in our climate the the party go to work to dig a hole through the ice deep snow protects the delicate plants on the on the fresh-water lake, near where the camp is ground, and keeps them from being killed by the built, in order to get fresh water, with which to coldest weather. And as it is so much easier to cook supper. The first thing necessary is to select shovel off the soft snow than to dig through the a good spot for the well, which is generally about hard ice, the boys always look for a deep snow-drift a foot and a half or two feet in diameter, and from very near to the spot where they have peered four to eight and ten feet deep, depending, of course, through the ice and seen clear water beneath. If upon the thickness of the ice.
they can get near a crack that extends entirely But, before they begin to dig, the boys Aling through the ice, it will also make it much easier themselves down on the ice, even fattening their to dig the well, as one side is thus already prenoses hard against it, so as to bring their eyes as pared for them. close to it as possible. From some peculiarity Having selected as favorable a place as possible,