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P. cxxxi. Dr. Ireland says-“ It may be observed here that Maffinger was not unknown to Milton. The date of some of Milton's early poems indeed is not exactly ascertained; but if the reader will compare the speech of Paulo, with the Penferoso, he cannot fail to remark a similarity in the cadences, as well as in the measure, and the solemnity of the thoughts.

On many other occasions, he certainly resembles Maflinger, and frequently in his representations of female purity, and the commanding dignity of virtue." See Gifford's Mafinger, v. iii. p. 107. Mr. Gifford had observed, vol. i. p. 141, that Milton has the same bold expression as Maffinger—“ Sail-stretched Wings. To which I may add Par. Reg. vol. iv. p. 267. “ To the famous orators repair." --See Emperor of the East.—“ The most famous orators, the nurse of learning, Athens.” — Indeed Milton's Reading may be traced through many of our old Dramatic writers. I have in a former publication many years since, remarked that the memorable and graphic expression in Par. Reg. 1.

-Satan bowing low

His grey Disimulation thus began. is from Ford's Broken Heart, act iv. sc. 2.

Lay by thy whining grey Disimulation. “ The style of Maffinger's plays,” says Mr. Coleridge," and the Samson Agonistes are the two extremes of the arc within which the diction of Dramatic Poetry may oscillate. Shakespeare in his great Plays is the midpoint. In the Samson Agonistes all colloquial language is at the greatest distance, yet something ofit is preserved to render the dialogue probable; in Maslinger the style is differenced, but differenced in the smallest degree poflible from animated conversation by the vein of Poetry.-

See Table Talk, vol. ii. p. 121.

P. cxxxiii. “ It was the error of Milton, Sidney, and others of that age, to think it possible to construct a purely aristocratical government, defecated of all passion and ignorance and sordid motives. The truth is, that the government would be weak from its utter want of sympathy with the people to be governed by it."-Coleridge's Table Talk, vol. ii. p. 54.

At a meeting of the Royal Society of Literature, Sir T. Philips presented them with extracts from a MS. Letter of Milton to Cromwell, purporting to be the sketch of a republic which he had devised as a model of perfection.

P. cxxxvi. July 7. Three Judges, Powell, Holloway and Milton, dismissed. This last was Sir Christopher Milton, said to have been the brother of the poet ; in the letter Sir Christopher is thus mentioned,-“ The last [i. e. Milton), Catholic as he is, yet has the misfortune to be turned out, as some say, for insuf

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ficiency and incapacity to discharge the duties of his place, though others give it out that he desired it himself by reason of his age and other infirmities.”

P. cxxxvii. The following account of Christopher Milton has been obligingly furnished to the Editor by his friend D. E. Davy, Esq. of Ufford, Suffolk.

Sir Christopher Milton was a lawyer, of, I believe, no great credit for knowledge of his profession. He was a strong royalist and a professed Papift. On the 24th of April, 1686, he was appointed one of the Barons of the Exchequer, vice Neville. He did not hold his situation long, and Dr. Johnson admits that from weakness of constitution he retired before he had done

any disreputable act. He was knighted at Whitehall the 25th of April, 1686: he was then living at Rushmere; but it seems he afterwards resided at Ipswich, where he died, and was buried in the church of St. Nicholas there, 22 March, 1692. He was baptized at All Hallows, Bread Street, London, 3 December, 1615. He married Thomasine, daughter of William Webber, of London, who died before her husband, and was buried in St. Nicholas church, Ipswich. They had one son, Thomas Milton, Esq. Deputy Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, who by his wife, Martha, daughter of Charles Fleetwood, of Northampton (remarried to William Coward, M. D. of London and Ipswich), had a daughter, of Grosvenor Street, London, housekeeper to Dr. Secker. She died 26 July, 1769.

" The authorities for the foregoing account are, Evelyn's Memoirs, vol. i. p. 596; Beatson's Pol. Index, vol. ii. p. 313 ; Le Neve's Knights made by James II.; MS. Brit. Mus. ; Malcolm's London, vol. ii. p. 10; Todd's Life of Milton, 1809, p. 166; Newton's Life of Milton, vol. i. pp. Ixxvii. and lxxviii.; Gwillym, p. 210.

« Four new judges were appointed, who had taken the royal teft by declaring their belief in the unlimited, illimitable, and eternal nature of the dispensing power. One of these was the brother of the author of Paradise Lost and of the Defence of the People of England for putting Charles I. to death. Sir Christopher Milton, recommended by Herbert, was in all respects a striking contrast to John, as he was not only a favourer of Popery, and a friend to arbitrary power, but the dullest of mankind.” -See Lord Campbell's Chief Justices, vol. ii. p. 87. “ Although not reconciled to Rome, he came so near her, that he would not communicate with the Church of England.”

See Echard's History, vol. iii. p. 797. Kennet, vol. iii. 451.

P. cxxxviii. In the preface to Paludanus's (or Vanden Broek's) Dutch translation of the Paradise Loft, published in 1730, there is a circumftantial account of Addison's visit to Milton's daughter,

which Paludanus says he had heard from an English gentleman. It occupies about an octavo page, and contains some particulars which I have never seen in English.

“I shall conclude this preface with something to the honour of Mr. Addison, which was told me by a gentleman who is a native of England. It is as follows :—Some years ago, Mr. Addifon, whose reputation is as high for virtue and genius as for the services he rendered the crown of Great Britain in various important stations, happened to hear that a daughter of Mr. Milton was still living and resident in London in one of the poorest parts of the town. He fet off for the place in his carriage, and when on his arrival the door was knocked at and enquiry made if the daughter of Mr. Milton resided within, the person who opened the door replied that she herself was his daughter. Knowing from the biography of Milton, that sometimes in his studies and particularly in his blindness, during which his incomparable poem was composed, he had had Greek and Latin authors read to him aloud by his daughters, in the same manner as if they had been acquainted with the classical languages, Mr. Addison alked Mrs. Milton if the happened to have a Greek Homer at hand, and on her answering in the affirmative, requested her to let him fee it. She brought it to him, and read some pages of the Iliad aloud in Greek, and in such a manner that a person who was completely master of the Greek language could not have done it better. Mr. Addison seeing from this that she was really a daughter of Milton's, expressed his regret that the offspring of so great a man should be reduced to narrow circumstances, almost to poverty, and gave her at the same time a handful of gold with the promise that he would continue to support her, a promise which this noble-minded man no doubt did not fail to perform till his own death or that of Mrs. Milton. This anecdote, reader, I thought myself bound to relate, in justice to Mr. Addison's memory, and to show the ingratitude of the times which left in neglect the family of the most learned and perfect poet that England, or perhaps the whole world has ever produced.”

· P. cxlvi. Mr. Coleridge has protested against profaning the “ awful name of Milton by associating it with the epithet Puritan.” Yet he would not have wholly departed from the opinion of a well known writer, now among us, who calls “ this puritanism of ours,"—that is, the thing itself in its pure, rather than puritanical form, “among the noblest heroisms that ever transacted itself on this earth.” — v. Appendix to Coleridge's Biographia Literaria, vol. i. p. 11, p. 335. On the proper meaning of the word Puritan, lee Burnet's Life of Bedell, p. 361.

Perhaps you have met with some more fanatical Brownists or Anabaptists, whom here you call Puritans. But these that are commonly so called, which differ from the Church of England about church-government and ceremonies only, give indeed too little to the authority of those how truly learned or ancient foever; which is their fault, and their great fault,” &c. - App. p. 380.

“ That also is false in the assertion that the Puritans deny the Church of England to be a true church. Unless the Puritans and Brownifts be with you all one, which you have made divers sects above, and then you were to blame thus to multiply names before, so now again to confound them.”

P. clv. In the Mélanges de Critique et Philologie par S. Chardon de la Rochette, vol. ii. p. 302-332, is a very learned and interesting account of Leonard Philaras, the correspondent of Milton, whose name, M. de la Rochette says, does not appear in any Historical Dictionary.-“ Aucun de nos dictionnaires hiftoriques, aucun biographe n’a parlé de ce personnage qui pourtant a rempli des miffions importantes en Europe, qui aimait et cultivait les lettres et qui était en relation avec les hommes les plus illustres de son temps,” &c. He died in 1673. This name is not in the Onomasticon of Saxius.

P. clxxii. note. In the verses of Samuel Barrow, which are prefixed to most editions of Paradise Lost, I do not know why, in the first line,

Qui legis Amissam Paradisum, &c. the Poet has made « Paradisum” of the feminine gender, the Greek Napádeloos being masculine. Prudentius in Cathemerinon,

x. 161.

Patet ceu fidelibus ampli

Via lucida jam Paradisi.
Paulinus, Poem 37, ad Severum ad Picturam Martyrum

“ Inter floriferi cæleste nemus Paradisi.And an auctor incertus de Bebiani Baptismo, who copies him,

“ Manat et ætherii cæleste nemus Paradisi.What authority there may be on the other fide I am ignorant. I may here observe, that Milton, in Paradise Lost, iv. 143, has an expression describing Paradise, which has not met the attention of the commentators.

“ Yet higher than their tops The verdurous wall of Paradise upsprung.' But in the works of a Latin Poet of the Christian ages we find the same expression on the same subject.

« Illic foret humus semper sub vere perenni
Arboreis hinc inde comis veftitur amene,
Frondibus intextis ramorum murus opacus
Stringitur, atque omni pendet ex arbore fructus.”

See Dracontii Carm. de Deo, i. 185.

And being on the subject of Milton's poetical expreffions, I may add, that in the description of the Indian fig tree (the Banian) Mr. Todd, in his Variorum Editions, has not observed that the fimilitude in the following line,

“ Those leaves They gathered, broad as Amazonian targe," is taken from Pliny, Nat. Hip. xii. c. 5, describing the same tree“Foliarum latitudo Peltæ effigiem Amazoniæ habet.” The leaves of this tree, however, are about the size, though not exactly the shape of the laurel. Neither Pliny nor Milton had ever seen the tree which they here describe.

Additional Note. · P. lxiii. On the question of Unlicensed Printing,' in its benefits and its abuses, we may trace the progress of opinion during nearly two centuries, which have elapsed since Milton's noble defence of a free press, in the following observations, to be found in a late work, of great merit and high authority, proceeding from one who now fills that eminent situation so long and ably held by him “ who must be considered the most prominent legal character, and the brightest ornament to the profession of the law that appeared in England during the past century.”* “ No one born in the reign of Queen Anne ought to be severely blamed for entertaining apprehensions for the safety of the state from permitting juries to determine what publications are innocent or criminal. We should recollect that Lord Somers and the leaders of the Revolution of 1688, would not venture for some years to allow printing without a previous license, and that in the opinion of many of the most enlightened men of the next generation, a licenfer could only be dispensed with upon the condition that the sentence upon writings after they were published, should be pronounced by permanent functionaries, whom the Crown should select for having a sufficient horror of every thing approaching to sedition. It was not till after a struggle of half a century, and under a minister then highly liberal (although he afterwards tried to hang a few of his brother reformers who continued steady in the cause) that the bill passed, directing that on a trial for libel, the jury, in giving their verdict, hould have a right to take into consideration the character and the tendency of the

paper alleged to be libellous. Still the truth of the facts stated in the publication complained of could not be inquired into; for half a century longer the maxim pleaded — The greater the truth, the greater the libel," — and it was only in the year 1845 that 'Lord Campbell's Libel

# Lord Mansfield.

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