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ipsum ratione præmissorum, seu eorum alicujus | aliquo alio statuto, actu, ordinatione, provisione, habuimus, habemus, seu in futuro habere po- proclamatione, sive restrictione, aut aliqua alia terimus, aut bæred' seu successor nostri ullo re, causa, velmateria quacunque in contrar'inde modo habere poterint in futuro, sectamque in aliquo non obstante; ita tamen, quod dict' pacis nostræ, quæ ad nos versus prætat' Tho- Thomas Rosewell tal' bon' et sufficien' secumam Rosewell pertinent, seu pertinere po- ritat' de se bene gerend' ex nunc erga nos, teriot ratione præmissorum seu eorum aliquo- hæred' et successores nostros, et cunctum porum vel alicujus ; tt firmam pacem nostram pulum nostrum inveniat, qual' appunctuar' ei inde damus et concedimus per præsentes, et limitat' erit per Capital Justic de curia nolentes quod idem Thomas Rosewell

, per prædict' pro tempore existen'. In cujus rei Vicecomites, Justiciar', Ballivos, aut alios testimonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus ministros postros, hæredum, seu successor' patentes, teste meipso apud Westmonast' postrorum, occasione præmissorum, seu eorum vicesimo octavo die Januarii, anno regni nosalicujus, molestetur, occasionetur, seu in tri tricesimo sexto. (Per breve de privato aliquo gravetur. Volent' quod hæ literæ sigillo.)

BARKER. Rostræ patentes, quoad omnia et singula præ

Super quo vis' et per cur hic intellect' onmissa superius mentionat, bonæ, firmæ, valido

; nibus, et singulis præmiss’, cons' est per cur sufficient, et effectual in lege sint et erint, hic, quod prædict Thomas Rosewell (sub conlicet crimina et offens' prædic minus certe ditione mentionat in literis patent superius specificat existunt, quodque hæc pardonatio recitat') de altis proditionibus prædict in innostra in omnibus curis nostris, et alibi, inter- dictament prædict superius specificať exonepretetur et adjudicetur in beneficentissimo peretur, et eat inde sine die. sensu, pro firmiori exoneratione præfat' Thomæ Rosewell

, ac etiam placitetur et allocetur in On the Back of the Pardon is written as folomnibus curiis nostris absque aliquo brevi de

lows: allocatione in ea parte prius obtent', sive ob- Ista Charta placitatur, allocatur et irrotutinend', non obstante statut' in parliament latur de record coram Domino Rege apud apno regoi nostri decimo tertio fact' et edit', et Westm' termino sancti Hilar', anno regni Donon obstant aliquo defect', aut aliquibus de. mini Jacobi secundi nunc Regis Ang? &c. fectibus in his literis patentibus content, aut primo.

310. The Trial* of Joseph Hayes,f at the King's-Bench, for High

Treason, in corresponding with Sir Thomas Armstrong, an

Outlaw for High Treason : 36 CHARLES II. A. D. 1684. MR. Hayes was brought by Habeas Corpus, . That he being a false Traitor against the upon the 3d of November, 1684, from the Gate- • king, &c. the 31st of August, in the 35th bouse, and was arraigned upon an Jadictment, year of the king, knowing sir Thomas Armto this effect, viz.

• strong to have conspired the death of the See Sir Thomas Armstrong's Case, p. 105, strong, but to another person, from whom he of this volume.

perhaps had it. No entry was made of it in + “ In Armstrong's pocket, when be was his books, nor of any sum paid in upon it. But taken, a letter was found writ by Hayes, a his main defence was, that a banker examined banker in London, directed to another name, into no person's concerns; and therefore, when which was believed a feigned one : in it credit money or good security was brought him, he was given him upon Hayes's correspondent in gave bills of exchange, or letters of credit, as Holland for money: he was desired not to be they were desired. Jefferies pressed the jury, too lavish: and he was promised, that he in his impetuous way, to find Hayes guilty of should be supplied as he needed it. Here was high treason; because, though there was not an abetting of a man outlawed for treason. a witness against Hayes, but only presumpMach pains was taken on Hayes, both by per- tions appeared upon the proof, yet, Jefferies suasion and threatening, to induce him to dis- said, it was proved by two witnesses that the cover that whole cabal of men, that, it seemed, letter was found in Armstrong's pocket; and joined in a common parse to supply those who that was sufficient, the rest appearing by cirfed beyond sea on the account of the plot. cumstances. The little difference between the And they hoped to know all Monmouth's writing in the letter and his ordinary hand, friends ; and either to have attainted them, or was said to be only a feint to hide it, which at least to bave fined them severely for it. But made him the more guilty. He required the Hayes shewed a fidelity and courage far be- jury to bring him in guilty: ad said, that the yond what could have been expected from such king's life and safety depended upon this trial :

mar : so he was brought to a trial. He made so that if they did it not, they exposed the a strong defence. The letter was not exactly king to a new Rye-Plot; with other extra. like his hand. It was not addressed to Arm- vagancies, with which bis fury prompted biru.

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king, and to have fled for the same, did trait- Upon the 21st of November, 1684, he was .erously relieve, comfort, and maintain him; brought to trial, before the lord chief justice

and for his relief and paintenance, did pay Jefferies, judge Holloway, judge Withins, and the sum of 1501. against the duty of bis al judge Walcot; and the jury being called, he legiance, &c.'* To this he pleaded Not challenged the following persons : Sir Thomas Guilty.

Griffith, Richard Ellis, Thomas Langham,

Henry Whistler, Nicholas Smith, Thomas But a jury of merchants could not be wrought Soper, Thomas Passenger, Henry Minchard, op to this piteh. So he was acquitted, which Peter Jones, William Crowch, Peter Devet, mortified the court a little: for they had reck- Henry Lodes, William Fownes, Charles Greoned, that now juries were to be only a point gory, William Peele, Richard Weedon, Tho. of form in a trial, and that they were always to mas Pory, Thomas Piercehouse, Richard Bur. find bills as they were directed.” Burnet's den, John George, Joho Steventon, Robert Own Times, vol. 1, p. 599.

Watkins, George Twine, Thomas Short, “ Hayes was a citizen that be (Jefferies] Robert Townsend, Jannes Bush, Walter Mas? caused to be prosecuted for high treason; and ters, Thomas Larkham, Edward Cooke, Wilthen, at the trial, apparently helped bim off liam Fashion, John Flowerdew, John Greene, with the jury : which, it may be, was not with. John Grice, Charles Fowler, and James Smith.

lo all 35. out reason ; for evidences, at such trials, ought to be above all exception; but since nothing Daniel Allen, Rowland Platt, Adam Bellamy,

The Jury sworo were, Samuel Sheppard, new spruag at the trial, which was not seen before, it was pleasant to see a man hunted

Daniel Templeman, William Dewart, Edward into the toils and then let go : so suddenly may

Piggot, Thomas Brailsford, Edward Cheeke, enemies become triends. Upon what terms

Edward Underwood, Robert Masters, and who knows?" North's Life of Lord Keeper

William Warren, Guilford, vol. 2, p. 107, 8vo edit. of 1808.

Then the Indictment being read, Mr. DolNov. 3, 1684. Joseph Hayes, merchant, came by Habeas Corpus from the Gatebouse

ponderans, sed instigatione diabolica mot et to the King's-bench bar, and was arraigned on

• seduct', dilection' veram et debitam, et natar. an indictment of high treason, for comforting,

'alem obedienc', quas verus et fidel' subdit äiding, and relieving sir Thomas Armstrong,

• dict' Dom Reg' erga ipsum Dom' Regera a traitor; to which he pleaded Not Guilty,

gereret, et de jure gerere tenetur pentitis suband his trial was ordered Friday, 21st No

• trahens, et totis viribis suis intendens pacem vember.

et communem tranquillitat' hujus regni Angli “ Nov. 21. Mr. Jos. Hayes, merchant,

inquietare, molestare, et perturbare, et guer. came to his trial by a jury of the city of Lon

ram et rebellion' contra dict' Dom Regem don, wbich, after a challenge of 35, was sworn;

• suscitare et movere, et gubernation' dict' the chief evidence against him was two or

• Dom' Reg' in hoc regn' Angl' subvertere, et

dict' Dom Regem a titulo, honore, et regali three persons, who testified as to sir Thomas Armstrong's going by the name of Henry

nomine, coron' imperial' regni sui Angl' deLawrence; and that they had seen a bill

ponere, dejicere, et deprivare, et dict' Dom' charged by one Jos. Hayes for 1611. 55. 00

• Regem ad final destruction' adducere et Mr. Israel Hayes, being the money for 150

ponere, 31 die Augusti, anno reg? Dom'

Caroli secundi nunc Reg! Angl', &c. 35, guineas paid in London; then there was a letter mentioning the same, directed to Henry

apud paroch' sancti Mich' Bassishaw, in

• warda de Bassishaw London, satis sciens, Lawrence, subscribed Joseph Hayes, which was found about sir T. Armstrong when he

quendam Thomam Armstrong nuper de Lon

· don Milit', ut falsum proditor', proditorie con. was taken : this was proved to be the prisoner's band by one that was formerly his servant, as

• spiravisse et imaginat' tuisse mortem et final also by comparing it with other writings of

• destruction' dict' Dom' Reg', et pro eadem his. The prisoner's defence was in making

proditione proditorie fugam fecisse, ipse præd' remarks on the evidence which were very per

Johannes Hayes postea, seilicet dicto 31 tinent; as also he called several persons who

die Augusti anno reg' dict' Dom’ Regis punc testified as to his loyalty, credit and behaviour;

• 23 saprad', et diversis al' diebus, et vicibus

'tam antea quam postea, apud paroch' sancti so that the jury, after an bour and a half's be

• Michael Bassishaw, in warda de Bassishaw. ing out, came in and found the prisoner Not Guilty, so he was discharged." Narcissus

• London præd', scienter, malitiose, seditiose, Luttrell's “ Brief Historical Relation,” MS.

et proditorie præd' T. Armstrong comfortavit,

substinuit, et manutenuit, et præd' J. H. ada * The Latin Indictment

thus :

* tunc et ibidem pro comfortatione, susten• London ss. Quod Josepbus Hayes nuper "tatione, et manutentione præd' T. A. summam de London mercator, falsus proditor contra attingen' ad centum et quinquaginta libras illustrissimum et excellentissimun Principem • legal' monet' Angl, malitiose, seditiose, et

Dom' Caroluin secundum, Dei Gratia Angl, proditorie solvit, et solvi causavit, coptra • Scoť Franc', et Hibernix Regem, et natur- ligeanc' suc debitum, ac coutra pacem dict'

alem Dominum suum, timorem Dei in cor- "Dom Regis nunc, coron', et aignitat' suna, de suo non habens, dec debitum ligeanc' suæ &c. necnon contra formam statuti,' &c.

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ben, as counsel for the king, opened it to the added, that he lodged a month in one Brise jury.

cowe's house at Ainsterdam, where there was a Mr. Attorney General, (Sir Robert Sawyer.) club every Thursday: there were Mr. Israel After Sır Thomas Armstrong had fled, the pri- Hayes, Mr. Henry Ireton, one Wilmore, soner relieved and aided him with money, and Emerton, Dare, and some other English merthat, after he was indicted, and sued to the chants; and he heard them several times abuse Exigent; besides, a proclamation followed the king at table. upon his flight, which was a sufficient notice The Attorney General then shewed Mr. to all the king's subjects. Sir Thomas went Hayes a letter, saying, It may be he will by the name of Henry Lawrence beyond sea; save us the labour of proving it; but Mr. Hayes by that name the prisoner held a correspond - disowning it, Mr. Walpole was called, and Mr. ence with him, and sent him a letter, dated the Hayes said, He was niy servant, and went away 21st of August, and tells him, he bad sent him after a rate that possibly would not be ala bill of exchange for 1651.' drawn upon his lowed. brother, Israel Hayes, who was acquainted Walpole testified, that he served Mr. Hayes with sir Tbomas. If it were not for these re- almost four years and three quarters, and did ceiving and nourishing of traitors, they would believe the letter to be Mr. Hayes's hand. not lark af Amsterdam, as they do, The letter Hayes. My lord, in matters of treason, I was taken about sir Thomas, and we shall prove hope you will not admit of comparison of hands it is the prisoner's hand-writing, and that sir and belief, for evidence. Thomas received the money. I hope you will L. C. J. Yes, no doubt of it. take care, by convicting this gentleman, to Hayes. It has not been so in other cases, stop the fountain, which issues so much supply that have not been capital; as particularly in to these traitors who lurk abroad.

the Lady Carr's case. Mr. Huyes then affirmed, that he never L. C. J. This is a mistake, you take it from knew sir Thomas in bis life.

Algernon Sidney; but without all doubt it is Then the Indictment against sir Thomas was good evidence.* read, wbich was found the 12th of July, and Judge Withins. Comparison of hands was Mr. Glover proved a copy of the king's pro- | allowed for good evidence in Coleman's case.f clamation against sir Thomas, dated the 28th Hayes. That, with submission, vastly dif. of June, 1683.

fers : those letters were found in his own cus. Tben Ezekiel Eteris was sworn, and testi- tody ; this was not found in my possession, but fied, that in August 1683, he was at Cleve in in another man's, and in another nation. Germany, with the lord Grey, who went by Sir John Trevor, counsel for the king. This the name of Thomas Holt, and 'sir T. A. came gentleman was a trader with the East-India thitber by the name of Mr. Henry Laurence, Company, and made contracts with them, and shewed him a bill of exchange from Eng. which are entered in their books; we will comland, upon Mr. Israel Hayes, in Amsterdain, pare them with the writing in this letter. for 1601. odd money; and that it was for 150 The Common Serjeant then called Harman guineas, paid in England ; and he told him, it and Brittle, and demanded of them where the was drawn by Joseph Hayes, and it was signed books were ; and they produced them. Joseph Hayes; and the bill was accepted, and Harman testified, that he knew Mr. Hayes, he saw Israel Hayes's letter to sir Thomas, by and that he made several contracts in 1683, the name of Laurence, which mentioned the and that he saw him in September 1683, sube sending the said sum to Cleve.

scribe his hand to a book of the company's, The Common Serjeant (Crispe) then deli- shewn to bim. vered a parcel of letters into the conrt, and Brittle testified, that he is porter in the street swore that he received them of the lord Godol to the East-India Company, and that he saw phin, and they had been ever since in his Mr. Hayes write his hand to a book shown to hands.

him. The Lord Godolphin then testified, that he Capt. Piercehouse produced a note, which he received three letters produced in court, from said was Mr. Hayes's, and that be supposed it Mr. Constable, Mr. Chudley's secretary, who to be his hand, and compared it with the hand told him they were taken about sir Thomas, in the book, and said, that he delivered the that one of them, without any name, mentioned goods upon it: and Walpole then said, be be150 guineas returned to Henry Laurence. lieved it to be Mr. Hayes's hand.

Constable testified, that he was present, when Then Mr. Sturdidunt was called, and they the scout of Leyden apprehended sir 'T. A. shewed him the letter, and he said, Here is and that the letters were taken out of his Joseph Hayes writ, but I do not know it to be pocket, and he himself delivered them to Mr. his hand. Chudley, wlo sealed them up, and sent them The Common Serjeant said, that Mr. Stur. by him, to the lord Godolphin.

divant swore he did know Mr. Hayes's hand, Charles Davis testified, that taking boat from Amsterdam to Rotterdami, he met Israel Hayes * See the Proceedings in Sidney's Case, vol. and sir T. A. coming to take boat, and sir 9, p. 818 of this Collection. Thomas went with him in the boat, and he told # As to the tratb of this assertion, See Cole. them kris name was Henry Lauretice. Davis man's case, Vol. 7, p. 1 of this Collection.

before the grand jury; but Mr. Sturdirant af- \. Everis. No; but I saw a letter from Mr. firmed, the common serjeant was under a Israel Hayes, that gave some account of it. mistake,

Hayes. All this is but similitude and circunThen sir John Trevor called for Mr. Har- stance: and I thought in case of treason there dresse; but the common serjeant answered, paght to be two witnesses, and hope you will 'That he was out of town before he could be let it be so here: here is no evidence but the served with a subpæda.

letter, and that is not two witnesses; there is Then the Letter was read, it was subscribed no body has proved the knowingly' in the inJoseph Hayes, and dated the 31st of August, dictment, that runs, that I knew sir T. A. and 1683, directed to Mr. Henry Laurence, senior, his treason : that ought to be proved, but I am at Amsterdam, and began thus, Sir, at your sure it is not. Your lordship says, that the desire I have sent you a bill,' &c.

indictment and the proclamation are sufficient The letter and the East-India books were notice that he was a traitor : that may admit of then shewn to the jury and to the prisoner. counsel to debate it ; there ought to be wit

Hayes denied the letter to be his writing, and nesses that could shew me to be concerned said, It is very strange I should not know my with him ; which nobody in the world can own hand; may not counsel be admitted to prove, or that I ever saw him; and that witplead, Wbettier comoparison of hands and be- ness, who says, he saw the bill, or this letter, lief are any evidence in criminal causes? I does not know that I wrote it ; there are them have been informed, it bath been denied to be that say they heard of money paid upon this evidence.

bill, but there is not one of them says, he saw L. C. J. You are under a mistake ; some any money paid : and these are several witbody has put it into your bead, and puffed nesses, every one to a several thing. Here is no you up wiib a vain story; there is no such proof but by the East-India porters, and those thing, it is a fiction, a meer whim, only said by who say, they believe this letter to be my hand; Dir. Sidney, and no ground in the world for it. nobody says, he saw me write this letter, or had

Hayes. Was it not so in the case of my any correspondence with sir T. A. if they lady Čart? There is a record of that I suppose. pretend there was money paid beyond sea; is

L. C. J. It was not so. Don't talk of it *, this indictment well laid, for it is laid to be paid there was no such thing at all. Comparison in London? The payment of money beyond of hands was allowed for good proof in Sid- sea can be no evidence of fact upon this indictbey's case. We must not alter the law for ment: for the jury of London are to enquire any body.

matters arising in London only. If I am to Att. Gen. Besides this comparison of hands, be tried for payment of money beyond the sea, we shall give an account of the correspondence the fact should bave been laid there, and the of the prisoner's brother, and that he received trial ought to proceed upon the statute of 35 the money of him. Mr. Common Serjeant, H. 8. cap. 2. 'The indictment should be taken Where had you this paper ?

by special commission from the king, and the Com. Serj. I had then from my lord Godol- trial be in the county that the king should phin. This is an account of the receipt and choose. I desire counsel upon this point. disbursement of the money ; shew it Mr. Con- L. C. J. No, it is an idle whim, and I would stable,

fain know the counsel that put that foolish noConstable. This is one of the papers, which tion into your

head. was taken ont of sir T. A.'s pocket.

Hayes. If you will allow me counsel, you' It being shewn to the jury, ode of them de shall hear who they are; I have been informed manded, whether any one proved the hand that the law is so. was in that note?

L. C. J. We are of another opinion: if Att. Gen. Nu; but Everis swears, that sir any whimsical notions are put into you, by. T. A. shewed bim a bill, sabscribed Joseph some enthusiastic counsel, the court is not to Hayes, for so many hundred Guilders. take notice of their crotchets.

Com. Serj. ffe says, it was 160 odd ponnds; Hayes. The witnesses are strangers to me; now, the sum of this note is 1611. 55. which is there is one that has been sworn, to whom the change of 150 gniveas.

I have paid several thousands of pounds, who Hayes. Here is nobody proves this letter to says he does not believe it to be my hand. be my hand, positively : they only prove it by Then he called Mr. Sturdivant, who looking similitude, and comparison, and belief. I con- upon the letter, said, I do not believe it to be his ceive there is bnt one witness, that that letter hand, I have had dealings with hiin, and he was found in sir T. A's hands. Everis says, he hath given me many receipts. saw a bill bad my naine to it. Sir, you did not Hnyes. There bave been a great many forknow me, nor ever saw my hand ?

geries; and this letter is forged: there hare Eteris. No, dever in my life.

been forgeries so like, that the persons them. Hayes. It is only an evidence of reputation, selves have not known their own hands. Every le heard it was my bill; you saw no money body knows that a hand may be counterfeited paid upon it, did you ?

very like: in Mr. Sidney's case, Mr. Wbarton,

a young gentleman, not above one or two and * It was in Trinity-Term 1669. Anno 21 twenty, said, He could undertake to counCarofi 2. 1 Sid. 418.

terfeit any man's hand whatsoever. I am not a man of that quality, to give sir T. A. 150 L. C. J. I was there, what he says is guineas.

true ; you said, I am not bound to accuse L. C. J. We all know you have been a very myself; it is true, you did deny that you active man, a busy fellow about the city ; as kliew Laurence or Armstrong; and it is as true, forward a spark as any I know of a great you would not absolutely deny the letter, while. I don't know what you talk of your but said, you were not bound to accuse yourquality, but we know your qualifications; you self. have always been factious and turbulent against Hayes. My lord, I did hope, that in point of the king and government.

law, my counsel should have been heard to Hayes then affirmed, that he neither gave those things I mentioned, and I wish you nor let, nor returned any sum of money to would favour me in it; [but that being denied this person ; and then called Mr. Langley, him, he addressed himself to the jury:] Nothing who testified, that a letter was counterfeited has more troubled me, since my confinement, and a bill of Exchange for 450l. and so exactly than the imputation of high-treason, a thing i like, that if he had not known of it before he always detested; I never knew

any, the saw it, le must bave owned it for his band; least thing of the conspiracy, but by the trials, and the pany that paid the money, paid it in or other printed papers ; not one of the conhis own wrong; för he never drew any such spirators, who have come in, or been taken, bill. Mr. Common Serjeant had my books have charged me in the least; nor did he bimsereral days in bis bands, where there is an self accuse me, with whom I am charged to account of 20,0001. between my brother and have this correspondence. Gentlemen, I deme ; and if I would set my hand to such a sire you to consider, that it is my life is conletter and bill, and write my name at length, cerned, and I beg you would consider what is it not as reasonable that I should putthe name these witnesses have testified; they are not of Laurence in my books? and if it were there positive in any respect, nay there are not two he would appear. Indeed here is an account io any one thing that is charged: Constable produced of divers parcels of money disbursed says, the letter was found among sir T. A.'s in little sums; but I appeal to the merchants papers; he says no more; and bere are not whether any bill of Exchange was ever paid iwo witnesses to that : Everis tells you, he in such parcels? No foreign bill was ever paid saw this bill, but did not know my hand; there by 31. or 51. or 201. at a time; it must be paid at is nobody tells you I wrote this letter, but it is the day, or it will be protested. Here is a com- found in another man's custody, in another putation of a sum like to the sum in the bill; nation. but these are suppositions, and not proof. Gentlemen, it is very hard, that by compa

Then Mr. Hayes called Alderman Jeffreys, to rison of bands a man's life should be in danger; speak to his reputation and conversation ; who when, in lesser crimes, it has been denied to be said, That he had known him many years, and good evidence; and none of you can escape never knew any burt of him.

the same danger if this be allowed to be eviL. C.J. Have you been at any of the elec- dence; for your hands may be counterfeited as tions at Guild-hall for mayors or sheriffs, well as mine. when Mr. Bethel, and Mr. Cornish, and them If there had been any probability of my people were chosen ; and have you seen Mr. knowing hin, it had been something ; but there Hayes there, and how he behaved himself? A is not one that testifies that ever i knew him, very forward active man, I will warrant you. nor indeed did I : there is a great deal of cir

Alderman Jeffreys. I suppose I may have cumstance made use of, upon the account of his seen him there, but I cannot say any thing to acquaintance with my brother in Holland ; but his behavir ur.

it is strange there should not be some evidence Then Mr. Hayes called Mr. Pellet, Mr. of a further correspondence between him and Lloyd, Mr. Withers sen. Mr. Withers jun. and me, if there were that intimacy that such a Mr. Hugh White, who gave a fair account of letter as this doth import. his dealing and conversation. He then said, I must, with reverence to the divine Ma. that he would trouble the court with no more jesty, say, and I call God, angels, and menwitnesses.

to witness the truth of it, as I shall answer it to Mr. Attorney General then said, that he him, before whom, for ought I know, I am would call one witness more against him; and quickly to appear, that I never in my life spoke ordered Atterbury the messenger to be sworn, with sir T. Armstrong, nor was ever in his and the letter was shewed to him.

company, nor ever wrote to him, by the name Atterbury. I apprehended Mr. Hayes, and of Laurence, or any other name; and I do sobrought him before the king, and was lemnly say in the presence of God, that I never present when the letter was sbewed to him; gave, sent, lept, paid, or ordered to be paid, any and the king and Lord Keeper North press- money, directly or indirectly to sir 7. A. or ed him to own whether it was his hand, or H. Laurence, or to bim by any other name, or no; and he said, he should say nothing to it, if to his use; I speak it without any counterfeiting they could prove it upon him, well and good. or equivocation. Huyes. His majesty was not there.

Gentlemen, there have been overtures, if I Atierbury. As I remember, the king was would say some things, that my life might be there; I imagine the king was there.

saved; and it is not to be believed, that I

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