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Bowers had been especially doleful, and poor little sparrow, who watched over its flight, and Max especially miserable. There was no deny- made tender its fall, would have pity upon him, ing that Mrs Bowers had a great deal to vex who was of more value than many of these.” her. Her husband was coarse, indolent, sor- Doubt, perplexity, fear, slipped away; a new did, and it was a struggle to make both ends softness came into the boy's face, his whole meet with the little farm that was never managed nature opened to all the sweet influences and to good advantage.
voices of the spring morning, and Max felt, as Max wondered, as he plodded on his way to the small brown bird floated away, that God had school that morning, with the cloud on his sent to his tried, troubled, and perplexed soul a brow and the gloom in his heart, whether he was witness of His own loving kindness and tender what his mother had said, “the worst boy in mercies. the wide world--a perpetual trouble, vexation, He will never forget that morning, nor how misery to her; she could not understand why things seemed to clear up to his childish vision, such an affliction should have fallen to her life.” and how he felt that God knew, understood.
Max felt wretched, and almost as though he and pitied all his blindness and bewilderment, was guilty of a great sin in having been born at and yearning8-yearnings to do right, that all
. His mother never seemed to find anything seemed baffled on every side, until he felt just but the evil side in him, and he drew up more like letting every thing good go, and giving than one sigh from that little brimful heart of himself up, and being just as bad as his mother his, and sent it out on the sweet spring air. was always insisting he was.
With all his homeliness and clumsiness, those But Max felt that God had sent him a meswho knew Max well, said, "there was the sage in the bird that came and went at his feet, making of more than an ordinary man in him." and that, in substance, it was—" I know it all, He had a bright, swift, prompt intellect, which my child-the groping, the faint-heartedness, was slakiog its young thirst as well as it could the sinking of soul and body: But I am strong, at the small fountain of the district school; and and greater than my strength is my tenderness. be had energy, courage, persistency, which were Trust the trouble to me. I, who take care of sure to make themselves known and felt in time, the sparrow, watch over you too, of more value only it takes growth and years to mature such than many sparrows." qualities.
As I said, Max will never forget that mornAs Max moved up the lane in the spring ing-never ! brightness and life, with the gloom in the boy's Dear children, I know that you, too, have face and the chill on his soul, a little brown your sorrows to bear, your dark, groping moods sparrow dropped from a hawthorn bough over that your home lives and loves are not always head, and hung fluttering and swinging on a tuft and altogether happy, and that your poor little of grass in the roadside at his feet. The thrushes souls have too often to struggle silently with and blackbirds were singing around, the air was your griefs. And, as with older souls, so I know one grand burst of bird joy and melody; but it must be with yours, that the things which Max's soul had sat in darkness, and for once he God has made will often help and comfort you had not heard the sweet May singing. But that beyond all human voices. His skies, with all litttle
sparrow, fluttering at his feet, brought to their beauty of sun and stars-His earth, with bis thoughts the dear old Bible words : “ Not its glory of trees and flowers-His waters, singone of them falleth to the ground without your ing in brooks, and rushing in rivers, and rolling
back and forth in the strong joy of ocean tides, Clear as a bell, sweet as a hymn, the words all have a witness to bear of Himself. floated into the boy's soul, and the warmth and Go out with your tired, troubled hearts, and the light came with them. His thoughts burst listen to the singing of the birds, and search for their chains and went out, like Christian, from Aowers among the grasses, and behold the warm, the dungeon in which they were bound. blessed sunlight, and take courage and be of "After all, God knew, and He who loved the good cheer.
THE PURCHASE SYSTEM IN THE British
Lord Clyde, Lord West, Sir Thomas Franks, and ARMY. By Sir Charles E. Trevelyan, K.C.B. Sir Augustus Spence had strongly condemned the (London : Longman, Green, and Co.)-The con
purchase system before the Royal Coinmission of lents of this pamphlet have already appeared, in and retirement to be substituted for it. "I found the
1846, but had not suggested any plan of promotion a series of letters in the columns of the Daily system of purchase established,” Lord Clyde said, News, but they are of a sufficiently important «i when I entered as a boy at fifteen. I am now in nature to be reiterated in other channels. my sixty-third year. I was present at the battles of Their origin, the author tells
us, was as follows : | Vimiera and Corunna, and on the expedition to
Walcheren, and came home again before I was sixteen ; A reference [adds the author] to the evidence taken and finding that, and living always with troops under by the Recruiting Commission of 1860, under the the system that has gone on, I had ccased to think of heads of “Public-houses” and “Rendezvous," will it until now, and I have not thought it out.”
show how open we are to the reproach of tainting our
soldiers, at the outset of their career, with that vice In this state of the question Sir Charles Trevelyan, which is the cause of all crimes in the army, and of who had conducted the military correspondence the flogging, branding, and other punishments which of the Treasury, and superintended the Commis- too often complete their demoralization. Even steady sariat for many years, was asked to assist; and non-commissioned officers, detached from regiments with the aid of ten years' further experience, for the purpose of recruiting, become deteriorated in the arguments and proposals which he laid be- character and morals before they join again. fore the commission, and maintained in discussion with a War Office committee, are here set In reference to these abuses, Sir Charles quotes before the reader. But it is not simply with the following emphatic observations of Mr. the question of purchase that the writer deals. Godley's, appended in a memorandum to the He begins at the beginning, and shows that report of the commission : the whole system as it stands at present is de- I believe that system to be essentially evil, based on fective-nay vicious—and that an alteration of falsehood and fraud, and tending directly to infinite the principle upon which the army is constituted immorality. I believe that no thoughtful man can must take place to make the service popular and have observed the scenes that take place daily and attractive to all classes of the community. At nightly at the taverns frequented by our recruiting present the army fornis an exception to the rest staff, or the head-quarters of a militia regiment, on of the English political and social system, in the day that the volunteers for the line are called for, which the upper, middle, and lower classes co
without a feeling of shame and disgust that such prooperate for the public good. The system of ceedings should form part of the recognized mapurchase confines advancement
I believe men of chinery of the British ‘military service. fortune; the recruiting system, and the penal which deliberately scatters such temptations amongst
that a fearful responsibility lies upon a government system attached to it, excludes from the ranks the poorest and most helpless classes of its people, all but the "lowest stratum of the lowest class, and which, for its own political ends, takes advantage the waifs and strays of society." The following of their weaknesses and feeds their vices. passage shows the character of the recruiting system, and will urge on every reflective mind the necessity of a decided change, before men high position connected with the recruiting
No wonder that we are told that persons in a of a different moral or social grade will be in service are ashamed of it, and persons in an induced to enlist:
ferior position corrupted by it. The aystem The recruiting of the army is conducted entirely in humanity for alteration. Such practices are not
cries aloud to our common sense of justice and public-houses, to which the recruits are inveigled by only inconsistent with morality, but repugnant + bringers," who are crimps of the worst description, and odious to a Christian people; yet, though touting about in all the lowest haunts of a town. The recruits are habitually plied with drink, and they
a change in these matters has been recomare generally under the influence of liquor when they mended, none has yet taken place, but certain are enlisted. They are also deceived by false expecta- proposals, on the other hand, Sir Charles thinks tions as to the amount of their remuneration, and are calculated to make bad worse : induced to make false representations as to their age, unmarried state, &c. The recruiters are paid by head
The commission report that the “ bounty money money, and they have therefore a personal interest in is usually spent in riot and dissipation; and any in. these objectionable practices.
crease in that direction would tend to demoralize the
army and encourage desertion. Further on (page 36), after referring to various improvements that have and are being made Yet it is proposed largely to increase the bounty for the comfort and respectability of the non- money, that is, from 15s. to 20s, and 258. The commissioned officers and privates, as recom
chronic cause of discontent and misundermended by the Recruiting Commission, we standing is the difference between the nominal learn that, as yet, no change has been made in and real amount of the soldier's pay, and yet it these two glaring wrongs of the system; no is proposed to add 2d. a day to the nominal proper places wholly disconnected with the pay, instead of deducting it from the stoppages. public-houses, and consequent drunkenness, The soldier is not even to be encouraged to prohave been provided where recruits might be re- fitable industry by giving him his fatigue jacket ceived till forwarded to the depôt battalions; and forage cap. Speaking of the loss to Goneither are men enlisting protected from the vernment by desertion-every trained soldier delusion of the “ shilling a day and one penny who deserts and is not recovered costs the beer-money,” and made to thoroughly under country at least one hundred pounds, besides stand that “the real terms of service are free the services of the soldiers employed in apprelodgings, free clothing, free rations, free educa- hending and guarding him. The cost of retion, free medical attendance, with a net rate of covering and punishing deserters costs a large pay which amounts at present to three-pence or
additional four-pence a day."
Why, in this case alone [says the writer] do we
* “ To open to
steel our hearts against the commonest humanity, and lation in the army is like fighting with one hand shut our eyes to the most obvious dictates of morality ? tied. Sir Charles believes that if the English We pick out of the streets persons for whom we are
army could be brought into harmony with the not specially responsible, to reclaim them in reforma
rest of the English political and social system, tories and penitentiaries; and ourselves, through our
and our military arrangements based upon moral paid agents, corrupt our own yoning soldiers, who have and intellectual qualification instead of money, the most affecting claims upon us for protection and help. Even onr army reformers, who have done so
every rank in the army would be elevated in much for the soldier after he has enlisted, avert their the soldier the career of his own profession is
character and position. eyes from the flagrant scandals of the recruiting system-a system that panders to the very vices for the only possible course: this will solve the which the man is subsequently punished.
recruiting difficulty, by making admission to
the ranks a privilege and dismissal from them a The following remarks appear to reach the fond punishment, by restoring to the army important of the matter, and are the basis of Sir Charles's classes which are at present practically excluded scheme for the reorganization of the British from it, and by making the army a highly popular army:
institution, common to every portion of English
society." The author thinks “it is a mistake There are but two sets of motives by which man- suppose that, if our army were resuscitated kind are influenced. One set appeals to their animal on professional principles, it would no longer nature and their fears; the other to their human furnish suitable occupation to young men who nature and their hopes. By giving soldiers who enter are heirs to considerable properties. On the through the ranks a share of the military, and nearly contrary, this object would be more completely the whole of the administrative promotion, we could obtained than before. The army would be a make the army an object of desire to the whole of our
school as well as a playground; while in the population, including that largest and best portion of army our young men of fortune would have to it which has been practically excluded for more than work as if they depended upon it for their subtwo hundred years. The only bitter thing which the mildest of men (the late Sir Robert Inglis) ever said sistence, and they would be the better all
their lives for having belonged for in Parliament was during the reign of the railway
time to king: “I can admire an aristocracy of talent, I can
a really liberal profession. Only respect an aristocracy of rank ; but an aristocracy of the idle and incompetent, who ought under wealth is not to be endured.” The army is the last any
circumstances to be excluded, would place where this principle should be in the ascendant. fail to obtain admission; and many who now How much longer will it be permitted to obstruct depend upon money and connexion for advanceevery kind of improvement in that branch of the ment would be stimulated to acquire the perpublic service upon which the preservation of all sonal qualification necessary for success. interests depends ?
The motive which induces our upper classes to
enter the army is not the privilege of exhausting Again :
their patrimony, and incurring debt in the pur
chase of commissions, but the cheerful, out-ofIn former days the middle class was trained to the door, adventurous life, the prestige, the hope of use of arms, with a view to national defence, and they attaining early distinction--all of which will reshowed on many memorable occasions what they were main as before.” Our author goes on to say, capable of, for the honour and safety of England.
that “ an officer who enters without paying,
and resigns without receiving anything, is better Crecy, Poictiers, and Agincourt were won by off than one who pays for his commission and the yeomen archers—a middle-class element,
gets his money back on quitting the army, by wanting in the French arms of that age:
the full amount of the interest and life-assurance
on the purchase-money, which is often greater “And you, good yeomen,
than the pay he receives.” * * * Whose limbs were made in England, show us here The mettle of your pasture.”
culiar vice of the English system of purchase
consists in what is popularly called the leap-frog Under Cromwell [continues the writer] they held principle, by which officers of inferior claims of all England, Ireland, and Scotland in subjection; but service and qualification pass over the heads of since the Restoration it has been the practice to ex
more deserving and better qualified officers.” clude them from our military system, and to base the Such a system must of course act disadvandefence of the country on the highest and lowest tageously to the service, and help to sour and classes.
render men indifferent to it. Another grievance
is the inefficiency of the remuneration in comThat the middle class, to whose successful ex- parison with the cost of commissions. The ertions in every branch of enterprize and indus- author very justly observes that “the first try, at home and abroad, the present greatness condition of professional efficiency is that there of England is mainly due, have not lost a should be full professional remuneration; particle of their military spirit, is proved by the whereas the army-system deeply offends against manner in which they responded to the volun- this principle. Another practice is the selling teer movement in our fathers' time and our own. of commissions for more than their regulated To allow no place to this portion of our popu- value-a misdemeanour, according to Act of
“ The pe
Parliament, which subjects an officer so doing, promotion from the ranks at least to as high a to be cashiered; but which Act, though re- grade as that permitted in the French army, printed in every new edition of the Queen's that of captain.” We have not space to follow Regulations and Orders for the Army,' is daily all the author's arguments in favour of these outraged with the full knowledge and acquies- projected amendments, or his proposals for their cence of those who are charged with the en- accomplishment, for which we refer our readers forcement of the law- & system which must to his pages. His exposition of the evils and destroy all feeling of respect for law and autho- abuses of the present system in the British rity, and exert å depressing moral influence. 'Army is masterly, his suggestions for their reSir Charles's panacea for these and other moval replete with careful study of the subject abuses in the present army system lies in the and matured reflection as to the means. The abolition of purchase, which would enable " the statements, from the prospect it opens of the best class of young men who now enter the army as a career for middle-class men of spirit artillery and engineers, the Indian Civil Service, and capacity, will be found interesting to a wide the law, &c., &c., to enter the army, and 'circle of readers.
THE TOI LE T.
(Specially from Paris.)
FIRST FIGURE.—INDOOR AND VISITING, dresses. The measures we give are for a me Toilet.-Dress of Spa-grey pou-de-soie : The dium-sized person, and will be found a good skirt is trimmed down the seams, and finished guide, but, of course, must be varied to suit at bottom with a plaited ornament. Body the size of the wearer. Garments old in the round at the waist, sleeves tight. Short in-door service may thus be brought out and remodelled jacket, made of black velvet, without sleeves; it into fashionable costumes. is ornamented by means of one of Wilson and The lower skirt must by no means touch the Wheeler's sewing machines, with elaborate em- ground, but should be of sufficient length to broidery and jet-bead fringes. The basque is appear well when walking. It is composed of cut in rounded points. Linen collar and under- eight breadths, the back and front being withsleeves of the pointed form.
out seam down the centre. The front width Second FIGURE.-Dress of blue pou-de-soie, measures thirty-nine inches in length, is twentyor poplin, with two skirts: the first trimmed with four inches wide at the lower edge, and slopes six bias-pieces of the material, each of the on each side up to the waist, where it only same depth ; the second skirt has the sides hol- measures six inches. The back breadth is prelowed out, and is trimmed with three similar cisely the same width, but is 41 inches long. bias-pieces, finished at the point formed by the The three intermediate ones are alike, being meeting of the trimming at the head of the part; twenty-two inches wide at the lower part, and that is cut out by an ornament of clustered slope on one side up to three inchies. The leaves made of the material of the dress. Body breadths are sewed together, so that the with long basque, trimmed en suite. Tight gored side is always nearest the back of the sleeves, with epaulet. Collar and sleeves of dress, Venetian lace, and round the neck a velvet with The upper skirt is composed of eight smaller long ends, finished with crystal beads, and gores, and, as in the lower skirt, the front and supporting a large gold medallion in front. back widths are without seam down the centre.
Efforts are still being made to introduce short These breadths are the same in width, sloping dresses for walking costumes, and as every lady, on each side from nineteen inches to the waist
, we believe, aspires to be well dressed, and to which is but six inches. The front breadth is follow, to a moderate extent, the prevailing thirty-one inches long and the back thirty-three. modes --- although we do not advocate ex. The other widths are thirty-three inches long, tremes, and would not advise any one to follow and slope from eighteen to three inches. The blindly every foible that appears—when a de- edge of the upper skirt is notched or dentated sirable fashion is introduced, it is well that it in fancy motifs or designs. For instance, points should be adopted. One thing, however, should with the ends cut off forming squares, turrets, always be remembered, that every new fashion slanting teeth, scallops, lozenge-shaped ends, be modified to suit the years and style of the graduated steps, the sharp points known as
folies, and many other inexplicable designs, that By following our dịrections, we think there fancy alone
dictates. The tips of the points or will he little dificulty in cutting one of these I ends are generally finished with fringe ar jeg
trimming made on the material, with bugles and not be accused of want of liberality and enterbeads.
prise in catering for the amusement of the The lower skirt generally has a plain edge public. Macbeth, The Colleen Bawn, and two trimmed with a fold of velvet or satin studded screaming farces produced in one week, are with beads, or else it is finished with a Marie surely sufficient to satisfy the appetite of the Antoinette ruffle a quarter of a yard deep, most craving play-goer. Mr. Sidney has once sewed on in overlapping single plaits. In Paris more got his company into good working order the latter style is the one most generally pre- after the late inclement season, and the cheerfulferred.
ness and improvement in all they do are maniWe have no salient novelty to record in the fest. On Thursday, Shakespeare's majestic and way of corsages : they are made round to wear fiery tragedy of Macbeth was produced, with all with a fancy belt or basque. Sleeves, with very Locke's music, and, considering the ambitious few exceptions, are made very close at the wrist. character of the work and the resources of a
For full toilets long trains are indispensable: small theatre, the success was triumphant. Miss the latest model we have seen measures two Sallie Booth's personation of Lady Macbeth will yards in the skirt behind, and is nine yards not be forgotten by those who witnessed round at the bottom.
it. It was a specimen of the greatest power A heresy is at present gaining ground as to and finish. It generally happens that the actress the orthodox nature of the taste of Parisian who can satisfy us in Juliet fails in Lady fashionists. It is said that invention has failed Macbeth, and vice versâ, thus indicating, and them, and that, judging from appearances, we very naturally, some want of completeness in shall shortly return to the fashion of four hun- histrionic ability. Juliet is a girl, loving, tender, dred years ago. Certain it is that there are in and earnest, harmonising with the humanity of high quarters symptoms of a reversion to high a woman's nature; Lady Macbeth is an outrage heads, and instead of the chignon being pro- upon her sex, and yet she is a human being in truded a quarter of a yard from the back of the her stricken conscience. Nothing can be a head, its material will probably be worn on greater proof that Miss Booth possesses real the crown.
genius, than the fact that she grappled with both All the breadths of the long dresses, with the these Shakesperian creations with almost equal exception of the back, are gored. The back intensity and effect. The amiable lines of her width is straight, and laid in a large box-plait face and the mellow tones of her voice are not at the waist, and the dress should be made to altogether calculated for expressing the demoniac fasten under this plait, to save the ugly opening and gloomy passions of Lady Macbeth, but her at the side, which very often exhibits the petti- mastery over the forces of the soul belongs to coat. A cording or piping, sometimes double, the highest sphere of mental endowment. Noof two colours (if the material is striped), is run thing could be more impressive than her sleepon the seams; this is also carried round the walking scene, or more solemnly pathetic than edge of the skirt, which is frequently waved or her delivery of the words 'Not all the perfumes scalloped. Satin is much used for trimming, of Araby can sweeten this little hand.' Mr. and beads and buttons abound.
Roberts acted Macbeth with great ability. We In bonnets, one of the prettiest I have have carefully watched the progress of this seen was of the round form, posed on the gentleman, and it is worth watching. He is summit of the head, and composed of rose- essentially a good melodramatic actor. Melocoloured tulle, shaded with white tulle, on drama demands a coarse breadth and power of which lay a star of lace, and between its treatment, which are distinctly within his grasp. points sprays of spring-roses, with foliage. We were, therefore, taken by surprise in the Brides, barbes of tulle, upon which, on each subtlety and effectiveness of his performance, side, fell cordons of the same flowers. The although his vocal powers are not perfectly brides may either be thrown behind or fast- organised and cultivated. Mr. McFayden, as ened in a knot before,
, shared the honours of the evening We have seen nothing new in the trimming with Macbeth, and performed his part in of under-skirts since we replied to our corre- manner which justifies the high opinion spondents in this article last month. Upon the we have formed of this gentleman's talents. receipt of Messrs. Jannings' Spring Models, we We cannot mention all those who did are kindly promised an exposition of them, a their duty on this occasion; but we must single description of which shall appear for the benefit out Miss Lotti Moreton's performance of of our lady subscribers.
Hecate as something quite distinguished, and we must not pass by Mr. Thompson, as Malcolm, without a hearty word of commenda
tion. -Having now too briefly noticed the GREENWICH THEATRE.
production of Macbeth, we must proceed to
record, with much pleasure, the unqualified In our last number we intimated that Miss success of The Colleen Bawn.
Nothing could Sallie Booth was about to appear as Lady be more happy and delightful than the Macbeth. We extract the following account of acting of Mr. Sidney, as Miles-na-Coppaleen, the performance from the Borough of Greenwich and of Miss Booth as Ann Chute (The Staxdard -" The manager of this theatre can, Colleen Ruadh). This lady's Irish brogue has