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M'MURTRIE'S SCIENTIFIC LEXICON.

A TEXT-BOOK IN THE CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL OF PHILADELPHIA.

LEXICON SCIENTIARUM.

A DICTIONARY OF TERMS used in the various branches of Anatomy, Astronomy, Botany, Geology, Geometry, Hygiene, Mineralogy, Natural Philosophy, Physiology, Zoology, &c. By Henry M Murtrie, M. D., etc., Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, and Natural History, in the Central High School of Philadelphia.

From Samuel George Morton, M. D., Vice-President of the Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia; formerly President of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists, author of "Crania Americana," "Crania Egyptica," de. dc.

I have examined Dr. M'Murtrie's Dictionary of Scientific Terms, and believe it to be admirably adapted to the explanation of the numerous technicalities that are inseparably connected with every department of Science. Such a glossary is indeed indispensable to the learner, who by its aid will find every step facilitated and much time saved. PHILADELPHIA, October 27, 1847.

SAMUEL GEORGE MORTON.

From M. H. Boyè, Professor of Chemistry in the Central High School, Philadelphia, dc. Laboratory, at Old Mint, PHILADELPHIA, October 19, 1847.

I have been much pleased with Dr. M Murtrie's Scientific Dictionary. Such a work has been long needed to enable the student to acquire a correct knowledge of the derivation and meaning of the various scientific terms: It will also be found very convenient to more advanced scholars, as a book of reference. I therefore take great pleasure in recommending it to the public in general. M. H. BOYE.

CLEVELAND'S COMPENDIUM OF ENGLISH LITERATURE.

A COMPENDIUM OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, chronologically arranged, from Sir John Mandeville (14th century) to William Cowper (close of 18th century;) consisting of Biographical Sketches of the Authors, choice Selections from their works; with Notes explanatory and illustrative, and directing to the best Editions, and to various criticisms. Designed as a text-book for Schools and Academies, and Colleges, as well as for private reading. By Charles D. Cleveland. Eleventh Thousand.

This work has been extensively introduced, as a text-book, in Public High and Normal Schools, and in Colleges, Female Seminaries, Academies, and private Seminaries, throughout the United States.

From Rev. John Ludlow, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsylvania.

The public are greatly indebted to you for placing before our youth this Compendium of English Literature. I hope it will command the attention which it certainly deserves; and if my name would have any influence, I would most earnestly recommend it to every young lady especially, who desires a "finished" education.

Departing from my usual custom, if you or your publishers should deem this note of any usc to extend the circulation of your valuable work, it is heartily at your service. UNIVERSITY OF PENNA., January 13, 1848.

JOHN LUDLOW.

From Professor Goodrich, of Yale College.

I have read Professor Cleveland's "Compendium of English Literature" with lively interest. The selections are made with uncommon taste and judgment. The biographical notices and critical estimates prefixed to the extracts appear to me accurate and discrimi nating, and they certainly add much to the interest of the work, which supplies a want that has long been felt, and which must, I think, when known, be deemed an almost indispensable auxiliary in the highest classes of our schools and academies, in the study of English Literature. CHAUNCEY A. GOODRICÍL.

NEW HAVEN, January 20, 1848.

From Rev. Charles B. Haddock, D. D., Professor of Intellectual Philosophy and English Literature in Dartmouth College.

"MY DEAR SIR-I have read your Compendium with great satisfaction and delight. I 8 a work much needed, and exceedingly well executed. The plan is, so far as I know, quite original; the biographical sketches are judicious and elegantly written; and the selection of authors, and of passages from their works, in an eminent degree fitted to intro. duce the student to the most finished and most wholesome portions of our Literature-the richest, noblest Literature the world has yet produced."

CLEVELAND'S

ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 19th CENTURY.

ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, Chronologically Arranged. Consisting of biographical sketches of the authors and selections from their works; with notes explanatory, illustrative, and directing to the best edit.ons and various criticisms; being a sequel to the "Compendium of English Literature." De signed as a text-book for Colleges, Academies and the highest classes in other schools. By Charles D. Cleveland. [See notice of New Edition, appended.]

The extensive use of the "Compendium of English Literature" in schools, throughout the United States, and the high commendation which it has received from the leading periodicals of England, assure the publishers that the present volume, which, in its general plan. is similar, and, in the list of authors, probably more attractive to readers generally, will meet the favor of those desirous to promote a refined literary taste in the rising generation.

HARRISON ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

THE RISE, PROGRESS, AND PRESENT STRUCTURE OF THE English Language. By the Rev. Matthew Harrison, A. M., Rector of Church Oakley, Hants, and late Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford.

OPINIONS OF THE PRESS.

"Rarely have we been more disappointed-favourably, we mean-than by the examination of this handsome volume. Instead of another abortive attempt to improve on Lindley Murray, which we expected to find, we found a most entertaining and instructive work on the gradual rise and development of the English language, containing an historical sketch of the various tribes and people who have occupied Britain at different times, and showing the various tongues which have contributed to make up the medley which we call the English language. The manner in which this has been done is explained by numerous examples, and the genius and character of the English language are described; the sourres of corruption are designated; the present structure of the language is very thoroughly explained, and the construction of the different parts of speech, and their nature and use, illustrated by pertinent examples. Take it all in all, the volume before us contains more valuable, readable-yea, and entertaining-matter, than any work we have met with for many a day."-Boston Daily Evening Traveller.

"A work of a class of which English literature has very few, and of which there is necessity for very many.... Mr. Harrison's book affords capital hints against lack of precision and failure in effect.... It is curious and entertaining enough to be put on the parlor table."-Literary World, New York.

"We commend it to the favorable attention of the lovers of a language in which the cause of liberty is to be pleaded throughout the world."-N. Y. Observer.

"Altogether, the book is a delightful one. Designed mainly for schools and colleges, it will yet find its way into the libraries of men of letters and men of taste, and will do much to correct the growing faults of style in many modern writers.... It is in every respect an admirable volume, which, for the sake of the language we love, we trust may have a very extensive circulation."-Erening Bulletin, Philadelphia.

"It should be in the possession of every teacher or public speaker or writer in the land.”— Modd American Courier, Philadelphia.

CLEVELAND'S HYMNS FOR SCHOOLS.

HYMNS FOR SCHOOLS; with appropriate Selections from Scrip ture, and Tunes suited to the metres of the hymns. By Charles D. Cleveland. Secutad edition, revised and improved.

In this little volume are grouped together the choicest sacred lyrics of our language: there being one for each day in the year, and additional hymns for special occasions. Each hymn is prefaced by an appropriate Scripture-text; and the notes of a number of tunes are appended, whose beauty has kept them popular, notwithstanding the love of change which so generally prevails. In this edition, also, the names of the authors of the hymns are given, which to many readers will add interest to the volume.

The work is now used in seminaries of the very first rank in Boston, New York, Phila delphia, &c. &e.

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BOOKS FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES,

RECENTLY PUBLISHED BY

E. C. & J. BIDDLE,

No. 6 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia,

And for sale by Booksellers generally throughout the United States.
SEPTEMBER, 1853.

CRITTENDEN'S SERIES OF PRACTICAL TREATISES ON BOOK-KEEPING BY SINGLE AND DOUBLE ENTRY.

1. CRITTENDEN'S ELEMENTARY TREATISE ON BOOKKEEPING FOR COMMON SCHOOLS.

2. CRITTENDEN'S INDUCTIVE AND PRACTICAL TREATISE ON BOOK-KEEPING: HIGH-SCHOOL EDITION.

3. CRITTENDEN'S INDUCTIVE AND PRACTICAL TREATISE ON BOOK-KEEPING: COUNTING-HOUSE EDITION.

AN ELEMENTARY TREATISE ON BOOK-KEEPING BY SINGLE AND DOUBLE ENTRY, designed for Common Schools, by S. WORCESTER CRITTENDEN. Recently published.

The work has been prepared with reference to the capacity of pupils of "Common" or "Grammar Schools of from twelve to sixteen years of age, and elucidates the principles of the science and the application of those principles to the more simple modes of keeping ac counts, so that they may, it is believed, be fully understood by the class of pupils referred to: at the same time the author has been careful to use the language and phraseology of business-men rather than a childish dialect; has selected, for examples, such transactions as occur between men rather than the petty transactions of school-boys, and has also freely introduced commercial terms, phrases, and modes of expression, explaining them when necessary-deeming it desirable thus to familiarize the pupil with modes of thinking and speaking proper in the transaction of business in adult years.

The following are the prominent characteristics of the work:

1. Each set of books is so short that the pupil will be enabled to comprehend and trace out the connection between corresponding entries in the several account-books of each set, and will not become fatigued with the extent of any set before ascertaining its result.

2. A sufficient number of sets of books is given to illustrate the opening and closing of books, both individual and partnership, under the various positions of gains and losses, capital and insolvency.

3. Plain and philosophical principles, to guide the reasoning faculties, are presented, instead of mere arbitrary directions and unnecessary classifications; and, in the part devoted to Double Entry, all elucidations of debits and credits are based on one general rule deduced from the definition of debtor and creditor.

4. The entries are so classified as to bring those of a similar nature, or of a directly opposite nature, together, and thus to impress them upon the mind by strong similarities and

contrasts.

5. Each successive exercise is intended to be a step of progress in the science, but yet so short and easy a step that what has already been explain. shall be inductive thereto, and aid in its achievement.

6. For several of the sets of books, the Day-Book, or original history of transactions, is all that is furnished, so as to prevent the possibility of merely copying, and to compel the pupil

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to depend upon his own mental resources for his entries. In all such cases, however, trial balances and other proofs are given to test the correctness of the pupil's work.

7. Each set of books is followed by questions for review, which will afford teachers an opportunity of ascertaining the amount of knowledge which their pupils have acquired, and will aid the pupil in fixing that knowledge permanently in his mind.

8. The work is arranged with special reference to the larger treatise of the author, and forms a good introduction to the study of either the Counting-House or the High-School edition.

In the part devoted to Book-keeping by Single Entry, three sets of books for mechanical business and one set for farming are given.

The part devoted to Book-keeping by Double Entry contains three different methods of keeping books, comprising six sets, as follow:

1. By the Italian method, three sets, viz:

1st set. A gaining business in cloths and cassimeres.

21 set. A losing business-closing insolvent-in boots and shoes.

3d set. A continuation of the 2d set-commencing with insolvency and closing with net capital.

2. By a method dispensing with the Journal and using a Day-Book in Journal form, two sets, viz:

4th set. A prosperous business by two partners, sharing gains equally. Produce and grocery business.

5th set. A losing business by two partners-one investing the entire capital; losses shared unequally. Dealings in real estate, stocks, &c.

3. By a plan for journalizing monthly, much used in many kinds of business, one set, viz :

6th set. A jobbing business, in silks and fancy goods, by two partners.

Full explanations of the nature and use of the different books belonging to each set; the manner of opening and closing the Ledger for individual or partnership business, commene ing with capital or without capital, and winding up with gains or losses-capital or insolvency; directions for writing up the books, and also for the detection and correction of errors; questions for review; balance-sheets, with instructions how to make them out; a discussion of the nature and object of the different Ledger-accounts, their modes of treatment, and the manner in which each is closed; and examples of the various auxiliary books needed-will all be found in their appropriate places in the work.

In the above-named work the author has embodied the methods of imparting a knowledge of the science of Book-keeping, which an experience of eight years as principal of a large commercial institute and conference with the book-keepers of many of the largest commer cial houses in the great cities of our country have led him to believe to be the best. The same general plan is pursued in this as in the author's larger work; and, since that has met with the most flattering approval of many of the very best practical accountants in the principal cities of the Union, (see their opinion appended.) and since the correctness of their opinion, thus expressed, has been confirmed by a large and steadily increasing sale of the work, the publishers feel warranted in commending the present publication to the notice of teachers, as well adapted for the class of pupils for whom it is designed.

A KEY, which contains all the differeut Journals, Ledgers, Balance-sheets, &c.. that are omitted in the treatise itself, has just been published by E. C. & J. B., for the use of teachers. E. C. & J. B. have also just published BLANK BOOKS for writing out the exercises contained in the work.

The distinctive characteristics of the High-School and the Counting-House editions are briefly as follows:

The HIGH-SCHOOL EDITION is nearly similar to the Treatise for Common Schools, in that portion of the work devoted to Single Entry and the first three Sets of Doubly Entry, by the Italian method:) but the subsequent Sets are varied and more extensive. It contains seven Sets by Double Entry: the fourth. fifth, and sixth Sets of which are without a Jour nal, the Day-Book being in Journal form. The fifth illustrates domestic shipping, and the sixth foreign shipping business. The seventh is a plan for journalizing monthly, and illus trates a jobbing and importing business.

The COUNTING-HOUSE EDITION is like the High-School edition to the end of the sixth Set by Double Entry. Following this, is a Set of Steamboat Books, and six different Practical Forms, or shortened methods for keeping books, suited to mechanical, professional, retail, wholesale, jobbing, manufacturing, and commission business; also numerous commercial calcula

tions, &c.

Price of Treatise for Common Schools, 42 cts.; Key, 20 cts.; Blank Books, per set, 45 cts. Price of High-School edition..... 80 ets.; Key to H. S. and C. H. Blank Books, per Set, $1.00. Counting-House edition.. $1.50; ƒ editions, 50 cts.;

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A SERIES OF ETYMOLOGICAL CLASS-BOOKS,

CONSISTING OF

By JOSEPH THO

2. THE CLASS-BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. BY JAMES LYND, A. M. [Price $4.80 per doz.]

1. THE FIRST BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. MAS, M. D. [Price $4 per doz.]

3. AN ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. By JOHN OSWALD. [Price $10 per doz.]

THE introduction of the study of the Etymology of the English language, as a branch of instruction in the "Common" or "Grammar" Schools of our country, is of compara tively recent date. Its value, however, has been tested in the Public Grammar Schools of Philadelphia for a term of six years, and for several years in the Public Schools of corresponding grade in Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Baltimore, and other cities, and, it is believed, in most of these schools, with the most satisfactory results.

The advantages claimed to result from the prosecution of this study, in "Common" or "Grammar Schools, may be briefly stated as follows:

1. It imparts to the pupil a more thorough and precise knowledge of the meaning of the words of th English language than can be obta ed by any other process in the same period

of time.

2. It trains the mind of the pupil to habits of analysis and generalization-a desideratum in all systems of education, which is supplied by mathematical studies to the collegiate student, and by this study, it is believed, better than by any other, to the common-school pupil. In some of the High-Schools and Academies of our country, the study has been pursued for many years with great advantage to the pupils; but, until a recent date, it has not been extensively introduced into this class of schools. Indeed, from the fact that classical studies are usually pursued in them, some have been disposed to consider this study as a useless or unnecessary branch of instruction in them. But experience has proven that much benefit results from the study to the high-school pupil, not only by its leading him to the habitual and thorough analysis of compound words, but from its imparting to him a knowledge of the meaning of scientific terms, which are derived from roots rarely found in the classics that are read in our schools and colleges.

With these few preliminary remarks the publishers proceed briefly to describe the works above named.

THOMAS'S FIRST BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY.

THE FIRST BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY, designed to promote precision in the use, and facilitate the acquisition of a knowledge of the English language. For beginners. (On the basis of "The First Book of Etymology," by James Lynd,* A. M.) By Joseph Thomas, M. D.

The leading features of this work may be briefly stated thus:—

1. The nature of roots, prefixes, and suffixes, and the distinction between primitive and derivative, simple and compound words, are explained.

2. The prefixes and suffixes of Latin, Greek, and other origin are given, and their various meanings fully and clearly stated and explained.

3. Exercises are given, designed primarily to impress on the mind of the pupil the various meanings of the prefixes and suffixes, and also to introduce to the analysis of the words of our language generally.

4. The principal Latin, Greek, and other roots of our language, arranged in alphabetical order, are inserted; and under each are placed the more important English words derived therefrom, with the literal or etymological meaning, and the proper or usually accepted meaning of each derivative affixed to it.

The First Book of Etymology, by James Lynd, A. M., was published by E. C. & J. B. in the year 1847; the work similarly entitled, by Dr. Thomas, they published in 1852. The latter, which is described above, is believed to comprise many improvements on the former work; but the publication of the former is continued in order that teachers using it in their classes may have the option of continuing so to do, or of introducing the work of Dr. Thomas, when and in such manner as they may desire and find convenient.

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