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65,000,000 yards, exclusive of those exported to the Continent of Europe by way of Leith.
To estimate the value of these articles is attended with considerable difficulty and uncertainty. A great proportion of both the cotton and linen articles are of the cheapest kinds: on the other hand, there are many of considerable value. Were we to estimate the whole on an average at Is. per yard, including all charges when shipped, we should probably not be far from the truth. Taking the whole at this estimated value, the amount would be £3,500,000 Sterling, and all the other miscellaneous articles at least £300,000 more, a sum vast and surprising indeed.
The number of yards of cotton manufactures used for home consumpt cannot be correctly known: it must however be very great. The following data may bring us near the truth. It is known with a considerable degree of accuracy, that the value of the cotton manufactures consumed in Great Britain is more than equal to the value of those exported. It must however be remembered, that the value of the former per yard is much more considerable than the latter; the fabric and ornaments are generally finer and more costly, and the value consequently proportionably enhanced; still, of the cottons consumed in this country, a very great quantity is of the cheaper kinds, and we perhaps do not err far, when we state the quantity consumed as equal to the quantity exported, and their value considerably more. Allowing that 5,000,000 yards are exported from l.cith to the Continent of Europe, this would give about 55,000,000 yards cottons as the proportion manufactured in Glasgow for home consumpt- These two added together would make nearly 105,000,000 yards of cottons manufactured in Glasgow for internal consumpt and exportation; and, including linens exported, a quantity little short of 120,000,000 yards as the trade of Glasgow in these articles. The value of these, by the former data, will be £6,000,000 as the prime cost for the trade, including linens exported, and above £5,200,000 as the first cost or the manufacturers' price for cotton articles alone.
Vast as the sum is, still, in all probability, it is below the truth. To these sums also we must add the value of the miscellaneous articles exported, and, as far as regards these, a still greater quantity taken for internal consumpt, and we cannot have a sum less than £300,000 for the former, and a still larger sum for the latter, to add to the former sums. We shall then have a sum nearly equal to £5,800,000 as the value of cottons manufactured in Glasgow, and nearly £+,000,000 as her exports in cottons and linens alone.
Nor is this the whole export trade of Glasgow to foreign parts. Perhaps we do not greatly exaggerate when we take it at only a moiety of the same. First, there are a considerable number of ships not taken into this account. Secondly, in a very great proportion of the ships enumerated, the articles we have mentioned form but a trifling part indeed of the value of the cargo. Such is the case with all the cargoes to our valuable possessions in the West Indies. These articles too, to which we allude, are solely the produce of the British soil, industry, and capital—the raw material is our own, and not purchased from foreign parts.
From these tables the reader will perceive, without much difficulty, the ports and countries with which our chief communication lies. Contrary to opinions most erroneous, but most industriously circulated, he will perceive that these lie in those parts of South America which remain subject to Spain, their parent State. The quantity sent to St Thomas' is confessedly sent, and can only be sent with any degree of security, to ports under the control of the royal authority. From these only any returns can be calculated upon. The trade from any other of the Charibbec Inlands is now so trifling that it is not worth taking into account. Grenada and Trinidad are the chief stations, and those who do business there know how trifling that has become. Besides, any business that they do carry on from these places to the Spanish settlements, is with those who remain obedient to the mother country^ The revolt of some of these countries, and general insecurity which this revolt has spread, from the Orionoco to the Magdalena, has, it is well known, nearly destroyed the trade: and with the Royalists, all is carried on that is now left.
The trade from Jamaica, which so greatly exceeds all the rest, is almost entirely confined to the Spanish loyal colonies on the Gulph of Mexico, to those parts on the Southern, Western, and North Western shores of the same, under the same authority \ but the grand branch of this trade is carried on across the Isthmus of Darien, by Panama, to the Spanish colonies situated on the shores of the Great Pacific Ocean, and which remain in subjection to the mother country. The quantity of goods carried annually from Jamaica to these parts, exceeds a million and a half of our money. It is well known, that the revolt of part of Chili, and the general alarm which has in consequence spread over these places, has diminished the ardour of commerce, and greatly embarrassed the operations of the merchants engaged in, and dependent on, that trade.
Thus it is obvious, that our whole trade to independent 'South America, amounts to the enormous quantity of 380,015 yards cotton, and 112,152 yards linen, exported to llucnos Ayres. Yet we are incessantly told how much South American revolutions have benefited our trade, and for a trade in this proportion we are called upon to plunge into an unjust, unnecessary, and expensive war, in order that we may assist rebellion, robbery, murder, and desolation. For this we are called upon to trample upon the laws and solemn treaties of civilized nations, by attacking a friendly power without any cause of complaint, and by allowing our sons and our brothers to be decoyed away by the agents of rebellion, to mingle with hardened adventurers and demi-savages, and to finish their days despised and unknown, amidst the gloomy forests, uncultivated plains, mighty rivers, and sickly swamps of Terra Firma. The Independents, as they are called, have no trade but war and violence. Insecurity attends their footsteps, desolation marks their progress, injustice guides their actions, and peaceful commerce has fled, must consequently fly, from their distracted abodes.
Our smaller West India Colonies take from us 5.777,187 yards cottons and linens. This, as has been already noticed, may be set down as their internal consumpt. If we add an equal quantity for the internal consumpt of Jamaica, we shall have, in round numbers, 11,500,000 yards, as the quantity which our West India Colonies require from Glasgow for their internal use. These colonies send us in return for these and still more costly articles of exportation, 25,000 hhds. sugar, 5,000 puncheons rum, 9,700 bags cotton, and 10,700 bugs and barrels of coffee, besides other produce to a very considerable amount. The whole, including freight and charges, worth £2,000,000, which shews the vast importance which these Colonies are of to the trade of this place.
Of the linen exported to the British North American Colonies, a great quantity is sail cloth—the remainder chiefly of the better kinds
The quantity marked for " Other Ports," under the head "Foreign Ports," in the tables, went chiefly to Petersburgh, Hamburgh, Libson, and other European ports, and a part to St Domingo.
With regard to the quantity of cottons and linens returned as exported to Liverpool, we must observe, that a considerable quantity of cotton, of different fabrics, we presume, are brought from that city to Glasgow. It is not however half the quantity which Glasgow sends to Liverpool, and the former is, besides, in all probability, chiefly for home consumpt, while the latter is certainly nearly all, if not all, for exportation to foreign parts.
The imports from the United States last year into the Clyde were 80,612 bags of cotton. This could not cost less than £1,400,000. These States take from us, in round num. bets, 6,500,000 yards cottons and linens, worth, say £320,000, and with miscellaneous articles, we shall say £100,000, thereby leaving a balance of £1,000,000 that we have to pay them in money. Their ships carry away but few articles beyond those we have enumerated. According to official authority, the United states exported last year cotton to the value of 23,127,614 dollars, or five millions sterling, most of which came to Great Britain.
Great as is the trade of Glasgow in the articles we have mentioned, that of Liverpool greatly exceeds it. The exports of cottons from Liverpool for six months, ending the 5th April, amounted to nearly 54,000,000 yards. But, to make a fair comparison, it must be borne in mind, that a good deal of this is on Glasgow account. Liverpool only exports, and is the great outlet of the whole manufacturing districts of England, whereas Glasgow manufactures all the cottons which she exports.
Course of Exchange, July 7. Amsterdam, 37. B. 2 Us. Antwerp, 11: 11. Ex. Hamburgh, 34:5. 24 Us Frankfort 143. Ex. Paris 24: 30. 2 Us. Bordeaux, 24:50. Madrid, 39 effect. Cadiz, 39 effect. Gibraltar, M. Leghorn, 51J. Genoa, "h, Malta, 51. Naples, 44. Palermo, 128 per oz. Rio Janeiro, 66. Oporto, 59. Dublin, 11. Cork, 11. Agio of the Bank of Holland, 2.
Prices of Gold and Silver, per 03 Portugal gold, in coin, £4, Is. 6d. Foreign gold,
in bars, £4, Is. 6d. New doubloons, £4, Os. 6d. New Dollars, 5s. 6d. Silver, in bars, 5s. 5d.
Alphabetical List Of Evglish Bankruptcies, announced between the 1st and 30th June 1818, extracted from the London Gazette.
Ashe, J. S. Liverpool, merchant
til« «*x, sttxw-uiauon
Akkam, R. D. Ki'i'i Ifv, Vorkihirc, lime-bumer
Bailer, T. C. QucuHrtrcct, theapride, warehouse-
Birch, T. B. Liverpool, earthenware dealer
Br«, R. Caatlc fcden, Durham, c^>r*ras-manu
Brown, Wm, Pleasant-rou-, Hackney, ship-owner
man's-field, upholders Framingham, M. Church-street, Dethnal-green,
shoemaker Gay, M. L. Upper Norton-street, Mary-le-bone,
stone-mason George, J. North Audley-street, coach-maker Hall, T. Reading, tailor Hart, G. Norwich, ironmonger Haslam, M. & T. Bolton, Lancashire, linen-drapers Haywood, C. Manchester, manufacturer Hemingway, J. EUand, Yorkshire, grocer Honuby, T. jun. Kingston-upon-Hull, grocer Jackson, G. Widegate-allcy, BLshop^ate-street,
baker Joseph, M. St JamesVstrcet, nine-merchant Lamb. J. & J. Younger, Crescent, Minorics, raer
chants Lang Lois, Beaufort's Buildings, Strand, dealer Lodge, R. Blackburn, Lancashire, butcher Loudon, J. C. Warwick-court. Ilolbom, merchant Lambdcn, H. N W. C *llim, Two-mile Hill, Gloucestershire, pin-manufacturers Lyne, E. Plymouth, merchant Mackay, C. Liverpool, earthenware dealer Mayman, J. Dcivs-mry, Yorkshire, inkeeper Way hew, J. St Osyth, Essex, miller M'Guckin, H. King's Mews, Charing Cross, merchant Nevison, W. North Shields, draper Nicholls, W. Huntingdon, rope-maker Nicholson, J. & J. Brown, Bow-lane, pin and needle manufacturers
Oliver, P. Catdown, Devonshire, ship-builder
Page, W. Banbury, Oxfordshire, mercer
Peacock, G. Aldersgatt-strect, baker
Price, W. Minories, tea-dealer
Phillips, J. Upper Eaton-street, Pimlico, coal-tneT
chant Parrish, J. &. W. Parrish, Badbrook, Gloucestershire, dvers Parker, W. High-street, WhitechapeJ, oil merchant Rawlinson, R. Manchester, pawn-broker Roden, E. J. Manchester, merchant Sayer, R. P. Clarence-row, Camberwell, Surrey,
money-scrivener Shillitoe, T. Doncaster, inn-keeper Southall, B. Laystera, Herefordshire, farmer Smith, C. Bristol, boot and shoe manufacturer Trcwhitt, N. North Allerton. linen-manufacturer Tabertr, A. Collyhurst, Manchester, woollen-cord
manufacturer Tyas, J. Wakefield, York, grocer TuckeT, B. Bristol, dealer and chapman Vevcn, J. Chin well, Yorkshire, cloth-merchant Walter, J. Bath, cabinet-maker Watts, W. Bishop Stortford, Hertfordshire, farmer Webb, R. Winslow, Herefordshire, farmer White, J. Calver, Derbyshire, grocer Whitchousc, J. Stratford-upon-Avon, mercer Wickstead, J. Shrewsbury, starch-maker Wrench, J. C. St Mary Axe, wine-merchant Whalcy, T. Paekwood, Warwickshire, coal-mer
ehant Wilson, E. Liverpool, farrier
Woddeson, T. W. Dover-street, Piccadilly, upholsterer Ycates, T. Bordesly, Warwickshire, patten-tye manufacturer
Alphabetical List of Scotch Bankruptcies, announced between the 1st and 30th June 1818, extracted from the Edinburgh Gazette.
Brown, John, cattle-dealer and cowfecder, in Lady-
merchant there Anderson, James, tailor, Paisley, deceased; by
James Craig, jun. there—l<Hh July Boyd, Robert, merchant. Edinburgh; by Josiah
Livingstone, South Bridge Byars, James, merchant, Forfar; by Wm Roberts,
writer there Brown, George, merchant tail ir, Leith; by John
M'Lean, merchant, Edinburgh Craig, John, -un. shoemaker, Glasgow; by Dun.
Kennedy, accountant there Dickson, (inngc, late tobacconist, Edinburgh) by
James Mitchell, tobacconist, Cnnnngate Forrester t (raigic, manufacturers, Glasgow; by
John M'Gavin there Ford, James, of Fin haven, merchant, Montrose;
by Alex. Thomson, conjunct clerk, Montrose Goldie, John, late merchant, Ayr, deceased; a final
dividend at town clerk's office Hogg, Richard, late merchant, Edinburgh; by
Josiah Livingstone, South Bridge—2s. per pound
on 3d August Kerr, Thomas, upholsterer, Grccnside Place, Edin
burgh; by Richard Why lock, merchant, Edinburgh
Munro, John, drover and cattle-dealer, Achnacloich; by Robert Mitchell, writer, Tarn
M'Lure, William, merchant, Kirkcudbright; by W. A. Roddan, accountant there
M'Kean, Robert, of Kirkside, Kilmarnock; by William Simpson, merchant there
M'Farlane, Robert, & Co. Greenock, and M'Farlane, Scott, and Co. of Newfoundland, being one concern, and Robert M'Farlane, principal partner thereof, as an individual; by Dugald Mae. Ewen, merchant, Greenock
M'Allaster & Duncan, merchants, Glasgow, as a Company, and Walter M'Allaster and James Duncan, the individual partners thereof; by John Ferguson, writer, Glasgow—2<)th Jule
Russell, David, late founder and merchant, Duria foundery, near Leven, county of Fife; by Thos. Dryourgh, writer, Cupar-Fife—24th July
Russell, David, joiner, cabinet-maker, and glazier, Glasgow; by John Bryce, merchant there— Sis* July
Smith, William, late minister, West Fenton; by James Stevenson, merchant, Edinburgh
Smith, Alex, writer, builder, and cattle-dealer, Ayr; bv James Morton, writer there
Stevenson, Hugh, late merchant, Greenock; by Samuel Gcmroil, writer there—Md July
Watson, Robertson, lat< in Hole of Mateford; by James Sivcd, writer, Brechin—1st August
Strathv & Pringle, merchants, Perth; by William Tiudcl], merchant, Perth—30th June.
Note—The boll of wheat, beans, and pease, is about 4 per cent, more than half a quarter, or 4 Winchester bushels; that of barley and oats nearly 6 Winchester bushels.
The month of June has been throughout unusually warm and dry. During the first twelve days the Thermometer rose frequently above 70, and every day above 60 in the day time, and during the night generally stood as high as 50, and often higher. The mean temperature is :SJ degrees above that of June 1817. The Barometer for the first fortnight was very steady at an elevation of 30 and upwards—the weather at the same time clear and warm. During the remainder of the month the fluctuation in the mercurial column was considerable; but, on the whole, the Barometer stood above the medium height. During the first fourteen days there was no rain, except about half a tenth on the 4th. On the 15th there fell about eight-tenths; on the 22d, three; on the 25th and 26th together, five; and on the 28th, one. The Hygrometer was in general very high, the average being 9 degrees above that of June last year. The mean point of deposition at 10 A. M. coincides exactly with the mean minimum temperature—at 10 P. M. it is 3 degrees lower. A more delightful and truly summer month has not perhaps been experienced in this country for many years, yet it is curious to remark, that there has been no such rapid vegetation, at least in this quarter, as took place last year towards the end of June. This can only be accounted for from the state of the ground at the time that the warm weather set in. The heavy rains of May were succeeded by a sudden and intense drought, which hardened the ground so much, that the subsequent rains have hardly penetrated to the roots of the plants. It is probable, therefore, that the crops may not be to weighty as, from the warmth of the season, we should be led to expect.