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in the commencement, growth, and various developments of the divine purposes. There is no such thing as accident or chance with God. Infinite wisdom cannot err; and, however contrary the concentric or eccentric revolutions of men and circumstances appear to us, yet God's will and purposes must and shall be ultimately accomplished. One glorious feature in the Divine procedure is the admirable and unerring adaptation of means to ends. This is true in His creative expressions or declaratives, where we see everything so nicely balanced even in the midst of seemingly aggravated contrarieties, in providence and grace. None but God could, by any possibility, make such an adaptation; because none but He is acquainted with all things that are, or shall be in operation; the kind and degree of power, together with all the peculiar properties and attributes which are possessed by each influence or principle employed to bring about certain results, as well as the resistant forces which have to be removed or overcome; for none but God can be said to connect the end with the beginning and have a perfect knowledge of all that shall intervene.

That opposing principles would be set in antagonistic motion, that Satan and his emissaries would wage an incessant war, that the nations and empires of the world, that private individuals, and communities of depraved habits and manners would oppose the progress of truth in the world was all fully and perfectly known to the Eternal; and hence, the pen of inspiration has summed up the difficulties in, the character of divine anticipations. The terms

employed to set forth the obstacles and difficulties to be encountered, are-valley, deep ravine or chasm, mountain, hill, crooked places, rough places. Isa. xl. 8, 4, 5. What the Deity purposed to accomplish by the Gospel, is set forth in the words exalted, low, straight, plain ; and concerning the universal spread of the Gospel, the words employed are very explicit-all flesh, revealed glory; that the Church may rest assured that all these difficulties will be successfully overcome, and that the Gospel shall ultimately triumph, and the blessings of salvation be universally diffused; it is distinctly and emphatically stated, "For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it." God anticipated hindrances, and therefore adopted such means as should bear down all opposition, however unlikely the agencies employed might appearand to the world at large unlikely they did appear; but it is God's custom to bring about great and glorious results by such means as confound the world.

The votaries of the Cross could not, in most cases, boast of either learning, refinement, or an illustrious ancestry; so far as these circumstances or appendages were concerned, they were ignoble; or, as it is rendered in 1 Cor. i. 28, "base things." And yet they carried about with them such a treasure of wisdom, power, meekness, benignity, and disinterested benevolence, that they confounded the world's wisdom, and, before the Jewish Sanhedrim, and heathen tribunals they were enabled to bear clear and unwavering testimony to the truth of the Gospel. Potentates trembled, and kings were

almost persuaded to become Christians. They fearlessly, though unprotected by law, and uncared for by the world, defended and maintained the cause which they had espoused. The ancient oracles which had imposed upon the superstition of the masses of the people for ages, were shaken convulsively by these unobtrusive, ignoble, despised servants of Jesus. Even the laboured and carefully prepared books of divination were brought and publicly burnt. The specious forms of false philosophy, and the thousand varied complexions of error were obliged to retire into the caverns of obscurity. The moral world was shaken to its very centre, and the social and intellectual aspect of society was changed. The infernal regions were taxed to the utmost to invent fresh lying wonders to impose upon the superstitious and credulous; and the schools of the philosophers, poets, and orators, were absorbed by the idea of exterminating the New System, the religion of the despised Nazarene, "So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed." Acts xix. 20. All opposition to the truth is useless and unavailing, for God can make even a child in years and understanding capable of overturning any system of error. The word has gone forth, that righteousness shall cover the world, as the waters the great deep." It shall not return unto him void, but shall and must accomplish its mission, "For as the rain cometh down and the snow from Heaven and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and


bread to the eater; so shall my word be which goeth forth out of my mouth it shall not return unto me void but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it." Isa. lv. 10, 11. Yes, "the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters cover the sea." Hab. ii. 14. And is this world, where envy, hatred, malice, jealousy, slander, and the awful, heartrending, demoniacal passions prevail to such a fearful extent, to be so morally and spiritually changed as to present one universal brotherhood? Yes. "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand upon the cockatrice's den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea." Isa. xi. 6-9. "The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this." Isa. ix. 7. No matter what agency God, in his infinite wisdom, may be pleased to employ, or however great, numerous, and powerful opposing systems may be, the gospel shall spread; every dark place of the world shall be irradiated with beams from Calvary.


The Industrial Exhibitions of the philosophical researches in the pure and mixed sciences, the numberless

discoveries and inventions, the scientific skill and mechanical ingenuity of all the civilized nations of the world, of 1851 and 1862, were sights well deserving the attention and admiration of all ranks and conditions of men; but these were as nothing when compared, or rather contrasted, with the exhibition of those moral transformations to which Isaiah refers, ch. lxvi. 18. "It shall come to pass that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come and see my glory." We may form some idea of the blessedness of those times of universal Godliness, by reflecting for a moment on what a scene would present itself if religious influence were withdrawn from the world; then " every individual would exhibit, in every action, the character of a fiend; and every family would display a miniature picture of hell. Between the husband and wife there would be nothing but incessant brawling, dissension, and execration. Whatever was ardently desired by the one, would be as resolutely and obstinately opposed by the other; and fury and resentment would destroy every vestige of peace and tranquility. Their children would be actuated by the same diabolical tempers. The son would take pleasure in cursing and insulting "the father that begat him," and in trampling with scorn and indignation on the mother who gave him birth. Brothers and sisters would live under the continual influence of malice and envy, "hateful and hating one another." Whatever actions tended to irritate, to torment, and to enrage the passions of each other, and to frustrate their desires and

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