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This day his Majy Charles the Second came to London"after a sad and long exile and calamitous suffering both of the King and Church, being 17 yeares. This was also his birth-day, and with a triumph of 20,000 horse and foote, brandishing their swords and shouting with inexpressible joy; the wayes strew'd with flowers, the bells ringing, the streetes hung with tapistry, fountaines running with wine; the Maior, Aldermen, and all the Companies in their liveries, chaines of gold, and banners; Lords and Nobles clad in cloth of silver, gold, and velvet; the windowes and balconies all set with ladies; trumpets, music, myriads of people flocking even so far as from Rochester, so as they were seven houres in passing the Citty, even from 2 in ye afternoone till 9 at night.
· I stood in the Strand and beheld it, and bless'd God. *All this was done without one drop of bloud shed, and by that very army which rebeli'd against him; but it was ye Lord's doing, for such a restauration was never mention'd in any history ancient or modern, since the returne of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity; nor so joyfull a day and so bright ever seene in this Nation, this hapning when to expector effect it was past allhuman policy.'-(Memoirs, vol. i. p, 109.) *30. 1818.-1. H. BROWNE DIED, ÆT.
73. He was eminently distinguished for his literary abilities and acquirements, for his admired eloquence in the societies of the learned and accomplished, and for that superior classical taste and poetical endowment which produced the Latin poem, De Animi Immortalitate,' and thereby procured peculiar honour to the British name, in all foreign seminaries where the Latin language was cultivated. In the year 1784, he became a Member of the House of Commons for the Borough of Bridgnorth - which Borough he continued to represent for six successive Parliaments in a manner satisfactory to his constituents, and highly honourable to himself. In public life he was easy of access to those who sought his assistance and advice, regular in his attendance upon Parliament, and assiduous in discharging all its various duties. Being appointed to numerous committees, he is universally acknowledged to have rendered most essential service in this useful and laborious, though less splendid, department of public business, by the intelligence, judgment, and patient industry, which he displayed on those occasions. In the great outline of his polities, he followed the course and supported the measures of that illastrious statesman Mr. Pitt; but in matters of detail he differed from him upon several points. The good of his country was, at all times, the paramount consideration in his mind. To this end, all his views (equally divested of selfishness and vanity) were invariably directed.
*31. 1819.-OLD HOPE DIED, A
negro Servant on the Hope Estate, Jamaica, at the advanced age of one hundred and forty-five, an extraordinary but well attested instance of longevity.
*31. 1707.-+-BISHOP PATRICK DIED. The Commentary of Bishop Patrick on a great part of the Old Testament is one of the standard books in the libraries of divines. His Parable of The Pilgrim, in one volume, quarto, which went througb five editions in the course of thirteen years, seems now to have fallen into neglect. We do not know the date of the first edition of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress; but, probably, Patrick's work preceded it. It was written in 1663, and published 1665. Bunyan was imprisoned in the year 1662, and continued there twelve years, during which time The Pilgrim's Progress was written. The Pilgrim contains fewer characters and incidents than The Pilgrim's Progress, and is, therefore, perhaps, less amusing ; but the Pilgrim is a work of greater polish, highly interesting, and of sound morality and piety.
We should like to see it obtain a fresh circulation, by a new edition, with a Life of the Author, and Notes, and Plates, as has been done for the Pilgrim's Progress.
In MAY 0820.
The Sun enters Gemini at 7 m. past 5 in the morning of the 21st of this month; and he rises and sets during the same period as stated in the following
21 13 6 0 54
39 47 64 0 6
7 7 7 8 8
Equation of Time. When it is required to regulate a clock by means of the time as exhibited by a good sun-dial, the following quantities must be subtracted from the time as shown by that instrument, and then the difference between the remainder and the time as shown by the clock at the same instant will be the error of the clock.
3 53 Tuesday, 16th,
3 55 Sunday, 21st, Friday, 261h,
3 19 Wednesday, 31st,
5 3 36
8 9 10 11
Phases of the Moon.
Moon's Passage over the first Meridian. The Moon will pass the meridian of the Royal Observatory at the following times, which will therefore afford convenient opportunities for observations, if other circumstances be favourable; viz.
May 3d, at 11 m. past 4 in the morning
7 in the evening.
Phase of Venus.
Enlightened part of her disc = 7.9321
= 47679 Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. There will be 29 eclipses of Jupiter's first and second satellites this month; but none of them will be visible at Greenwich, and therefore their insertion in this place is omitted.
Other Phenomena. Mercury will attain his greatest elongation on the 10th, and Venus her's on the 19th of this month. The Moon will be in conjunction with Saturn at 57 m. after 8 in the morning of the 9th; with B in Taurus, at 49 m. past 11 in the morning of the 14th; with Venus at 18 m. past 1 in the morning of the 16th; with Pollux, at 23 m. after 9 in the evening of the same day; with « in Virgo, at 47 m. after 10 in the morning of the 24th; and also with « in Scorpio, at 18 m. after 11 at night of the 27th. The Moon will likewise be in perigee on the 8th, and in apogee on the 20th of this month.
TIME of the Sun's RISING. The time of the Sun's rising is also a subject of astronomical calculation, and one of the familiar elements which we insert among our Occurrences under the head of each month; and this, as well as the time of his setting, is contained in the Ephemeris before referred to, for every day in the year. For the more readily calculating these times, astronomers have formed tables of the arcs which he describes during his continuance above the horizon; or rather of half these arcs, or those which he describes in passing from the horizon to the meridian, or from that circle to the horizon. These are called semi-diurnal arcs; and such a table occupies four pages; viz. from 40 to 48 inclusive, in White's Ephemeris. The calculation of these arcs depends upon the principles of spherical trigonometry, and is explained by most writers on practical astronomy. The tables which are inserted in this Ephemeris correspond to every degree of the Sun's de clination, both north and south; and to every degree of north latitude, from 390 to 60°, inclusive; and when either of these quantities contain parts of a degree, as minutes, &c., the corresponding parts of the semi-diurnal duration are easily found by proportion, and in most cases may be done mentally. These tables are thus limitted in latitude in order to abridge their extent; and these limits have been fixed upon, as including the united kingdom of Great Britain, certainly the most important part of the globe in the estimation of those for which a British almanac is designed. The use of these tables is extremely easy; and the following directions and examples will illustrate it.
The first, or left-hand, column of each page contains the Sun's declination; the degrees of latitude