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After a long cold winter, we joyfully welcome the approach of summer; but, when scorched a few months with its heat, and ready to faint, the return of winter is not so unpleasant to us as it appeared more early in the spring. But whatever effect these successions may have upon us, it is certain they are very beneficial. The light of the day is advantageous for managing the toils and business of life; and the coolness and stilness of the night are as suitable for rest and sleep. The summer's beat is necessary for ripening the fruits of the earth, and hastening the harvest: but the winter's cold and hoary frost are subservient to prepare the earth for the seed, and render it fertile. "This dreary season is serviceable both to man and beast;-it gives a new spring and vigour to Nature.

Glorious Author of the year,

Teach us at thy shrine to bow!
As thy varying months appear,

Let our lips renew the vow !
When the dove-eyed SPRING looks out

From her infant nest of flowers,
On the green fresh woods about

Sparkling in the sunny showers_
When, as up the blue profound

SUMMER climbs her noonday height,
Not the breathing of a sound

Wanders through the depth of light-
When o'er harvest-waving hill,

And on gaily-blossomed heath,
AUTUMN glows--or, beauteous still,

Wears the golden veil of death
When, like some unspotted corse

Shrouded in its virgin white,
Nature yields to WINTER's force,

Only to revive more bright
Glorious Author of the year,

Teach us at thy shrine to bow!
As thy varying months appear,

Let our lips renew the vow! REV, F. HODGSON.

Dd

All the succession of Time, all the changes in Nature, all the varieties of light and darkness, the thousand thousands of accidents in the world, and every contingency to every man, and to every creature, doth preach our funeral sermon, and calls us to see how the OLD SEXTON TIME throws up the earth, and digs a grave, where we must lay our sins or our sorrows, and sow our bodies till they rise again in a fair or in an intolerable eternity. Every revolution which the sun makes about the world, divides between life and death; and death possesses both those portions by the next morrow; and we are dead to all those months which we have already lived, and we shall never live them over again.--JEREMY TAYLCR.

TO

Time's Telescope

FOR

1820.

'For the various SAINTS, see the word. The Roman Numerals

refer to the INTRODUCTION.

А

B
Abbott, Abp. 99

Baker, William, 132
Accession of king George III, 248— Barrow, Dr. Is. 130
lines on, ib.

Becket, Thomas à, 176
Adam, Dr. Alex. 301

Bede, Venerable, 134
Addison, 156

Bees, lines on, 147, 191, xli, xliv,
Attent Sunday, 280

xlv
AU Fools' Day, 95

Beetle, lines on, xxxii
Şaints Day, 271

Birds that sing in the night, 112-
Souls, 272

of song, lines on, 114 - song
Aptarica, birds of, described, 64, 90

birds found in warm climates,
1414

117, 118
Anhalt, Prince of, 244

Blackwall, Rev. A. 99
Annunciation of B. V. M. 75 Brooke, Mrs. 23
Ants, limcs on, 121, 122

Browne, I. H. 137
their mode of building, xlv. Bunyan, John, 196
reflections on a mole-hill, xlvi Burkitt, Rev. W. 248
April explained, 94

Butler, Dr. J. 155
Aptera, 1

Butterfly, lines to, 146, 206, xiii
Ascension Day, 131

note, xiv note-locality of cer-
Ascham, Roger, 8

tain species of, 205,206-Chi-
Ash-Wednesday, 50

nese butterflies, 206---scales on,
Assumption, 194

Xxxvii
ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENGES IR Byron, Lord, born, 21-married, 7

January 1820, 25; February,
54; March, 78; April, 102 ; Calmet, Augustin, 249
May, 139; June, 159; July, Camel-cricket, XXXV
178; August, 196 ; September, Campbell, Dr. G. 99
243; October, 251 ; November, Caprification, xvi
281 ; December, 305

Carling Sunday, 75
Astronomy, Practical, 29

Chaffer, common, xxxiii
August, explained, 193—poetically Chermes, xưi, xxxvi
described, 203

Christmas, lines on, 310
Autumn, lines on, 259, 260, 287, Christmas Day, 302
290

Church-ale, 129, note

Circumcision, 3

Fairlop-oak, 245-origin of the fair,
Clarence, Duke of, 51

246
Climate of England, 164

Farmer's Vision, 86
Clive, Lord, 279

Feast of Roses, 170
Cock-roach, xxxV

February, explained, 45
Coke, Mi. 168

Figs ripened by insects, xvi, xvii
Coleoptera, xxxii

Fire-fly, lines to, xxxv note
Collins, John, 129

Flea-locust, xxxvi
Comet of 1819, 80

curious structure of, li---re-
Conception of B. V. M. 298

marks of Augustin on, ib.---of
Conversion of St. Paul, 22

Galen, ib. note
Coronation of King George III, 222 Flechier, M. 51
Corpus Christi, 149

Flowers, lines on, 171, 190, 209
Crabs, peculiarity in, liii

Fly, captive, a poem,

233-account
Cranberries, 188, 189

of, xlix
Cricket, lines on, 312

Formica saccharivora, ravages of,
Cromwell, Oliver, 134, 278

xix
Cuckoo and swallow, a poem, 113

French fleet burnt, 152
D

Frogs, concert of, 63
D'Anere, Marshal, 101

Frost, intense, 11, 303
Day, Daniel, 245

G
Death, singular, 280

Gad-fy, xlviii
December, explained, 212

reindeer, described, liv
Dew-moth, 188

Ganesa, 1-3
Dibdin, Charles, 178

Gibbon, Ginlin, 18, 251
Diptera, xlviii

Glow worm, lines on, 208
Dog-days, 176

Gnat, particulars of, 207–lines on,
Dragon-fly, wxxix

208---fecundity of, xlix---reflec-
E

tions on, by Pliny, ib, note--lines
Easter Day, 95
Eve, 95

Good Friday, 77
Monday and Tuesday, 96 Gossamer-appearance, 261
Economy of nature, 88

insect, lines to, 264
Edmund, king and martyr, 278 Granville butterfly, 188
Edward, king of the West Saxons, Grasshopper, depredations of, xix
74

Greenland, lines on, 42, 43-win.
Ellenborough, Lord, 300

ter in, described, 43, 44
Ember week, 51

Griffiths, Mrs. 8
English manners, 239

H
Entomology, defined, ix---on the Harvest, lines on, 203
study of, x, xi

Harvest-moon, 226
Ephemera, 169, note

Hastings, battle of, 240
Ephemeron-fly, xxxiv

Hawk-moth, xxxviii
Epiphany, 8

Hay-making, lines on, 187
Epochs, 58

Hemiptera, xxxiv
Erskine, Lord, 86, 88

Herbert, George, 98
Evelyn, John, born, 250—died, High-water, time of, 162
52

Hildesley, Dr. Mark, 297
Everlasting flowers, 313

Holstein nightingales, 63
rose, a poem, 315 Holy Cross, 221
F

Thursday, 131
Fabricius, J. A. 98

Horse-fly, 1
Faded bouquet, 209

Hunter, Dr. H. 250

on, I

on, ib.

Hydrophilus piceus, structure of, 1v | Lammas Day, 193
Hymenoptera, xli

Landscape Painters, address to, 17
I

Lantern-fly, XXXV
Icebergs, lines on, 42

Leap Year, remarks on, 56
Infant, lines on, 304.

Lepidoptera, xxxvii
Innocents Day, 303

Lillo, George, 219
INSECTS, beautiful forms and co-Lobsters, peculiarity in, liii---lines

lours of, xi-xiv---dyes obtained
from, xvi--medical uses of, ib. Locust, species of, xvii---lines on,
---injuries occasioned by, xvii- xviii note
xix---plague of, in America, xx London burnt, 213uendeseription of
---damage done by to all farina- the fire by an eye-witness, ib.
ceous food, xx, xxi.--to wooden plague in, 220
furniture, xxi---remedy against May described, 144, 145
this, ib. xxii---injury to woolen Longest Day, 158',
furniture, xxii---cause of disease Lord Mayor's Day, 274
in summer, ib.---plague of, in Low Sunday, 100
Lapland and India, ib. xxii---

M м.
their instinctive powers and sen. Manton, Dr. 245
sations, xxiv---external organs, Manuel, F. 101
xxvii---classification, XXX --- on March, explained, 68
cruelty to insects, xxxiii---their Marlborough, Duke of, 155
curious mode of building, xliii, Mary Magdalen, 177
xlv.--egg state and transforma. Maunday Thursday, 76
tion, liv---great fecundity of, lvi May, explained, 124-poetical der
note---wonderful economy of, lx scription of, 144-of a London
---habitations and food, Ixi.-- May, ib. 145--May-day ceremo
uses of insects, IxV--- general re- nies, 124-128
Alections, Ixvi---select books on Microscope, lines on, xiü note
insects, lxvii---poetical illustra. Midlent Sunday, 73
tions of, xiv, xv, xüi, xxiv, Midsummer Day, 158
xxvii, xxx, xxxiv, xxxvii, Migration of birds, 90, 239-of
xxxix, xlviii, 1, lii, liii, Ivi, lvii,

the swallow, 230
lix, Ixi, lxvii

Mind, Gottfried, 24
INTRODUCTION, ix

Missel-thrush, lines to, 35
Invention of the Cross, 129 Mocking-thrush, described, 114-
Ireton, Henry, 72

116
J

Mole-hill, reflections on, xlvi
January, explained, 1

Moon's declination, 104
Janus and Ganesa compared, 1-8

Mothering Sunday, 74
Jessamine, lines on, 174

Mumming, 5
Joyce, Rev. J. 158

N
July, explained, 175

Name of Jesus, 194
Jupiter's satellites, eclipses of, 200, Nativity of B.V. M. 221
283

NATURALIST'S DIARY for Jauuary
K

1820, 32- February,60— March,
Kelly, Hugh, 47

84-April, 106-May, 144
King Charles I, martyr, 24

June, 164-July, 184-August,
Charles II, restored, 136- 209-September, 230-October,
died, 47

259-November, 287..-Decem-
George III, born, 150

ber, 310
Kneller, Sir G. 245

Nature, economy of, 88
L

Nepa, genus, a curious aquatic
Lady-day, 75

insect belonging to, lv

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