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ing patronage or support; it was, indeed, frequently the channel through which charity delighted to exert her holy influence, and, though originating in the heathen world, became sanctified by the Christian virtues.-See Dr. Drake's Shakspeare and his Times, vol. i, p. 123.
For some customs in France on New Year's Day, see T. T. for 1815, p. 2, and our last volume, p. 3.
*2. 1815.—LORD BYRON MARRIED To Apne Isabella, only child of Sir Ralph Noel, Bart., by whom he has one daughter.
Is thy face like thy mother's, my fair child !
And reach into thy heart,—when mine is cold,
To aid thy mind's developement,-to watch
Yet this was in my nature :-as it is,
Yet, though dull Hate as duty should be taught,
And an attainment, all would be in vain,
The child of love, though born in bitterness,
Fain would I waft such blessing upon thee,
CHILDE HAROID, Canto 3, p. 62-64. . *4. 1568.-ROGER ASCHAM DIED. .
He was Latin secretary and tutor in the learned languages to Queen Elizabeth, by whom he was much lamented; her Majesty having, it is said, declared, that she would rather have lost ten thousand pounds than her tutor Ascham. Being remarkable for writing a fine hand, he was employed to instruct several of the royal family in that art.
*5. 1793.-MRS. GRIFFITHS DIED. Her letters to young married women, her plays, and her volume on the Morality of Shakspeare's Dramas, bespeak this lady to have been one of those numerous females who were the ornament of the age and country in which she lived.
6.-EPIPHANY. The rites of this day, the name of which signifies an appearance of light, or a manifestation, are different in various places, though the object of them is much the same in all; namely, to do honour to the memory of the Eastern magi, to whom Christ on this day was manifested, and who, according to a tradition of the Romish church, were three in number, and of royal dignity. This being the Twelfth-day after the Nativity of our Lord, is celebrated in the metropolis, and in the south of England, by drawing lots, and assuming fictitious characters for the evening: formerly the king or queen was chosen by a bean found in a piece of divided cake; and this was once a common Christmas gambol in both the English Universities. Herrick, who was the contemporary of Shakspeare from the year 1591 to 1610, gives the
following curious and pleasing account of the ceremonies of Twelfth-night, as we may suppose them to have been then observed in almost every private family 3
TWELFTH NIGHT; or, King and QUEEN.
With the cake full of plums,
Beside, we must know,
The Pea also
Begin then to chuse,
This night as ye use,
Be a King by the lot,
And who shall not
Which knowne, let us make
Joy-sops with the cake;
Who unurged will not drinke
To the base from the brink
Next crowne the bowle full
With gentle lambs-wooll;
With store of ale, too;
And thus ye must doe
Give then to the King
And Queene wassailing;
Yet part ye from hence,
As free from offence, As when ye innocent met here. During the reigns of Elizabeth and James I, the celebration of Twelfth-night was, equally with Christmas Day, a festival through the land, and was observed with great ostentation and ceremony in both the Universities, at Court, at the Temple, and at Lincoln's and Gray's Inn. Many of the Masques of Ben Jonson were written for the amusement of the
Royal Family on this night; and Dugdale, in his Origines Juridicales, has given us a long and particular account of the revelry at the Temple on each of the twelve days of Christmas, in the year 1562. It appears from this document that the hospitable rites of St. Stephen's Day, St. John's Day, and Twelfth Day, were ordered to be exactly alike; and as many of them are, in their nature, perfectly rural, and were, there is every reason to suppose, observed, to a certain extent, in the halls of the country gentry and substantial yeomanry, a short record here of those that fall under this description cannot be deemed inapposite.
The breakfast on Twelfth Day is directed to be of brawn, mustard, and malmsey; the dinner of two courses, to be served in the hall; and after the first
cometh in the Master of the Game, apparalled in green' velvet; and the Ranger of the Forest also, in a green suit of satten, bearing in his hand a green bow and divers arrows, with either of them a hunting horn about their necks, they pace round about the fire three times. Then the Master of the Game maketh three curtesies, kneels down, and petitions to be admitted into the service of the Lord of the Feast.
* This ceremony performed, a huntsman cometh into the hall with a fox, and a purse-net with a cat, both bound at the end of a staff, and with them nine or ten couple of hounds, with the blowing of huntinghorns. And the fox and cat are by the hounds set upon, and killed beneath the fire. This sport finished, the Marshal (an officer so called, who, with many others under different appellations, were created for the purpose of conducting the revels) placeth them in their several appointed places.'
After the second course, the “antientest of the Masters of the Revels singeth a song, with the assistance of others there present; and, after some repose and revels, supper, consisting of two courses, is then served in the hall, and, being ended, the Marshall presenteth himself with drums afore him, mounted upon a scaffold, born by four men; and goeth three times round about the harthe, crying ont aloud' A Lord, a Lord,' &c.; then he descendeth, and goeth to dance. This done, the Lord of Misrule addresseth himself to the Banquet, which ended with some minstralsye, mirth, and dancing, every man departeth to rest. See Dr. Drake's admirable Illustrations of the manners and customs of these times, in his Shakspeare,' vol. i, p. 181, and the authors there cited.
The customs on this day in Northumberland, France, and at Rome, are described at length in T.T. for 1815, p. 5. On the Epiphany, the King of England offers annually, by proxy, at the chapel royal, St. James's, gold, frankincense, and myrrh. The day after Twelfth
Day was called St. Distaff's Day."
#6. 1684. THỂ THAM ES FROZEN. Mr. Evelyn in his "Memoirs' affords some curious particulars of this remarkable frost. "Jan. 9. I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thicke as to beare not only streetes of boothes in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of ware quite across as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses passed over.-16. The Thames was filled with people and tents, selling all sorts of wares as in the city.-24. The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still ; planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops furnish'd and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where the people and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and the day and yeare set down when printed on the Thames; this humour tooke so universally, that 'twas
i See some lines on this subject in T. T. for 1314, p. 4.