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FACTOR, 1. s. the heads of the faction and the train ; though neither

Fr. facteur ; Lat. factor be faultless, yet one is plagued, the other forgiven. FACTORAGE, (à facio). One who does

Bp. Hall's Contemplations. FACTORY. business for another; an By some needful act, to put a present restraint upon agent: factorage is his commission, or charge, the wild and lawless courses of all their fuctious com- for the business done. A factory is a house of binations abroad, and enterprises of this kind.

business; a place where any thing is made; and Bp. Hall.

figuratively, but more commonly, the collective Some busy factionists of the meaner sort.

body of merchants in a given place. They remained at Newbury in great faction among

Take on you the charge themselves.

And kingly government of this your land;
Gray-headed men and grave, with warriors mixed,
Assemble ; an: harangues are heard; but soon

Not as protector, steward, substitute,
In factiras opposition.
Milton's Paradise Lost.

Or lowly factor for another's gain.

Shakspeare. Richard III. How from dissensions in opiniou do violent factions

The senators alone of this great world, and feuds rage!

Chief factors for the gods. Avoid the politic, the factious fool,

Id. Antony and Cleopatra. The busy, buzzing, talking, hardened knave.

We agreed that I should send up an English factor,

Otway. that whatsoever the island could yield should be deWhy these fuctious quarrels, controversies, and livered at a reasonable rate. Raleigh's Apology. battles amongst themselves, when they were all

The Scots had good intelligence, having some facunited in the same design?

Dryden. It is thus with all those, who, attending only to the

tors doubtless at this mart, albeit they did not openly

Hayward. shell and husk of history, think they are waging war

Forced into exile from his rightful throne, with intolerence, pride, and cruelty, whilst, under

He made all countries where he came his own; color of abhorring the ill principles of antiquated

And viewing monarch's secret arts of sway, parties, they are authorising and feeding the same odious vices in different factions, and perhaps in

A royal factor for their kingdoms lay. Dryden.

Burke. Vile arts and restless endeavours are used by some If all the world joined with them in a full crysly and venomous factors for the old republican against rebellion, and were as botly infuenced against cause.

South. the whole theory and enjoyment of freedom, as those Asleep and naked as an Indian lay, who are the most factious for servitude, it could not An honest factor stole a gem away : in my opinion answer any one end whatsoever in this He pledged to the knight; the knight had wit,

Id. So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. Pope. Come thou, whose love unlimited, sincere,

And, disclaiming all regard Nor faction cools, nor injury destroys;

For mercy, and the common rights of man, Who lend'st w Misery's moans a pitying ear,

Build factories with blood, conducting trade And feel’st with ecstasy another's joys.

At the sword's point, and dyeing the white robe Beattie.

Of innocent commercial Justice red. Cowper.

• In the road of commerce,' said he, you will be Faction, in antiquity, a name given to the different companies of combatants in the circus.

by diligence and assiduity, though you have no They were four; viz. the white, the red, the green, capital, of so far succeeding as to be employed as a


Franklin. and the blue ; to which Domitian added another of purple color. They were so denominated from The factorage or wages, called also commission, is

different at different places, and for different voyages : the color of the liveries they wore; and were

at a medium it may be fixed at about three per cent. dedicated, according to M. Aur. Cassiodorus, to

of the value of the goods bought, beside the charge the four seasons of the year; the green being con

of package, which is paid over and above. When secrated to spring, the red to summer, the white factors make themselves answerable for the debts of to autumn, and the blue to winter. It appears those persons with whom they deal, the charges of from ancient inscriptions, that each faction had commission or factorage are, of course,

enhanced. its procurators and physician; and, from history,

Dr. A. Rees. that party rage ran so high among them, that, in

Factors are employed by merchants residing a dissension between two factions, in the time of at other places, to buy or sell goods, negociate Justinian, almost 40,000 men lost their lives in bills, &c., on their account; and are entitled to a the quarrel.

certain allowance for their trouble. A supercargo FÀCTITIOUS, adj. Lat. factitius, from facio, differs from a factor in this: the business of the to make. See Faction. Made by art. former is limited to the care of a particular

In the making and distilling of soap, by one degree cargo; he goes along with it, and generally of fire the salt, the water, and the oil or grease, returns when his business is completed : the latwhereof that factitious concrete is made up, being ter has a fixed residence, and executes commisboiled up together, are easily brought to co-operate. sions for different merchants. A factor's power

Boyle. is either absolute or limited. Though entrusted Hardness wherein some stones exceed all other with ample discretionary powers, he is not warbodies, and among them the adamant, all other stones ranted to take unreasonable or unusual measures, being exalted to that degree that art in vain endeavours to counterfeit it; the factitious stones of interest; but it is incumbent on the employer, if

or do any thing contrary to his employer's chymists, in imitation, being easily detected by an

he challenge his proceedings, to prove that he ordinary lapi-ist.

Ray on the Creation, Hence the diamond reflects half as much more

could have done better, and was guilty of wilful

When a factor's power is light as a factitious gern in similar circumstances; to mismanagement. which inust be added its great transparency, and the limited, he must adhere strictly to his orders. excellent polish it is capable of.

Darwin. If he exceed his power, though with a view 10


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his employer's interest, he is liable for the con- act without commission, they are responsible :
sequence. For example, if he gives credit when and even in the case of a merchant remitting
not empowered, or long credit if not empowered, goods to his factor, and some time after drawing
for the sake of a better price, and the buyer a bill on bim, which the factor, having effects in
proves insolvent, he is liable for the debt. A his hands, is supposed to accept, if the merchant
factor has no power to give credit unless author- fails, the goods are seized in the factor's hands,
ised : but if the goods consigned be generally for behoof of the creditors, and the factor, it has
sold on credit at the place of consignation, the been thought, must answer the bill notwithstand-
factor will be vindicated for selling at the usual ing, and only rank as a creditor for the sum,
credit, unless expressly restricted. Although which, by his acceptance of the bill, he was
opinion will never justify the factor for departing obliged to pay. In case of a factor's insolvency,
from orders, necessity sometimes will. If he be the owner may reclaim his goods; and, if they
limited not to sell goods under a certain price, be sold on trust, the owner (and not the factor's
and the goods be perishable, and not in a situa- creditors) shall recover payment of the debts.
tion for being kept, he may sell them, to prevent The above is principally applicable to factors
their destruction, even under the price limited. residing abroad, and acting for merchants, or to
A factor is never warranted to deal on trust, ex- supercargoes going a voyage to dispose of a
cept with persons in good credit at the time. If cargo, and afterwards returning with another to
the employer challenge the debtors, it is incum- their employers; but it is likewise the practice
bent on him to prove that their bad circumstances of merchants of the greatest credit in the com-
were known at the time of sale; and the factor mercial world, to act mutually as factors for each
will be vindicated, if he trusted them at the same other. The business thus executed is called
time for goods of his own. If the factor sell his commission-business, and is generally desirable
employer's goods on trust, and, after the day of by all merchants, provided they have always
payment is elapsed, receive payment from the effects in their custody, as a security for such
purchaser for a debt of his own, he becomes matters as they transact, for the account of others.
liable in equity for the debt. In case of bank- Those who trade extensively in this manner,
ruptcy, the factor ought immediately to lay have current as well as commission accounts,
attachments, and advise bis employers; and he constantly between them; and draw on, remit to,
cannot withdraw his attachments, nor compound and send commissions to each other, only by the
debts without orders. If a factor sells goods intercourse of letters, which, among men of
belonging to different merchants to the same honor, are as obligatory and authoritative as all
person, and the buyer proves insolvent, they shall the bonds and ties of law.
bear the loss in equal proportions; and, if the FactorAGE, the allowance given to factors
buyer has paid part before his insolvency, with- by the merchant who employs them: called also
out specifying for which, the payment ought to commission. A factor's commission in Britain
be distributed in equal proportions; but, if the on most kinds of goods is 25 per cent. : on lead
days of payment be fixed, and part of the debts and some other articles, 2 per cent.
only due, the payment ought to be applied, in places it is customary for the factors to insure
the first place, to such debts as were due. If he debts for an additional allowance, and in that
makes a wrong entry at the custom-house, and case they are accountable for the debt when the
the goods be seized in consequence thereof, he usual term of credit is expired. Factorage on
must bear the loss, unless the error be occasioned goods is sometimes charged at a certain rate per
by a mistake in the invoice, or letter of advice. cask, or other package, measure, or weight,
The owner bears the loss of goods seized, when especially when the factor is only employed to
attempted to be smuggled by his orders : but the receive or deliver them.
factor complying with an unlawful order, is liable FACTO’TUM, n. s. Lat. fac totum. It is
in such penalties as the laws exact. If a factor used likewise in burlesque French. A servant
saves the duty of goods due to a foreign prince, employed alike in all kinds of business : as
he shall have the benefit; for, if detected, he Scrub in the Stratagem.
bears the loss. If a factor sells goods bought by Factotum here, Sır.
his employer's orders for his own advantage, the
employer may recover the benefit, and the factor


French. The act or manshall be amerced for the same. If a factor ner of making any thing. receives bad money in payment, he bears the

There is no doubt but that the facture or framing, loss; but if the value of the money be lessened is as full of difference as the outward (parts.] by the government, the employer bears the loss. A factor is not liable for goods spoiled, robbed, FACULÆ, Latin, from fax, a torch, in astroor destroyed by fire. If a factor receives coun- nomy, a name given by Scheiner and others, to terfeit jewels from his employer, and sells them, certain bright spots on the sun's disc, that apthe employer is liable to indemnify him for any pear more lucid than the rest of his body. penalties he may incur. If a factor be ordered İlevelius affirms, that on July 20th, 1634, he to make insurance, and neglect it, and the sub- observed a facula, whose breadth was equal to ject be lost, he is liable to make it good, provid- one-third of the sun's diameter. Kircher, Scheiner, ing he had effects in his hands. If a factor and others, represent the sun's body as full of buys goods for his employer, his bargain shall these faculæ, which they suppose to be volcanoes; le binding on the employer. Factors having and others contend that the maculæ change into obtained a profit for their employers, ought to be faculæ before they disappear. But Huygens and very cautious how they dispose of it'; for if they others of the latest and best observers, finding

In some

Ben Jonson.


that the best telescopes discover nothing of the Reason itself but gives it edge and power, matter, agree entirely to explode the phenomena

As heaven's blessed beam turns vinegar more sour. of faculæ; and attribute the cause of these

Pope's Essay on Man. appearances to the tremulous agitation of the He had an excellent faculty in preaching if he

were not too refined.

Swift. vapors near our earth. Dr. Hutton concludes

Neither did our Saviour think it necessary to exthat the faculæ are not eructations of fire and fiame, but refractions of the sun's rays in the plain to us the nature of God, because it would be im

possible, without bestowing on us other facalties than rarer exhalations, which, being condensed, seem

we possess at present.

Id. to exhibit a light greater than that of the sun.'

The wretched condition, weakness, and disorder of FACULTY, n. s. Fr. faculté ; Ital. facolta; the faculties which I must employ in my inquiries, Span. faculdad; Lat. facultas, from facio, to do. increase my apprehensions; and the impossibility of The power of doing any thing mechanical or amending or correcting those faculties, reduces me al. mental: hence skill; dexterity; excellence; most to despair, and makes me resolved to perish on quality; power; authority or privilege: a com- the barren rock on which I am at present, rather than pany of skilful or eminent men in any of the venture myself upon that boundless ocean which runs

out into immensity.

Hume, On Human Nature. professions. There is no kind of faculty of power in man, or any thee these reasoning and reflecting faculties, which

Called thee into being when thou wast not ; gave creature, which can rightly perform the functions allotted to it without perpetual aid and concurrence of

thou art now employing in searching out the end and

Mason. that supreme cause of all things.


happiness of thy nature. Law bath set down to what persons, in what causes,

FADE, v. n. & v. a. Goth. fæda; Isl. and with what circumstances, almost every faculty or fa. Swed. fata ; Erse, faid ; Arabic, faut : from Fr. your shall be granted.

Id. fade, weak, insipid, says Dr. Johnson; but Mr. I'm traduced by tongues which neither know Todd derives it with more probability, from Lat. My faculties nor person, yet will be

vado, Gr. Badw to move, the primary meaning of The chronicles of my doing.

fade being to disappear quickly. To vanish; Shakspeare. Henry VIII.

disappear rapidly; languish ; change to a weaker This Duncan

color; wither; lose vigor or beauty; die away. Hath born his faculties so meek, hath been

Our older writers use it as an active verb for to So clear in his great office, that his virtues Will plead like angels.

Id. Macbeth.

wear away; reduce. He had none of those faculties, which the other Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a had, of reconciling men to him. Clarendon. garden that hath no water.

Isaiah i. 30. I understand in the prime end

The glorious beauty on the head of the fat valley

Id. xxviii, 4.

shall be a fading flower.
Of nature, her the inferior; in the mind
And inward faculties, which most excel.

Whose flowring pride, so fading and so fickle,

Milton. Short Time shall soon cut down with his consuming Orators may grieve; for in their sides,


Spenser's Faerie Queene. Rather than heads, their faculty abides.

This is a man, old, wrinkled, faded, withered;

Denham. And not a maiden, as thou sayest he is. He, which hath given no man his faculties and

Shakspeare. for himself, nor put light into the sun, moon, stars, The stars shall fade away, the sun himself for their own use, hath stored no parcel of earth with Grow dim with age, and nature sink in years. a purpose of private reservation. Bp. Hall.

Addison. Our author found out monarchial absolute power

The greenness of a leaf ought to pass for apparent, in that tex; the had an exceeding good faculty to find because, soon fading into a yellow, it scarce lasts at it himself where he could not show it to others. all, in comparison with the greenness of an emerald. Locke.

Boyle on Colours. We shall then use our understanding right, when

His palms, tho’under weights they did not stand, we entertain all objects in that way and proportion,

Still thrived; no Winter could his laurels fade. that they are suited to our faculties.

Dryden. Many are ignorant of mathematical truths, not out

The pictures drawn in our minds are laid in fading of any imperfection of their faculties, or uncertainty colours, and, if not sometimes refreshed, vanish and

Locke. in the things themselves, but for want of application disappear. in acquiring, examining, and by due ways comparing

Where either through the temper of the body, or those ideas.

some other default, the memory is very weak, ideas

Id. Reason in man supplies the defect of other facul. in the mind quickly fade. ties wherein we are inferior to beasts, and what we The spots in this stone are of the same colour cannot compass by force we bring about by stratagem. throughout, even to the very edges; there being an

L'Estrange. immediate transition from white to black, and the A power of command there is without all question, colours not fading or declining gradually. though there be some doubt in wbat faculty this com

Woodward. mand doth principally reside, whether in the will or

Restless anxiety, forlorn despair, the understanding. Bramhall against Hobbes.

And all the faded family of care. Sure it is a pitiful pretence to ingenuity that can be

Garth's Dispensary. thus kept up, there being little need of any other fa

Narcissus' change to the vain virgin shows, culty bnt Lemory, to be able to cap texts.

Who trusts to beauty, trusts thr: fading rose. Government of the Tongue.

Gay. The fifth mechanical faculty is the wedge used in The garlands fade, the vows are worn away ; cleaving wood.


So dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope. Nature its mother, habit is its nurse;

-Hence plastie nature, as oblivion whelms Wit, spirit, faculties, but make it worse;

Her fading forms, repcoples all her realms;




Soft joys disport on purple plumes unfurled, It has several fine churches with good paintings And love and beauty rule the willing world. and a cathedral standing in a noble square

Darwin. Faenza was ravaged by the Goths in the sixth “ Yet such the destiny of all on earth :

century, and by the Germans in the thirteenth. So Anurishes and fades majestic man.

It fell afterwards into the hands of the Venetians, Fair is the bud his vernal morn brings forth,

the Bolognese, and finally of the pope. Its inAnd fostering gales awhile the nursling fan.'


habitants carry on the manufacture of linen exThen let the winds howl on their harmony

tensively. It is twenty miles south-west of RaShall henceforth be my music, and the night The sound shall temper with the owlet's cry,

FAERNUS (Gabriel), a native of Cremona in As I now hear them, in the fading light

Italy, was an excellent Latin poet and critic of Dim o'er the bird of darkness' native site. Byron. the sixteenth century. He was skilled in all

FADGE, v. n. Sax. gefegan; Germ. fugen; parts of polite literature; and pope Pius IV. parfrom Goth. fagks, fit, accommodated. To suit; ticularly patronised him. He was the author of fit; succeed. Obsolete.

several Latin elegies; of 100 Latin fables, seHow will this fadge? my master loves her dearly,

lected from the ancients, written in iambic verse; And I, poor monster, fond as much on him; and of several pieces of criticism, as Censura Aud she, mistaken, seems to doat on me.

Emendationum Livianarum, De Metris Comicis,

Shakspeare. &c. He was remarkably happy in decyphering When they thrived they never fadged, MSS., and restoring ancient authors to their puBut only by the ears engaged ;

rity: he took such pains with Terence in partiLike dogs that snarl about a bone,

lar, that Bentley has adopted all his notes in the And play together when they've none.

edition he gave of that writer. He died at Rome

Hudibras. The fox hath a fetch ; and when he saw it would the then unknown fables of Phædrus, for fear of

in 1561. Thuanus charges him with suppressing not fadge, away goes be presently. L'Estrange. FÆCES, in medicine. See Excrements. Al lessening the value of his own Latin fables,

written in imitation of Æsop. M. Perrault, chemists, who searched every where for the secret however, who translated Faernus's fables into of making gold, operated greatly on the fæces French, has defended him from this imputation, of men and other animals; but philosophical by affirming that the first MS. of Phædrus's chemistry has acquired no knowledge from all fables, found in the dust of an old library, was these alchemical sabors. Homberg particularly not discovered till about thirty years after Faeranalysed and examined human fæces, to satisfy nus's death. an alchemical project of one of his friends, who pretended that from this matter a white oil could

FAG, v. n., v. a. & n. s. Lat. fatigo; Goth. be obtained, without smell, and capable of fixing fæcka, to be weary, or to diminish. To grow mercury into silver. The oil was found, but weary or tired; to outrival; beat: a fag is a mercury was not fixed by it. Homberg's labors drudge; a school-slave. were not, however, useless, as he has related his Creighton with-held his force 'till the Italian began experiments in the Memoirs of the Academy of to fay, and then brought him to the ground. Sciences.

The following is the result of a careful analy- The duke of Dorset was my fag at Harrow, and I sis of human fæces by Berzelius in 1806 :- was not a very hard taskmaster.

Lord Byron, quoted by Captain Medwin. Water


FAGAN'S St.), a small town and parish of Vegetable and animal undigested residue 7:0

Glamorganshire, South Wales, and having a casBile

tellated mansion built in a comparatively modern Albumen

style of architecture. Here a sanguinary enExtractive matter

gagement took place in May 1648, between the Carbonat of soda

royalists and republicans, in which, after a moMuriat of soda

mentary advantage, the former were entirely Sulphat of soda Ammon. phosphat of magnesia

routed, and left 3000 slain. According to the

0:05 Welsh chronicle, St. Fagan came from Rome to Phosphat of lime

Britain about the year 180, being sent by pope Slimy matter, consisting of resin of bile,

Eleutherius to convert the inhabitants to Chrispeculiar animal matter, and insoluble

tianity. It is three miles from Cardiff, and 163 residue

from London.

FAGARA, iron-wood, a genus of the monogynia order and tetrandria class of plants;

natural order forty-third, dumosæ : Cal. quadriFÆCULENT, abounding with fæces. The fid: cor. tetrapetalous : Caps. bivalved and moblood and other humors are said to be fæculent, nospermous. Species twelve, all natives of the when without that purity which is necessary to East Indies and the warm parts of America, health.

rising with woody stems more than twenty feet FAENZA, a city and bishop's see of the ec- high. They are propagated by seeds; but in clesiastical state, in Romagna, anciently known this country must be kept continually in a stove. by the name of Falentia, and noted in modern The chief is F. octandra with pinnate leaves, times for its pottery wares. Hence the French downy each side. It is a tall tree, abounding give to all fine stone ware the name of Fayence. in a balsamic glutinous juice, racemed flowers,

Mackenzie's Lives.




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with white calyxes and yellow corols. Its bal- FAGIUS (Paul), alias Buchlin, a learned sam resembles the gum tacamahac.

protestant minister, born at Rheinzabern in GerFAGE (Raimond de la), an ingenious designer inany in 1504. He was a schoolmaster at Isna ; and engraver, highly esteemed by Carlo Maravi, but afterwards became a zealous preacher, and was born at Toulouse in 1648. He had no wrote many theological works. During the permaster nor any assistance; but his superior ta- secution in Germany, he and Bucer came over lents supplied the want of them. His perform- to England in 1549, at the invitation of archances on licentious subjects are the most esteemed. bishop Cranmer, to perfect a new translation of It is reported that he never made use of money, the Scriptures. Fagius took the Old Testament, but contracted debts, and when the accounts and Bucer the New for their respective parts; were brought him, he drew on the back of the but the design was frustrated by the sudden bills, and bid the owners sell the drawings to con- deaths of both. Fagius died in 1550, and Bucer noisseurs for the amount, by which they were did not live above a year after. Their bodies generally great gainers. Several of those draw- were dug up and burned in the reign of queen ings are in the cabinets of the curious. He led Mary. a loose depraved life, which his repeated de- FÁGONIA, in botany, a genus of the monobaucheries put an end to, at the age of forty-two. gynia order and decandria class of plants ; na

FAGEND. From fag and end, says Dr. tural order fourteenth, gruinales : Cal. pentaJohnson, but more probably from Swed. fogan; phyllous; the petals are five and heart-shaped: Sax. fegan, to join. The end of a web of cloth, CAPs. quinquelocular, ten-valved, with the cells rope, &c.; hence the refuse of any thing.

monospermous. There are four species; natives I have unpartially ransacked this fag-end of my of Spain, Crete, Arabia, and Persia. life, and curiously examined every step of my ways;

FAGRÆA, in botany, a genus of plants of the and I cannot, by the most exact scrutiny of my sad- class pentandria and order monogynia: cor. dest thoughts, find what it is that I have done to funnelform, with a very long tube; stigma pelforfeit that good estimation, where with you say, tate : BERRY two-celled, fleshy: seeds globular: once blessed.

Bp. Hall's account of himself. species one only; a shrub of Ceylon; with thick In the world's fagend

square branches, and large terminal flowers.

FAGUS, the beech tree, a genus of the hexWhen they are the worst of their way, and fixt in andria order and monecia class of plants; natuthe fagend of business, they are apt to look not kindly ral order fiftieth, amentaceæ : male cal. quinupon those who go before them.

quefid and campanulated : cor. none: stamina FAGGOT, or Fagot, v. a. Fr. fagot; Arm. from five to twelve: female CAL. quinquedenand Welsh fagod ; Ital. fagotta ; British hago- tated; styles three : caps muricated and quadriden; according to Casseneuve from Lat. fagus, valved; the seeds two in number. There are a beech tree, the old faggots being mostly made five species, of which the most noted are, of that wood. Others derive it from Lat. fuscis ; 1. F. castanea, the chestnut-tree, has a large faktoos, a bundle of wood. A bundle of sticks upright trunk growing forty or fifty feet high, or small wood; any one of the pieces in the branching regularly round into a fine spreading bundle: hence ap individual in a muster or list head, garnished with large spear-shaped acutely of soldiers. See below. We only find the verb serrated leaves, naked on the under side, having used by Dryden.

flowers in long amentums, succeeded by round Spare for no fagots, let there be enow; prickly fruit, containing two or more nuts. It Place pitchy barrels ou the fatal stake.

is chiefly propagated by seeds. Evelyn, says,

Shakspeare. * Let the nuts be first spread to sweat, then cover About the pile of fagots, sticks, and hay, them in sand; a month being past, plunge them The bellows raised the newly-kindled flame,

in water, and reject the swimmers; being dried Fairfar.

for thirty days more, sand them again, and to the He was ton warm on picking work to dwell,

water ordeal as before. Being thus treated until But fagoted his notions as they fell, And if they rhymed and rattled, all was well.

the beginning of spring or in November, set them Dryden.

as you would do beans. They need only to be The Black Prince filled a ditch with fagots as suc- put into the holes with the point upmost. In cessfully as the generals of our armies do it with winter or autumn, inter them in their husks,

which, being every way armed, are a good proMitres or fagots have been the rewards of different tection against the mouse. Being come up, they persons, according as they pronounced these conse- thrive best unremoved, making a great stand for crated syllables or not.

at least two years upon every transplanting; if Faggot, in times of popery, was a badge you must alter their station, let it be done against worn on the sleeve of the upper garment of such November.' Millar cautions about purchasing persons as had abjured heresy; being put on foreign nuts that have been kiln-dried, which, after the person had carried a faggot, by way of he says, is generally done to prevent their sproutpenance, to some appointed place of solemnity. ing in their passage. He adds, . If they cannot The leaving off the wear of this badge was some- be procured fresh from the tree, it will be better times interpreted a sign of apostasy.

to use those of the growth of England, which Faggots, among military men, persons formerly are full as good to sow for timber or beauty as hired by officers, whose companies were not full, any of the foreign nuts, though their fruit is much to muster and hide the deficiencies of the com- smaller.' He also recommends preserving them pany; by which means they cheated the king of in sand, and proving them in water. In setting so much money.

these nuts, he says, the best way is to make a



Watts on the Mind,

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