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F. The letter (Saxon F) is evidently derived inent of Custom-houses; on the Effects of the from the Greek digamma, through the medium of Free Traffic of Raw Material; on Rewards for the Latin language. Some contend that this is the Encouragement of Trade; on the Chemical derived from the phi, by first making the per- Action of Metals; on the Value and Reciprocal pendicular stroke, and, in adding the circle at Proportion of Coins; on the Scales and Steeltwo strokes, carelessly omitting to make them yards of the Chinese; on the Palaces of Spain; join. This, however, the learned bishop of Salis- and on the ancient Hebrew People. bury disputes. He says it was anciently called behind him many unpublished memoirs. He vau, or wau, and is in fact a double vau of the died at Florence in 1823, aged upwards of Hebrew and Syriac, and corresponding in shape seventy. with the vau of the Arabic and Ethiopic. Ains- FABELL (Peter), a reputed magician, and worth, however, derives it from the Hebrew a native of Edmonton, lived and died there in the phe, or 7, pe final, which, if turned, nearly gives reign of Henry VII. In Norden's account of the figure; and he observes, that in changing Edmonton, we read, “There is a fable of one
Peter Fabell, that lieth in this church, who is Hebrew words into Latin, 7 is converted into F. said to have beguiled the devell by policie for Its sound, in English, is very uniform, being money; but the devell is deceit itself. Weever formed by compression of the lips, or a junction supposes Fabell to have been an ingenious man, of the upper teeth with the under lip, and a who amused himself and astonished his neighforcible breath. In the preposition of, indeed, and bours by sleight-of-hand tricks, or chemical exon some few other occasions, it is pronounced periments. There is a very scarce pamphlet, softer, or like v.
entitled — The Life and Death of the Merry As an abbreviation, F, in physical prescrip- Devil of Edmonton; with the pleasant Pranks tions, stands for fiat, i. e. Let it be done, or made of Smug the Smith, &c.' In this book Fabell is up. Thus f. s. a. signifies fiat secundum artem. styled an excellent scholar, and well seene in F, in the civil law, doubled thus, ff, signifies the the arte of magicke.' pandects. See PandECTS. F, in the criminal
FABER (Basil), a protestant German critic of law, was a stigma put upon felons with a hot the sixteenth century, was born at Sorau in Luiron, on their being admitted to the benefit of satia, and, after studying at Wittemberg and clergy; by stat. 4 Hen. VII. e. 13. F, as a other universities, was about 1550 appointed numeral, anciently signified 40, and when a
rector of the seminary of Nordhausen. He died dash was added at top (thus F), it stood for rector of the Augustinian College at Erfurth in 40,000.
1576. He was one of the protestant ecclesiasFAABORG, a sea-port town of Denmark, on tical historians, termed the Centuriators of Magthe south coast of the island of Funen. It has deburgh. Faber's literary reputation is founded but an insecure harbour; and its trade, which is on his Thesaurus Eruditionis Scholasticæ, 1571, in provisions, is not considerable. Population folio, of which improved editions were published about 1100. It is seventeen miles south of in 1735 and 1749.
FABER (John), a German divine, born at FABBRONI (Giovanni), a modern Italian Heilbron in 1500. He was created doctor at philosopher of considerable eminence. We find Cologne, and in 1526 was appointed confessor him filling the various posts of secretary to the to Ferdinand king of the Romans, who, when Academia de i Georgofili, director of the Museum he became emperor, gave him the see of Vienna. and Cabinet of Natural History at Florence, one He was called the mallet of heretics, and owed of the forty members of the Societa Italiana his preferment to the zeal which he displayed in delle Scienze, Tuscan deputy for the new system opposition to Luther. He died in 1562. His of weights and measures, member of the depu- works were printed at Cologne, in 3 vols. folio. tation of finance under the government of the Faber, in ichthyology. See Zeus. queen regent of Etruria, a deputy to the corps FABIAN, or FABYAN (Robert), an alderman legislative in France, director, under the Impe- and sheriff of London at the close of the fifteenth rial government, of bridges and highways for the century, was a man of learning, and author of a departinent beyond the Alps, director of the Chronicle of England and France, entitled the mint at Florence, royal commissary of the iron Concordance of Histories, in 2 vols. folio, beworks and mines, and one of the commissioners ginning with Brute, and ending with the 20th of of taxes for the states of Tuscany. His writings Henry VII. 1504.' He was a member of the best known are—Provedimenti Annonarj; his company of drapers, and resigned his gown in Discourses on National Prosperity; on the 1502 to avoid serving the office of lord mayor. Equilibrium of Commerce, and the Establish- Dying in 1511, or 1512, he was interred in the Vol. IX.- Part 1
church of St. Michael, Cornhill. His Chronicle by his enemies at home, to share the dictatorial
In the first edition of Fabian's Chro- see the success of the Roman arms under Scipio,
visit from his father on horseback in the camp.
FABIUS MAXIMUS RULLIANUS was the first of
him his life, as he engaged the enemy without
the command of the dictator He was five times
consul, twice dictator, and once censor.
FA'BLE, n. s., v. a. & v. n.
Fr. fable; Ital.
FABLED, part, adj.
favola; Span. and
FA'bler, n. s.
Lat. fabula, from
for,fari, to speak;
Fab'ULOUSLY, adv. important office he began to oppose Hannibal,
nifies vanity, and
FaB'ULOUSNESS, n. S. not by fighting him in the open field, like his
is considered, by
verb neuter (derived from the noun) signifies to
Fasti, lib, ii. 197.
-sig חבל IIebrew
1 Tim. iv, 7.
He fables not: I hear the enemy.
the oldest extant: perhaps that of Nathan is Shakspeare. Henry VI.
superior to it in close painting and affecting reIn their fabulosity they report, that they had obser- presentation. We find sop delivering fables vations for twenty thousand years.
in the most distant ages of Greece; and, in the Abbot's Description of the World.
early days of the Roman commonwealth, we We mean to win,
read of a mutiny appeased by the timely delivery Or turn this heaven itself into the hell Thou fublest.
of the fable of the belly and the members. Milton's Paradise Lost.
The earliest collection of fables extant is of Ladies of the Hesperides, they seemed Fairer than feigned of old, or fabled since
eastern origin, and preserved in the Sanscrit Of fairy damsels met in forest wide,
language. It is called Hitopadesa, and the auBy knights.
Id. thor Veshnoo Sarma; but they are known in There are many things fabulously delivered, and are Europe by The Tales and Fables of Bidpay, or not to be accepted as truths.
Pilpay, an ancient Indian philosopher. Of this Browne's Vulgar Errours. collection Sir William Jones takes the following Triptolemus, so sung the nine,
notice :--- The Fables of Veshnoo Sarma, whom Strewed plenty from his cart divine ;
we ridiculously call Pilpay, are the most beautiBut, spite of all those fable-makers,
ful, if not the most ancient, collection of apoHe never sowed on Almaign acres. Dryden. The moral is the first business of the poet': this logues in the world. They were first translated
from the Sanscreet, in the sixth century, by being formed, he contrives such a design or fable as may be most suitable to the moral. Id. Dufresnoy.
Buzerchumihi, or bright as the sun, the chief It would look like a fable to report that this gen- physician, and afterwards the vizier of the great tleman gives away a great fortune by secret methods. Anushirwan ; and are extant under various names,
in more than twenty languages. But their origiA person terrified with the imagination of spectres, nal title is Hitopadesa, or amicable instruction : is more reasonable than one who thinks the appearand as the very existence of Esop, whom the ance of spirits fabulous and groundless.
Arabs believe to have been an Abyssinian, apJotham's fable of the trees is the oldest extant, and
pears rather doubtful, I am not disinclined to as beautiful as any made since. Id. Spectator. The tirst thing to be considered in an epick poem is
suppose that the first moral fables which appeared the fable, which is perfect or imperfect, according as
in Europe were of Indian or Ethiopian origin.' the action, which it relates, is more or less sn.
Mr. Frazer, at the end of his History of Nadir That Saturn's sons received the three-fold reign
Shah, gives us the following account of this curious Of heaven, of ocean, and deep hell beneath,
work :-* The ancient Brahmins of India, after a Old poets mention, fabling.
good deal of time and labor, compiled a treatise Quitting Æsop and the fabnilists, he copies Boccace. (which they called Kurtuk Dumnik), in which
were inserted the choicest treasures of wisdom, Palladius coming to die somewhere in the north and the most perfect rules for governing a people. part of Britain, may seem to give some kind of coun. This book they presented to their rajahs, who tenance to those fables that make him to have lived kept it with the greatest secrecy and care. About many years among the Scots.
the time of Mahomet's birth, or the latter end of Hail, fabled grotto! hail, Elysian soil!
the sixth century, Noishervan the Just, who then Thou fairest spot of fair Britannia's isle!
reigned in Persia, discovered a great inclination
Tickell. Our bard's a fabulist, and deals in fiction.
to see that book; for which purpose Burzuvia, a
physician, who had a surprising talent in learning The style of Bocthius, though, perhaps, not always several languages, particularly Sanskerritt, was inrigorously pure, is formed with great diligence upon troduced to him as the most proper person to be ancient models, and wholly uninfected with monastic employed to get a copy of it. He went to India, barbarity. His history is written with elegance and where, after some years' stay, and great trouble, vigour, but his fabulousness and credulity are justly he procured it. It was translated into the Peh
luvi (the ancient Persian language) by him and The first ages of the Scottish History are dark and Buzrjumehr, the vizier. Noishervan, ever after, fabulous. Robertson's History of Scotland.
and all his successors, the Persian kings, had this Fabulonus narrative has accordingly been common in all ages of the world, and practised by teachers of book in high esteem, and took the greatest care the most respectable character. It is owing, no
to keep it secret. At last Abu Jaffer Munsour zu doubt, to the weakness of human nature, that fable
Nikky, who was the second caliph of the Abassi should ever have been found a necessary, or a con
reign, by great search, got a copy of it in the venient, vehicle for truth.
Pehluvi language, and ordered Imâm Hassan Believing every hillock green
Abdal Mokafla, who was the most learned of the Contains no fabled hero's ashes,
age, to translate it into Arabic. This prince ever And that around the undoubted scene
after made it his guide, not only in affairs relating Thine own. broad Hellespont' still dashes, to the government, but also in private life. In Be long my lot! and cold were he
the year 380 of the Hegira, sultan Mahmud Who there could gaze denying thee! Byron.
Ghazi put it into verse : and afterwards, in the Fable is generally esteemed the most ancient year 515, by order of Bheram Shah ben Massaud, species of wit; and has continued to be highly that which Abdal Mokaffa had translated, was valued, not only in times of the greatest simpli- re-translated into Persic by Abdul Mala Nasser city, but in the most polite ages of the world. Allah Mustofi; and this is that kulila Dumna, Nathan's fable of the poor man (2 Sam. xii. 6) is which is now extant. As this latter had too next in antiquity to Jotham's, and which, as many Arabic verses and obsolete phrases in it, Addison (see the foregoing extracts) observes, is Molana Ali ben Hassein Vaes, at the request of