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GENERAL REPORT OF THE BOARD.
The State Board of Health has held, during the past year, its regular quarterly meetings and two special meetings.
As in previous years, much of the time and attention of the Board have been necessarily given to the work required under the act for the regulation of medical practice. Examinations of candidates have been held at three quarterly meetings. Whole number of candidates examined during the year. 49; number passed and licensed, 24.
A more careful examination has been made of medical schools accused of irregular practices, such as selling diplomas without study, or granting them after wholly insufficient periods of study. Six of the colleges thus under scrutiny have improved their course of instruction, and raised their requirements for graduation to meet the views of the Board. Thirteen colleges have been rejected as not in "good standing," and certificates refused to the holders of their diplomas. The Board has also taken steps to define with more precision, and in accordance with the standard of good and well accredited medical schools, the proper qualifications and conditions under which they may recognize a medical college as in good standing.
Certificates have been granted in due form to 480 practitioners, and 106 to midwives. Nine certificates formerly granted have been revoked for cause, chiefly for unprofessional conduct.
The Board regrets that, by the 10 year exemption clause, their power under the law is limited to the recalling or annulling of the certificates given to those unprincipled and nefarious characters who, under the guise of physicians, prey upon the credulity and fears of the ignorant and unwary. Many of our newspapers are garnished with their false and flaming advertisements, often immoral and always delusive, and their victims by hundreds suffer in a silence which they dare not break. The attention of the public, and especially of the profession, is earnestly asked to the statements in the report of the Secretary of the operations of these harpies. Nothing but the vigorous coöperation of the medical profession can abate this evil.
Charges of unprofessional conduct have been received by the Board against nearly 100 of those holding certificates, and notifications have been served upon them, producing, in most cases, a stricter conformity with the medical law, and with professional standards.
The sanitary work of the Board has included inquiries into a marked form of fever which has prevailed in several parts of the State, and also into the prevalence of "milk sickness.” It has also embraced consultations with and advice to local health officers and boards of health as to means of arresting the spread of small-pox and other contagious and epidemic diseases which have prevailed in their several localities.
Analyses of drinking waters have also been made, and inquiries addressed to many parties in regard to this and other sanitary conditions, the results of which may hereafter, when sufficiently matured, be published for the general good.
It is important that a thorough investigation shall be made into the causes prevalent in this State, of preventable diseases, and that the results of this investigation shall be published in a popular form and scattered among the people of the State. Ignorance of such matters often entails upon our citizens much suffering and pecuniary loss.
This investigation, to be thorough and complete, should constitute finally a full sanitary survey of the State, and include all facts bearing upon the health of the people.
Abstract and Brief Account of the Proceedings of the
Illinois State Board of Health,
DURING THE YEAR 1880.
REGULAR ANNUAL MEETING. .
SPRINGFIELD, January 8, 1880. The State Board of Health held its annual meeting at Springfield, on the 8th day of January, 1880, at 2 P. M., and was called to order by Dr. Wardner, President.
Present—Drs. Chambers, Ludlam and Rauch.
The minutes of the last previous meetings were read and approved.
Dr. Ludlam introduced the following resolution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That after action has been taken revoking a certificate for cause, the Board cannot return the charges that have been made against the holder of said certificate.
The Board then proceeded to the consideration of the annual report to the Governor.
The Treasurer presented his quarterly report, with vouchers, which were examined and audited.
The charges made by Dr. Everett against Dr. Hardin were considered and discussed, and the Secretary was directed to inform
Everett that unless the charges were regularly presented and sustained by affidavit, the Board would take no action concerning them.
Adjourned to evening.
SEVEN-THIRTY O'CLOCK P. M.
The Board reassembled at 7:30 P. M., when Dr. Gregory appeared and took his seat. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year:
Dr. Horace Wardner, President.
Dr. Anson L. Clark, Treasurer.
The Secretary presented his report on The Pollution of Streams, especially of the Illinois river by Chicago sewage, and was instructed to forward it to the city authorities of Chicago.
Adjourned to January 9, 1880.
STATE HOUSE, January 9, 1880. The Board met, pursuant to adjournment, and was called to order by the President, Dr. Wardner.
Present-Drs. Chambers, Gregory, Ludlam, Rauch.
The Board was occupied nearly all day in transacting routine business, auditing accounts and considering charges against physicians.
Eight candidates for examination under the Medical Practice Act presented themselves and were examined. Certificates were issued to
W. E. Buxton, of Samsville, Edwards county.
Geo. W. Tucker, of Chicago, Cook county.
CHICAGO, February 5, 1880. A special meeting of the Illinois State Board of Health was held at Chicago, on the 5th day of February, 1880.
The President being absent, the Board was called to order by Dr. Chambers, who was elected President pro tem.
Present-Drs. Bateman, Chambers, Clark, Gregory, Ludlam and Rauch.
The chairman announced that the special business before the Board was the investigation of charges of unprofessional and dishonorable conduct made against several physicians to whom the certificates of the Board had been issued.
The following memorial, from the Faculty of the Bennett Medical College, of Chicago, was read: To the Honorable the State Board of Health of the State of Illinois:
The relators, the officers and faculty of the Bennett Medical College of Chicago, respectfully represent that one John Bate, several years ago, applied for admission as a student to said College, and that such admission was at first denied to said Bate, for the reason that said Bate, for a long time prior thereto, had been practicing and advertising as a specialist in Chicago under
the assumed and fictitious name of "A. G. Olin," or "Dr. Olin.” That thereupon said John Bate solemnly professed to the faculty of said College that it was his intention and earnest desire to pursue a course of study in some medical school and graduate regularly, and, from thenceforth, to abandon the use of any fictitious name, and devote himself to the practice of medicine in his own name, and in an entir ly becom; ing manner do a reputable business; and said Bate promised to and agreed with said faculty that if he be allowed to pursue his course of study in said College, and if, upon passing the requisite examinations therefor, he be graduated from said College and granted a diploma, he, the said Bate, would conduct a reputable practice, in his own name, and wholly abandon his aforesaid former practices and conduct. That said Bate was, on the strength of said promise and agreement, admitted as a student, and,
after a due course, was graduated by said College in January, A.D. 1876, and a diploma granted him, in his true name, to-wit: John Bate; and that said Bate pretends to have obtained a certificate from this Board upon said diploma; that said Bate has, ever since obtaining, totally disregarded his aforesaid promise and agreement, and has continued to use said fictitious name of "Olin" to conceal his identity and protect his family, and has, under that name, advertised extensively in the newspapers of Chicago and elsewhere, by means of advertisements of the following general character and tenor:
**Dr. A. G. Olin's Private Hospital, 203 South Clark street, Chicago. Everybody from the Atlantic to Pacific has heard of Dr. Olin's skill in treating chronic and sexual diseases of men and women. Spermatorrhaea. Sexual Debility, Impotency. Nervousness, Seminal Emissions, Loss of Memory from self-abuse or other causes. cured permanently. Guide to Health, 64 pages, two 3-cent stamps. Large work, choice information of special interest to both sexes, 50 cents Reliable female pills and rubber goods at office. Special care, with board, for ladies during confinement."
And has published, sold and distributed among the public, books and pamphlets of various sorts of an immoral, indecent and decidedly unprofessional and disreputable character, and has in the meantime conducted the business arising therefrom, and received the emoluments thereof, and is now so doing, and threatens to continue so to do. And these relators aver that said Bate has been and is guilty of bad faith toward said college, in obtaining said diploma, and has been and is guilty of unprofessional and dishonorable conduct, in the perpetration of the acts and doings aforesaid; that said Bate has an office at present at 203 South Clark street, in Chicago.
These relators further show that one Edward Osborne, for a long time last past, has
A. L. CLARK. M.D.,
MILTON JAY, M, D.,
Secretary Board Trustees Bennett Med. College. STATE OF ILLINOIS,
County of Cook.' ; ss. Milton Jay, being first duly sworn, says that he has read the foregoing information by him subscribed, and he knows the contents thereof, and that the facts and statements therein contained are true. (Signed]
MILTON JAY. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 5th day of February, A. D. 1880. [Signed]
WILLIS SMITH, (Seal.]
Notary Public. Mr. Frederick W. Packard appeared as counsel for the Bennett Medical College.
Mr. Charles A. Gregory appeared as counsel for Edward Osborne.
The accused having been previously notified to appear, the Board proceeded to investigate the charges.
Mr. Gregory, counsel for the accused, said that a revocation of Osborne's certificate would be an infringement of his rights as a citizen; and he claimed that the statute under which the Board was acting was unconstitutional.
Dr. Chambers said that the Board had power to revoke certificates for unprofessional and dishonorable conduct, and was the judge of what constitutes such conduct.
Dr. Gregory took the same view.
A long debate followed, with reference to the powers of the Board in the matter.
Mr. Packard called on Osborne to state whether or not they were doing business under the names of Olin and Carlton.
He declined to reply, but Mr. Gregory, their counsel, replied for him in the negative.
Adjourned to afternoon.