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advertising, he wanted to introduce witnesses to show that the pills referred to in the advertisement were not abortive, and further, that rubber articles had not been advertised by him for a year past. He also said that there was nothing immoral or vulgar in the "Marriage Guide.”

Dr. Bate, who was present, was given an opportunity to make a statement under oath, but refused to do so.

Dr. Ludlam said that he considered this refusal an indignity to the Board of which no honorable practitioner would be guilty. No professional man except a burglar needed an alias to practice under.

Dr. Rauch said this was not a question of professional ethics, but of fraud.

Dr. Ludlam said he saw no reason for reopening the case. No respectable professional man had any reason to use an alias. He moved that the action of the Board on the 5th inst. in regard to Dr. Bate be reaffirmed.

The motion was adopted.

Dr. Clark introduced the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted :

Resolved, That any fraudulent or deceptive proiessional transaction shall be deemed in the sense of this Board unprofessional and dishonorable conduct.

Resolved. That any medical man who practices medicine under two names, or any other name than his true name, shall be considered guilty of unprofessional and dishonorable conduct.

Resolred, That any advertisement, hand bill or means of attracting public attention or securing patronage, which shall be deceptive or convey to the public any false or fraudulent information, shall be considered unprofessional and dishonorable.

The case of Dr. Fritz, who advertised himself as an Indian doctor, was then taken up.

Mr. S. Thomas appeared as his counsel, and read a statement from Fritz, which was unsworn, in which he stated that he was exempt by the Medical Practice Act, as he had practiced in the State more than ten years, and that he had a diploma from a regular school.

Dr. Rauch stated, in reply, that the diploma in question was issued by the Philadelphia University of Medicine and Surgery, an insti. tution that had been convicted of selling diplomas, and was longer recognized as respectable. He also showed that Fritz had made false statements in his advertisements. Among other things, he claimed to be the greatest physician of modern times.

Dr. Ludlam showed that, from Fritz's statements, as read by his counsel, he had not been located at Chicago until 1869; that he removed West after the fire in 1871, and that he only returned in 1873, so that be could not have had more than six years continuous practice in the State prior to 1877.

Mr. Thomas then attempted to show that Fritz had retained his residence when he removed West.

The case of Dr. (?) R. Greer was then taken up.

The Secretary introduced copies of advertisements published by Greer, in which he professed to cure all diseases, and to have had 30 years practice in Europe and America.

Dr. (?) Greer was present, and made a statement under oath, to the effect that he was not a graduate of any medical school; that he had had no hospital practice, and had attended no clinical lectures. He stated that he was not a dispenser of medicine, but a


dispenser of vitality, and was a natural physician, having inherited his faculty from a long line of ancestors. He also stated that he never lost any patients. Instinct taught him when they were going to die, and then to turn them over to other doctors.

Adjourned to afternoon.


The Board reassembled at 2 P. M.

The case of “Dr. J. H. Clark,” whose real name is J. H. Jordan, was taken up.

The accused stated, under oath, that he had assumed the name of Clark because he had bought out the practice of a physician of that name, with the right to use it; that he claimed the name as a trade-mark, and that he was an invalid, and compelled to confine himself to office business.

In reply to questions, he said he had sold rubber goods, and that, as they can be bought at any drug store, he saw no harm in so doing.

Mr. Charles Gregory appeared as counsel for Dr. Samuel Davieson, and claimed that his client was not amenable to the Board, as he had a regular diploma from the New York Eclectic College, and had never received a certificate from the State Board, though he had applied for one; that no charge had been made against him except advertising, and that if the Board would grant him a certifi

te, he would hold himself amenable to the Board.

Mr. Thomas, attorney for Dr. Fritz, stated that his client could not appear, and that the statement of the morning was all that the Dr. could say in his behalf. He admitted having published advertisements. The Dr. did not invite public prosecution, and disliked the idea of being placed with that class of doctors known as abortionists and malefactors.



April 8, 1880. The Board met, pursuant to adjournment, at 10 A. M.

In the absence of the President, on motion Dr. Chambers presided.

Present-Drs. Clark, Ludlam and Rauch.
The minutes of the preceding meeting were read and approved.

The examinations in Anatomy, Surgery, Theory and Practice of Medicine, and Physiology, were conducted by Dr. Chambers.

Pathology and Diseases of Women, by Dr. Ludlam.
Chemistry and Obstetrics, by Dr. Clark.

Materia Medica and Therapeutics, Hygiene and Medical Jurisprudence, by Dr. Rauch.

The morning and evening were thus occupied, whilst at intervals routine business was transacted.

FRIDAY, April 9, 1880. The Board reassembled, with Dr. Chambers in the Chair, and Drs. Ludlam, Gregory and Rauch, present.

The following candidates were found to have passed the examination, and, on motion, it was decided that certificates should be issued to them:

J. A. Fitzpatrick, Lockport, Will county, Illinois.
H. B. Hemenway, Evanston, Cook county, Illinois.
E. L. McKinney, Viola, Mercer county, Illinois.
G. B. Whitacre, Shumway, Effingham county, Illinois.
John T. Brown, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
T. E. LaBarriere, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
F. M. Hovey, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
D. C. Tyler, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
F. L. Searles, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
C. E. Winslow, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
J. R. Bedford, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.
F. J. Taylor, Chicago, Cook county, Illinois.

The Secretary reported that since the last meeting thirty-nine physicians, so-called, were compelled to desist from practicing, and have left the State; eleven took down their signs, and nineteen midwives were also compelled to quit their calling. These were all living in Chicago. A number of others throughout the State had also left.

Dr. Rauch moved that the certificate of J. H. Jordan, alias J. H. Clark, be revoked for unprofessional and dishonorable conduct. This case was investigated at a previous meeting.

The motion was agreed to.

The case of C. Pratt Sexton, an applicant for a certificate, was then considered. He was to be in the pay of John Bate, alias “A. G. Olin," and to take charge of his office in Chicago.

On motion of Dr. Gregory, the application was refused.

Dr. Clark and the Secretary were appointed to investigate the small-pox epidemic at Monee.

The Secretary was instructed to call the next meeting of the Board so as to accommodate the members.


SPRINGFIELD, ILL., June 24, 1880. The Board met, pursuant to adjournment, and was called to order at 10 A. M..

Present–Dr. Wardner in the Chair, Drs. Chambers, Clark, Gregory, and J. H. Rauch, Secretary.

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.

The application for a certificate by Dr. Sexton was then considered, and,

Upon motion of Dr. Gregory, the Secretary was instructed to ascertain whether Sexton was now engaged in reputable practice.

In the case of Dr. Pond, of Aurora, the Secretary was instructed to procure some of his circulars.

The complaint and affidavit of Dr. Wilson, of Olathe, Kansas, against the Physio-Medical Institute of Cincinnati, was then taken up. Letters of Dr. Cook, the Dean of the Institute, were read also.

On motion, further consideration of the case was postponed until eight o'clock in the evening.

Nine candidates presented themselves for examination.


taken up.

At 2 P. M., the Board was called to order by the President, Dr. Wardner, with the same members present as at the morning session.

The case of Dr. Joseph Schmidt, of St. Clair county, who has a diploma from the American Medical College, of St. Louis, was

Messrs. Hay & Underwood, attorneys, were given an opportunity to speak in his (Schmidt's) defense, upon charges of unprofessional conduct.

After considerable deliberation by the Board, it was Resolved. That the Secretary be authorized to grant a certificate to practice medicine to Joseph A. Schmidt, of Belleville, as soon as he is convinced that there are no legal impediments.

The case of the St. Louis Eclectic Medical College was then brought before the Board, and,

On motion of Dr. Chambers, the communication of Dr. Field with regard to the same was laid upon the table.

On motion of Dr. Chambers, the certificate of Dr. James C. Ozee was revoked, for unprofessional and dishonorable conduct, inasmuch as he had abandoned the practice of medicine and became a saloonkeeper.

This information was filed by Dr. J. W. Dora, of Mattoon, Ill., who had recommended him to the consideration of the Board.

Agreed to.
On motion, adjourned to evening.


The Board met at 8 P. M., and was called to order by the President, Dr. Wardner.

Present-Drs. Chambers, Clark, Gregory and Rauch.

The Physio-Medical Institute question was taken up and thoroughly discussed.

On motion, no action was taken at present.

The Secretary then presented to the Board a report on canal and river improvement, and on the subject of bogus diplomas.

On motion, the Secretary was directed by the Board to again urge upon the Mayor and Common Council of the city of Chicago the speedy construction of pumping works at Bridgeport as a sanitary necessity. *See next page for text of report.

To the State Board of Health:

GENTLEMEN: I have the honor to state that a copy of my report upon the pollution of the Chicago river, the Illinois and Michigan canal, and the Illinois river, by Chicago sewage, which was laid before you in January last, was, in pursuance of your instructions, transmitted to the Mayor and Council of the city of Chicago, and that special attention was cailed to the recommendations contained therein. In pursuance of that recommendation, an appropriation of $100,000 was made by the Common Council for the construction of pumping works at the head of the canal.

Within the last week I have made à careful inspection of the Chicago river, and find it fouler and more offensive than it has been at any time since the deep cut was completed in 1871, and I only recollect of one other time (1869) when it was worse, and then only for a short time, as the pumping works were set in motion and soon improved its condition. In the main river the current was towards the lake, showing that but little change had taken place in the lake level. At Van Buren street the water was practically stagnant; at Eighteenth street there was no current, and at Halstead street, for the first time within my knowledge, Í observed no current toward the canal. (This is unusual, except when a freshet occurs.) The South Fork of the South Branch was, comparatively speaking, in good condition, owing, no doubt, to the late rains. There was a decided current at the mouth of the canal, and upon further examination I found that the canal was taxed to its capacity by the water of the West Branch and the South Fork, thus causing the condition at Halsted street, and as far south as Van Buren street. The North Branch at Kinzie street was also very foul, with a slight current toward the lake. In fact, at no time since the deep cut was corapleted was the water of the entire river so sluggish. About two months ago I called upon the Mayor of Chicago, and had an interview with reference to the construction of pumping works.

The effect of the Fullerton avenue pump has been just as predicted in my report written before the pumping commenced, and without the construction of the pumping works at Bridgeport it will only partially remedy the trouble. In view of all the facts, I think it is the duty of the Board to communicate with the Mayor and Common Council of Chicago, and again urge the speedy construction of the pumping works, as a sanitary necessity.

Since the last meeting, complaints have been filed against three medical colleges we have heretofore recognized, for irregularities in granting diplomas. In this connection, I take great pleasure in calling attention to the exposure and arrest of some of the parties concerned in the issue and sale of diplomas in Philadelphia, mainly through the instrumentality of Mr. John Norris, of the Philadelphia Record. It is peculiarly gratifying that the action of the Board is sustained, as we have never recognized the diplomas of the Philadelphia University of Medicine and Surgery, the American University of Philadelphia, the New England University of Manchester, N. H., the Livingston University of Haddenfield, N. J., nor the late issues of the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania. The diplomas of the last four emanated mainly from Dr. John Buchanan, who was

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