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arrested, and is now under bonds in the sum of $11,000, to appear for trial. It may be that we have recognized diplomas of the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania that we should not, as some of them may have been dated back, as in the case of Mr. Norris, who was accommodated with regard to date. You will probably recollect that, for nine months after the organization of the Board, we refused to recognize any of the diplomas issued by that college, and they were afterwards recognized only after the parties had given additional evidence that they had attended lectures and had graduated in good faith. The Philadelphia University of Medicine and Surgery, sometimes called the Paine School, has been managed mainly, since 1872, by the Rev. Messrs. Miller, Major, Orvis and Ingraham, all of whom have the degree of Doctor of Medicine from this school. Three of these belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church, and one to the Unitarian Church. After the exposures made by Mr. Norris, during the past winter, they were subjected to discipline by the authorities of their respective churches, and were deposed from the ministry. One of the most notorious charlatans and quacks in this State holds a diploma from this University, and has made much complaint because the Board will not grant him a certificate.
I am of the opinion that some of the diplomas signed by this school were obtained in good faith, but I have never felt warranted in recommending the issue of certificates based upon them, because of the uncertainty I have felt with regard to them. As nearly as I can ascertain, about two hundred and fifty diplomas from the schools named were held by persons practicing medicine in this State when the Medical Practice act went into effect. Of these, one hundred and fifty were presented for certificates. It having been known that these diplomas would not be recognized, they have not lately been presented. Many of the parties who hold them left the State, while others went to reputable medical colleges and graduated. As a rule, they were held by most ignorant quacks.
It will also be remembered, that in January last I called attention to the advertisement in the papers in this State under the caption “Know thyself,” of the Peabody Medical Institute, managed by one calling himself Dr. W. H. Parker. He refers in his advertisement to the faculties of the Philadelphia University of Medicine and Surgery, and the American University of Philadelphia, and to the President of the National Medical Association. In reply to a letter written at my suggestion, he sent to the applicant a neatly engraved and illustrated pamphlet, containing what purports to be a copy of a laudatory resolution of thanks to Dr. A. H. Hays, of Boston, by the National Medical Association, conferring upon him a gold and jewelled medal for great discoveries in the treatment of nervous affections, said to have been made by him. This book contains, also, an advertisement of a book entitled “The Science of Life.”
Since the seizure of the effects of Dr. John Buchanan, in Philadelphia, it has been found that he and his confreres were the chief manipulators of the National Medical Association, and issued the certificates and medals advertised by Dr. W. H. Parker, alias Peabody Institute.
After these disclosures were made, the references were omitted from the advertisements.
Since the last meeting of the Board, my attention has also been called to a horrid case of malpractice by a pretending cancer curer, Upon calling this person to account, he stated that he only "used his remedy in the interests of humanity." Three weeks ago an overdose of Hamburg Drops, a patent medicine, was administered by an ignorant midwife to a patient who had been confined, causing peritonitis, and resulting in death.
On the 22d of this month (June, 1880,) a Dr. Schultz was convicted of malpractice at Burlington, Iowa, and sentenced to one year's confinement in the penitentiary for causing the death of a patient by the use of what is called the Exanthematic Method of Cure, or Baunscheidtism. Several months ago my attention was called to this method of treatment in the hands of a man who, upon being written to upon the subject, replied in a very illiterate letter.
On motion, Board adjourned to Friday morning.
FRIDAY, June 25, 1880. The Board met, as per adjournment, and was called to order by the President, Dr. Wardner.
Present—Drs. Chambers, Gregory and Rauch. Dr. Gregory offered the following resolution, which was adopted : Resolved, That the quarterly meetings of this Board shall hereafter be held on the third Wednesday of the months in which such meetings occur, and that the by-laws be hereby changed to agree with this order.
Dr. Gregory also offered the following resolution, which was adopted :
WHEREAS, It is the legal duty of this Board to issue certificates to persons presenting diplomas from medical colleges in good standing; and
WHEREAS, It becomes the duty of the Board to determine as to the good standing of such colleges; and
WHEREAS, Complaints are frequently made to this Board as to the practice and standing of certain colleges; therefore,
Resolved, That a committee of this Board be appointed to report at the next quarterly meeting the requirements and characteristics which
shall, in the judgment of this Board. constitute good standing in a medical college, and also the conditions under which this Board will receive and hear complaints against the standing of any medical school or college.
The Chair appointed Drs. J. M. Gregory, W. M. Chambers and J. H. Rauch the committee.
Dr. Chambers offered the following resolution: Resolved. That a committee be appointed, of which the President shall be chairman, to make suggestions to the coming State Legislature touching amendments to the present law, as it may deem necessary.
Dr. Rauch offered the following: Resolved, That in compliance with the request of the National Board of Health, this Board recommend the appointment of Dr. W. R. Smith, of Cairo, as Inspector at Inspection Station No.3, below Cairo, and the National Board of Health be requested to place said station in commission on the first of July; also that after said inspection station has been put in commission, the Secretary of this Board be directed to notify the authorities of all ports in this State not to allow boats to land, from points below Cairo, unless upon presentation of a clean certificate of inspection as to cargo, officers and crew. Adopted.
A number of bills were audited by the Board, and the examination of candidates concluded.
The following passed the examination satisfactorily, out of a class of eleven, and were given certificates, viz:
Horace M. Hall, Charleston, Coles county.
P. A. Pearson, Marshall, Clark county. On motion, the Board adjourned, to meet on the third Wednesday in October.
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, October 21, 1880. The Board met, pursuant to adjournment, at the Grand Pacific Hotel.
On motion of Dr. Gregory, Dr. Chambers presided, in the absence of the President.
Present–Drs. Chambers, Clark, Gregory, Ludlam, and Rauch, Secretary.
On motion, the minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.
Dr. Gregory, Chairman of Committee on Requirements and Characteristics of Good Standing of Medical Colleges, submitted the circular of the committee, which, after some discussion and changes, was approved.
On motion of Dr. Ludlam, 1,000 copies of the circular on Medical Education and Colleges were ordered printed.
James C. Ozee appeared before the Board, and asked to have his certificate returned, presented affidavits with regard to his character professionally, and urged that the action of the Board be revoked.
Dr. Gregory offered the following resolution : Resolved. That the Board of Health, after a full hearing of his case, recommend J. C. Ozee to enter himself as a student in the office of some experienced physician, as his has completed his medical studies, and obtains a diploma from some Medical College in professional conduct shall be made.
Dr. Clark submitted a communication from Mr. Underwood, attorney for Dr. Joseph Schmidt, of West Belleville, urging the Board to grant him a certificate, as he (Schmidt) had complied with all the legal requirements.
The Secretary asked for further time in this case, which was granted.
The remainder of the time was occupied in auditing accounts, and other routine business.
On motion, adjourned.
preceptor, and practice only under the advice and direction of such preceptor, until he
good standing, when this Board will restore his certificate, unless new complaints of non
Practitioners in the State when the law regulating the practice of medicine went into effect, July 1, 1877:
Graduates and licentiates-about..
Graduates and licentiates in State December 31, 1880-about..
4,950 Non-graduates in State December 31, 1880—about......
1, 100 Less number of practitioners in State than when law went into effect-about..
Less number of unqualified practitioners in State than when law went into
In the foregoing figures it must be recollected that they include the doctors from 42 counties in the adjoining States, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa and Wisconsin, whose practice extends into this state, and who numbered about 500 on July 1, 1877. At that time there was about one so-called physician to 450 of population, while, as near as can be ascertained, there is now only one to 560; and it is probable that within the next year the number will be reduced to one in 600. Of course in this estimate allowance is made proportionately for the population outside of the State. By July 1, 1881, the revision of the register will be finished, and more accurate data will then be obtained.
The diplomas of thirteen medical colleges are not recognized, and during the past year one of the diplomas of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Iowa, three of the American Medical College of St. Louis, and three of the Missouri Homøopathic Medical College, were refused recognition, because they had been granted contrary to the regulations of this Board. Some of the diplomas of several other schools were suspected, but no evidence sufficient to warrant their rejection can be obtained. Public opinion and the general desire of the profession indicate that the day is not far distant when no diplomas will be recognized, and all who commence practice in the State from that time will be subjected to an examination before they obtain a license to practice. Although decided progress has been made by the medical colleges in elevating the standard of requirements within the last few years, still there is much room for improvement. An independent examining board in this State would bring about this result much sooner. From this cause, and our geographical position, at least fifteen medical colleges, whose diplomas we must now recognize, would become extinct. In other words, there are too many medical schools, and the rivalry and pecuniary needs incident to this great number result in the graduation of too many who are not qualified. When it is borne in mind that Ohio has ten medical colleges, Indiana five, Illinois six, Kentucky four, Tennessee five, Missouri twelve, Michigan four and Iowa three, or forty-nine medical colleges for eight States, the foregoing remarks will be appreciated. The fifteen colleges alluded to are not, however, confined to the States enumerated, as there are several in the older States which would no doubt succumb. Decided progress has been made during the past year in ridding the State of “ignorant and pretentious specialists,” and it is hoped that this class of charlatans and imposters will soon disappear.
During the past three months the Board received $400 for itinerant licenses, in accordance with section 12 of the “Act to regulate the practice of medicine.” Two of these presented diplomas of reputable institutions, and, instead of pursuing a general practice, were in reality the agents of a "patent medicine" manufacturer. In my opinion the granting of these licenses is in opposition to the spirit, although not to the letter, of the law. The itinerant is generally the worst of quacks, ready to do anything in the way of humbugging to make money. Flaming cards and circulars with regard to their wonderful healing powers are not enough, but temperance lectures and even prayer-meetings have been made the means of advertising and imposing upon a credulous public. In one instance where I objected with some warmth to granting a license, the party said that a writ of mandamus would compel the Board to grant it. To which I promptly replied that nothing would please me more, as an apportunity would then be afforded to thoroughly expose this class of impostors.