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when in desperate circumstances, we surpassed them. It were disgraceful to you ingloriously to lose those things now which you have recently obtained by your valour ; for often, truly, when less in number than at present, both you yourselves and your fathers have vanquished adversaries far more numerous. Be not alarmed, therefore, at their multitudes nor at their desire of revolt; for they are daring only in consequence of their unarmed and inconsiderate rashness; por at their having burnt certain of our cities, which they have not taken by force or by battle, for one they gained through treachery, and the other was abandoned : but for such acts now wreak on them becoming vengeance, that they may learn in very deed, who, when compared with themselves, are the men they have injured.'
Having thus said to some, he passed on to others, and adressed them : “Now, fellow soldiers, is the season for exertion and for valour. This day only be courageous, and you will retrieve your losses : for if you conquer these, no others will resist you : by this single battle you will secure your present advantages, and bring into subjection what remains to be subdued; because all other soldiers, wherever they may be, will emulate your conduct, and your foes will be daunted : so that it being in your hands, either, fearless of all men, to retain whatever your fathers have left or yourselves have acquired, to be deprived of it altogether ; make your choice to be free, to rule, to be rich, and to be happy, rather than, through your want of exertion, to endure the contrary.'
Having thus addressed these, he advanced to the third body, and harangued them also, after this manner: 'You have heard what these accursed people have done to us, or rather, indeed, you have seen some of their actions ; choose, therefore, whether you will endure the like, and, moreover, retreat wholly from Britain, or, vanquishing them, whether you will both avenge the departed, and afford to all other men an example of gracious indulgence to obedience, and of necessary severity to revolt. Firmly, indeed, do I hope that we shall conquer ; first by the assistance of the gods, who for the most part succour the injured; then by our native courage, inasmuch as we are Romans, and have long excelled all men by our valour : again by our experience, for these very persons who now oppose us we have already vanquished ; lastly by our dignity, for we shall not contend with rivals, but with slaves whom we have suffered to be free and uncontrolled. However should any thing contrary to our hopes arise, for this I will not hesitate to advert to, it is better to die fighting like men than to be captured and impaled, to see our own entrails torn out and transfixed on burning stakes, to be wasted away in boiling water, as if we had fallen among certain savage, lawless, unfeeling beasts. Either, then, let us subdue them, or let us die on the spot ;, we shall have Britain as a conspicuous monument, even if all other Romans are driven from it ; for with our bodies we shall wholly embrace it for ever.'
Having uttered these and similar words, he raised the signal for battle : and immediately they advanced towards each other, the barbarians with loud clamour and songs of defiance ; but the Romans with silence and order, until they came within a javelin's cast ; when the enemy now proceeding slowly onward, they gave the signal altogether, according to previous arrangement, and rushed violently upon them, and in the shock easily broke through their array ; then being hemmed in by the multitude, they fought desperately at the same time on all sides
. Their conflict was various, for it was thus : here light-armed opposed light-armed : there heavy-armed contended with heavy-armed: horse encountered horse: and the Roman archers fought against the chariots of the barbarians, falling on the Romans, overthrew them with the rushing of their chariots ; and these, as their men were fighting without breastplates, were driven back by the flights of arrows; horseman discomfited footman, and footman overthrew horseman ; some, in compact bodics,
dashed against the chariots, others dispersed by them; some, advancing in troops against the archers, put there to flight; others saved themselves by keeping aloof : and this occurred not in one, but in three several places at once. For a long while vach contended with equal spirit and boldness. Finally, though late, the Romans conquered ; they killed numbers in the fight, and near the waggons, and in a wood; they also took many alive. Great numbers, too, escaped and made ready again as f for battle. But about this time Bunduica dying by disease, they bewailed her sorely, and buried her with great funeral splendour : and as if they were now really discounfited, they became completely dispersed.
5.-SCENE FROM BONDUCA, A TRAGEDY.
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER
Bonduca. The hardy Romans? Oh, ye gods of Britain,
Car. So it seems ;
Bond. Who's that?
Car. No, Bonduca ;
Bond. My valiant cousin, is it foul to say
And what the gods allow us ?
Car. No, Bonduca;
Bond. They are no more.
Car. Where is your conquest then ?
The holy Druids composing songs . Of everlasting life to victory?
Why are these triumphs, lady? for a May-game ?
Bond. By the gods, I think
Car. Witness these wounds, I do ; they were fairls giv'n :
And, follow'd, will be impudence, Bonduca,
Car, Dishearten'd, Run, run, Bonduca! not the quick rack swifter; The virgin from the hated ravisher Not half so fearful ; not a flight drawn home, A round stone from a sling, a lover's wish, E'er made that haste that they have. By the gods, I've seen these Britons, that you magnify, Run as they would have out-run time, and roaring, Basely for mercy roaring; the light shadows, That in a thought scur o'er the fields of corn, Halted on crutches to 'em.
Bond. Oh, ye powers,
Car. Yes, Bonduca,
Nen. And what did you then Caratach?
Car. I fled too, But not so fast; your jewel had been lost then, Young Hengo there ; he trasht me Nennius : For when your fears out-run him, then stept I, And in the head of all the Roman fury Took him, and, with my tough belt, to my back I buckled him ; behind him, my sure shield ; And then I follow'd. If I say I fought Five times in bringing off this bud of Britain, I lie not, Nennius. Neither had you heard Me speak this, or ever seen the child more, But that the son of Virtue, Penius, Seeing me steer thro' all these storms of danger, My helm still in my hand (my sword), my prow Turn’d to my foe (my face), he cried out nobly, Go, Briton, bear thy lion's whelp off safely ; Thy manly sword has ransom'd thee; grow strong, And let me meet thee once again in arms ; Then if thou stand'st thou’rt mine. I took his offer, And here I am to honour him.
Bond. Oh, cousin, From what a flight of honour hast thou check'd me What wouldst thou make me, Caratach ?
Car. See, lady,
The noble use of others in our losses.
Bond. Let me think we conquer'd.
Car. Do ; but so think, as we may be conquer'd ;
. Thou hast made me, cousin,
Car. Thy love and hate are both unwise ones, lady.
Car. Not where the cause implies a general conquest :