Imagens das páginas

certain ;

commerce which had enriched it, and at stances, sometimes seen to extort reluctarit which, more than any former time, the votes from the nominees of aristocratic papeople were placing their whole confidence trons. But such votes were slow and unin the products of trade : it was a period

and a following session was apt to when, to condemn as unjust, or of doubtful reverse the more liberal decision of its prepolicy, any source of wealth, however decessor. In 1804, such an impression blood-stained and nefarious, was sufficient had the indefatigable labours of Mr. Wil. to draw upon a man the language of insult, berforce made, now aided by the circulation and a charge of wishing to sacrifice his of knowledge and by public conviction, country at the shrine of folly and fana- that a promise of success dawned upon ticism.

him through the cloudy atmosphere of the Mr. Wilberforce saw clearly the magni. legislature. His cherished motion was car. tude of the evil, and the strength of the ried in the Commons by a majority of chains with which it was secured in its po- nearly 3 to 2; but the House of Lords, at sition; but he saw also that religion and the instigation of Lord Liverpool (then Lord humanity were on his side, and his intellect, Hawkesbury) had the audacity to postpone his talents and his prayers, were devoted the consideration of a measure, counteto the cause. From the year 1787 he seems nanced by the nominal representatives of to have taken up the abolition of the slave- the people, until the next year. When that trade as the moral duty of his existence, year arrived, it was again lost in the Comwith that firmness and collectedness which mons by a majority of seven. proved the depth and clearness of the But the period was approaching when thoughts with which he had investigated it, Mr. Wilberforce was to be rewarded by the tenacity of mind and purpose with the completion of the first important step of which he grasped it, and the holiness of his labours. In 1806, the Fox and Grenresolve, with which, under the permission ville administration came into power on the of Heaven, he had bound himself to its death of Mr. Pitt, and the abolition of the accomplishment. At every step he was slare trade became a government meamet by a combination of intrigue and per- sure, and, having been carried in the House verted influence; and if, in the divisions in of Commons by a majority of 114 to 15, it the House of Commons, he could boast that made its way, after several delays, with he had his friend and fellow collegian, Mr. considerable difficulty, through the House Pitt, in the minority with him, it was Mr. of Peers. Pitt as a private individual, not as the prime

“ It is impossible, at the present day, daly to esti. minister of a powerful government, wield

mate the satisfaction and joy with which Mr. Wilbering the authority and the influence of his

force must have witnessed this consommation of his station, to make atonement for the past, and labonrs. He had borde the burden and the heat of to render manifest the true greatness of poli

the day; he had watched over the cause with more

than parental solicitude; had nurtured its infancy, tical rectitude, Year after year passed

guided its youth, and won for it'a nation's sympathy away, and every year the legislature rejected and support; he had witnessed the desertion of some the appeal of religion and humanity, which of its earliest advocates, and had been so frequently

defeated as to require far more than ordinary firmwas, except for a short period, annually put

ness to sustain his vigour and determination of purforth in pious remonstrance, in strong and pose. But he was stedfast and immoveable, and the irrefutable argument, and in striking facts. good providence of God ultimately crowned his But while the parliament remained obsti

labours with success. The mere politician may exult

at the success of his cause, but the joy of Mr. Wilbernate in the rejection of the truth, and in

force was that of the philanthropist and Christian. repelling conviction, the public mind had

He had succeeded, amidst incredible difficulties, in not only imbibed from those very parlia- lessening the amount of human misery, and in avert

ing from his country the displeasure of that God who mentary expositions far different impres

is a 'refuge to the poor, a refuge to the needy in his sions, but the press also had teemed with

distress.' In the successful termination of his efforts, information upon the subject from a multi- he beheld av answer to the prayers of the faithful, plicity of sources, and the pulpit not unfre- and an omen of good to the future generations of quently pleaded, with religious persuasion,

Hence his piety and his patriotism alike

ministered to his joy. The principles on which he had the cause of the enslaved African.

acted were but imperfectly known to the men of his Parliament, we mean particularly the day. They probably imagined him to be altogether Commons' House, even with all the cor

such an one as themselves, and had therefore referred

his conduct to secular ambition, or to mere beneruptions that, previous to the Reform Bill,

volence of heart. But his main impulse had been stained its benches, could not at all times drawn from heaven : and his resort, in every season wholly resist the impression of popular of perplexity and gloom, had been to the throne of

his God and Fatber. Sustained in his labours by an sentiment; and the more enlarged and cor

enlightened conscience, he could not but rejoice in rect opinions that pervaded the people, were their successful termination. The character of Chriseven then, under the most adverse circum- tianity was thus relieved from reproach, and some


promise afforded of yet brighter days to the degraded are sufficient vouchers of the interest of the tribes of Africa.

volume. We think it likely very success“We cannot read the history of this struggle, without feeling the encouragement which it affordsfully to answer the end it contemplates. to every virtuous and benevolent deed. Greater dif- It would be a most injudicious comficulties can scarcely be conceived, than those with

pliment to this little volume, to extract which the abolitiopists had to contend. Their whole project was regarded as chimerical, and every means

from it an article from the pen of John which wealth, power, and dishonesty could devise, Foster, as a fair specimen of its contents. was employed against them. The evil to be remedied

The following letter, however, is so characwas practised at the distance of some thousands of

teristic of its author, that we cannot refrain miles, and those who had witnessed its enormities possessed, for the most part, a pecuniary interest in from presenting it to our readers.

It was their continuance. It is well known that the highest addressed to a lady, upon the loss of her personage in the state was opposed to their views,

brother, under particularly affecting cirand that the revenues of the pation, and the prospe

cumstances :rity of its commerce, were extensively regarded as threatened by them. Undeterred, however, by those

“My Dear Miss CAROLINE, circumstances, the friends of humanity determined on their course, and the rectitude of their object gave “I should not venture a momentary interruption them success. Their labours constituted the seed

of feelings, which I know must choose the pensive from which an abundant harvest has been gathered

retirement of the heart, did not I hope to insinuate in our day. The principles which they instilled into

a sentiment or two not wholly discordant with the the public mind have not been inoperative. They

tone of grief. have moved a nation's sympathy, and the chain of the

“I am willing to believe the interest I have Degro is in consequence broken, and the rod of the oppressor is taken from his hand. Our pation is now taken in your happiness will authorise me to confree from the guilt of perpetuating a system, as de. vey to you, at such a serious hour, the expressions structive of human happiness, as it is abhorrent from of a friendly and solicitous sympathy. I am willing the laws of God, and may consistently appeal, on the

to believe that the sincere respect with which I high ground of humanity and religion, to the other

have addressed you in serener days will be a pledge nations of the earth. Let us pot pride ourselves in the consummation we have witnessed.

Other men

to you that, in assuming such a liberty, I cannot laboured, and we have entered into their labours. forget the delicacy of respect which peculiarly The foundation of all which has been achieved was belongs to you, now you are in this scene of sufferlaid by Mr. Wilberforce and his associates. They ing, and that this little attention which I seem to did not, perhaps, at first anticipate so early an ex- myself to owe you, will not be deemed to violate tinction of slavery, but they prepared the way for it, the sacredness of sorrow. and the madness of our enemies has enabled us to

I should be most happy if it were possible for achieve it. That the great patriarch of the cause

me to impart any influence that would alleviate the should have survived to witness the struggle, which was to crown with victory the labours of his life,

oppressions of the heart, or aid your fortitude in its must be gratifying to every benevolent mind. Amidst

severe privation. the decay of nature, his spirit must have been re- “But I dare not indulge so pleasing a hope.freshed by the scene he witnessed, and the language I know too well that suffering clings to the suf. of his heart have been similar to that of Simeon, ferer's self, and that any other mind, though actu" Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, ated by the kindest wishes, is still a foreign mind, for mine eyes have seen thy salvation,"

and inhabits a separate sphere, from which it can With this extract we shall close our re. but faintly breathe consoling sentiments. Yet, view of a biographical article, which has

doubtless there are in existence truths of sweet afforded us much gratification, and which, and mighty inspiration, which, if properly applied, when we say that it is worthy both of the

would calm your feelings and irradiate the gloom around you..

How happy were the heart to steal work to which it is prefixed, and of the

such fire from heaven? How much I wish it yours ! enlightened champion of negro liberation,

Yes, and there are softenings of distress, glimpses whose persevering labours in the cause of of serenity, ideas of tender enthusiasm, firm prinreligion and of suffering humanity it very ciples, sublime aspirings, to mingle with the feelably records, it is impossible to recommend ings of the good in every situation. I love to assure it in more decided terms to the altention myself that these are not wanting to you. I hope of our readers.

they will prolong the benignant charm of this visitation, and be, at intervals, closer to your heart

than even the causes of sadness that environ you. Review.—Consolation in Affliction. By “You will not, Miss Caroline, disdain the solicithe Editor of the Sacred Harp, &c.

tation of a sincere friend who is interested for you Wakeman. Dublin. 1833.

while you are suffering, and loves the sensibility,

of which he regrets he cannot beguile the pain. This elegant little volume is composed of I think I would be willing to feel, for a season, all a selection of essays, letters, poems, &c. that you feel, in order to acquire an entire and from various authors, of such a character as poignant sympathy. This at once can convey the is calculated to afford comfort in affliction. exquisite significance, the magic of soul into the The selection appears to have been made suggestions that seek to realize the energy of a

tender heart. I would excite the whole efficacy of with great discrimination, and the names of

a mind that was painfully instructed to soothe or to Pascal, John Foster, Robert Hall, Dr.John

animate. I would look around for every truth and son, Dr. Mason Good, and Bernard Barton, every hope to which heaven has imparted sweet


ness for the sake of minds in grief. I would in persons that are dear to you; and present in one voke whatever friendly spirit has power to shed devout offering, to the best Father, the greatest balm on anxious or desponding cares, and, unob

Friend; and it will assure you of being, in every served, steal a part of the bitterness away. I would scene of life, the object of his kind and perpetual also attempt a train of vigorous thinking. 'I would not despair of some advantage from the application “Permit me, Madam, to add, that one of the of reasoning. Indeed, it is known too well that most powerful means towards preserving a vigorous there are moments when the heart refuses all tone of mind in unhappy circumstances, is, to excontrol, and gives itself without reserve to grief. plore, with a resolute eye, the lessons they teach. It feels and even cherishes emotions which it Events like those you have beheld open the inmost cannot yield up to any power less than that of hea- temple of solemn truth, and shine around the very ven or of time. Arguments may vainly sometime blaze of revelation. In such a school, such a mind forbid the tears that flow from the affecting events may make incalculable improvement. I consider a of remembrance or anticipation. Arguments will scene of death as being, to the interested parties not obliterate scenes whose every circumstance who witness it, a kind of sacrament inconceivably pierced the heart. Arguments cannot recall the solemn, at which they are summoned by the voice victims of death. Dear affections! the source of of heaven to pledge themselves in vows of irreverfelicity, the charm of life,-what pangs can they sible decision. Here then, Caroline, as at the high cause! You have loved sensibility, you have cul- altar of eternity, you have been called to pronounce, tivated it,-and you are destined yet, I hope, to if I may so express it, the inviolable oath, to keep obtain many of its sweetest pleasures; but you see for ever in view the momentous value of life,-and how much it must sometimes cost you. Condemn, to aim at its worthiest use, its sublime end, to as it deserves, the pride of stoicism ? but still spurn with lasting disdain, those foolish trifles, there are the most cogent reasons why sorrow those frivolous vanities, which so generally wither should sometimes be restrained. It should acknow- our sight, and consume life as the locust did Egypt; ledge the limits imposed by judgment and the will and to devote yourself, with the ardour of passion, of Heaven. Do not yield up your mind to the to attain the most divine improvement of the gloomy extinction of utter despondency. It still human soul; and, in short, to hold yourself in pre. retains the most dear and valued interests which paration to make that interesting transition to required to be saved from the sacrifice,

another life, whenever you shall be claimed by the “ Before the present circumstances took place,

Lord of the world. the wish of friendship would have been, that you “Yours very respectfully and affectionately.” might be long happily exempted from them. Now it is that you may gain from them as high an improvement and triumph, as ever an excellent mind

BRIEF STATEMENT OF THE CASE OF won from trial. From you an example may be expected of the manner in which a virtuous and

PROTESTANT DISSENTERS. thoughtful person learned to bear the melancholy

The Committee of Deputies of the Three events of life. Even at such a season it is not a

Denominations of Dissenters, Presbyterian, duty to abandon the study of happiness. Do not altogether turn away from sweet hope with her pro- Independent, and Baptist; -- with Deputamises and her smiles. Do not refuse to believe tions from the General Body of Ministers, that this dark cloud will pass away, and the hea- from the Protestant Society for the Protecvens smile again ; that happier days will compen- tion of Religious Liberty, and from the sate those hours which move in sadness. Grief

United Secession Presbytery of London ; will have its share, a painful share. But grief will having formed themselves into a “United not have you all. Caroline,-there is good in existence still,-rich, various, endless,-the pursuit of

Comınittee to consider the Grievances

under which Dissenters now labour, with which will elevate, and the attainment of which will crown you. Even your present emotions are

a view to their Redress ;" thin

expethe distresses of tender melancholy:-how widely dient to state the present legal position of different from the anguish of guilt !

Protestant Dissenters, and some of the “Yours are such tears as innocence might shed, Reasons and Principles on which the Comand intermingle smiles,-pensive smiles, no doubt, mittee recommend united Applications to and transient, but expressive of a sentiment that

the Legislature for Relief. rises towards heaven. The most pathetic energies of consolation could be imparted by religion only. The never-dying principle of all that is happy in

Religious liberty has been brought to its the creation,--the firm persuasion that all things present favourable state by the slow, but that concern us are completely every moment in certain, advancement of Society in knowthe hands of our Father above, infinitely wise and ledge, truth, and justice. And the removal merciful, that he disposes all these events in the of penal Statutes, affecting Religion, from very best possible manner, and that we shall one

the Code of our Country, will shew the day bless him, amidst the ardour of infinite grati

extent of those improvements which have tude, for even the most distressing visitations :

been successively effected by a liberal and such a sublime persuasion will make the heart and character sublime. It will make you to assemble

enlightened policy. all your interests together,-your wishes, your pros

Non-conformity had its origin the pects, your sorrows, and the circumstances of the principles maintained and acted upon at



the Reformation ; principles of the highest nience, and in some to positive importance to the true prosperity of States, wrong.-As all Registrations of Baptism and the legitimate interests of Religion. are defective, not being Evidence of the These principles respect the sole and exclu- time of Birth, and as many hundred Consive sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures, the gregations of Non-conformists do not pracRight of all Men to judge for themselves in tise Infant Baptism, and consequently canthe interpretation and use of that Divine not avail themselves even of a Baptismal Standard, and the correlative Right to act Register, some comprehensive measure, of according to their judgment in matters of a civil, and not Religious, Character, is Religion, so long as its Exercise interferes absolutely necessary, to place all the Subnot with the Rights of others. As such jects of the Empire upon a footing of just Rights do not originate in human Laws, no equality, and to furnish an efficient Regishuman Laws can justly abridge them. tration of Births, Marriages, and Deaths,

The exertion of political power, for the for the whole Community. suppression of Error, or the Establishment 2.- Compulsory Conformity to the of Truth, is presumptuous and unjust. To Rites and Ceremonies of the Established the exercise of this power there are

Church in the Celebration of Marriage. definable limits; and it invariably secu- The Committee consider the demand larizes every form of Christianity with which of such Conformity an interference with it is associated.

natural and social Rights, and a direct Whenever the Authority of Law is violation of Liberty of Conscience, aggrabrought to bear on the promotion or the vated in Cases where the Doctrines, as well suppression of theological opinions and as the polity and discipline, of the Church plans of ecclesiastical polity, it must ope- are grounds of Non-conformity. If Marrate injuriously, whether by rewards or riage be regarded as merely a civil Conpenalties. One religious Denomination is tract, they deem it expedient that the Legisunjustly exalted, while the Members of lature should adopt proper means to estaother Denominations, equally entitled to blish the formation of the civil Contract the esteem and confidence of their fellow. before a civil Officer and competent Witsubjects, are unjustly depressed.

nesses, with an efficient Registration.A deep Impression felt by the Com- If it be a Religious Contract, then they mittee has impelled them thus to state their claim that their own Ministers should be principles on this primary ground of Reli- allowed to solemnize it. If it be both gious Non-conformity—They have specific civil and religious, they contend that the Grievances of which to complain, and the civil Contract should be according to the early removal of which they anticipate on civil Form to be established by the Legisthe ground of impartial Justice : But they lature, and that the Religious Exercises feel that it would be a violation of their should be left to the parties concerned.duty, did they not express their conscien- The very Right, for which the Committee tious Objection to the alliance of any Ec- now contend, has been long exercised by clesiastical Systems with the Civil Power, Dissenters in Scotland and Ireland, and and their conviction, that all Religious De- even in this Country by the Society of nominations should be left to their own Friends. Resources and Arrangements,

3. The Denial to Dissenters of the Having recorded their deliberate and Right of Burial, by their own Ministers, solemn Testimony, they leave the decision according to their own forms in parochial of the great Question to the Progress of Cemeteries.- -This grievance has been Events and the determination of an enlight- removed by Parliament in Ireland, and no ened Legislature, under the Providence of difficulty has occurred in the operation of the Most High.

the measure. The Committee, therefore, The Committee now proceed to state the see no reason why similar relief should not practical Grievances, which directly, press be extended to English Dissenters. on Protestant Dissenters, and require imme- 4. The Exclusion of Protestant Disdiate Redress.

senters from the Privileges of the Uni1. The Want of a legal Registration of versities of Oxford and Cambridge.Births, Marriages, and Deaths, without The Committee regard it as an unrighteous submitting to Religious Rites to which restriction, that Dissenters are prevented they conscientiously object. -The validity from enjoying the full benefit of Education given to the parochial Registers, while at those seats of Learning unless they bethose of Dissenters are rejected, has created come Members of the established Church. invidious distinctions, and subjected the -Is it right, that the Dissenter, whatever whole Dissenting Body to great inconve- his Intelligence or Fortune, should be com

pelled to seek, in the Universities of the THE FOLLOWING RESOLUTION WAS PASSED Sister Kingdoms or Foreign Lands, those AT A MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF literary Advantages which are denied him

DEPUTIES, JAN. 22, 1834. at home? The pressure of this Evil is Resolved, That an Announcement be aggravated by the want of a Charter to the made by the Secretary through the Editors London University, with authority to bestow of the different Magazines belonging to the Honours and Distinctions which Oxford Protestant Dissenters, requesting that Petiand Cambridge confer.

tions on the Grievances enumerated in the 5. The Liability of Dissenters to the brief Statement published by the United payment of Church Rates, and other Committee, may be forwarded to Members Ecclesiastical Demands. Against such of the Counties or Towns from which they Exactions the Committee protest, as at proceed, before the first day of March. once inexpedient and unjust. They per. ceive no reason why similar imposts should

Literary Notices. be abolished in Ireland, and continued in

Just Published. England. Is it reasonable, on any prin

Part 58 of the National Portrait Gallery, with ciple of Justice, or of Policy, that those Memoirs of Henry Fuseli, R. A, ; Sir Francis Bur

dett, Bart.; and Professor Hooker. who cannot conscientiously worship at the Part IX. of a new edition of the National Portrait Altars of the Established Church, should Gallery, with Memoirs of Lord Aberdeen ; Sir Rufane

S. Donkin ; and Prince George of Cumberlaud. be compelled to contribute to her expen- Part XXXVI. of Baines's History of Lancashire. diture ? Is not this as degrading to her

Part I. of Fisher's Views in India, China, and the

Shores of the Red Sea, from Original Sketches by supporters, as it is unrighteous to those who Commander Robert Elliot, RN, dissent from her Claims? Is not the dig- gravers, and Architects : in a Pocket

' Vol.

Biographical Sketches of Painters, Sculptors, Ennity of Religion best consulted, when its

Adam the Gardener. By C. Cowden Clarke,

History of the Glove Trade; with the Customs Professors render voluntary homage to its connected with "the Glove." By W. Hull, Jun. principles, and present free-will offerings Relation to God and the Universe.

An Essay on the Extent of the Atonement, in its

By T. W. for its support?

Jenkyn. 12mo,

The Bard ; a Selection of Poetry. 32mo. boards. Such is the Case which the Committee

A Cypress Wreath for the Grave of a Young Per

son. By the Rev. John Bruce, 18mo. present to the Consideration of their Friends

A new octavo edition of Elisha Coles on God's throughout the Country, that Measures Sovereignty; with Recommendatory Prefaces. By

the Rev. W. Romaine, Dr. Goodwin, and D. Owen. may be adopted for effective co-operation Memoirs of the Life, Ministry, and Writings of the

Rev. Rowland Hill, M. A. By Wm. Jones, M. A. in bringing the Claims of Dissenters before

including Fifteen Sermons preached by him in the the attention of the Legislature. Convinced Eighty-ninth and last year of his Life, that their Cause is founded on truth and

A Map shewing the Order and Causes of Salvation

and Damnation. By John Bunyan, author of the justice, they are assured, from the loyalty Pilgrim's Progress.

Part I. of the Christian Family's Assistant. By the and patriotism of Dissenters, that no means Rev. Henry Liodsay Poppewell. will be employed by them for the accom

Essays and Letters on Important Theological Sub.

jects; comprising an Inquiry into the Extent of the plishment of their object, but such as are in Divine Decrees :- the Atonement of Christ :-the

Duty of Man ; and of the Ability of Man to perform accordance with the principles of the Bri- his Duty. By the Rev.J. Hargreaves. tish Constitution, and the hallowed dictates

A Pocket Expositor of the New Testament; de

signed for Christians of all Denominations. Ву of Christianity.

T. Keyworth.

A History of Germany; including Biographical In conclusion, the Committee respectfully Sketches of the most Distinguished Persons of that recoinmend to the various classes of Dis- Country ; in 2 vols. 8vo.

Also, an Abridgment of the same work for Young senters the formation of Associations in the People.

In the Press. principal Towns and Districts of the King

A New Work of Fiction, in 3 Vols. 8vo. The work don, and the immediate adoption of Reso- is named after the hero, “ Markapna, or the Land of lutions and Petitions in support of their

the Savage.

A Course of Historical Lectures on Architecture. Claims. They also suggest, that while, in

By W. S. Martin.

A second edition of Abbreviated Discourses. By their Applications to Parliament, they firmly, the Rev. J. Leifchild. but temperately, avow their principles, they

Part I. of the Architectural Director. By John

Billington, Architect. limit the Prayer of the Petitions to the Re- Medica Sacra ; short Expositions of the more Im.

portaut Diseases mentioned in the Sacred Writings. dress of practical Grievances.

By T. Shapter, M.D. 1 Vol. post 8vo.

Elements of Medical Police ; or, the Principles and Signed,

Practice of Legislating for the Public Healib. By

Bisset Hawkins, M.D. 1 Vol. 8vo.
On behalf of the Committee,

A General and Comparative View of the Systems

of National Education, existing in the several GerR. WINTER, Secretary. man States ; .with Notes and Observations on the

Applicability of such Systems to England; and a 16, Bedford Row, London,

Report of what has been done in the principal States Jan. 4, 1834.

of Europe for the Promotion and Encouragement of Instructive Literature.

Rowbotham's New and Easy Method of Learning the French Genders in a Few Hours.


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