Imagens das páginas

pass that

there existed a paucity of talent among you; racter as you have. The “ modesty, and but who would have expected to find, in a unwillingness to give offence,” to which you Methodist periodical, an indirect avowal of make him appear a stranger, were, except the deficiency, which caused them to em- when vice obtruded, characteristic even to ploy a man so heterodox ? But

a fault;

;- a fault of which his amiable by.

critic may justly be acquitted. You take You say, that “many facts and opinions one solitary incident in his life, in which he have been stated, not so much for the pur

- and that but as one among many--overpose of illustrating his father's character, as stepped the bounds of prudence, to prove of perpetuating his hostile feelings and that he was of an arbitrary disposition; prejudices in regard to others.” My under- although that error, if error it were, was standing may be obtuse, and my perception immediately repented of. To find the disless acute than a critic's; but, although I position of a man, an unprejudiced person have read the volume more than once, I would look at the conduct of his life, not to have not made the discovery of such a design: one single action. How arbitrary soever nor was it in the power of the biographer, the action might have been, if you inquire for this plain reason-his father never ex- of the old Leaders in St. Austell, you will pressed, even if he entertained, hostile learn that the “ wealthy member," though feelings, or prejudices, 'against any man. summoned to the meeting of investigation, I appeal to those who knew him most distained to attend, and that the condemintimately.

natory resolutions were signed also by the Of Mr. Drew's selection of metaphysics Superintendent who had been chairman of for his study, the narrative of his early life the meeting. If you press the charge of sufficiently testifies the motives. To attri- arbitrary conduct, it must be against him, bute it to “the natural recklessness and therefore, and not Mr. Drew. hardihood of his disposition,” is as just as You affirm that Mr. Drew “denied the to affirm, that he made it because he had divine and eternal sonship of Christ; not long legs, or mended shoes. Those who because it was unscriptural, but because it read the book, learn, that religion influenced did not accord with his philosophy;" but him in his choice. “We are not sure, you have conveniently forgotten to show you say, “but that, like many others, he where or how he denied the divine sonship. mistook his own intellectual character,” It Christ was divine in bis nature, and divine is by a mistake of this sort that some men in his sonship. The former was eternal, turn critics. “Strictly speaking,” you say,

the latter derived; but would you say a “his was a mathematical, rather than a derived eternal ? The word divine has two metaphysical mind.” Who told you so ? meanings, “partaking of the nature of God," Assertions are not arguments. It would not and “proceeding from God;" and you be to the injury of your fame, if, in your have invidiously confounded them, to make future criticisms, you would condescend to Mr. Drew appear to deny the Divinity, call talk about subjects you understand. it the divine essence, if you please, of Christ.

To what branch of knowledge Mr. Drew The eternal sonship he denied, because it might have turned his attention, had he been was not to be found in the word of God placed in more propitious circumstances, it (see his letter on it in the Life); and not is impossible to say. As to his qualifications merely because contrary to his philosophy. in the department of philosophy which he Discover the expression Eternal Son in the chose, suffice it to mention, that his meta. Scriptures, and we acknowledge Mr. Drew physical works received the meed of appro- to be in error. He believed as the Bible bation from the highest philosophical taught, not as the Methodist Conference. characters of the day; and the essay which He believed that Eternal applied to the contested the prize with the united efforts divine nature, and Son to the human nature, of the empire, was not successful, only of our Saviour: the latter not only in its because, as a leamed professor tells us, it fact, but in prophecy also. was too deep for his judges.

You ridicule Mr. Drew's opinion that Speaking of Mr. Drew's being deprived revelation should submit to the test of of his class-paper, you use these words - reason; you profess not to know what “as the case is represented;" as though reason is; and then ask questions to puzzle you doubted the veracity of the author. I yourself! Had you read Mr. Drew's works, join with you in saying, “ It is easy to you would have found that bis reason was of insinuate ; but is it manly ?".

that exalted character which leads to the It is evident that you were not personally unequivocal acknowledgment of revelation acquainted with Mr. Drew, or you would and its doctrines. It is “ astonishing,” on not so grossly have misrepresented his cha- perhaps, “amusing," you intimate



« Few

Mr. Drew never defined this reason. It is claiming it to yourself; for frequently, when amusing rather that he has; for he says, introduced on a platform as “the Rev." “ Reason is an encumbrance to those who he has said, “ Cast that title to the moles can do best without it.” To be serious : and the bats." You maintain that it bewhat man of thinking could give credence longs by custom to the sacred office. True. to a religion in which reason was to be no And you, moreover, show that it is so, guide ? Is the noblest attribute of man to be independently of character; for you tell us, exercised in every thing but the chief end of contrary to the plain truth, “in one place existence ? But you have committed your he seems to think the title belongs to the self: you admit that “ the authenticating Local Preachers.” His being only a Local evidences of revelation should be examined, Preacher seems sadly in the way; but a and their sufficiency made out" by reason. shepherd was an abomination to the EgypMr. Drew says nothing more :

“ Both the tians. I forgot that I had put out of sight authority and interpretation of revelation yoor ministerial office. must submit to this test, and be received or Mr. Drew does not assert that Mr. Wesrejected according to its decisions." Whatley set out with an organised system of is the authority, to man, but the authen- church government; his words are, ticating evidences ? and the interpretation, systems of church government were so well but the making out of their sufficiency? organised at the outset as his.” If Mr. What is it to examine them, but to submit Wesley ever formed such a system, then them to the test of reason? Mr. Drew no- there must have been an outset, or comwhere asserts that nothing ought to be admit. mencement, of the system—it is this of ted as an article of faith, which is “unin- which Mr. Drew speaks. You first violate telligible to human understanding." This the obvious meaning of his words,—then is part of the title of a book ; and you upbraid him with the ignorance which you unfairly use it as Mr. Drew's own opinion, have imputed to him. commenting upon it accordingly. He merely Allow me, my dear sir, to congratulate acknowledges that, “ On these (the autho. you on having so felicitously handled the rity and interpretation of revelation) and drenching-horn anecdote. Your reasoning other similar subjects, the reasonings of the is so remarkably strong and beautiful, that author are strong and conclusive." His I must beg to bring it before you, at the expressing a wish to see it reprinted, cannot risk of wounding your feelings by the combear the conviction to a candid mind that pliment. he entirely coincided with all the opinions “ The Wesleyan minister, whoever he is, of the author. Although Mr. Drew has not is described as a strenuous defender of defined his reason, you have supplied the ecclesiastical domination.* *

Not only deficiency by defining yours-vide ipsissima have Mr. Jacob Drew and his friends verba reason, that is, our previously taken care to fill up the blanks both as to formed opinions ?” “In what conclave," person and place; but, when the whole to use your own words,“ is this infallible was publicly and by name referred to an Pope to be elected ?" In the Conference ? individual, they entered no protest against I can scarcely bring myself to believe that the appropriation. They have made themyou intended this, although from the obscu- selves responsible, therefore, [mark!] for rity of your language it would be difficult to the slander which the anecdote contains." draw any other conclusion. Yes, as none I would modestly suggest that it might but a man of unsound mind would call have been as well if you had pointed out that reason, and as I wish to be candid, I where and how the blanks were filled up, will not press the matter. Now, the only as you gratuitously, I mean charitably, other construction which can be put on affirm, by Mr. J. D.- and his friends. your words is, you meant to inform your I will show the beauty, and prove

the readers, those at least whose knowledge is strength, of your argument. You must derived from your pages, that such was Mr. allow that the appellation of “mob of Drew's reason; and if so, your manly pro- Methodism” to Cornishmen, has passed bity must undoubtedly be applauded—when under your notice uncontradicted and discovered. You are at liberty, therefore, unreprehended by yourself and your to choose between the misfortune of in. friends. You have, therefore, approved sanity and the crime of dishonest mali. of it. You have entered no protest ciousness.

against it; and, therefore, you are reYour remarks on the title of "Reverend' sponsible for the consequences. Now, you are certainly important, and demand atten- are not sure that Mr. J. Drew is, like yourtion for their acuteness. On this point Mr. self, a reader of the paper you refer to; yet, Drew would not quarrel with you, when if he be, is it not preposterous to require a


man to answer all the frivolous things said tion?" Why did you call him "an acute about his writings, whether they appear as metaphysician,” if “his was rather a maappropriations in the Christian Advocate, thematical than a metaphysical mind;" if or misappropriations in the Wesleyan-Me- he were one of a class of writers whose thodist Magazine ? The anecdote, you tell "metaphysical demonstrations seem often

has long been in circulation with the confounded with mathematical ones ?name of the minister, and since the publica- Why did you wish him to second ("ably') tion it has been quoted in a newspaper and the efforts of Wesley and Fletcher, if metathe name given.” What has Mr. Jacob physics “had obscured some portions of Drew to do with that? Yet “thus con- his theology;" if he were “unsound residering the case," you accuse him of having specting the divine nature of Christ ?" violated the laws of hospitality. O noble Why did you tell him that by the invesjudge! That severe censure in his father's tigation of the subjects you proposed," he words, a mangled quotation, cannot in jus. would promote the honour of the adorable tice apply. Permit me to ask you, Sir, God,” if he held “a dangerous error," was it not a personal insult to Mr. Drew, to and if he “practically denied the supre. tell him that the Cornish people were the macy of Revelation!" Where is candour? mob of Methodism? Being®“ above the where is justice ? nay, where is common vulgar-born,” you scorn to see, however you honesty? for I must not name the virtues may feel, the “ vulgar” wit of the answer. of Christianity to an Editor of the WesSupposing it were a warm and jocose leyan-Methodist Magazine, who will fawn expression of the minister, surely

on a man of talent when living, and seize -none but a madman will throw about fire, an opportunity, though "reluctantly," forAnd tell you 'tis all but in sport !

sooth, when he is in his grave, to trample The minister is known throughout the upon his reputation. On a consideration Connexion; and, had the epithet been of your conduct, a deep-felt disgust seizes “utterly inapplicable" and false, it would on the mind ; and' neither your professions have borne with it its own refutation, and of esteem, nor your offers of friendship, three of your columns would not have been

can prevent the conviction that there is needed for the discussion of the anecdote. another man than the one whom you

You sum judgment thus :-" The whole accuse, who has been guilty, deeply guilty, book (if the whole, of course every part of “an act of meanness treachery, and skilful logician !) proves that there were slander." certain preachers whom Mr. Drew vehe- I am not blest, sir, with that quickness mently disliked.” Indeed! I will not of apprehension which so eminently disdeign to answer such an assertion. Perhaps tinguishes a Methodist editor; but, being you meant, “The whole review proves that in possession of a little sense by no means there are certain preachers who vehemently uncommon, I will venture to guess (your disliked Mr. Drew."

motives, although there is much truth in By what strange fatality, sir, was it that the observation that “reasons of state are you ever condescended to praise Mr. Drew mysteries to the vulgar." Mr. Drew, then, in your own handwriting ? Read your had been your literary rival, and he must own letter to him at page 252 in his be crushed : he had presumed to utter sen“Life.” What mean you by professing to timents opposed to the dogmas of a conbe “an admirer of his talents ?" Was it clave; and he must be execrated. The flattery because he was popular, or did outward respect paid to him when he held you really admire his skill in “ the art of the weapon of the press, must now, because metaphysical verbiage,” which now you so he is unable to retaliate, be turned into profoundly despise ? Why did you be- calumny; and because he had been the seech him to undertake a philosophical unflinching advocate of real religious investigation of the tenets « which the liberty, the honour he has brought to MeMethodists profess to hold as divine thodism must be denied and obliterated. truths,” if he were not a clear-headed, From a perusal of some of your articles, sound divine,” if he held “confused opi- we necessarily infer, that, had Mr. Drew nions on many important theological sub- been an itinerant, instead of a local, jects ?” Why did you offer to take fifty preacher, he would have been extolled as copies of such a work, and to promote its an ornament to Methodism–had ye yieldsale ? Was it really meant, or was it a ed his willing neck to the yoke of “eccledelusive hope, held out to betray? Why siastical domination,” he would have been did you place him in connexion with honoured as an humble Christian ; and had Dr. Adam Clarke, when “he had no he given over the produce of his mental claim whatever to the honourable posin labour to the Book-Room Committee, ".

should not have been told that he did not days of Æsop, for an illustration of that trade wisely with his talents, and his fable in which “ the living ass kicks the “ metaphysical verbiage,” as it is “ flip- dead lion." pantly” termed, would have been blazoned When measures such as yours, resulting forth with all the pomp of puffery and from a policy so contracted, are publicly bombast, of which we have lately had a exhibited in the high places of Methodism, specimen as creditable to your taste and in what degree of esteem, nay, rather in judgment, as to your estimation of public what low grade of disrespect, must her opinion. Doubtless, in that case, at the practical Christiani and 'her internal ecobar of Conference metaphysics, the Aris- nomy be held both by the worldly and the totles of antiquity, and the Lockes of pious ? modern days, would have been made to Had your understanding, sir, been hide their diminished heads in a way simi- capable of deriving benefit from expelar to that in which Homer and Milton rience, we had been saved the deplorable have lately suffered an eclipse hy Method. sight of editorial dotage. It is this which istic poetry!

screens you from our anger; the weakness How much soever you may have de. of your mind draws forth our pily, and tracted from the fame of Mr. Drew, it is your pusillanimity alone is worthy our conevident that you attach no little importance tempt; even the sacrifice of your integrity to his opinions. To overturn them, you we can overlook in the blindness of your have, like an unskilful artilleryman, over- zeal for that party which made and keeps charged your instrunient, which, bursting, you what you are. But I will indulge no fails of its intended effect, and endangers longer in reproach, nor will I rob you of yourself: for, instead of impartially stating the fame you have acquired by your virudefects and excellences, you pass over the

lence. No: the willing lacquey is deservlatter, and fix only on the former. Not ing of praise, even though the tinsel which content with that, you have tried to degrade adorns him be "cut in the shape of the him below his level, in terms neither cour- letters Reverend.Permit me then to teous nor charitable. A reaction is the thank you, and to express my admiration inevitable consequence.

To translate a of the manner in which you have mainsentiment of Horace,

tained the character of Reverend by impar

tiality, consistency, justice, candour, and To increase the very fire that burns its nose.* truth, to say nothing of brotherly love, in The wave that rushes against a rock is

your critique on the

“ Life of Samuel broken by its own force, but the rock still Drew."

VINDEX. towers above it.

I cannot but admire the dignified contempt manifested by the family whom you

THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS. have insulted in their dearest member; nor Every one who has been in Paris, and is it the less deep, nor will it be the less examined with delight the animal and lasting, because for the sake of Methodism vegetable wonders of its celebrated “Jardin it is silent.

des Plantes," must have hailed with satis. Disgust concealed

faction our spirited, though tardy imitation Is ofttimes proof of wisdom, when the fault Is obstinate, and cure beyond our reach.

of it in the Regent's Park. In every point It has been hinted that they are not

of view, we consider the Zoological Society indebted to you for this mark of Christian

as a highly useful and important institution. affection ; but it is no concern to them or

-As an auxiliary to science, its services are to the public, whom you may employ to do great, and, as a mere scene for rational and do your dirty work, either as a journeyman innocent amusement for the young and critic or a shoe-black—the responsibility inquiring, its gardens are scarcely less valuand odium attaching to the labours of the

able. With these impressions of the imformer are your own.

Yet one thing is portance of this society, we observe, with certain, there are some writers in your sincere regret, any circumstance in its maemploy, who, by taking as much thoughtnagement, which may tend to impair its as their capacities can allow, will to the estimation in the public mind,—but we are literary stature of your periodical never

convinced that the practice now resorted add one Cubitt. They nevertheless have to, of opening the Gardens on a Sunday, their public use, teaching us this valuable be persevered in, this result will inevitably lesson—that we need not travel back to the follow. It is well known to all, that this

delightful place of popular resort is open Usque laborantes, dum ferrum molliat iguis,

during the whole of the week to any one Ut mavis, imitare.

who will pay his shilling on admission, as

You imitate that instrument which blows

• At tu conclusas hircinis follibus auras


the ticket required is so easily obtained that own conclusions, and apply them on other it can be considered little more than a mere occasions, when even those individuals who matter of form. Crowds, during the week, set them so injurious an example, would throng the walks of the gardens, and the be very unwilling to admit this application. public have ample opportunity of enjoying The contemplation of the noble works of them. But it might be urged-thousands the Creator is, under proper circumstances, are bending over the loom, or confined in even a religious work, ---but no one will the workshop, during the week, to whom a say that the crowds of fashionable votaries visit to the Zoological Gardens might, who throng the Gardens on a Sunday, care under their circumstances, be considered for this holy purpose,-no, we are coneven a fit recreation for the Sabbath. vinced that the scene is little calculated to Although we could not admit this, still wean us from a world we love too well,” there might be some show of reason in the but rather to impress upon the young and plea. But how can this plea be urged thoughtless --- that all days are made for when not one of this class is allowed to our pleasure, and not one in the seven for enter on a Sunday, as the admission, with- Him who, every baby at an infant school out money, is only for members and their would tell them, ordained one for his essenfriends, or those to whom they may give tial service. their tickets or 'bones,' as they are termed. Here is an open and decided profanation of the Sabbath; and how can it be defended? Is it argued that these gardens are the property of a society, and that it is hard that its members, who partly support it

. The remaining portion of the Solstitial seaby contributions, may not occasionally enjoy son, since the 14th of June, has been alterthem without the intrusion of the public?— nately fine and showery; the 6th of July Very well-let that be done by closing them was distinguished by frequent showers, against the profanum vulgus one day of the accompanied with thunder ; the prevailing week, but do not, in the name of decency, clouds were the heaped clouds, noticed on open them on a Sunday to those who are such the former occasion, (cumulo - stratus, immoderate lovers of aristocratic exclusive. Howard, crinis serratus, Birt,) the fibrus ness, that rather than be sharers with the fasciformis, Birt, was also prevalent; it throng, in admiration of the works of the occurred on this occasion 'in detached creation, will heedlessly offend against masses, and not in a continuous sheet, as those sacred principles which have fixed an on the 14th of June : it may be interesting eternal barrier between the occupations of to compare this circumstance and the occathe Sabbath and the remainder of the week. sional thunder that occurred throughout the We are no puritans in our notions on this day, with the wide-spread fasciformis and subject, but we cannot but strongly con. intense thunder and lightning that was demn the practice we have alluded to. We noticed in June; the intensity of the elecwill say nothing of the employment of trical phenomena apparently depended on servants and animals, which the long- the size and density of the fasciformi. The extended line of carriages produces, for it 6th of July was also a dividing day between might be said that the same would be seen two anemonal periods, the period previous in the ring of Hyde Park. With this, being north-east, and the succeeding southhowever, the society has no concern,-it is west ; the last period commenced with their duty, as a public body, to do nothing showery weather, which gradually gave which shall offend against public order and place to fine dry warm weather : this condecency; and every association, either of tinued until the 18th, when the wind was science or literature, has, we maintain, a noticed to be north-easterly; about noon of higher duty to perform, connected with it this day rain began to fall, and in the -an honest and manly observance of the evening a severe storm of thunder again laws, divine and human. We are con- occurred; the lower series of the class crivinced that in many cases those who attend nis, of Birt’s nomenclature were on this the Gardens on a Sunday, do so, more occasion very prevalent, and of such denfrom want of reflection, than from any sity as to hide the upper clouds from view; other cause. Surely, if they considered the a few days previous to this, the temperature mighty force of example on their children had been rather high, after this shower it and servants, they would forego a little was observed to be considerably lower : amusement on such a day. Both these we may, therefore, consider this day as the classes, often shrewd critics on the habits of first of the æstival season, their seniors and superiors, will draw their

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