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tion, or its suffocating hugs induce debility to be so absolute and stable as many sanand dissolution, death to others seems life guine persons anticipated. The inhabitants to this empire. Of man, whether indi. of Syria and parts adjacent have mutinied vidual, or congregated into a nation, or under the tyranny of these new lords, and, aggregated by the union of nations, we too reinforced by hordes of Bedouins, have often have to note the insatiate lust of broken out into open rebellion, and cut off power, the ambition of rule, and the ava- whole squadrons of Ibrahim's army: inricious gust of accumulation-riches and deed, his losses have been so great in putpower, more frequent in the exercise of evil ting down this rebellion, that his father, than in the pursuit of good. Alas, such Mehemet Ali, is marching to his succour feelings accord with the depravity of human with the whole force of Egypt by sea nature, whether urged into exercise by a and land. Gaza, Jerusalem, Samaria, torrid or a frigid atmosphere, or nurtured by Mount Carmel, Nazareth, Bethlehem, He. the milder regions of our own sphere. A bron, and a host of places familiar to us much larger Russian force is kept up in in holy writ, have become in this warfare the eastern than in the western portions of scenes of carnage, and some of them of this empire. The emperor Nicholas is desolation. Alas for the boasted liberty about to review his western armies at and of Syria and Palestina; the freedom of the near Wilna; after which it seems to be his sons of Israel, and the toleration of Chrisintention to review his large forces in the tians therein under Ibrahim Pacha; accord. south-east. The disturbed state of the ing to present appearances, all these are in Turkish empire in the east, as well as the imminent danger, if they yet exist. unsettled affair with Persia in that quarter, Greece, according to prophetic lore, predominates with the Russian emperor will become a potent state once more: she over all the affairs of Europe.

has already set out; and although her From Constantinople we learn that the career is slow and in its infancy, impeded Grand Sultan is so much enraged with by frequent revolts and disturbances, we the mis-government of Mehemet Ali in mark its progress, which evidently looks Syria, that he is about to declare war upward. Knowledge is progressing, liberty against him, and that he is mustering all germs forth, and religion, in the bud, is his forces, both by sea and land, for an ready to bear flowers and fruit. May she irruption into this territory. It is probable never more be barren and unfruitful, but that this resolution was formed while the bring forth fruit to perfection! Those fine rebellion at Syria was at its height, and epistles of St. Paul, which were written to that on learning that it is now suppressed, her churches, glow with the graces of the he may change his purpose.

Spirit, and beam forth truth, even to us The discernment even of Mahommedan in this latter day; and to modern Greece rulers has made out the growing truth of they bear the same features they did in the superiority of the Greek youths, who times of yore; for such is the plenum of are educated in the recently formed semi. revelation, that it is ever new unto all naries of that fine couutry; and the Turks generations: are establishing schools amongst themselves Italy, a speckled bird, in all its varieties, upon the Grecian models : yea, even the is to be wondered at, from “ the Eternal youths who are enrolled in the armies are City,” the tomb of truth, (where the statue ordered by the commanding officers to be of Peter the fisherman has supplanted, come scholars in these schools. Mathe- upon the tallest columns in Rome, the matical instruments, orreries, &c., are pro- statues of the august Cæsars,) to the Janus cured, together with translations of geo- of Italy, that land of superstition, whose graphical and topographical descriptions of cruel persecutions have filled the vallies of Turkey and the adjacent countries; and the Alps with blood--the blood of martyrs books on all subjects are being procured, at to the religion of Jesus, the Saviour of a great expense, for these schools, by the

men; all the length and the breadth of this authorities of Constantinople and the Turk- land, from Rome to Turin, bows down ish provinces. Knowledge is thus provi- (yet heaves with internal perturbations) to dentially increasing, and we trust, by the armed Austrians, who have military posgrace of God, to behold in these regions session of the whole country. truth established, to fall no more, for ever. In Austria, armies have been added to Even so be it, O Lord !

the armies she possessed, the fortifications Although the finest provinces of the East of Vienna have been augmented, batteries were wrested from the Porte by Mehemet along the coasts and upon the military Ali, pacha of Egypt, and his son Ibra- roads have been constructed, and towards him, their power therein does not appear Dalmatia artillery and stores forwarded, and at all points Austria is assuming an the lot of almost every able-bodied man in attitude, calculated to inspire awe into all this quarter of the globe. the neighbouring states. Do the stars in Prussia is at rest. How deeply to be their courses fight against Austria ? Is it lamented are the alliances into which this needful that army upon army should be reformed state enters, while its religious raised to repel them? Alas! for this coun- code is in accordance with protestantism, try, in the day of her visitation these will and

many

of its ministers would do honour not avail to save.

to any country. Saxony, unmolested and Germany and Switzerland are more than unmolesting, pursues her way. Of Holusually tranquil; their armies are complete, land and Belgium we passing note, As was and no foe has yet taken the field against yesterday, even so is this day, and it is prothem. A large proportion of the popula- bable will be to-morrow also-at war and tion of Europe have learned the manual at peace, they incessantly growl, but never exercise; and to shoulder a deadly firelock fight.

WM. COLDWELL. with the grace of a soldier, bids fair to be King Square, Sept. 20, 1834.

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL at Walsall, from Aug. 23, to Sept. 22, 1834, inclusive.

The situation of Walsall is so near the Centre of England, that its Temperature may be taken as the Average of the whole Kingdom.-Latitude 52", 34', 30" N.; Longitude 1o, 57', O" W.—Thermometer in the shade N.W. aspect.

Day

Fahrenheit's Thermomet. Moon's of

8 During

3 1 9 Month

Age

Night A. M. P. M. P. M.

Barom

Wind.

Weather and Observations.

55

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43

1834. days.
Ag.23 18 43 51 57 49 29.50 S.W. Fair.
24 19

51 51 49 29.39 S. A.M. showers.-P.M.heavyrain,thunder 25 20

48 53 51 29.30 S. W. Thunder-storms. 26 21 37 45 59 50 29.44 W.

Showery. 27 3d qr. 38 49

50 29.48 W. A.M. fair.-P.M. rather cloudy. 28 23 37 49 52 56 29.54 S. Heavy rain. 29 24 44 56 60 58 29.23 S. Heavy rain. 30 25 43 56 62 58 29.26 S. A.M. fair,- P.M. showery.

31 26 53 56 60 55 29.36 s. by W. Showery. Sep. 1 27

49 55 62 55 29.53 s. by W. Fair. 2 28 46 52 55 53 29.66 S.W. to S. Showery. 3 New. 49 54 57 57 29.73 S. to S. E. A.M. showery; P.M. rain & high wind. 4 0 56 61 68 61 29.62 S. by W. Fair,--strong lightning in evening.

56 60 65 59 29.49 S. by W. Fair,-brisk wind.
6
56 57 55 54 29.70 W.

Showery.
7

51 61 56 29.77 S. E. Fair. 8

51 54 60 56 29.25 E. to S.W.A.M. heavy rain,-P.M. thunder. 9

46 52 57 52 29.10 SWtoNW Thunder -storms.

49 53 56 53 29.32 S. Heavy rain. 11 7 46 52 55 51 29.45 S. A.M.cloudy,-P.M. rain,-evening foggy. 12 8 47 52 61 53 29.84 NWtoNE Fair. 13

40 49 58 49 30.14 E. Fair. 14 10 37 46 61 50 30.15 E. Fair. 15 11

49 61 52 29.94 E. N. E. Fair. 16

44 51 65 60 29.68 E. Fair. 17 Full 54 58 70 59 29.66 S. Fair,-heavy fog in evening. 18 14 54 60 69 62 29.84 S. Fair,-heavy fog in evening. 19 15 55 61 71 63 29.91 S. Fair. 20 16 49 57 69 60 29.95 s. E. Fair,-heavy fog during night. 21 17 55 60 65 62 30.02 E. Fair.

22 18 55 55 57 53 29.90 N. E. Cloudy, with drizzling rain at times. Greatest height of Thermometer, Sept. 19, 3 P. M.

71 deg. Least height of Thermometer, Aug. 26, 28, & Sept. 14, during night. 37... Range 34 Greatest height of Barometer, Sept. 14,

30.15 inches. Least height of Barometer, Sept. 9,

29.10 ... Range 1.05

10 1stqr.

38

12

.

.

GLEANINGS.

Flodden Field. The workmen recently employed in excavating for additional works for the gas com. paoy, at Coldstream, op a spot said to have been formerly part of the burying ground of the Priory of Cistertian nuns, immediately below the surface discovered a great number of human skeletons, which seemed to have been buried in the greatest confusion. Upon getting deeper, a trench was discovered, four feet wide and eight deep, and extending in length as far as was necessary to be excavated for the works about to be erected (upwards of twenty feet,) filled with bones, generally in a very decayed state, but among which were many entire skulls, with the teeth in a high state of preservation. At the bottom of the trench the blade of a knife seven inches in length was found. It is a well kuown fact that the bodies of a great many persons of uote slain in the balile of Flodden were brought in carts to Coldstream, by order of the Lady Abbess, that they might be interred in consecrated ground, and there can be little doubt that the trench now discovered contains the remains of those who so nobly fought and fell on that memorable day.-Scotsman.

Navigation.-Mr. John Willis is stated, in the Wexford Independent, to have invented a new set of sails, which, by impelling paddles mechanically in the manner of steam, insures the rapid navigation of a vessel with every wind that blows. The sails are four in number, of gigot shape, and revolving over the centre of the vessel. The same improvement is applicable to windmills on laud.

New Invention: the Proverb realised - the Cart before the Horse.- Heidelberg, 15 August.-"In the month of May last, there was seen in the streets of Manheim a horse pushing before him a carriage, guided with much address by Baron Drais, the author of this new invention, which is attended with great advantages. 1. the horse cannot run away ; 2. the carriage is not exposed to the dust and dirt generally thrown up by the horse ; 3. the prospect is not interrupted by the coachman and the horses ; 4. the conversation of the travellers cannot be heard by the coachman ; 5. the travellers are not incommoded by the fumes of the tobacco, &c. The coach box will be placed on the roof of the carriage; behind, by means of a looking.glass the driver is able to guide the vehicle. This invention is applicable to carriages drawn by four horses.

A Canoe -supposed to be about the era of the Norman conquest, has been found embedded in the earth at North Stoke, near Arundel. It is of a single tree, thirty-five feet long, and four feet eight inches in breadth at the centre. Lord Egremont, on whose estate it was discovered, has presented it to the king.

Rail-road across the Isthmus of Panama.- A decree of the New Granadian Congress, approved 25th May, authorises the president to receive propositions from auy individual or company which may offer them, for the construction of a rail road, or only a carriageroad, across the Isthmus of Panama, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, to be commenced within two years at the furthest from the date of the contract.

Gigantic Trees.- The Pepperwell oak at Methven Casile, near Perth, is the largest tree of the kind in Scotland. It must have been of some consequence in 1722, as 100 marks were then offered for it. 1796 it measured 14) feet in circumference. It now measures 18 feet, and contains 700 cubic feet of timber. The diameter of the space occupied by its branches is about 100 feet. The largest cedar in Scotland is at Gray.house, Dear Dundee ; the largest beech at Newbattle Abbey, Mid Lothian; and the largest plane at Kippencross, near Dumblane.-Dundee Chronicle,

Metropolitan Cabriolets, &c.-The number of cabriolets that were licensed to ply for hire, prior to the 1st of January, 1834, was 1,200, and the commis. sioners were limited to grant licenses to that number, but after the 1st of January unlimited power was given them with regard to licenses, and upwards of 800 fresh licenses have since been granted. The owners pay 5l. for each license when they take it out, and 21. every month for duty. This is paid in advance. Governinent, consequently, derives а revenue in round numbers of 52,0001. per annum from the hackney cabs and coaches of the metropolis.

Royal George.- A bottle of wine was picked up by a fisherman one day last week from the wreck of the Royal George, which sunk at Spithead in the year 1780, having been 51 years under water. The bottle was covered with oysters, winkles, &c. It was presented to Sir F. L. Mitland.

Precocious Learning. There is now residing at the Hotwells, Clifton, an astonishing child, named Wm. Manuel, from Holywell, in North Wales, who, though he only attained his fourth year in March last, reads Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Welch, and Euglish fluently, and with equal facility if the book is reversed. He is a most interesting, intelligent-looking child, and as playful as children generally are at his age.- Bristol Journal.

French Clergy.-According to the almanack for the present year, the clergy of France on January 1st was divided into 121 titular or honorary Canons, 3,241 Rectors, 21,517 Curates. 6.289 Vicars, 449 Chaplains, 913 Almoners, 439 Priests, and 1,158 Priests Directors of Seminaries; making a total of 40,447 engaged in the service of the church.

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Literary Notices.

Just Published. The Fathers not Papists; or, Six Discourses by the Most Eloquent Fathers of the Church. Translated hy Hugh Stuart Boyd, Esq.1

The Way of Salvation, By Henry Foster Burder, D. D.

The Day Star of the World's Freedom. By Dr. Morison.

Counsels to the Aged. By the Rev. John Mori. son, D.D.

Praise and Blame. By C. Williams, Minor Morals, By Dr. Bowring. A Remedy for Wandering Thoughts in the Worship of God. By Richard Steele, A.M. (tirst published in 1673.)

The Ministry of Reconciliation : a Sermon. By Edward Steane.

A Paraphrastic Translation of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By Lucius.

The Corner Stone ; a Familiar Illustration of the Principles of Christian Truth. By Jacob Abbott; Preface by Dr. Pye Smith.

A Dissertation ou the Reasonableress of Christianity. By the Rev. John Wilson, A.M.

Female Biography of the New Testament. By T. Timpson.

The Natural Influence of Speech, in raising Man above the Brute Creation.

Metrical Exercises upon Scripture Texts. By Har. riet Rebecca King.

The Truth and Excellence of the Christian Reve. lation demonstrated. By W. Youngman.

The First Six Books of Virgil's Æneid, literally translated. The Latin Text and English Translation arranged on opposite pages; with numerous Notes.

Redemption; or, the New Song in Heaven, the Test of Truth and Duty on Earth. By the Rev. R. Philip, of Maberly Chapel.

In the Press. The Christian Keepsake. and Missionary Annual. Edited by the Rev. W. Ellis. Containing 13 Plates, engraved on Steel in the best manner. Small 8vo.

Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book for 1835. Con. taiping 36 Plates, with Poems by L. E. L. Several of the Poems will be set to Original Music, composed expressly for this work. Quarto.

The Temple : Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations. By George Herbert; a new edition. Also,

Herbert's Country Parson, and Sacred Poems.

Observations on the Preservation of Hearing, and on the Choice, Use, and Abuse of Ear Trumpets, &c. By J. W. Curtis, Esq. Aurist to the King.

A new edition of Mr. Bent's London Catalogue of Books, with their Sizes, Prices, and Publishers' Names; containing all the Books published in Lon. don, and those altered in Size or Price, from the Year 1810 to December 1834, inclusive,

A second volume of the Sacred History of the World. By Sharon Turner.

A New Volume of Poems. By Mr. William Wordsworth.

Heath's Picturesque Annual for 1835, will illustrate the Tales, Romances, and Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott ; from Drawings by George Cattermole, esq.

LONDON :

PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER, SON, AND CO.

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THE RT HONBLE HENRY JOHN TEMPLE, VISCOUNT PALMERSTON, G. C. B.

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FISHER SON & CO LONDON, 1834.

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