Imagens das páginas

further endowment of this college and other “ The Library and the adjoining rooms, religious houses, which the trustees duly ap- which are now undergoing alterations, as propriated, until Sir Simon de Burley, con- well as the Parliament offices and the offices stable of the Tower and chaplain to Richard II. of the Lord Great Chamberlain, together persuaded that prince to dispossess them of with the Committee - rooms, housekeeper's this property and grant it to Burley and his apartments, &c., in this part of the building, heirs. Burley was afterwards attainted, and are saved. his possessions becoming forfeited to the House of Commons.— The house, libraries, crown, the king resettled the lands as before. committee-rooms, housekeeper's apartments, For the use of this college Edward III. caus- &c., are totally destroyed (excepting the ed to be erected, westward from the Palace committee-rooms Nos. 11, 12, 13, and 14, Court, in the Little Sanctuary, a strong which are capable of being repaired.)— The clock-house, or bell-tower, of stone and tim- official residence of Mr. Ley (Clerk of the ber, covered with lead, containing three great House,)—this building is totally destroyed.bells, which were afterwards usually rung at The official residence of the Speaker.- The coronations, triumphs, and funerals of princes, state dining-room under the House of Comand which gave such a huge sound, that it mons is much damaged, but capable of restowas commonly said they soured all the drink ration.-All the rooms from the oriel window in the town. At first the canons and other to the south side of the House of Commons officers inhabited the cloisters before-men- are destroyed.—The Levee rooms and other tioned, but afterwards buildings were erected parts of the building, together with the public for them between the clock-house and the galleries, and part of the cloisters, very much woolstaple, called the weigh-house. They damaged. had occasionally lodged in Canon-row; but, The Courts of Law. These buildings on vacating that place, it became chiefly the will require some restoration. residence of noblemen and gentlemen, with “ Westminster Hall.No damage has been good houses for their accommodation. The done to this building. last dean, Dr. John Chamber, built, adjoining Furniture. The furniture, fixtures, and to the chapel, a cloister of curious workman- fittings to both Houses of Lords and Comship, at an expense of 11,000 marks. On mons, with the committee-rooms belonging the suppression of religious houses, the thereto, is with few exceptions destroyed. college of St. Stephen was valued at The public furniture at the Speakers is in £1,085. 10s. 5d., and in the first year of great part destroyed. Edward VI. it was surrendered to the crown. The Courts of Law. The furniture geSoon afterwards, the House of Commons, nerally of these buildings has sustained conwhich until then had usually assembled in

siderable damage. the Chapter-house of Westminster Abbey, “ The strictest inquiry is in progress as to removed their sittings to St. Stephen's Chapel, the cause of this calamity, but there is not which had been fitted up for their reception. the slightest reason to suppose that it has From that time it became appropriated to arisen from any other than accidental their meetings, and received successive alterations and improvements, until its final

“ Office of Woods," Oct. 17th.” destruction with the House of Lords by fire on Thursday Oct. 16th.

We subjoin an Official Report of the damage occasioned by the fire :“ The following is the official report upon


SCIENTIFIC the damage done to the buildings, furni

INSTITUTION. ture, &c., of the two Houses of Parliament; Tue first half-yearly meeting of this instituthe Speaker's official residence, the official residence of the clerk of the House of Com

tion was held on Monday evening last, the mons, and to the Courts of Law at West

Earl of Munster in the Chair. It appeared minster-hall, occasioned by the fire on the from the report that the number of members 16th day of October, 1834, as far as can at is 220; that the library, which is daily present be ascertained :

increasing, already contains upwards of House of Peers.—The House, Robing- 1,500 volumes—a large portion of which rooms, Committee-rooms in the west front, had been presented by members of the instiand the rooms of the resident officers, as far tution, and are of a select and valuable chaas the Octagon Tower at the south end of the

racter. The report made particular mention building-totally destroyed.

of a recent present of the Yverdun Ency“ The Painted Chamber totally de

clopædia, 58 vols. 4to, from the Earl of stroyed. “ The north end of the Royal Gallery,

Munster, and of a curious Oriental manuabutting on the Painted Chamber, destroyed

script from Lord Byron. The list of lecfrom the door leading into the Painted

tures announced for the present season Chamber, as far as the first compartment of included the names of many individuals columns.

most eminent in science and literature ;




[ocr errors]

among these may be mentioned Drs. Grant, and encouraging. A plan for erecting a Turner, Birkbeck, Hope, Ritchie, and more commodious building for the purothers. The evening meetings, held once a poses of the institution was alluded to in fortnight, were mentioned as one of the the report; and it was stated that, as soon most pleasing and useful branches of the as it was more matured in its details, it institution; and papers from various mem- would be submitted to a general meeting of bers and friends, on highly-interesting sub- the members. The adoption of the report jects, were announced. The financial state- was moved by the Rev. Percival Frye, and

rded various donations money seconded by C. W. Dilke, Esq., and carfrom private members of the institution, also ried unanimously. The Earl of Munster, a life subscription of 25 guineas from P. after he had quitted the Chair, in reply to a Hesketh Fleetwood, Esq., M.P., and a vote of thanks most cordially given, expres. donation of 10 guineas from the Rev. sed his warm interest in the welfare of the Henry Blunt, A.M., Vice-Presidents of the institution, and his conviction that it would institution. In general the statement of the meet with more distinguished patronage accounts of the institution was satisfactory and more extended success.


METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL at WALSALL, from Sept. 23, to Oct. 22, 1834, inclusive.

The situation of Walsall is so near the Centre of England, that its Temperature may be taken as the Average of the whole Kingdom.-Latitude 52°, 34', 30" N ; Longitude 1°, 57', 0" W-Thermometer in the shade NW aspect.


(Fahrenheit's Thermomet. Moon's of

During 8 39 Barom Month


Night AM PM PM


Weather and Observations

26 3d qr.

1834. days.
Spt23 19 42 148 55 51 29.90 N. E. Fair.

24 20 45 51 59 54 29.84 S. E. Fair.
25 21 52 55 61 54 29.80 S. E. Fair,—rain in night.

51 54 59 60 29.60 S.E. to S. Rain. 27 23 48 58 61 53 29.55 s. Fair. 28 24 47 55 63

55 29.79 E. Fair. 29 25 50 53 58 52 29.91 E. by N. Rather cloudy.

30 26 45 50 57 52 29.81 E. Fair. Oct. 1 27 41 47 57 50 29.81 E. Fair.

2 New. 39 47 60 53 29.74 E. by N. Fair.

44 53 60 52 29.82 S. E. Fair,—thick fog during night.

41 49 63 54 29.82 S. Fair. 5

49 55 66 58 29.81 E. Fair,-night foggy.

52 58 62 56 29.86 S. W. Fair. 7 4

55 63 57 29.83 S. W. Fair. 8

51 57 64 59 29.70 S. W. Fair,-brisk wind. 9 1st qr. 55 56 60 52 29.52 s.W. Rather cloudy,-slight rain in evening. 10 7 40 43 58 41 29.70 N. Fair. 11 8 38 38 52 41 29.55 N. Fair. 12 9 30 36 52 50 29.77 NESby WA.M. fair.-P.M. rather cloudy. 13 10 46 52 57 54 29.63 s. by W. Fair,-brisk wind. 14 11 48 53 51 48 29.40 S. A.M. heavy rain,-P.M. cloudy. 15 12 35 43 49 44 29.38 S. A.M. fair,- P.M. showery. 16 13 39 46 57 52 29.06 S.W. Cloudy,-high wind in night. 17) Full 44 46 49 42 29.20 N.W. Heavy showers,—high wind. 18 15 38


Hard gales with heavy showers. 19 16 32

51 52 29.62 S. A.M. drizzling rain,-P. M. showery. 20

17 41 54 56 50 29.33 S.W. A.M. rain,-P.M. fair. 21 18 45 47 46 40 29.89 N. by E. Fair. 221 19 36 40 51 50 29.48

Dark cloudy weather, drizzling rain. Greatest height of Thermometer, Oct. 5, 3 P. M.

66 deg. Least height of Thermometer, Oct. 12, during night.

Range 36 Greatest height of Barometer, Sept. 29,

29.91 inches. Least height of Barometer, Oct. 16, .

29.06. .. Range 0.85



30 ...

[ocr errors]


his theoretical knowledge, made application to the Minister of Justice to be allowed an opportunity of proving what he asserted by an experiment on the cri. minal condemner to death. The Minister complied with his request, and delivered over to him an assassio. A man who had been horn of distinguishe parents. The physician told him that several persons, who had taken an interest in his family, had obtained leave of the minister that he should suffer death in some other way thap on the scaffold, to avoid the disgrace of a public execution, and the easiest death he could die should be by blood - letting. The cri. minal agreed to the proposal, and counted himself happy in being freed from the paioful exhibition which he would otherwise have been made of, and rejoiced at being thus enabled to save the teelings of his friends and family. At the time appointed, the physician repaired to the prison, and the patient hav. ing heen extended on a table, his eyes bound, and every thing being ready, he was slightly pricked near the principal veins of the legs and arms with the point of a pin. At the four corners of the table were two little fonntains filled with water, from which issued small streams, falling into basins placed there to received them. The patient, thinking that it was his blood that trickled into the basins, became weaker and weaker by degrees, and the remarks of the medi. cal men in attendance, io reference to the quality and appearance of the blood (made with that intention) increased the delusion, and he spoke more faintly, until his voice was at length scarcely audible. The profound silence which reigned in the apartment, and the constant dropping of the fountain, had so extraordinary an effect on the brain of the poor patient, that all vital energies were soon goue, although before a very strong man, and he died without having lost a single drop of blood."- Le Caméléon.

Literary Notices.

Purification of Sea Water. The experiment with the newly-invented apparatus of Mr. Wells, for puri. fying salt water on board of ships, and rendering it fit for the purpose of drinking, cooking, and washing, was repeated on board a vessel moored for the occa. sion alongside Carey's floating-bath, off Westminsterbridge.

The experiment was completely successful, and answered the expectations of the persons present to witness the process, amongst whom were several Captains in the wavy and persons connected with the shipping interest. The apparatus itself is in height about 4 feet 6, and in breadth and length about 4 feet. It is a steam kitchen, calculated to supply the place of a galley and cabouse, and capable of cookiug for 70 or 80 persons. It weighs about 11 cwt, and cousumes in 12 hours about 2 cwt, of coals. It purifies sea water at the rate of a quart a minute ; the stem or distilled water is condensed with great rapidity by means of a pipe or tube though which it passes, being carried along the ontside of the bows and side of the vessel, and brought into immediate contact with the ocean, by which means it is rendered immediately cool; the pipe re-enters the vessel and the fluid drops from it as from the worm of a common still. This simplification of the process of condensation appears to be the principal novelty, and it is not the less valuable for its simplicity of contrivance. The water is fit for cooking or washing immediately it decends from the end of the pipe, but it is impregnated with a slight aroma, which renders it not quite fit (though it is very nearly fit) for drinking, until it has been passed though á tilteringmachine, or exposed for some hours to the operation of the atmosphere, by which means it collects the carbonic acid and oxygen, of which it has been deprived hy distillation. The advantages to be gained from this iv vention are, the small quantity of fuel consumed in cooking, the certain supply of a palatable water, and the increased room for freigheage, by the space occupied by carrying tanks or water-casks being no longer peeded for that purpose. The water has no taste whatever of the victuals which are cooked during its purification, which was shown recently by the fact that a dinner was being dressed for upwardy of 30 persons at the time the experiment was proceeding. The salt can be col. lected, and may be made serviceable, or it may be kept in solution by the heat, and drawn off by means of cocks.

A Storm in the Orkneys.-If the tourist has the good fortune to be in the Orkney during a storm, he will cease to regret the absence of some of the softer and more common beauties of Landscape, in contemplation of the most sublime spectacle which he ever witnessed, By repairing, at such a time, the weather shore, particularly if it be the west side, he will behold waves of the magnitude and force of which he could not have previously formed any adequate conception, tumbling across the Atlantic like monsters of the deep, their heads erect, their manes streaming in the wiod, roaring and foaming as with rage, till each discharges such a Niagara flood against the opposite precipices as makes the rocks tremble to their foundations, while the sheets of water that immediately ascend, as if from artillery, hundreds of feet above their summits, deluge the surrounding country and fall like showers on the opposite side of the Island. All the springs within a mile of the weather coast are rendered brackish for some days after such a storm, Those living half a mile from The precipice declare that the earthero floors of their cots are shaken by the concussion of the waves, Rocks, that two or three men could not lift, are washed about, even on the tops of the cliffs, which are between 60 and 100 feet above the surface of the sea when smooth, and detached masses of rock of an enormous size are well known to have been carried a considerable distance between low and high water mark. Having visited the west crags some days after a recent storm, the writer found sea insects abundant on the hills near them, though about 100 feet high ; and a solitary limpet, which is proverbial for its strong attachment to its pative rock, but which also seemed, on this occasion, to have been thrown up, was discovered adhering to the top of the cliff, 70 feet above its usual position.Anderson's Guide to the Orkneys.

Force of Imagination,-A few years ago, a celebrated physician, author of an excellent work on the force of imagination, being desirous to add experimental to

Just Published. The Preacher's Manual ; or, Lectures on Preaching : containing, the Rules and Examples necessary for every species of Pulpit Address ; new edition, revised. By S. 1. Sturtevant. 2 vols. 12mo.

Practical Holiness the Ornament of Christianity. By the Rev. Joho Flavel. With a Recommendation, by Mrs. Mason, author of “ Spiritual Treasury," &c. The Three Sisters. By the Rev. A. B. Seckerson.

The Young Man's Companion in the World ; pointing, by Anecdote and Example, to its vices and virtues.

Historia Technica Anglicanæ. A Systematic arrangement of the leading events in English History, from the earliest notices of the country to the present time; with an entirely Original System of Mnemonics. By Thomas Rose.

Alphabet of Electricity, for the use of beginners. By W. M. Higgins, 16mo.

A Grammar of Phrenology; or, an Analysis of the Faculties of the Human Mind. By H. W. Dewhurst, Esq , Professor of Phrenology and Natural Theology.

A Familiar Lecture, illustrative of the Architecture of the Human Body, exhibiting the power, wisdom, and goodness of Almighty God in the creation of Man. By H. W. Dewhurst, Esq. Adapted for the Rising Generation. Sixth edit. 8vo.

In the Press. The Life of Thomas Linacre, M. D., Physician to King Henry VIII. and founder of the College of Physicians in London, with Memoirs of his Cotemporaries, and of the Rise and Progress of Learning, more particularly of the Schools, from the Ninth to the Sixteenth centuries inclusive. By John Noble Johnson, M. D., late Fellow of the College of Physicians, London. Edited by R. Graves, of the Inner Temple, Esq.

Six Lectures on the Atheistic Controversy ; deli. vered at Sion Chapel, Bradford. By the Rev. B. Godwin, author of " Lectures on British Colonial Slavery."

The First Volume of Mr. Murray's Variorum Edition of Boswell's Life of Johnson ; printed uniformly with the Works of Byrod and of Crabbe, and embel. Jished with Engravings by the Findeps, after Drawings taken on the spot by Stanfield; will be published on the 1st of January next.

Hector Fieramosca ; or, The Challenge of Barletta. An Historical Tale; by the Marquis D'Azeglio.



[graphic][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« AnteriorContinuar »